Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Diaptomoidea ( Superfamily )
        Acartiidae ( Family )
            Acartia ( Genus )
                Acartia ( Sub-Genus )
Acartia (Acartia) danae  Giesbrecht, 1889   (F,M)
Syn.: Acartia (Planktacartia) danae : Steuer, 1923 (p.35, figs.F,M); Rose, 1929 (p.48); Sewell, 1932 (p.397); Vervoort, 1965 (p.195, Rem.).
Ref.:
Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.508, 522, 770, Descr.F, figs.F); Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.154); Wolfenden, 1905 (1906) (p.1023); A. Scott, 1909 (p.187, Rem.); Wolfenden, 1911 (p.357); Sewell, 1912 (p.354, 376); 1914 a (p.240); Sars, 1925 (p.362); Farran, 1929 (p.210, 282); Sewell, 1932 (p.397); Rose, 1933 a (p.276, figs.F,M); Dakin & Colefax, 1933 (p.207); Farran, 1936 a (p.122); Mori, 1937 (1964) (p.102, figs.F, Rem.F); Dakin & Colefax, 1940 (p.106, figs.F); Davis, 1949 (p.65, Rem.F,M); Carvalho, 1952 a (p.151, figs.F); Marques, 1953 (p.121, fig.F); Chiba & al., 1957 (p.310); 1957 a (p.12); Marques, 1958 (p.217); Grice, 1962 (p.240, fig.F); Brodsky, 1962 c (p.149, figs.F); Tanaka, 1965 (p.393, figs.F); Chen & Zhang, 1965 (p.113, figs.F,M); Owre & Foyo, 1967 (p.101, figs.F,M); Park, 1968 (p.569, Rem.); Ramirez, 1969 (p.85, figs.F, Rem.); Corral Estrada, 1970 (p.206); Shih & al., 1971 (p.141); Björnberg, 1972 (p.70, figs., Rem.N & juv.1 à 5); Crisafi & Crescenti, 1972 (1974) (p.232, figs.F,M, juv.); Marques, 1974 (p.18); 1976 (p.998); Dawson & Knatz, 1980 (p.8, figs.F); Marques, 1982 (p.767); Gardner & Szabo, 1982 (p.416, figs.F,M); Yoo & Hue, 1983? (p.11, figs.F,M); Rodriguez & Vives, 1984 (p.246); Sazhina, 1985 (p.79, figs.N); Yoo al., 1991 (p.258); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.669, Pl.17: F,M); Bradford-Grieve, 1999 (n°181, p.6, figs.F,M); Barthélémy, 1999 (p.857, 864, figs.F); 1999 a (p.9, Fig.25, A-F); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.886, 962, figs.F,M); Bradford-Grieve, 1999 b (p.219, figs.F,M, Rem., figs.186, 195); Conway & al., 2003 (p.100, figs.F,M, Rem.); Mulyadi, 2004 (p.141, figs.F, Rem.); Vives & Shmeleva, 2007 (p.414, figs.F,M, Rem.).
Species Acartia (Acartia) danae - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : O. Tanaka in Publs Seto Mar. Biol. Lab., 1965, XII (5). [p.393, Fig.248]; As Acartia (Planktacartia) denae.
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, last thoracic segment and urosome (left lateral side); c, last thoracic segment and genital somite (right lateral side); d, P5.
Nota: In some specimens the lateral corner of the last thoracic segment has a thoracic spine divided into two on the right side.


Species Acartia (Acartia) danae - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : J.M. Bradford-Grieve in The Marine Fauna of New Zealand: Pelagic Calanoid Copepoda. National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA). NIWA Biodiversity Memoir, 111, 1999. [p.219, Fig.162].
Female: A, habitus (dorsal); B, forehead (left lateral side); C, urosome (left side); D, P5.

Male: E, habitus (dorsal); F, last thoracic segment and urosome (dorsal); G, P5 (R = right leg; L = left leg); H, another view segment 1 of right P5; I, another view of exopod 2+3 of left P5.

The southwest Pacific specimens show some differences from the descriptions from Giesbrecht (1892) and Steuer (1923).


