Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Clausocalanoidea ( Superfamily )
        Scolecitrichidae ( Family )
            Scolecithricella ( Genus )
Scolecithricella vittata  (Giesbrecht, 1892)   (F,M)
Syn.: Scolecithrix vittata Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.266, 283, 775, figs.F,M); Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.43, Rem. F,M fig.F); Fernandes, 2008 (p.465, Tabl.2);
Scolecithricella sub-vittata Rose, 1942 (p.142, figs.F, Rem.); Hure & Scotto di Carlo, 1968 (p.26); Boucher, 1970 (p.15); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.84); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.49, 101);
Amallothrix tenuiserrata (M) : Rose, 1942 (p.163);
no Scolecithricella vittata (M) : Rose, 1942 (p.159, figs.M, Rem. M: n°4)
Ref.:
Sars, 1925 (p.190, figs.F); Farran, 1926 (p.259); 1929 (p.209, 247); Rose, 1933 a (p.158, figs.F); Farran, 1936 a (p.97); Rose, 1942 (p.140, Redescr.F, figs.F, non p.159: M n°4); C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.335, figs.F); Chiba & al., 1957 (p.308); Tanaka, 1962 (p.41, figs.F,M); Grice, 1962 (p.208, figs.F, Rem.); Chen & Zhang, 1965 (p.62, figs.F); Vervoort, 1965 (p.65, Rem.); Owre & Foyo, 1967 (p.61, figs.F,M); Mazza, 1967 (p.167, 172, figs.juv., F,M); Park, 1968 (p.555); Bradford, 1970 a (p.356, figs.F); Razouls, 1972 (p.94, Annexe: p.55, figs.F); Bradford, 1973 (p.142); Park, 1980 (p.37, figs.F,M, Rem.); Björnberg & al., 1981 (p.639, figs.F); Bradford & al., 1983 (p.103, 112, figs.F,M, Rem.); Campaner, 1984 a (p.175, Rem., figs.F); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.881, 933, figs.F,M); Vyshkvartzeva, 1999 (2000) (p.234); Vives & Shmeleva, 2007 (p.790, figs.F,M, Rem.)
Species Scolecithricella vittata - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : O. Tanaka in Publ. Seto Mar. Biol. Lab., 1962, X (1). [p.42, Fig.129].
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, head (left lateral side); c, last thoracic segment and urosome (left lateral side); d, P1; e, P2; f, 5th pair of legs;

Male: g, P5; h, distal segment of right P5.

Nota Female:
- Abdomen contained 4 times in the length of the cephalothorax;
- Posterolateral corners of the last thoracic segment broadly rounded.
- Rostral filaments slender and long.
- Urosome 4-segmented; proportional lengths of abdominal segments and caudal rami 42 : 19 : 17 : 3 : 19 = 100.
- Genital segment as wide as long, not swollen ventrally.
- Caudal rami 1.7 times as long as wide.
- A1 21-segmented, extends to the distal end of the anal segment.
- Mx1 with 7 setae on the outer lobe; 11 setae on the exopod; 15 (7+4+4) setae on the endopod; 4 setae on the 2nd basal; 3 setae on the 3rd inner lobe; 2 setae on the 2nd inner lobe; 13 setae on the 1st inner lobe (= praecoxal arthrite).
- Mx2 with 5 bud-like setae and 3 long vermiform filaments on the endopod.
- P1 without outer edge spine on the 1st exopodal segment.
- P2 with the outer edge spine on the 1st exopodal segment, long and curved.
P5 1-segmented. Apical spine long; there is a small spine at the base of the apical spine (this spine was not figured by Giesbrecht or by Sars).

Nota Male:
- A1 extends to the distal margin of the 3rd abdominal segment.
) P5 exceeds the distal end of the abdomen. Endopod of the right leg very short; 2nd exopodal segment with 2 protuberances, 1 on the middle, another on the distal margin of the segment; the 3rd segment terminates in bud-like process. Endopod of the left leg short with 1 spinule at apex; distal segment of exopod obliquely truncate, and furnished with a sort of lamella on the distal outer margin.


