Species Card of Copepod
Cyclopoida ( Order )
    Oithonidae ( Family )
        Oithona ( Genus )
Oithona nana  Giesbrecht, 1892   (F,M)
Syn.: ? Oithona helgolandica Claus, 1863 (p.105);
Oithonina nana : Sars, 1913 (1918) (p.5); Wilson, 1932 a (p.316, figs.F); 1942 a (p.197); 1950 (p.271); Fagetti, 1962 (p.40); Haq, 1965 a (p.555, figs. Nauplius, C1, key of Nauplius); Harder, 1968 (p156, Table 1, behaviour v.s. density discontinuity); Shih & al., 1971 (p.56);
Oithona plumosa Lindberg, 1947; 1950 e (p.265); Wellershaus, 1970 (p.480); Shuvalov, 1980 (p.152, figs.F);
O. plumosa pseudoplumosa Lindberg, 1950 e (p.265)
Ref.:
Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.538, 549, 774, figs.F,M); Karavaev, 1894 (p.58, figs.F, Rem.); Thompson & Scott, 1903 (p.236, 255); Esterly, 1905 (p.209, figs.F,M); Burckhardt, 1913 (p.425); Rosendorn, 1917 a (p.40, figs. F,M); Pesta, 1920 (p.552); Murphy, 1923 (p.449, figs., key juv. stages); Sewell, 1924 (p.791); Früchtl, 1924 b (p.70); Gurney, 1927 (p.159, Rem.: 2 forms); Mori, 1929 (p.199, figs.F); Kiefer, 1929 g (p.9, Rem.F,M); Sewell, 1933 (p.30); Dakin & Colefax, 1933 (p.207); Rose, 1933 a (p.281, figs.F,M); Mori, 1937 (1964) (p.113, figs.F,M); Sewell, 1947 (p.254, Rem.); Marques, 1951 a (p.24); Carvalho,1952 a (p.167, figs.F); Marques, 1958 a (p.134); Tanaka, 1960 (p.59, figs.F,M, Rem.); Grice, 1960 a (p.487, figs.F,M); Vilela, 1965 (p.12); Gonzalez & Bowman, 1965 (p.272, figs.F,M); Vilela, 1968 (p.29); Ramirez, 1969 (p.88); Corral Estrada, 1970 (p.213, Rem.); Wellershaus, 1970 (p.479); Sazhina & Kovalev, 1971 (p.1100, fig.F); Björnberg, 1972 (p.88, figs., Rem.N); Razouls, 1972 (p.95, Annexe: p.104); Chen & al., 1974 (p.33, figs.F,M); Marques, 1975 (p.50); Nishida & al., 1977 (p.138, figs.F,M, Rem.); Dawson & Knatz, 1980 (p.9, figs.F,M); Shuvalov, 1980 (p.146, figs.N,F,M); Ferrari & Bowman, 1980 (p.14, figs.F,M); Nishida, 1985 a (p.30, 52, Redescr. F,M, figs.F,M, Rem.: 2 forms, p.139); Björnberg & al., 1981 (p.665, figs.F,M); Dussart & Defaye, 1985 (p.10); Sazhina, 1985 (p.85, figs.N); Nishida, 1985 a (p.52, figs.F,M); 1986 (p.386); Huys & Boxshall, 1991 (p.205, 442, 465, figs.F,M); Kim & al., 1993 (p.271); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.937, Pl.198,203: F,M); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.886, 966, figs.F); McKinnon, 2000 (p.108, Rem.); Conway & al., 2003 (p.203, figs.F,M, Rem.); Boxshall & Halsey, 2004 (p.612: figs.F); Conway, 2006 (p.21, copepodides 1-6, Rem.); Avancini & al., 2006 (p.123, Pl. 91, figs.F,M, Rem.); Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.65, figs.F,M, Rem.); Al-Yamani & al., 2011 (p.96, 98, figs.F,M); Gubanova & al., 2013 (in press, Rem: p.2, 5, Table 1, 2, 4, fig.2).
Species Oithona nana - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : F.D. Ferrari & T.E. Bowman in Smiths. Contr. Zool., 1980, 312. [p.15, Fig.8].
Female (from Caribbean area): a, habitus (lateral right side); b, urosome (lateral right side); c, P4.
Nota: Prosome/Urosome = 1.1. Endopodal segment 1 of P4 with a distinct row of 4 long spines Endopodal segment 2 of P4 with both setae mofified, neither seta strongly curved, both with flange on distal 3/5; endopodal segment 3 of P4 proximal seta similar, with flange on distal 3/5. P5 elongate , with several long hairs dorsal to it on posterior margin of urosomal segment 1. Knob near genital opening armed with short, thick spine and longer seta.

