Species Card of Copepod
Cyclopoida ( Order )
    Oithonidae ( Family )
        Oithona ( Genus )
Oithona setigera  (Dana, 1849)   (F,M)
Syn.: Scribella setiger Dana, 1849;
Oithona setiger Dana, 1852; T. Scott, 1902 (p.454, Rem.); Wilson, 1942 a (p.196);
O. spinirostris Claus, 1863 (p.105, figs.F); Wilson, 1932 a (p.312, figs.F,M); Wilson, 1942 a (p.197); Lysholm & al., 1945 (p.42, Rem.); Sewell, 1947 (p.255: Rem.); Rae & Rees, 1947 (p.112); C.B. Wilson, 1950 (? part., p.271); ? Carvalho,1952 a (p.166, figs.F); Østvedt, 1955 (p.15: Table 3, p.17, 78); Deevey, 1960 (tab.II); ? Fagetti, 1962 (p.39); Kasturirangan, 1963 (p.75, 77); Shih & al., 1971 (p.56, Rem., 156, 215); Peterson & Miller, 1975 (p.650); ? Palet, 1975 (p.660); Nishida & al., 1977 (p.126, 128, Rem); Gardner & Szabo, 1982 (p.110, figs.F,M); Mackas & Sefton, 1982 (p.1173, Table 1); ? Huntley & al., 1983 (p.143, Table 2, 3); Mackas & Anderson, 1986 (p.115, Table 2); Ohman, 1990 (p.257, fig.); Landry & al., 1994 (p.55, abundance, grazing); ? B.W. Hansen & al., 1999 (p.233, seasonal abundance & biomass); ? Gislason & Astthorsson, 2004 (p.472, tab.1); ? Lavaniegos & Jiménez-Pérez, 2006 (p.149, tab.2, Rem.); Hooff & Peterson, 2006 (p.2610); ? Morales-Ramirez & Suarez-Morales, 2008 (p.522); ? Fernandes, 2008 (p.465, Tabl.2); ? Sigurdardottir, 2012 (p.1, Table 2.3); ? Jagadeesan & al., 2013 (p.27, Table 3, seasonal variation);
O. challengerii Brady, 1883 (p.97, figs.F); T. Scott, 1894 b (p.89); Krishnaswamy, 1953 (p.64, figs.F);
O. tropica Wolfenden, 1905 (1906) (p.1023);
O. pelagica Farran, 1908 a (p.501); 1920 (p.17)
Ref.:
Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.538, 548, 774, figs.F); T. Scott, 1894 b (p.91); Thompson & Scott, 1903 (p.236, 255); Farran, 1913 a (p.182, Rem.); Rosendorn, 1917 (p.303); 1917 a (p.20, figs.F,M); Pesta, 1920 (p.554); Farran, 1926 (p.295); 1929 (p.210, 282); Kiefer, 1929 g (p.6, Rem.F,M); Dakin & Colefax, 1933 (p.208); Rose, 1933 a (p.284, figs.F); Farran, 1936 a (p.124); Mori, 1937 (1964) (p.110, figs.F); Sewell, 1947 (p.257, Rem.); Moore, 1949 (p.64, Rem.); Carvalho, 1952 a (p.167, figs.F); Lindberg, 1955 a (p.464: Rem.); Chiba & al., 1957 (p.310); 1957 a (p.12); Marques, 1958 a (p.134); Crisafi, 1959 b (p.59, figs.F,M); Owre & Foyo, 1967 (p.108, figs.F); Vilela, 1968 (p.30); Corral Estrada, 1970 (p.211, Rem.F); Wellershaus, 1970 (p.478, 482); Razouls, 1972 (p.95, Annexe: p.108, figs.F); Chen & al., 1974 (p.37, figs.F); Nishida & al., 1977 (p.147, figs.F, Rem.: 2 forms); Shuvalov, 1980 (p.109, figs.F,M); Ferrari & Bowman, 1980 (p.19, figs.F); Björnberg & al., 1981 (p.663, figs.F,M); Marques, 1982 (p.770); Zheng & al., 1982 [p.97, Figs.F); Sazhina, 1982 (p.1157, 1160, Rem., fig.N); 1985 (p.90, figs.N); Nishida, 1985 a (p.82, 85, figs.F, Rem.F, p.130); 1986 (p.386); Huys & Boxshall, 1991 (p.229, 442, 465, figs.F); Kim & al., 1993 (p.271); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.939, Pl.196: F); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.886, 966, figs.F); Conway & al., 2003 (p.203, figs.F,M, Rem.); Brugnanno & al., 2009 (p.354, Rem.); Avancini & al., 2006 (p.125, Pl. 93, figs.F, Rem.); Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.48, 50, 74, figs.F,M, Rem.)
Species Oithona setigera - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : F.D. Ferrari & T.E. Bowman in Smiths. Contr. Zool., 1980, 312. [p.19, Fig.11].
Female (from Caibbean area): a, urosomal segments 1-2 (lateral right side); b, urosomal segment 4 (ventral); c, P4.