Species Acartia (Acartia) danae - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from: Q.-c Chen & S.-z. Zhang in Studia Marina Sinica, 1965, 7. [Pl.50, 7-10].
Female (from E China Sea): 7, habitus (dorsal); 8, right P5 (anterior).
Male: 9, urosome (dorsal); 10, P5 (posterior).


Species Acartia (Acartia) danae - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from : F.C. Ramirez in Contr. Inst. Biol. mar., Buenos Aires, 1969, 98. [p.80, Lam. XVI, figs.130, 132, 133].
Female (from off Mar del Plata): 130, P5; 132, forehead (lateral); 133, habitus (dorsal).
Scale bars in mm: 0.4 (133); 0.1 (130); 0.05 (132)


Species Acartia (Acartia) danae - Plate 5 of morphological figuresissued from : W. Giesbrecht in Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19. [Taf.30, Fig.1].
Female: 1, distal part of Mxp (postruior view).


Species Acartia (Acartia) danae - Plate 6 of morphological figuresissued from : W. Giesbrecht in Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19. [Taf.30, Fig.23].
Female: 23, P5.


Species Acartia (Acartia) danae - Plate 7 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori in The pelagic Copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (2nd edit., 1964). [Pl.49, Figs.5-15].
Female: 5, A2; 6, Md; 7, Mx1; 8, 1st segment of A1; 9, habitus (dorsal); 10, Mx2; 11, Mxp; 12, P1; 13, P3; 14, P5; 15, P4.


Species Acartia (Acartia) danae - Plate 8 of morphological figuresissued from : P. Crisafi & M. Crescenti in Boll. Pesca Piscic. Idrobiol., 1972 (1974), 27 (2). [p.250, Pl.XI].
Female (from off Milazzo, Sicily): f, habitus (dorsal); f ad, posterior thoracic part and urosome (dorsal);f P5, P5.

Male: m ad, posterior thoracic part and urosome (dorsal); m P5, P5.


Species Acartia (Acartia) danae - Plate 9 of morphological figuresissued from : R.-M. Bathélémy in J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K., 1999, 79. [p.863, Fig.6, A-B].
Scanning electon miccrograph. Female (from 35°30'N, 4°40'W): A, genital double-somite (ventral); note the position of the genital structures (arrows); B, detail of the right lateral genital structure; note the thin cuticular lamella (arrow) dividing the genital slit in two fields.
Scale bars: 0.010 mm (A, B).
Symbols: a = gonoporal field; b = copulatory field.


Species Acartia (Acartia) danae - Plate 10 of morphological figuresissued from : A. Steuer in Arb. zool. Inst. Innsbruck, 1923, 1 (5). [Taf. IV, Fig.30].
Female: 30, genital segment with spermatophore (lateral).


Species Acartia (Acartia) danae - Plate 11 of morphological figuresissued from : A. Steuer in Arb. zool. Inst. Innsbruck, 1923, 1 (5). [p.35, Figs.167, 169].
Male: 167, last thoracic segment and urosome (dorsal); 169, P5.


Species Acartia (Acartia) danae - Plate 12 of morphological figuresissued from : G.D. Grice in Fish. Bull. Fish and Wildl. Ser., 1962, 61. [p.238, Pl.34, Fig.16].
Female (from equatorial Pacific): 16, P5.
Nota: A large spine on the 1st segment of A1. The posterior lateral margins of the thorx end in a large point. The external seta of P5 slightly more than twice the length of the internal spine.


Species Acartia (Acartia) danae - Plate 13 of morphological figuresissued from : Mulyadi in Published by Res. Center Biol., Indonesia Inst. Sci. Bogor, 2004. [p.142, Fig.80].
Female (from Indonesian Seas): a, habitus (dorsal); b-c, posterior part of last thoracic segment and urosome (dorsal and lateral, respectively); d, proximal segments of A1; e, P5.


Species Acartia (Acartia) danae - Plate 14 of morphological figuresIssued from : M. Chihara & M. Murano in An Illustrated Guide to Marine Plankton in Japan, 1997. [p.675, Pl. 17, fig.2 a-d].
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, forehead (ventral) and proximal segment of A1; c, last thoracic segment and urosome (dorsal); d, P5.

Nota: numbers show characteristics of this species to compare with A. negligens.