Male: d, habitus (lateral right side); e, cephalosome and flap; f-g, left and right \"pore signature\" of second male; h-i, same of third male.
Nota: Prosome/Urosome = 1.3. Flap of cephalosome relatively broader and shorter than in O. hebes and O. fonsecae; Anterodorsal cluster of \"pore signature\" roughtly circular. Intraspecific variation in the \"pore signature\" has been observed in this species.


Species Oithona nana - Plate 2 of morphological figuresIssued from : S. Nishida in Bull. Ocean Res. Inst., Univ. Tokyo, 1985, No 20. [p.56, Fig.27]. As Oithona nana typical form.
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, forehead (lateral); c, thoracic segment 5 and genital segment (lateral left side); d, A1; e, Md (mandibular palp); f, Md (biting edge); g, mx1.


Species Oithona nana - Plate 3 of morphological figuresIssued from : S. Nishida in Bull. Ocean Res. Inst., Univ. Tokyo, 1985, No 20. [p.57, Fig.28]. As Oithona nana typical form.
Female: a, anal segment and caudal rami (dorsal); b, A2; c, Mx2; d, Mxp; e, P1; f, P2; g, P3.


Species Oithona nana - Plate 4 of morphological figuresIssued from : S. Nishida in Bull. Ocean Res. Inst., Univ. Tokyo, 1985, No 20. [p.58, Fig.29]. As Oithona nana \"plumosa\" form.
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, forehead (lateral); c, last thoracic segments and genital segment (dorsal); d, anal segment and caudal rami (dorsal); e, Md (mandibular palp); f, Mx1.


Species Oithona nana - Plate 5 of morphological figuresIssued from : S. Nishida in Bull. Ocean Res. Inst., Univ. Tokyo, 1985, No 20. [p.59, Fig.30]. As Oithona nana \"plumosa\" form.
Female: a, A1; b, A2; c, Mx2; d, Mxp; e, P1; f, P2; g, P3; h, P4.

Nota: after Vives & Shmeleva (2010, p.67): Setal formula on outer margin (in first) and inner margin (in second) of exopod segments (from proximal to distal) of P1 to P4:
P1: 1, 1, 3; 1, 1, 4.
P2: 1, 1, 3; 1, 1, 5
P3: 1, 1, 3; ; 1, 1, 5.
P4: 1, 1, 2; 1, 1, 5.


Species Oithona nana - Plate 6 of morphological figuresIssued from : S. Nishida in Bull. Ocean Res. Inst., Univ. Tokyo, 1985, No 20. [p.61, Fig.31]. As Oithona nana \"plumosa\" form.
Male: a, habitus (dorsal); b, forehead (lateral); c, last thoracic segments and genital segment (dorsal); d, thoracic segment 5 and genital segment (ventral); ; e, last urosomal segments and caudal rami (dorsal); f, Md (mandibular palp); g, Md (biting edge); h, Mx1; i, Mx2; j, Mxp.


Species Oithona nana - Plate 7 of morphological figuresIssued from : S. Nishida in Bull. Ocean Res. Inst., Univ. Tokyo, 1985, No 20. [p.62, Fig.32]. As Oithona nana \"plumosa\" form.
Male: a, thoracic segment 5 and genital segment (lateral right side); b, A1; c, A2; d, P1; e, P2; f, P3; g, P4.


Species Oithona nana - Plate 8 of morphological figuresissued from : Q.-c Chen & S.-z. Zhang & C.-s. Zhu in Studia Marina Sinica, 1974, 9. [Pl.2, Figs.6-12].
Female (from China Seas): 6, habitus (dorsal); 7, forehead (lateral); 8, P1; 9, P2; 10, P3; 11, P4.

Male: 12, habitus (dorsal).


Species Oithona nana - Plate 9 of morphological figuresissued from : C.O. Esterly in Univ. Calif. Publs Zool., 1905, 2 (4). [p.209, Fig.51].
Female (from San Diego): b, 3rd segment of exopod of P1.

Male: a, habitus (dorsal); c, 3rd segment of exopod of P4.