Nota: Prosome/Urosome = 0.9. Knob near genital opening with short, straight, thick spine, denticulate on posterior edge and small spine ventral to it. Urosomal segment 4 ventrally with 2 rows of 5 or 6 hairs, increasing in length laterally. Endopodal segment 2 of P4 both setae modified, thick, curved, with flange on distal 1/3; proximal seta on endopodal segment 3 of P4 straight, with flange on distal 1/2.


Species Oithona setigera - Plate 2 of morphological figuresIssued from : S. Nishida in Bull. Ocean Res. Inst., Univ. Tokyo, 1985, No 20. [p.83, Fig.46]. As Oithona setigera typical form.
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, forehead (lateral); c, A2; d, P1; e, P2; f, P3; g, P4.

Nota: Proportional lengths of urosome segments and caudal ramus 10:28:16:15:18:14.

Nota after Vives & Shmeleva (2010, p.74): Setal formula on outer margin (in first) and inner margin (in second) of exopod segments (from proximal to distal) of P1 to P4:
P1: 1, 1, 3; 1, 1, 4.
P2: 1, 0, 2; 1, 1, 5
P3: 1, 0, 1; 1, 1, 5.
P4: 0, 0, 1; 1, 1, 5.


Species Oithona setigera - Plate 3 of morphological figuresIssued from : S. Nishida in Bull. Ocean Res. Inst., Univ. Tokyo, 1985, No 20. [p.84, Fig.47]. As Oithona setigera typical form.
Female: a, thoracic segment 5 and genital segment (lateral left side); b, anal segment and caudal rami (dorsal); c, idem (ventral); d, A1; e, Md (mandibular palp); f, Md (biting edge); g, Mx1; h, Mx2; i, Mxp.


Species Oithona setigera - Plate 4 of morphological figuresIssued from : S. Nishida in Bull. Ocean Res. Inst., Univ. Tokyo, 1985, No 20. [p.86, Fig.48]. Form with a tapered seta on legs 1-4 basal segment 2.
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, A2; c, P1; d, P2; e, P3; f, P4.


Species Oithona setigera - Plate 5 of morphological figuresIssued from : S. Nishida in Bull. Ocean Res. Inst., Univ. Tokyo, 1985, No 20. [p.87, Fig.49]. Form with a tapered seta on legs 1-4 basal segment 2.
Female: a, forehead (lateral); b, thoracic segment 5 and genital segment (lateral left side); c, anal segment and caudal rami (dorsal); d, idem (ventral); e, A1; f, Md (mandibular palp); g, Mx1; h, Mx2; i, Mxp.


Species Oithona setigera - Plate 6 of morphological figuresissued from : Q.-c Chen & S.-z. Zhang & C.-s. Zhu in Studia Marina Sinica, 1974, 9. [Pl.5, Figs.1-2].
Female (from China Seas): 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, P3.


Species Oithona setigera - Plate 7 of morphological figuresissued from : Z. Zheng, S. Li, S.J. Li & B. Chen in Marine planktonic copepods in Chinese waters. Shanghai Sc. Techn. Press, 1982 [p.98, Fig.57].
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, forehead (lateral); c, P2.
Scale bar in mm.


Species Oithona setigera - Plate 8 of morphological figuresissued from : I. Rosendorn in Wiss. Ergebn. dt. Tiefsee-Exped. \"Valdiviella\", 1917, 23. [p.21, Fig.10].
Female: a, Md (mandibular palp); b, P1; c, P2.