Species Scolecithricella vittata - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : J.M. Bradford, L. Haakonssen & J.B. Jillett in Mem. N.Z. Oceanogr. Inst., 1983, 90. [p.112, Fig.69].
Female (from Bradford, 1970 b): B, endopod of P2; C, P5.

Nota Female:
- A1 21-segmented , extends to end of caudal rami.
- Basis of Md with 1 seta.
- Mx2 endopod with 3 of 5 brush-like filaments long and thin, while other two short and thick.
- P2 endopodal segment 2 elongated, with 4 strong spines on posterior surface.
- P5 pallet-shaped, terminal spine bordered by hairs, the spine longer than segment itself and between one and one-half and two times as long as denticulate inner edge spine.


Species Scolecithricella vittata - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Park in Antarct. Res. Ser. Washington, 1980, 31 (2). [p.39, Fig.5].
Female: a, b, forehead (lateral); c, last thoracic segment and urosome (lateral left side); d, genital segment (lateral left side); e, rostrum (anterior); f, A2; g, Md; h, Mx1; i, distal part of Mx2; j, Mxp; k, P1 (anterior); l, P2 (postrior); m, P3 (posterior); n, P4 (posterior); o, P5 (posterior).

Nota: Urosome about 1/5 length of prosome. A1 reaching only as far as posterior end of caudal ramus.


Species Scolecithricella vittata - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Park in Antarct. Res. Ser. Washington, 1980, 31 (2). [p.40, Fig.6].
Male: a, forehead (lateral); b, last thoracic segment with P5 and urosome (lateral left side); c, A2; d, Md; e, Mx1; f, distal part of Mx2; g, Mxp; h, P5 (anterior); i, P5 (posterior).

Nota: Urosome about 1/3 length of prosome. A1 reaches close to distal end of urosome.


Species Scolecithricella vittata - Plate 5 of morphological figuresissued from : J.M. Bradford in N.Z. Jl Mar. Freshw. Res., 1970, 4 (4). [p.356, Figs 35-38].
Female (off Kaikoura, New Zealand): 35, P5; 36, P2; 37, P3; 38, P4.
Scale bars represent 0.1 mm.


Species Scolecithricella vittata - Plate 6 of morphological figuresissued from: Q.-c Chen & S.-z. Zhang in Studia Marina Sinica, 1965, 7. [Pl.19, 11-12].

Female (from E China Sea): 11, habitus (dorsal); 12, P5 (posterior).


Species Scolecithricella vittata - Plate 7 of morphological figuresissued from : A.F. Campaner in Bolm. Zool., Univ. S. Paulo, 1984, 6 . [p.177, Fig.6, a-e].
Female (from off Rio de Janeiro): a, habitus (lateral left side); b, genital somite (with attached spermatophore); c, exopodite 3 of P2 (posterior); d, exopodite 3 of P3 (posterior); e, P5.


Species Scolecithricella vittata - Plate 8 of morphological figuresIssued from : G.O. Sars in Résult. Camp. Scient. Prince Albert I, 69, pls.1-127 (1924). [Pl.LII, figs.15-20]. As Scolecithrix vittata.
Female (from Canary Islands): 15, habitus (dorsal); 16, idem (lateral left side); 17, P2; 18, endopodal segments of P3; 19, endopodal segments of P4; 20, P5.

Nota Female:
- Rostrum less prominent than Scolecithricella abyssalis but of the same structure.
- Posterolateral corners of the last thoracic segment regularly rounded.
- Urosome about equal one third and half the prosome length.
- Genital segment slightly swollen ventrally, . about as long as the three following segments together.
- A1 extends back to the 2nd abdominal segments.w
- Swimming legs resembles to S. abyssalis.
- P5 of same shape than S. abyssalis, but shorter and the strong development of the apical spine., 2 times the length of the inner edge spine.; As in S. abyssalis there is a little tooth on the external margin opposite to the inner spine.