Species Oithona nana - Plate 10 of morphological figuresissued from : G.D. Grice in Bull. mar. Sci. Gulf Caribb., 1960, 10 (4). [p.486, Figs.7-11].
Female (from NE Gulf of Mexico: off Alligator Harbor): 7, habitus (dorsal); 8, forehead (lateral); 9, P4.
Nota: Rostrum absent. Exopod segments of P4 with 1, 1, 2 spines.

Male: 10, habitus (dorsal); 11, basipodal segment 2 of Md.
Nota: Exopod segments of P1 with 1, 1, 2 spines; 2nd basipodal segment of Md with 1 strong and 1 fine seta.


Species Oithona nana - Plate 11 of morphological figuresissued from : I. Rosendorn in Wiss. Ergebn. dt. Tiefsee-Exped. \"Valdiviella\", 1917, 23. [p.41, Fig.24].
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, Mx1.
Nota: Proportion of lengths (p.cent) Prosome : 54.72, Urosome : 45.28 . Relative lengths of urosomal segments and caudal rami: 10 : 33 : 17 : 17 : 13 : 13. Setal formula of the exopod swimming legs P1 to P4 (Se = outer setae ; Si = inner setae), P1 : 1, 1, 3 Se ; 1, 1, 4 Si ; P2 : 1, 1, 3 Se ; 1, 1, 5 Si ; P3 : 1, 1, 3 Se ; 1, 1, 5 Si ; P4 : 1, 1, 1 Se ; 1, 1, 5 Si .

Male: c, urosome; d, Md.
Nota: Proportion of lengths (p.cent) Prosome : 56.82, Urosome : 43.18 . Relative lengths of urosomal segments and caudal rami: 7 : 10 : 9 : 7: 6 : 4 : 4. Setal formula of the exopod swimming legs P1 to P4 (Se = outer setae ; Si = inner setae), P1 : 1, 1, 3 Se ; 1, 1, 4 Si ; P2 : 1, 1, 3 Se ; 1, 1, 5 Si ; P3 : 1, 1, 3 Se ; 1, 1, 5 Si ; P4 : 1, 1, 2 Se ; 1, 1, 5 Si .


Species Oithona nana - Plate 12 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori in Zool. Mag. Tokyo, 1929, 41 (486-487). [Pl. VII, Figs. 11-12].
Female (from Chosen Strait, Korea-Japan); 11, P1; 12, habitus (dorsal).


Species Oithona nana - Plate 13 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori in The Pelagic copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (1964). [Pl. 63, Figs.1, 3-8].
Female: 1, habitus (dorsal); 3, Md; 4, P1; 5, P2; 6, P3; 7, P4; 8, Mx1.


Species Oithona nana - Plate 14 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori in The Pelagic copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (1964). [Pl. 63, Fig.2].
Male: 2, habitus (dorsal).


Species Oithona nana - Plate 15 of morphological figuresissued from : V.S. Shuvalov in Opred. Faune SSSR, Nauka, Leningrad, 1980, 125. [p.147, Fig.41].
Female: A-B, habitus (dorsal and lateral, respectively); C, habitus (dorsal); D, forehead (dorsal); E, cephalon (lateral); F, 4th, 5th toracic segments and genital segment (dorsal); G, posterior part of abdomen and caudal rami; H, P1; I, P2; J, P3; K, P4.


Species Oithona nana - Plate 16 of morphological figuresissued from : V.S. Shuvalov in Opred. Faune SSSR, Nauka, Leningrad, 1980, 125. [p.153, Fig.44]. As Oithona plumosa. After Lindberg, 1950.
Female: A, habitus (dorsal); B, forehead (dorsal); C, same (ventral); D, same (lateral); E, A1; F, A2; G, Md; H, posterior part of urosome.


Species Oithona nana - Plate 17 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.44, Figs.2, 4].
Male: 2, habitus (dorsal); 4, forehead (lateral).
Ce = cephalosome.


Species Oithona nana - Plate 18 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.44, Fig.6].
Male: 6, urosome (dorsal).


Species Oithona nana - Plate 19 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 34, Figs.10, 11, 20].
Female: 10, head (lateral); 11, forehead (dorsal); 20, urosome (dorsal).
Th5 = thoracic segment 5; Ab 1-2 = genital double-somite; Ab 5 = anal somite; Se = outer marginal seta.