Species Acartia (Acartia) danae - Plate 15 of morphological figuresIssued from : M. Chihara & M. Murano in An Illustrated Guide to Marine Plankton in Japan, 1997. [p.675, Pl. 17, fig.2 e-g].
Male: e, habitus (dorsal); f, last thoracic segment and urosome (dorsal); g, P5.

Nota: numbers show characteristics of this species to compare with A. negligens.


Species Acartia (Acartia) danae - Plate 16 of morphological figuresIssued from : J.M. Bradford-Grieve in ICES Identification Leaflets for Plankton N°181, 1999 [p.11, Figs.15 a-d].
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, P5.

Male: c, posterior thoracic segment and urosome (dorsal); d, P5 (L = left leg; R = right leg).

Compl. Ref.:
Cleve, 1904 a (p.184); Wilson, 1942 a (p.169); Massuti Alzamora, 1940 (p.11); 1942 (p.99, Rem.); Lysholm & al., 1945 (p.42); Oliveira, 1945 (p.191); Sewell, 1948 (p.324, 514); C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.151); Yamazi, 1958 (p.152, Rem.); Deevey, 1960 (p.5, Table II, annual abundance), Gaudy, 1962 (p.93, 99, Rem.: p.115) ; Fagetti, 1962 (p.36); Ganapati & Shanthakumari, 1962 (p.9, 15); Duran, 1963 (p.25); Giron-Reguer, 1963 (p.59); Gaudy, 1963 (p.29, Rem.); Björnberg, 1963 (p.62, Rem.); Unterüberbacher, 1964 (p.31); De Decker, 1964 (p.14, 17, 29); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.11); Grice & Hulsemann, 1965 (p.225); Neto & Paiva, 1966 (p.28, Table III); Mazza, 1966 (p.73); 1967 (p.327, 367, fig.65); Pavlova, 1966 (p.44); Cross & Small, 1967 (p.60, hydrologic indicator); Fleminger, 1967 a (tabl.1); Grice & Hulsemann, 1967 (p.20); De Decker, 1968 (p.45); Delalo, 1968 (p.138); Champalbert, 1969 a (p.612); Casanova, 1970 (p.30: Rem.); Dowidar & El-Maghraby, 1970 (p.267); Park, 1970 (p.478); Itoh, 1970 (tab.1); Timonin, 1971 (p.281, trophic group); Deevey, 1971 (p.224); Binet & al., 1972 (p.71); Roe, 1972 (p.277, tabl.1, tabl.2); Heinrich, 1973 (p.95, fig.3); Björnberg, 1973 (p.352, 384); Corral Estrada & Pereiro Muñoz, 1974 (tab.I); Vives & al., 1975 (p.53, tab.II, IV); Deevey & Brooks, 1977 (p.156, tab.2, Station "S"); Tranter, 1977 (p.596); Timonin & Voronina, 1977 (p.292, fig.8); Carter, 1977 (1978) (p.36); Dessier, 1979 (p.131, 201, 207); Star & Mullin, 1981 (p.1322, abundance); Sreekumaran Nair & al., 1981 (p.493), Vives, 1982 (p.295); Vaissière & Séguin, 1980 (p.23, tab.2); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.85, as dana); Dessier, 1983 (p.89, Tableau 1, 2, Rem., %); Scotto di Carlo & al., 1984 (104); De Decker, 1984 (p.317, 327: chart); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); Binet, 1984 (tab.3); 1985 (p.85, tab.3); Cummings, 1984 (p.163, Table 2); Tremblay & Anderson, 1984 (p.3); Jansa, 1985 (p.108, Tabl. III); Brinton & al., 1986 (p.228, Table 1); Brenning, 1985 a (p.28, Table 2); Madhupratap & Haridas, 1986 (p.105, tab.2); Brenning, 1987 (p.33, spatial distribution, T-S diagram, Rem.); Jimenez-Perez & Lara-Lara, 1988; Dessier, 1988 (tabl.1); Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.60); Hernandez-Trujillo, 1989 a (tab.1); Cervantes-Duarte & Hernandez-Trujillo, 1989 (tab.3); Suarez & al., 1990 (tab.2); Othman & al., 1990 (p.565, Rem.); Hirakawa & al., 1990 (tab.3); Yoo, 1991 (tab.1); Shih & Marhue, 1991 (tab.2, 3); Hernandez-Trujillo, 1991 (1993) (tab.I); Suarez & Gasca, 1991 (tab.2); Suarez, 1992 (App.1); Seguin & al., 1993 (p.23, 26: Rem.); Genin & al., 1994 (p.941, fig.5, patchiness); Landry & al., 1994 (p.55, abundance, grazing); Godhantaraman, 1994 (tab.6); Heinrich, 1995 (tab.1); Palomares Garcia & Vera, 1995 (tab.1); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.66); Kotani & al., 1996 (tab.2); Go & al., 1997 (tab.1, as Acarita: lapsus calami); Park & Choi, 1997 (Appendix); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a. (p107); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.103); Padmavati & al., 1998 (p.349); Dolganova & al., 1999 (p.13, tab.1); Lavaniegos & Gonzalez-Navarro, 1999 (p.239, Appx.1); Hernandez-Trujillo, 1999 (p.284, tab.1); 1999 a (p.154); Lopes & al., 1999 (p.215, tab.1); Seridji & Hafferssas, 2000 (tab.1); Fernandez-Alamo & al., 2000 (p.1139, Appendix); Suarez-Morales & al., 2000 (p.751, tab.1); Haury & al., 2000 (p.69, Table 1, Fig.7); Lopez-Salgado & al., 2000 (tab.1); Belmonte & Potenza, 2001 (p.173); Lo & al., 2001 (1139, tab.I); Hernandez-Trujillo & Suarez-Morales, 2002 (p.748, tab.1); Zerouali & Melhaoui, 2002 (p.91, Tableau I); Beaugrand & al., 2002 (p.179, figs.5, 6); Mackas & Galbraith, 2002 a (p.423, Table 2); Lo & al, 2003 (p.89, tab.1); Shimode & Shirayama, 2004 (p.607, tab.1, 2); Hsiao & al., 2004 (p.325, tab.1); Daly Yahia & al., 2004 (p.366, fig.4); Lan & al., 2004 (p.332, tab.1); Lo & al.*, 2004 (p.218, fig.6); Lo & al., 2004 (p.89, tab.1); Gallienne & al., 2004 (p.5, tab.3); CPR, 2004 (p.48, fig.131); Mackas & al., 2004 (p.875, Table 2); Choi & al., 2005 (p.710: Tab.III); Hopcroft & al., 2005 (p.198, table 2); Berasategui & al., 2005 (p.485, tab.1); Berasategui & al., 2006 (p.485: fig.2); Zuo & al., 2006 (p.163: tab.1); Dias & Araujo, 2006 (p.26, Rem., chart); Ware & McQueen, 2006 (p.28, Table B1, weight ranges); Lavaniegos & Jiménez-Pérez, 2006 (p.135, tab.2, 4, Rem.); Hooff & Peterson 2006 (p.2610);; Fernandez de Puelles & al., 2007 (p.338); Valdés & al., 2007 (p.104: tab.1); Dur & al., 2007 (p.197, Table IV); Khelifi-Touhami & al., 2007 (p.327, Table 1); Jitlang & al., 2008 (p.65, Table 1); McKinnon & al., 2008 (p.843: Tab.1); Humphrey, 2008 (p.83: Appendix A); Neumann-Leitao & al., 2008 (p.799: Tab.II, fig.6); Morales-Ramirez & Suarez-Morales, 2008 (p.517); Ayon & al., 2008 (p.238, Table 4: Peruvian samples); Fernandes, 2008 (p.465, Tabl.2); Selifonova & al., 2008 (p.305, Tabl. 2); Raybaud & al., 2008 (p.1765, Table A1); Tseng & al., 2008 (p.402, Table 2); C.-Y. Lee & al., 2009 (p.151, Tab.2); Miyashita & al., 2009 (p.815, Tabl.II); Lan & al., 2009 (p.1, Table 2); C.E. Morales & al., 2010 (p.158, Table I); Brugnano & al., 2010 (p.312, Table 2, 3); Lidvanov & al., 2010 (p.356, Table 3); Hernandez-Trujillo & al., 2010 (p.913, Table 2); Cornils & al., 2010 (p.2076, Table 3); Schnack-Schiel & al., 2010 (p.2064, Table 2: E Atlantic subtropical/tropical) ; Hidalgo & al., 2010 (p.2089, Table 2, Fig.2); Dias & al., 2010 (p.230, Table 1); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.423); Medellin-Mora & Navas S., 2010 (p.265, Tab. 2); Shanthi & Ramanibai, 2011 (p.132, Table 1); Hsiao S.H. & al., 2011 (p.475, Appendix I); Salah S. & al., 2011 (Tableau 1); Selifonova, 2011 (p.77, Table 1, alien species in Black Sea); Mazzocchi & al., 2011 (p.1163, fig.6, long-term time-series 1984-2006); Glushko & Lidvanov, 2012 (p.138, Tableau 1); Jose & al., 2012 (p.20, fig.3 a,b,c: % vs monsoon); DiBacco & al., 2012 (p.483, Table S1, ballast water transport); Gubanova & al., 2013 (in press, p.4, Table 2); Palomares-Garcia & al., 2013 (p.1009, Table I, abundance vs environmental factors); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013; M. Ohman, pers. comm.); Tachibana & al., 2013 (p.545, Table 1, seasonal change 2006-2008); Jagadeesan & al., 2013 (p.27, Table 3, 4, 5, 6, fig.11, seasonal abundance); Anjusha & al., 2013 (p.40, Table 3, abundance & feeding behavior); Hirai & al., 2013 (p.1, Table I, molecular marker).
NZ: 21