Species Scolecithricella vittata - Plate 9 of morphological figuresissued from : M. Rose in Annls Inst. océanogr., Monaco, 1942, XXI (3). [p.140, Fig.31].
Female (from Alger Bay, Algeria): habitus (lateral and dorsal, respectively).


Species Scolecithricella vittata - Plate 10 of morphological figuresissued from : M. Rose in Annls Inst. océanogr., Monaco, 1942, XXI (3). [p.141, Figs.32, 33].
Female: A1; R, rostrum; A2; Md; Mx1 (as Mx); Mx2 (as Mxp1); Mxp (as Mxp2).
Nota: A1 21-segmented with sketching of subdivision on 1st segment. A2 with exopodite more longer than endopodite.


Species Scolecithricella vittata - Plate 11 of morphological figuresissued from : M. Rose in Annls Inst. océanogr., Monaco, 1942, XXI (3). [p.142, Fig.34].
Female: P1 to P5; Ur, urosome).


Species Scolecithricella vittata - Plate 12 of morphological figuresissued from : M. Rose in Annls Inst. océanogr., Monaco, 1942, XXI (3). [p.142, Fig.35]. As Scolecithricella sub-vittata.
Female (from Alger Bay, Algeria): habitus (lateral and dorsal, respectively); Ur, urosome; R, rostrum; P5.


Species Scolecithricella vittata - Plate 13 of morphological figuresissued from : M. Rose in Annls Inst. océanogr., Monaco, 1942, XXI (3). [p.143, Figs.36, 37]. As Scolecithricella sub-vittata.
Female: A1; A2; Mx1 (as Mx); Mx2 (as Mxp1); Mxp (as Mxp2); P1 to P4.
Nota: A1 22-segmented (without sketching of subdivision on 1st segment).


Species Scolecithricella vittata - Plate 14 of morphological figuresissued from : M. Rose in Annls Inst. océanogr., Monaco, 1942, XXI (3). [p.164, Fig.56]. As Amallothrix tenuiserrata.
Male (from Alger Bay, Algeria): habitus (lateral and dorsal, respectively); Ur, urosome (lateral and dorsal, respectively); A1.
Nota: A1 19-segmented (the 8th segment indistictly separated.


Species Scolecithricella vittata - Plate 15 of morphological figuresissued from : M. Rose in Annls Inst. océanogr., Monaco, 1942, XXI (3). [p.165, Figs.57, 58]. As Amallothrix tenuiserrata.
Male: A2; Md; Mx1 (as Mx); Mx2 (as Mxp1); detail of sensorial setae on Mx2; Mxp (as mxp2); P1 to P5.
Nota: Mx1 with 3 distal setae, strong and curved; endopodite with 9 sensorial setae: 3 vermiforms falcate-like, 1 club-like, 5 button-like (3 longer, slender and curved, and 2 thick, shorter)


Species Scolecithricella vittata - Plate 16 of morphological figuresissued from : C. Razouls in Th. Doc. Etat Fac. Sc. Paris VI, 1972, Annexe. [Fig.45, C, D].
Female (from Banyuls, G. of Lion): C, urosome (dorsal); D, P5.


Species Scolecithricella vittata - Plate 17 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 37, Figs.5, 8]. As Scolecithrix vittata.
Female: 5, last thoracic segment and abdomen (lateral, left side); 8, habitus (dorsal).


Species Scolecithricella vittata - Plate 18 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 13, Figs. 23, 32]. As Scolecithrix vittata.
Female: 23, exopod of P2 (part., posterior view); 32, P5.