Species Oithona nana - Plate 20 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 34, Figs.24, 26].
Female: 24, Md; 26, Mx1.
B2 = basis; Ri = endopodite; Li 3 = inner lobe 3.


Species Oithona nana - Plate 21 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 34, Figs.34, 35, 42].
Female: 34, P1; 35, P2; 42, P4.


Species Oithona nana - Plate 22 of morphological figuresIssued from : S. Nishida, O. Tanaka & M. Omori in Bull. Plankton Soc. Japan, 1977, 24 (2). [p.138, Fig.11].
Female (from Suruga Bay and adjacent waters): a, habitus (dorsal), b, forehead (lateral); c, Md; d, Mx1; e, P1; f, P2; g, P3; h, P4.

Nota: Setae formula of exopod P1 to P4 (outer setae in first, inner setae in second). P1: 1,1,3; 1,1,4. P2: 1,1,3; 1,1,5. P3: 1,1,3; 1,1,5. P4: 1,1,2; 1,1,5.
Prosome length/urosome length = 1.04-1.25.


Species Oithona nana - Plate 23 of morphological figuresIssued from : S. Nishida, O. Tanaka & M. Omori in Bull. Plankton Soc. Japan, 1977, 24 (2). [p.138, Fig.12].
Male (from Suruga Bay and adjacent waters): a, habitus (dorsal), b, forehead (lateral); c, Md; d, Mx1; e, P1; f, P2; g, P3; h, P4.

Nota: Exopod of P1-P4 armed as in the females.
Prosome length/urosome length = 1.38-1.43.


Species Oithona nana - Plate 24 of morphological figuresIssued from : O. Tanaka in Spec. Publs. Seto mar. biol. Lab., 10, 1960 [Pl. XXVI, 1-3].
Female (from Indian Ocean): 1, Cephalothorax (dorsal); 2, head (lateral); 3, urosome (dorsal).

Nota: Prosome and urosome in proportional lengths 52 to 48.
Rostrum absent.
urosomal segments and caudal rami in the proportional lengths 12 : 32 : 17 : 15 : 11 : 13 = 100.
Caudal rami 2 times as long as wide.
Genital segment produced laterally about on the proximal 1/5 of the segment.


Species Oithona nana - Plate 25 of morphological figuresIssued from : O. Tanaka in Spec. Publs. Seto mar. biol. Lab., 10, 1960 [p.60].
Female: Number of seta on the exopodal segments in the swimming legs P1 to P4.

Nota: The terminal spine of the exopod of the P1 to P4 are longer than the 3rd segment of the exopod of the respective leg.


Species Oithona nana - Plate 26 of morphological figuresIssued from : O. Tanaka in Spec. Publs. Seto mar. biol. Lab., 10, 1960 [Pl. XXVI, 4].
Male: 4, habitus (dorsal).

Nota: Prosome and urosome in proportional lengts 54 to 46.
Urosomal segments and caudal rami in the proportional lengths 13 : 21 : 17 : 16 : 13 : 10 : 10 = 100.