Nota: Proportion of lengths (p.cent) Prosome : 66.0, Urosome : 34.0 . Relative lengths of urosomal segments and caudal rami: 8: 19 : 9 : 8 : 11 : 7. Setal formula of the exopod swimming legs P1 to P4 (Se = outer setae ; Si = inner setae), P1 : 1, 1, 3 Se ; 1, 1, 4 Si ; P2 : 1, 0, 2 Se ; 1, 1, 5 Si ; P3 : 1, 0, 1 Se ; 0, 1, 5 Si ; P4 : 0, 0, 1 Se ; 1, 1, 5 Si .


Species Oithona setigera - Plate 9 of morphological figuresissued from : I. Rosendorn in Wiss. Ergebn. dt. Tiefsee-Exped. \"Valdiviella\", 1917, 23. [p.22, Fig.11].
Male: a, habitus (dorsal); b, urosome; c, forehead (lateral); d, Md (mandibular palp); e, P1; f, P2; g, P3; h, P4.
Nota: Proportion of lengths (p.cent) Prosome : 56.7, Urosome : 43.3 . Relative lengths of urosomal segments and caudal rami: 10: 17: 15: 11: 8.5: 10: 10. Setal formula of the exopod swimming legs P1 to P4 (Se = outer setae ; Si = inner setae), P1 : 1, 1, 3 Se ; 0, 1, 4 Si ; P2 : 1, 1, 3 Se ; 0, 1, 5 Si ; P3 : 1, 1, 3 Se ; 0, 1, 5 Si ; P4 : 1, 1, 2 Se ; 0, 1, 5 Si.


Species Oithona setigera - Plate 10 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori in The Pelagic copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (1964). [Pl. 60, Figs.1-2].
Female: 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, P3.


Species Oithona setigera - Plate 11 of morphological figuresissued from : V.S. Shuvalov in Opred. Faune SSSR, Nauka, Leningrad, 1980, 125. [p.110, Fig.22].
Female: 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, A1; 3, Md (palp); 4, forehead (dorsal); 5, thoracic segments 4 and 5 (dorsal); 6, anal segment and caudal rami (dorsal); 7, Mx2; 8, Mxp; 9, A2; 10, P1; 11, P1 (3rd distal segment of exopod); 12, P2; 13, P2 (3rd exopod segment); 14, P3; 15, P3 (3rd distal segment of exopod); 16, P4; 17, 3rd distal segment of exopod).


Species Oithona setigera - Plate 12 of morphological figuresissued from : V.S. Shuvalov in Opred. Faune SSSR, Nauka, Leningrad, 1980, 125. [p.111, Fig.23].
Female: 1-4, habitus (dorsal); 5-6, habitus (lateral); 7, P1 (with exopod at left); 8, P2; 9, P2 (3rd distal segment of exopod); 10, P3.
Nota: 1-3, 5-6: from Atlantic ocean; 4, 7-10 from Pacific ocean.


Species Oithona setigera - Plate 13 of morphological figuresIssued from : G.S. Brady in Rep. Scient. Results Voy. Challenger, Zool., 1883, 8 (23). [Pl. XL, Figs.1-10]. As Oithona challengerii.
Female: 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, rostrum; 3, A2; 4, Mx1; 5, Mx2; 6, Mxp; 7, P1; 8, P4; 9-10, basal portions of the two setae of P5.


Species Oithona setigera - Plate 14 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 34, Figs.3, 14, 15].
Female: 3, habitus (dorsal); 14-15, forehead (lateral and dorsal, respectively).
Ce = cephalosome.


Species Oithona setigera - Plate 15 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 34, Fig.41].
Female: 41, exopodite of P2.
Se = outer seta; Si = inner seta; Re 2 = exopodal segment 2.


Species Oithona setigera - Plate 16 of morphological figuresissued from : C. Razouls in Th. Doc. Etat Fac. Sc. Paris VI, 1972, Annexe. [Fig.64].
Female (from Banyuls, G. of Lion): A, P4; C-D, forehead (lateral); E, P1; F, P3; G, P2.


Species Oithona setigera - Plate 17 of morphological figuresIssued from : S. Nishida, O. Tanaka & M. Omori in Bull. Plankton Soc. Japan, 1977, 24 (2). [p.147, Fig.19]. As Oithona setigera forma typica.
Female (from Suruga Bay and adjacent waters): a, habitus (dorsal); b, forehead (lateral); c, Md; d, Mx1; e, P1; f, outer marginal seta on 2nd basal segment of P1; g, P2; h, P3; i, P4.