Species Scolecithricella vittata - Plate 19 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 13, Fig.2]. As Scolecithrix vittata.
Female: 2, A1 (dorsal view).
Ae : aesthetasc; Spr = proximal spine; St = terminal spine;


Species Scolecithricella vittata - Plate 20 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 13, Figs. 34-35]. As Scolecithrix vittata.
Male: 34, P5 ( anterior view); 35, Re3 of right P5.
Pd = right leg; Ps = left leg; B = basipod; Ri = endopod; Re = exopod.


Species Scolecithricella vittata - Plate 21 of morphological figuresissued from : G.D. Grice in Fish. Bull. Fish and Wildl. Ser., 1962, 61. [p.209, Pl.17, Figs.1-8].
Female (from 00°11'S, 119°58'W): 1-2, habitus (dorsal and lateral, respectively); 3, rostrum; 4, P5; 5, P2; 6, P3; 7, P4 (one endopod and one exopod missing).; 8, P5.
Nota: Variation was noted in P5. The terminal seta in ione specimen was approximately twice the length of the proximal one, while in the other specimen it was somewhat shorter.

Compl. Ref.:
Sewell, 1948 (p.349, 502, 508, 546, 550, 551); V.N. Greze, 1963 a (tabl.2); Unterüberbacher, 1964 (p.26); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.14); Grice & Hulsemann, 1965 (p.224); Mazza, 1966 (p.70); Pavlova, 1966 (p.43); Furuhashi, 1966 a (p.295, vertical distribution in Kuroshio region, Table 9); Fleminger, 1967 a (tabl.1); Morris, 1970 (p.2300); Park, 1970 (p.476); Deevey, 1971 (p.224); Roe, 1972 (p.277, tabl.1, tabl.2); 1972 b (p.539, Rem.); Apostolopoulou, 1972 (p.328, 352); Björnberg, 1973 (p.333, 389); Vives & al., 1975 (p.43, tab.II, III); Deevey & Brooks, 1977 (p.256, tab.2, Station "S"); Carter, 1977 (1978) (p.35); Vaissière & Séguin, 1980 (p.23, tab.1); Vives, 1982 (p.292); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.84); Brenning, 1984 (p.6, Rem.); Scotto di Carlo & al., 1984 (1043); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); Brenning, 1985 a (p.28, Table 2); Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.59); Gopalakrishnan & Balachandran, 1992 (p.167, figs.1, 6, Table 1, 2); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.73); Errhif & al., 1997 (p.423); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.49, 101); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p.111); Siokou-Frangou, 1999 (p.476); Lapernat, 2000 (tabl.3, 4); Razouls & al., 2000 (p.343, Appendix); Seridji & Hafferssas, 2000 (tab.1); Lopez-Salgado & al., 2000 (tab.1); Vukanic, 2003 (139, tab.1); Hsiao & al., 2004 (p.326, tab.1); Lo & al., 2004 (p.89, tab.1); Isari & al., 2006 (p.241, tab.II: as vitata); Kuriyama & Nishida, 2006 (p.300: Tab.II, p.309: Tab.III, fig.7); Dur & al., 2007 (p.197, Table IV); Morales-Ramirez & Suarez-Morales, 2008 (p.522); Lan Y.-C. & al., 2008 (p.61, Table 1, % vs stations); Licandro & Icardi, 2009 (p.17, Table 4); Park & Ferrari, 2009 (p.143, Table 5, Appendix 1, biogeography); Hafferssas & Seridji, 2010 (p.353, Table 2, 3); Williamson & McGowan, 2010 (p.273, Table III, Pacific central gyres: N & S); Schnack-Schiel & al., 2010 (p.2064, Table 2: E Atlantic subtropical/tropical); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.427); Medellin-Mora & Navas S., 2010 (p.265, Tab. 2); Hafferssas & al., 2010 (p.1281, Table III, abundance vs spatial distribution); Hsiao S.H. & al., 2011 (p.475, Appendix I); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013; M. Ohman, pers. comm.); Lidvanov & al., 2013 (p.290, Table 2, % composition); Mazzocchi & al., 2014 (p.64, Table 5, abundance)
NZ: 16