Compl. Ref.:
Cleve, 1904 a (p.192); Carazzi & Grandori, 1912 (p.14, 38); Rose, 1925 (p.152); Massuti Alzamora, 1942 (p.102, Rem.); Sewell, 1948 (p.367, 461, 487); Fleury, 1950 (p.47, fig.2); Hansen K.V., 1951 (p.231, migration v.s. discontinuity layer); Grice, 1956 (p.61); Yamazi, 1958 (p.153, Rem.); Gaudy, 1962 (p.93, 99, Rem.: p.116) ; Ganapati & Shanthakumari, 1962 (p.10, 16); Shmeleva, 1963 (p.141); Duran, 1963 (p.25); Giron-Reguer, 1963 (p.56); Gaudy, 1963 (p.30, Rem.); Björnberg, 1963 (p.75, Rem.); Unterüberbacher, 1964 (p.32); De Decker, 1964 (p.16, 23, 29, 32); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.13); Shmeleva, 1965 b (p.1350, lengths-volume -weight relation); Neto & Paiva, 1966 (p.30, Table III, annual cycle); Pavlova, 1966 (p.44); Chakroun, 1966 (p.67, Tableau); Mazza, 1966 (p.73); 1967 (p.363); Ehrhardt, 1967 (p.742, geographic distribution, Rem.); Delalo, 1968 (p.138); Porumb, 1968 (p.417); Dimov, 1968 (p.506); Kovalev, 1968 a (p.441, fig.1); Emery, 1968 (p.293, swarm); Champalbert, 1969 a (p.642); El-Maghraby & Dowidar, 1970 (p.81); Dowidar & El-Maghraby, 1970 (p.269); Reeve, 1970 (p.894, Rem.: p.908); Carli, 1971 (p.372, tab.1); Paulmier, 1971 (p.168); Salah, 1971 (p.320); Apostolopoulou, 1972 (p.329, 373); Della Croce & al., 1972 (p.1, fig.2, Rem.); Valentin, 1972 (p.349, egg production); Binet, 1973 (p.77); Desgouille, 1973 (p.1, 131, Rem.: p.136, fig.16); Corral Estrada & Pereiro Muñoz, 1974 (tab.I); Hirota, 1974 (p.1, Table 3, 4, fig.4, 5, 6); Hirota & Hara, 1975 (p.115, fig.5); Vives & al., 1975 (p.53, tab.II, III, IV); Porumb, 1976 (p.91); Lakkis & Abboud, 1976 (p.81); Newbury & Bartholomew, 1976 (p.373, production); Gaudy, 1976 (p.77, fig.1, 7, Table I, II, III, production); Furuhashi, 1976 (p.355, Diel vertical migration); Hanaoka, 1977 (p.267, 301, abundance); Ferrari, 1977 (p.410); Boxshall, 1977 b (p.553); Grindley, 1977 (p.341, Table 2); Dessier, 1979 (p.83, 201, 207); Vaissière & Séguin, 1980 (p.23, tab.2); Gallo, 1981 (p.847); Castel & Courties, 1982 (p.417, Table II, fig.4, spatial & monthly distribution); Vives, 1982 (p.295); Lampitt & Gamble, 1982 (p.183, respiration vs. food); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.85); Dessier, 1983 (p.89, Tableau 1, Rem., %); Scotto di Carlo & al., 1984 (p.1045); Tremblay & Anderson, 1984 (p.7, Rem.); Dussart, 1984 (p.301); Patriti & al., 1984 (tab.1); Regner, 1985 (p.11, Rem.: p.40); ); Jansa, 1985 (p.108, Tabl.I, II, III, IV, V); Garcia-Rodriguez, 1985 (p.37); 1985 a (p.41, 42); Brinton & al., 1986 (p.228, Table 1); M. Lefèvre, 1986 (p.33); Diouf & Diallo, 1987 (p.260); Ceccherelli & al., 1987 (p.571, fig.5); Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.61); Krsinic & Vilicic, 1989 (p.12, tab.3); Krsinic, 1990 (p.337, Table III, vertical distribution)Dai & al., 1991 (tab.1); Yoo, 1991 (tab.1); Jouffre & al., 1991 (p.489, lagoon); Santos & Ramirez, 1991 (p.83); Huntley & Lopez, 1992 (p.201, Table A1, egg-adult weight, temperature-dependent production); Seguin & al., 1993 (p.23); Guerin-Ancey & David, 1993 (p.119, table 1, biovolume, vertical distribution); Santos & Ramirez, 1995 (p.133, Tabl. I, fig.2, 3); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.75); Krause & al., 1995 (p.81, Rem.: p.134); Böttger-Schnack, 1995 (p.92); 1996 (p.1088); Kotani & al., 1996 (tab.2); Hopcroft & Roff, 1996 (p.789, diel egg production); Böttger-Schnack, 1997 (p.410); Park & Choi, 1997 (Appendix); Sharaf & Al-Ghais, 1997 (tab.1); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.76, 103); Gilabert & Moreno, 1998 (tab.1,2); Hopcroft & al., 1998 (tab.2); Alvarez-Cadena & al., 1998 (t.4); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p.111); Omori & Norman, 1998 (p.279, Rem.: anthropogenic short-term effects); Siokou-Frangou, 1999 (p.478); Lavaniegos & Gonzalez-Navarro, 1999 (p.239, Appx.1); Lopes & al., 1999 (p.215, tab.1); Neumann-Leitao & al., 1999 (p.153, tab.2); Dolganova & al., 1999 (p.13, tab.1); Ueda & al., 2000 (tab.1); Seridji & Hafferssas, 2000 (tab.1); Holmes Gotto, 2000 (p.4, Rem.); Sautour & al., 2000 (p.531, Table II, abundance); d'Elbée, 2001 (tabl.1); Richard & Jamet, 2001 (p.957: Rem.); Fransz & Gonzalez, 2001 (p.255, tab.1); El-Serehy & al., 2001 (p.119, tab.1, 3, 4); Bressan Moro, 2002 (tab.2); Sameoto & al., 2002 (p.13); Zerouali & Melhaoui, 2002 (p.91, Tableau I, figs.5, 8); Dunbar & Webber, 2003 (tab.1); Vukanic, 2003 (p.139, tab.1); McKinnon & al., 2003 (p.101, tab.2, fig.11); Zagorodnyaya & al., 2003 (p.52); Rezai & al., 2004 (p.486, tab.2, 3, abundance); Vieira & al., 2003 (p.S163, Table 2, abundance); Chang & Fang, 2004 (p.456, tab.1); Daly Yahia & al., 2004 (p.366, fig.4, tab.1); Fernandez de Puelles & al., 2004 (p.654, fig.7); Marrari & al., 2004 (p.667, tab.1); Vukanic & Vukanic, 2004 (p.361, tab.3, fig.3); Guermazi & al., 2005 (p.280); Mazzochi & al., 2005 (p.155); Licandro & al., 2005 (p.153); Lakkis & al., 2005 (p.152); Alvarez-Silva & al., 2005 (p.39); Rawlinson & al., 2005 (p.205, tidal exchange); Prusova & Smith, 2005 (p.76, 78); Zuo & al., 2006 (p.164: tab.1); Isari & al., 2006 (p.241, tab.II); Marques & al., 2006 (p.297, tab.III); Mageed, 2006 (p.471, Tabl.2, 4); Williams & Muxagata, 2006 (p.1055); Atienza & al., 2006 (p.221]; Albaina & Irigoien, 2007 (p.435: Tab.1); Porri & al., 2007 (p.714); David & al., 2007 (p.59: tab.2); Busatto, 2007 (p.26, Tab.2); Valdés & al., 2007 (p.104: tab.1); Krsinic & al., 2007 (p.528); Khelifi-Touhami & al., 2007 (p.327, Table 1); Leandro & al., 2007 (p.215); McKinnon & al., 2008 (p.843: Tab.1, p.846: Tab.II, fig.7); Isinibilir & al., 2008 (p.745: Tab.1); Cabal & al., 2008 (289, Table 1) ; Humphrey, 2008 (p.84: Appendix A); Neumann-Leitao & al., 2008 (p.799: Tab.II, fig.6); Morales-Ramirez & Suarez-Morales, 2008 (p.514); Selifonova & al., 2008 (p.305, Tabl. 2); Shmeleva & al., 2008 (p.31, Table 1); Rossi, 2008 (p.90: Tableau XII); Ohtsuka & al., 2008 (p.115, Table 5); Miyashita & al., 2009 (p.815, Tabl.II); Brylinski, 2009 (p.253: Tab.1, p.256: Rem.); Hafferssas & Seridji, 2010 (p.353, Table 2); Lidvanov & al., 2010 (p.356, Table 3); Drira & al., 2010 (p.145, Tanl.2); Hernandez-Trujillo & al., 2010 (p.913, Table 2); Hidalgo & al., 2010 (p.2089, Table 2); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.428); Medellin-Mora & Navas S., 2010 (p.265, Tab. 2); Dvoretsky & Dvoretsky, 2010 (p.991, Table 2); Fazeli & al., 2010 (p.153, Table 1); Hsiao S.H. & al., 2011 (p.475, Appendix I); Salah S. & al., 2011 (Tableau 1); Maiphae & Sa-ardrit, 2011 (p.641, Table 2, 3, Rem.); Saitoh & al., 2011 (p.85, Table 4, 5); Magris & al., 2011 (p.260, abundance, interannual variability); Moscatello & al., 2011 (p.80, Table 4); S.C. Marques & al., 2011 (p.59, Table 1); Mazzocchi & al., 2011 (p.1163, Table II, fig.6, long-term time-series 1984-2006); Temperoni & al., 2011 (p.729, Seasonal variation); Cepeda & al., 2012 (p.1, figs.1, 3, Table 1, Molecular systematic); Van Ginderdeuren & al., 2012 (p.3, Table 1); Delpy & al., 2012 (p.1921, Table 2, fig.7); Shiganova & al., 2012 (p.61, fig. 4, 5); Glushko & Lidvanov, 2012 (p.138, Tableau 1) ; Uysal & Shmeleva, 2012 (p.909, Table I); DiBacco & al., 2012 (p.483, Table S1, ballast water transport); Zizah & al., 2012 (p.79, Tableau I, Rem.: p.86); Miloslavic & al., 2012 (p.165, Table 2, transect distribution); Vidjak & al., 2012 (p.243, Rem.: p.253); Aubry & al., 2012 (p.125, table 3, fig. 8 a, interannual variation); Jean & al., 2012 (p.12, Table 3, protein vs environmental metal stress); Johan & al., 2012 (p.647, Table 1, 2, fig.2, salinity range); Zamora-Terol & Saiz, 2013 (p.376, Rem.: Table 3, egg production); Belmonte & al., 2013 (p.222, Table 2, abundance vs stations); Gubanova & al., 2013 (in press, p.4, Table 2, Rem.); Mihneva & Stefanova, 2013 (Rem. p.119); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013; M. Ohman, comm. pers.); Melo Jùnior & al., 2013 (p.363, Table 2, egg production); Tachibana & al., 2013 (p.545, Table 1, seasonal change 2006-2008)
NZ: 21