Nota: Setae formula of exopod P1 to P4 (outer setae in first, inner setae in second). P1: 1,1,3; 1,1,4. P2: 1,02; 1,1,5. P3: 1,0,1; 1,1,5. P4: 0,0,1; 1,1,5.
Prosome length/urosome length = 1.05-1.09.


Species Oithona setigera - Plate 18 of morphological figuresIssued from : S. Nishida, O. Tanaka & M. Omori in Bull. Plankton Soc. Japan, 1977, 24 (2). [p.148, Fig.20]. As Oithona setigera forma pelagica
Female (from Suruga Bay and adjacent waters): a, habitus (dorsal), b, forehead (lateral); c, Md; d, Mx1; e, P1; f, P2; g, P3; h, P4.
Prosome length/urosome length = 0.93-1.17.

Compl. Ref.:
Yamazi, 1958 (p.153, Rem.); Fagetti, 1962 (p.39); Ganapati & Shanthakumari, 1962 (p.10, 16); Duran, 1963 (p.25); Giron-Reguer, 1963 (p.56); V.N. Greze, 1963 a (tabl.2); Shmeleva, 1963 (p.141); Grice, 1963 a (p.496); Gaudy, 1963 (p.30, Rem.); Björnberg, 1963 (p.76, Rem.); Neto & Paiva, 1966 (p.29, Table III); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.13); Shmeleva, 1965 b (p.1350, lengths-volume -weight relation); Mazza, 1966 (p.73); Pavlova, 1966 (p.44); Ehrhardt, 1967 (p.742, geographic distribution, Rem.); Séguin, 1968 (p.488); Delalo, 1968 (p.138); Deevey, 1971 (p.224); Binet & al., 1972 (p.68); Apostolopoulou, 1972 (p.329, 373); Björnberg, 1973 (p.388); Corral Estrada & Pereiro Muñoz, 1974 (tab.I); Vives & al., 1975 (p.53, tab.II, III); Zalkina, 1977 (p.339, tab.1); Boxshall, 1977 b (p.552); Deevey & Brooks, 1977 (p.156, tab.2, Station "S"); Dessier, 1979 (p.207); Vaissière & Séguin, 1980 (p.23, tab.2); Rudyakov, 1982 (p.208, Table 2); Vives, 1982 (p.295); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.85); Scotto di Carlo & Ianora, 1983 (p.150); Scotto di Carlo & al., 1984 (p.1041); Tremblay & Anderson, 1984 (p.7, Rem.); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); Sazhina, 1985 a (p.491, tab.3); Renon, 1987 (tab.2); Cervantes-Duarte & Hernandez-Trujillo, 1989 (tab.3); Hirakawa & al., 1990 (tab.3); Scotto di Carlo & al., 1991 (p.270); Yoo, 1991 (tab.1); Seguin & al., 1993 (p.23); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.75); Webber & Roff, 1995 (tab.1); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1997 (p.1525); Park & Choi, 1997 (Appendix); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.77, 103, 112); McKinnon & Klumpp, 1998 (tab.1); Alvarez-Cadena & al., 1998 (t.1,2,3,4); Hsieh & Chiu, 1998 (tab.2); Suarez-Morales, 1998 (p.345, Table 1); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p.112); Siokou-Frangou, 1999 (p.478); Lopes & al., 1999 (p.215, tab.1); Neumann-Leitao & al., 1999 (p.153, tab.2); Lavaniegos & Gonzalez-Navarro, 1999 (p.239, Appx.1); Ueda al., 2000 (tab.1); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 2000 (1247, tab.1); Suarez-Morales & al., 2000 (p.751, tab.1); Seridji & Hafferssas, 2000 (tab.1); Lopez-Salgado & al., 2000 (tab.1); Holmes & Gotto, 2000 (p.3, Rem.); Lapernat & Razouls, 2001 (tab.1); Lo & al., 2001 (1139, tab.I); Zerouali & Melhaoui, 2002 (p.91, Tableau I); Hwang & al., 2003 (p.193, tab.2); Vukanic, 2003 (p.139, tab.1); Daly Yahia & al., 2004 (p.366, fig.4); Lan & al., 2004 (p.332, tab.1, tab.2); Lo & al.*, 2004 (p.218, fig.6); Lo & al., 2004 (p.89, tab.1); Vukanic & Vukanic, 2004 (p.9, tab. 2, 3); Mazzocchi & al., 2005 (p.155); Lakkis & al., 2005 (p.152); Camisotti & al., 2005 (p.99); Hwang & al., 2005 (p.106); Prusova & Smith, 2005 (p.76); Isari & al., 2006 (p.241, tab.II); Hwang & al., 2006 (p.943, tabl. I) ; Dias & Araujo, 2006 (p.72, Rem., chart); Zervoudaki & al., 2006 (p.149, Table I); Khelifi-Touhami & al., 2007 (p.327, Table 1); Hwang & al., 2007 (p.25); Neumann-Leitao & al., 2008 (p.799: Tab.II, fig.6) McKinnon & al., 2008 (p.843: Tab.1, p.848: Tab. IV); Morales-Ramirez & Suarez-Morales, 2008 (p.522); Fernandes, 2008 (p.465, Tabl.2); Gaard & al., 2008 (p.59, Table1, N Atlantic Mid-Ridge); Rossi, 2008 (p.90: Tableau XII); Pagano, 2009 (p.116); C.-Y. Lee & al., 2009 (p.151, Tab.2); Galbraith, 2009 (pers. comm.); Tseng & al., 2009 (p.327, fig.5, feeding); Licandro & Icardi, 2009 (p.17, Table 4); Lan & al., 2009 (p.1, Table 2); C.E. Morales & al., 2010 (p.158, Table 1); Hwang & al., 2010 (p.220, Table 2, fig.3, 4); Hafferssas & Seridji, 2010 (p.353, Table 3); Williamson & McGowan, 2010 (p.273, Table 3, Pacific central gyres: N and S); Hernandez-Trujillo & al., 2010 (p.913, Table 2); Hidalgo & al., 2010 (p.2089, Table 2); Dias & al., 2010 (p.230, Table 1); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.428); Medellin-Mora & Navas S., 2010 (p.265, Tab. 2); Hsiao S.H. & al., 2011 (p.475, Appendix I); Salah S. & al., 2011 (Tableau 1); Mazzocchi & al., 2011 (p.1163, fig.6, long-term time-series 1984-2006); Uysal & Shmeleva, 2012 (p.909, Table I); Miloslavic & al., 2012 (p.165, Table 2, transect distribution); Brugnano & al., 2012 (p.207, Table 2); Tseng & al., 2012 (p.621, Table 3: abundance); Jean & al., 2012 (p.12, Table 3, protein vs environmental metal stress); Zamora-Terol & Saiz, 2013 (p.376, Rem.: Table 3, egg production); Palomares-Garcia & al., 2013 (p.1009, Table I, abundance vs environmental factors); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013; M. Ohman, comm. pers.); Tachibana & al., 2013 (p.545, Table 1, seasonal change 2006-2008); Tseng & al., 2013 (p.507, seasonal abundance); Hwang & al., 2014 (p.43, Appendix A: seasonal abundance)
NZ: 19

