Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Diaptomoidea ( Superfamily )
        Pontellidae ( Family )
            Labidocera ( Genus )
Labidocera brunescens  (Czerniavski, 1868)   (F,M)
Syn.: Pontella brunescens Czerniavski, 1868
Ref.:
Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.445, 459, 773, figs.F,M); Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.136, Rem. F,M); Pesta, 1920 (p.540); Sars, 1925 (p.354); Rose, 1933 a (p.262, figs.F,M); Vilela, 1965 (p.10, figs.F); Silas & Pillai, 1976 (p.774); Sazhina, 1985 (p.69, figs.N); Avancini & al., 2006 (p.105, Pl. 74, figs.F,M, Rem.);Vives & Shmeleva, 2007 (p.498, figs.F,M, Rem.)
Species Labidocera brunescens - Plate 1 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.41, Fig.2].
Female: 2, habitus (dorsal).


Species Labidocera brunescens - Plate 2 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.41, Fig.25];
Female: 25, Th5 and urosome (ventral).


Species Labidocera brunescens - Plate 3 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.41, Fig.23].
Female: 23, Th5 and urosome (lateral)


Species Labidocera brunescens - Plate 4 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.23, Fig.29].
Female: 29, P5 (anterior view).


Species Labidocera brunescens - Plate 5 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.23, Fig.7].
Female: 7, A1 (ventral view).


Species Labidocera brunescens - Plate 6 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.23, Fig.4].
Male: 4, right A1 (distal part).


Species Labidocera brunescens - Plate 7 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.41, Fig.24].
Male: 24, Th5 and urosome (dorsal).


Species Labidocera brunescens - Plate 8 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.23, Figs.42, 43].
Male: 42, left P5 (posterior view).; 43, right P5 (posterior view). Ri = endopod; Re = exopod; B = basipod.

Compl. Ref.:
Massuti Alzamora, 1942 (p.98, Rem.); Sewell, 1948 (p.423, 472); Demir, 1959 (p.176); Mazza, 1966 (p.72); Dowidar & El-Maghraby, 1970 (p.268); Porumb, 1980 (p.168); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.85); Comaschi Scaramuzza, 1987 (tab.1); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.103); Mauchline, 1998 (tab.46); Zerouali & Melhaoui, 2002 (p.91, Tableau I); Vukanic, 2003 (p.139, tab.1); Kovalev, 2003 (p.47); Zagorodnyaya & al., 2003 (p.52); Daly Yahia & al., 2004 (p.366, fig.4); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.427); Aubry & al., 2012 (p.125, fig.8 b, interannual variation); Gubanova & al., 2013 (in press, Rem.: p.7, Table 4); Belmonte & al., 2013 (p.222, Table 2, abundance vs stations);
NZ: 2

Distribution map of Labidocera brunescens by geographical zones
Species Labidocera brunescens - Distribution map 3
Chart of 1996
Loc:
off NE Azores, Morocco, Portugal, Medit. (Alboran Sea, NW, Thau Lagoon, Ligurian Sea, Naples, Strait of Messina, Taranto Harbour, Adriatic Sea, Venise, Aegean Sea, Lebanon, Alexandrie, Marmara Sea, Black Sea (rare), [Australia (Nouvelle-Galles du Sud) (in Dakin & Colefax, 1933, p.206)]
N: 24
Lg.:
(46) F: 2,05-2; M: 1,7-1,65; (373) F: 2,4; (449) F: 2,05-2; M: 1,7-1,65; {F: 2,00-2,40; M: 1,65-1,70}
Rem.: This species could be an example of exile to the Azores by the profound mediterranean current.
Dakin & Colefax report the presence of this species in the Indian Ocean (reference neither recovered by Sewell nor by Razouls), this observation requires confirmation, like the one from Australia.
Last update : 21/03/2014
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Razouls C., de Bovée F., Kouwenberg J. et Desreumaux N., 2005-2014. - Diversity and Geographic Distribution of Marine Planktonic Copepods. Available at http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr/en 
[Accessed November 27, 2014]

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