Distribution map of Oithona nana by geographical zones
Species Oithona nana - Distribution map 3Issued from : S. Nishida in Bull. Ocean Res. Inst., Univ. Tokyo, 1985, No 20. [p.139, Fig.90].
Indo-Pacific geographical distribution of Oithona nana. Dotted line: AC, Arctic Convergence; SC, Subtropical Convergence. Arrows indicate stations where the \"plumosa\" form occurred.
Species Oithona nana - Distribution map 4issued from : A.A. Shmeleva in Bull. Inst. Oceanogr., Monaco, 1965, 65 (n°1351). [Table 6: 39]. Oithona nana (from South Adriatic).
Dimensions, volume and Weight wet. Means for 50-60 specimens. Volume and weight calculated by geometrical method. Assumed that the specific gravity of the Copepod body is equal to 1, then the volume will correspond to the weight.
Species Oithona nana - Distribution map 5issued from : M.R. Reeve in Bull. mar. Sc., 1970, 20 (4). [p.902, Fig.4].
Temperature-salinity diagram for Oithona nana in Biscayne Bay (Florida, Miami).
Species Oithona nana - Distribution map 6issued from : A.V. Bogorov in Gidrobiol. Zh., 1968 4 (3). [p.78, Table 1].
Number of egg-laying from the same body size at different seasons in the Black Sea.
A: Month and year; B: Females number analysed; C: Body lengths (limits of variation; M = mean); D: Number of eggs.
Species Oithona nana - Distribution map 7issued from : A.V. Bogorov in Gidrobiol. Zh., 1968 4 (3). [p.79, Table 2, 3].
Table 2: Importance of number eggs-laying by female of the same body size from the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea.
A: Sea; B: Month and Year; C, Body size of females (limits and M = mean); D: Number of eggs (M = mean).