Distribution map of Scolecithricella vittata by geographical zones
Species Scolecithricella vittata - Distribution map 4issued from : T.C. Gopalakrishnan & T. Balachandran in Oceanogr. Indian Ocean, 1992. [p.171, fig.6, A].
Distribution of Scolecithricella vittata in the Indian Ocean.
Nota: Main occurnces between 10° N - 30° S.
Species Scolecithricella vittata - Distribution map 5issued from : U. Brenning in Wiss. Z. Wilhelm-Pieck-Univ. Rostock - 33. Jahrgang 1984. Mat.-nat. wiss. Reihe, 6. [p.6, Fig.2].
Spatial distribution for Scolecithricella vittata and other scolecithrids from 8° S - 26° N; 16°- 20° W, for different expeditions (V1: Dec. 1972- Jan. 1973; V2: Feb/Mar. 1973; VI: May 1974; IV: Jun./Jul. 1972).
Loc:
sub-Antarct. (Indian, SW Pacif.), South Africa (E), Namibia, off Congo, off Morocco-Mauritania, Canary Is., off Madeira, S Brazil, off Amazon, Barbados Is., Caribbean Sea, Caribbean Colombia, G. of Mexico, Florida, Sargasso Sea, off Bermuda: Station ‘’ S’’ (32°10’N, 64°30’W), off Portugal, Bay of Biscay, Ibero-moroccan Bay, Medit. (Alboran Sea, Banyuls, Marseille, Ligurian Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea, Strait of Messina, Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea, Aegean Sea, Lebanon Basin), Natal, Indian (SW & equatorial), Bay of Bengal, S Indian (subtropical convergence), China Seas (East China Sea, South China Sea), 25°30'N-122°30'E, Taiwan (SW, E, N: Mienhua Canyon), Japan, Pacif. (W equatorial), Pacific (central gyres: N & S), Australia (Great Barrier), New Zealand, California, W Costa Rica, Hawaii, Pacif. (central subtropical N), Fidji Is., Galapagos, N Chile
N: 86
Lg.:
(1) F: 1,65; (9) F: 1,75; (34) F: 1,74-1,66; (35) F: 1,64; (38) F: 1,7-1,5; (47) F: 1,65; M: 1,6; (72) F: 1,8-1,74; (101) F: 1,66; (117) F: 1,75; M: 1,62; (147) F: 2; (199) F: 1,75-1,52; M: 1,6; (207) F: 2; (290) F: 1,55-1,6; (313) F: 1,7; (523) F: 1,82-1,6; M: 1,72-1,62; (1000) F: 1,8-1,6; M: 2,0-1,4; (1111) F: 1,63; 1,82; {F: 1,50-2,00; M: 1,60-2,0}
Rem.: epi-mesopelagic.
Sampling depth (sub-Antarct.) : 0-1200 m. Sargasso Sea: 0-1500 m (Deevey & Brooks, 1977, Station "S");
The species resembles S. profunda.
Last update : 27/03/2017
    to add your remark
  

 Any use of this site for a publication will be mentioned with the following reference :

Razouls C., de Bovée F., Kouwenberg J. et Desreumaux N., 2005-2017. - Diversity and Geographic Distribution of Marine Planktonic Copepods. Available at http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr/en 
[Accessed September 22, 2017]

© copyright 2005-2017 CNRS, UPMC

Webmaster
CNRS   Observatoire Océanologique de Banyuls sur Mer - Laboratoire Arago
UPMC - Paris Universitas

 

Version française
English version

 

Search

On the WEB of CNRS

 


Marine Planktonic Copepods

Marine Planktonic Copepods

 

Imprimer Contact Accueil Plan du site Accès restreint Retour Une du Labo Imprimer Contact Plan du site Crédits Téléchargez les Plug-Ins