Distribution map of Oithona setigera by geographical zones
Species Oithona setigera - Distribution map 3Issued from : S. Nishida in Bull. Ocean Res. Inst., Univ. Tokyo, 1985, No 20. [p.130, Fig.79].
Indo-Pacific geographical distribution of Oithona setigera. Dotted line: AC, Arctic Convergence; SC, Subtropical Convergence.
Species Oithona setigera - Distribution map 4issued from : A.A. Shmeleva in Bull. Inst. Oceanogr., Monaco, 1965, 65 (n°1351). [Table 6: 38]. Oithona setigera (from South Adriatic).
Dimensions, volume and Weight wet. Means for 50-60 specimens. Volume and weight calculated by geometrical method. Assumed that the specific gravity of the Copepod body is equal to 1, then the volume will correspond to the weight.
Loc:
South Africa (E), Angola, Baia Farta, Congo, G. of Guinea, Ivorian shelf, off Cape Verde Is., Canary Is., off Morocco-Mauritania, Cap Ghir, off Madeira, Brazil (S, off Macaé, Cabo Frio, Vitoria-Cabo de Sao Tomé, off Natal), off Amazon, off Trinidad Is., Barbada Is., Venezuela, Caribbean Colombia (San Andrés y Providencia, Tayrona), Caribbean Sea, Jamaica, Yucatan, G. of Mexico, Cuba, Sargasso Sea, off Bermuda (Station "S"), Delaware Bay, G. of Maine, Nova Scotia (St. Margaret's Bay), ? W Greenland (Disko Bay), ? Iceland, Shetland Is., Norway Sea, Bay of Biscay, W Ireland, North Sea, Baie Ibéro-marocaine, Medit. (Alboran Sea, Gulf of Annaba, Castellon, Banyuls, Marseille, Toulon harbour, Ligurian Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea, Naples, Strait of Messina, NW Tunisia, off Malta, Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea, Aegean Sea, Iskenderoun Bay, Lebanon Basin, Port Said), Red Sea, G. of Aden, Arabian Sea, Maldives Is., Madagascar (Nosy Bé), Rodrigues Is., Indian, India (? Saurashtra coast, Lawson's Bay, Madras, Gulf of Mannar, Palk Bay), Bay of Bengal, Is. Nicobar (Nankaurie Harbour), Indonesia-Malaysia, Sulu Sea, Philippines, China Seas (Yellow Sea, East China Sea, South China Sea, Pa-Li), Taiwan Strait, Taiwan (E, S, SW, NW, N, NE, Mienhua Canyon), S Korea, S Japan Sea, Japan, Tokyo Bay, Tanabe Bay, Kuroshio Current, Bikini Is., Pacif. (W equatorial), Pacific (central gyres: N and S), E & W Australia (Haughton Riv., Great Barrier, off Port Jackson, Shark Bay, North Cape), New Zealand, Pacif. (tropical), Station "P", British Columbia, Fjord system (Alice Arm & Hastings Arm), Portland Inlet, Vancouver Is., Dabob Bay, Oregon (Yaquina, off Newport), Bay of San Francisco, California, W Baja California, Bahia Magdalena, G. of California, W Mexico, W Costa Rica, Clipperton Is., SE Pacif., Chile (N-S, Concepcion)
N: 206 ?
Lg.:
(34) F: 2,04-1,32; (35) [Atlant. trop.] F: 1,85-1,8; [N-Z] F: 1,8-1,25; (38) F: 1,59-1,4; (46) F: 1,6-1,5; (78) F: 1,75; (109) F: 1,6-1,4; (180) F: ; 1,9-1,7; 1,4-1,25; (237) F: 1,8-2,0; M: 0,93; (314) F: 1,93-1,21; M: 1,12; (327) F: 1,51-1,22; (332) F: 1,69; 1,55; M: 0,53; (531) F: 1,4; 1,3; (624) F: 1,69-1,57; (626) F: 1,52-1,36; (627) F: 1,9-1,14; (634) ? F: 1,9-1,6; 1,26-1,2; (649) F: 1,57; M: 0,90; (864) F: 1,1; (866) M: 0,9; (880) F: 1,57; M: 0,9-1,2; (920) F: 1,73; (991) F: 1,12-1,9; M: 0,9; (1023) F: 1,67-1,78; {F: 1,10-2,04; M: 0,54-1,20}
Rem.: epi-mesopelagic. Sargasso Sea: 0-500 m (Deevey & Brooks, 1977, Station "S");
Nishida (1985, p.85) points to an historical account of this species.
Taking into account the size differences, Farran (1929) suggests the existence of two groups.

Oithona setigera pelagica Nishida, Tanaka & Omori,1977 (F)
Syn.: Oithona pelagica Farran, 1908 a (p.501)
Ref.: Nishida & al., 1977 (p.148, figs.F, Rem.); Lapernat, 1999 (p.29); Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.75, figs.F,M, Rem.).
Lg.: (155) F: 1,9-1,15; (340) F: 1,4-1,3; 0,9
Rem.: (off Malte: 1500-2000 m)
.
Oithona setigera typica Nishida, Tanaka & Omori,1977 (F)
Ref.: Nishida & al., 1977 (p.147, figs.F, Rem.); Nishida, 1985 a (p.82,figs.F); Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.54, figs.F,M, Rem.).
See in DVP Conway & al., 2003 (version 1)
Last update : 16/08/2014
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