Table 3: Number of eggs by female and body sizes.
A: Lengths in mm; B: Number of eggs.
Species Oithona nana - Distribution map 8issued from : A.V. Bogorov in Gidrobiol. Zh., 1968 4 (3). [p.79, Fig.3 1].
Relation between the body of females and the egg diameter.
Black circle: Black Sea; open circle: Mediterranan Sea and Adriatic Sea.
Loc:
South Africa (off Cape of Good Hope, E & W), Saldanha Bay, Namibia, Angola, Baia Farta, Rio Congo estuary, G. of Guinea, Casamance, Cape Verde Is., off Morocco-Mauritania, Cap Ghir, Canary Is., off Madeira, Portugal, Mondego estuary, Bay of Biscay, off Gironde estuary, La Pallice roadstead, Arcachon Bay, Glenans Islands, Belon estuary, Buenos Aires, Peninsula Valdés, off Mar del Plata, Brazil (S, Mucuri estuary, off Natal), Barbada Is., Caribbean Colombia (Guajira, Tayrona); Yucatan, E Costa Rica, G. of Mexico, Porto Rico, Jamaica (Kingston Harbour), Cuba, Florida, Bermuda, Woods Hole, off Nova Scotia E, off Newfoundland, Islande S, Ireland, Lough Hyne, Scotland (Loch Thurnaig), English Channel, Strait of Dover (near the coast south of Boulogne), North Sea, Oslo fjord, S & SW Barents Sea, Baie Ibéro-marocaine, Medit. (Alboran Sea, Gulf of Annaba, El Kala shelf, laguna Mar Menor, Castellon, Baleares, Banyuls, Etang de Thau, Etang de Berre, Marseille, Toulon Harbour, Villefranche-s-Mer, Genoa Harbour, Tyrrhenian Sea, Naples, Gulf of Taranto, Taranto Harbour, Tunisia (Sfax, G. of Gabès), Ionian Sea, Adriatic Sea, Vlora Bay, Mljet Is., Venise, Po delta, Port of Koper; Aegean Sea, Marmara Sea, Black Sea, Sebastopol, Black River estuary, Iskenderoun Bay, Lebanon Basin, Alexandrie, Bardawill Lagoon), Suez Canal, Red Sea, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Sea, Arabian Gulf, Kuwait, Sri Lanka, Madagascar (Nosy Bé), Rodrigues Is., Indian, India (Lawson's Bay), Chilka Lake, Kurau River, Christmas Is., Nicobar Is., Perai River estuary (Penang), Straits of Malacca, G. of Thailand, Indonesia-Malaysia, Viet-Nam, China Seas (Bohai Sea, Yellow Sea, East China Sea, South China Sea, Xiamen Harbour), Taiwan (Kaohsiung Harbor, Kuroshio Current), S Korea, Japan Sea, Maizuru Bay, Japan, Seto Inland Sea, Ariake-kai, Yatsushiro-kai, Tokyo Bay, Tanabe Bay, Kuril Is., Palau Is., Pacif. (tropical), Hawaii, California (San Pedro, San Diego), Baja California (Bahia Magdalena), G. of California, Zihuatanejo Bay, W Mexico, Is. Fidji, Is. Samoa, Australia (North West Cape, New South Wales), New Caledonia, New Zealand, Moorea Is., SE Pacif., off Chile, N Chile
N: 301
Lg.:
(11) F: 0,56; (45) F: 0,65-0,5; M: 0,57-0,48; (46) F: 0,53-0,5; M: 0,5-0,48; (66) F: 0,64-0,51; M: 0,55; (91) F: ± 0,62; M: ± 0,54; (109) F: 0,65-0,5; M: 0,55-0,45; (142) F: 0,8-0,7; M: 0,6-0,5; (155) F: 0,62-0,54; M: 0,51-0,48; (179) F: 0,66-0,6; M: 0,55-0,45; (237) F: 0,55-0,6; M: 0,40; (327) F: 0,68-0,55; M: 0,57-0,56; (373) F: 0,73-0,49; M: 0,61-0,48; (432) F: 0,95-0,55; (434) F: 0,65-0,42; M: 0,49-0,45; (449) F: 0,53-0,5; M: 0,5-0,48; (579) M: 0,63-0,54; (618) F: 0,63-0,42; M: 0,48-0,45; (624) F: 0,72-0,58; M: 0,53-0,47; (627) F: 0,59-0,49; 0,53-0,49; M: 0,48-0,47; (649) F: 0,53; M: 0,44; (651) F: 0,67-0,57; (786) F: 0,62; (880) F: 0,50-0,70; M: 0,44-0,60; F: 0,44-0,60; (991) F: 0,5-0,8; M: 0,48-0,6; (1085) F: 0,48-0,6; M: 0,45-0,5; (1302) F: 0,310-0,335; M: 0,301-0,336; {F: 0,31-0,95; M: 0,30-0,63}
Rem.: Euryhaline, epipelagic, neritic, estuaries, coastal harbors.
.
Oithona nana Form plumosa Nishida,1985 (F)
Ref.: Nishida, 1985 a (p.55, Descr.F,M, figs.F)
Ref. compl.: Razai & al., 2004 (p.490, tab.2, Rem.)
Loc.: Arabian Gulf, Sri-Lanka, Straits of Malacca, G. of Thailand, New-Caledonia.
See in Oithona robertsoni Table 2 from McKinnon (2000, p.108).

After Gubanova & al. (2013, p.5) one of the results of the destructive invasion of the predatory ctenophore Mnemiopsis leydyi in the Black Sea in the 1990s was the complete disappearance of O. nana.

See in DVP Conway & al., 2003 (version 1)
Last update : 27/05/2014
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