Distribution map of Acartia (Acartia) danae by geographical zones
Species Acartia (Acartia) danae - Distribution map 3
Chart of 1996
Species Acartia (Acartia) danae - Distribution map 4issued from : H.B. Owre & M. Foyo in Fauna Caribaea, 1, Crustacea, 1: Copepoda. Copepods of the Florida Current. 1967. [p.102, Table 47].
Vertical distribution of Acartia danae at the ''40-Mile station'' in the Florida Current (± 25°35'N, 79°27'W).
SL 53: 18 V 1958; SL 55: 21 VII 1958. A: during midday; B;: during midnight.
Species Acartia (Acartia) danae - Distribution map 5issued from : U. Brenning in Wiss. Z. Wilhelm-Pieck-Univ. Rostock - 36. Jahrgang 1987. Mat.-nat. wiss. Reihe, 2. [p.33, Fig.7].
Spatial distribution for Acartia danae from 8° S - 26° N; 16°- 20° W, for diferent expeditions (V1: Dec. 1972- Jan. 1973; V2: Feb/Mar. 1973; VI: May 1974; IV: Jun./Jul. 1972).
Species Acartia (Acartia) danae - Distribution map 6issued from : U. Brenning in Wiss. Z. Wilhelm-Pieck-Univ. Rostock - 36. Jahrgang 1987. Mat.-nat. wiss. Reihe, 2. [p.32, Fig.8].
T-S Diagram for Acartia danae from 8° S - 26° N; 16°- 20° W.
SO: Southern Surface Water (S °/oo: 34,50; T°C: 29,0); ND: Northern Water of the Surface Layer (S °/oo: 37,5; T°C: 21,0); SD: Southern Deep Water of the surface layer (S °/oo: 35,33; T°C: 13,4). See commentary in Temora stylifera and Brenning (1985 a, p.6).
Loc:
South Africa (E & W), off Tristan da Cunha NE, Namibia, Angola, Baia Farta, Congo, off S Ascension Is., off N Ste Hélène is., G. of Guinea, Ivorian shelf, Dakar, Cape Verde Is., off Morocco-Mauritania, Cap Ghir, Canary Is., off Madeira, Azores, Brasil (off Vitoria-Cabo de Sao Tomé, off Macaé, Amazon), Venezuela, Caribean Colombia, Caribbean Sea, G. of Mexico, Florida, Sargasso Sea, off Bermuda: Station ‘’ S’’ (32°10’N, 64°30’W), Delaware Bay (outside), New York, off Woods Hole, off Nova Scotia, Ibero-morocco Bay, Medit. (Alboran Sea, N Tunisia, NW Basin, Baleares Is., Marseille, Ligurian Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea, Naples, Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea, S Aegean Sea, W Black Sea, Lebanon Basin, Alexandrie), Red Sea, Arabian Sea, Arabian Gulf, Natal, off Madagascar S, Nosy Bé, Rodrigues Is. - Seychelles, Mascarene Basin, India (Mangalore coast, G. of Mannar, Palk Bay, Lawson's Bay), E India, G. of Bengal, Burma, Indonesia-Malaysia, Cilacap Bay (S Java), Jakarta Bay-Seribu Islands, Lombok Sea, SW Celebes, Ambon Bay (Ceram Is.), W Australia, Pacif. (W equatorial), Australia (Great Barrier, New South Wales, off Sydney, North West Cape, G. of Carpentaria), New Caledonia, Tasman Sea, New Zealand (NE North Island), off Kermadec Is, Pacif. (N & S), Okinawa, Korea (S & SW), Japan Sea, Japan (Tokyo Bay, Izu, Onagawa, Toyama Bay, Tanabe Bay), off SE Japan, China Seas (Hong Kong, South China Sea, East China Sea, Yellow Sea), Taiwan Strait, Taiwan (E, SW, N, NW), Bering Sea, Aleutian Is., Canada Basin (rare), Alaska, British Columbia, Hecate Strait, Vancouver Is., Oregon, Californie, Santa Monica Basin, Sixtymile Bank, Baja California (Bahia Magdalena, W), G. of California, W Mexico, G. de Tehuantepec, W Costa Rica, Fidji Is., Gilbert Is., Hawaii, Pacif. (equatorial, central N), Costa Rica, Galapagos, Peru, Chile (N)
N: 280
Lg.:
(16) F: 1,22-1,05; (34) F: 1,19-1,15; M: 0,9; (46) F: 1,16; (59) F: 1,3-1; M: 0,8-0,7; (72) F: 1,2; (101) F: 1,12; (104) F: 1,2; (119) F: 1,27-1,17; (164) F: 1,271-1,08; M: 0,806-0,732; (199) F: 1,22-1,06; (237) F: 1,25; M: 1,10; (237) F: 1,25; M: 1,10; (290) F: 1,15-1,25; M: 0,8-0,85; (432) F: 1,25-1,05; (786) F: 1,28-1,13; M: 0,86-0,82; (866) F: 1,1-1,3; M: 0,7-0,9; (909) F: 1,1-1,3; M: 0,8; (991) F: 1,05-1,27; M: 0,73-0,8; (1047) F: 0,9; (1110) F: 1,1-1,34; M: 0,72-0,86; (1122) F: 1,15; {F: 0,90-1,34; M: 0,70-1,10}
Rem.: Oceanic and littoral, epipelagic. Overall Depth Range in Sargasso Sea: 0-500 m (Deevey & Brooks, 1977, Station "S");
Cosmopolitan: tropical and temperate ( limited by latitudes 40° N & S, except in the extreme north Pacific cited only by Wilson, 1950).
After Björnberg (1963, p.63) in brazilian waters this species occurred in greater numbers in the samples from high salinity waters (above 35.00 p.1000) and lower temperatures (± 18°C), thus preferring subtropical conditions confirming Yamasi's (1958) classification of the species as temperate. It did not occur in samples of coastal waters. Heinrich (1961) found the species between 25° and 35° N in the west Pacific usually concentrated in the 25-50 m deep layer or in the 50-100 m layer, reaching down to 500 m. It is found in still deeper layers (580 to 1.040 m) near Japan (Furuhashi, 1961) in temperatures about 4 to 5°C.
According to Mulyadi (2004) this species is very rare around Indonesian waters.

For Itoh (1970 a, fig.2, from co-ordonates) the Itoh's index value from mandibular gnathobase = 740.
Timonin (1971, p.282) considers the trophic interrelations in the equatorial and tropical Indian Ocean, and divides the plankters into 6 trophic groups from the litterature and the results of studies of mouth-parts structure and intestine content. This species is omnivorous.

See in DVP Conway & al., 2003 (version 1)
Last update : 13/10/2014
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