Species Card of Copepod
Cyclopoida ( Order )
    Oithonidae ( Family )
        Oithona ( Genus )
Oithona plumifera  Baird, 1843   (F,M)
Syn.: no Oithona plumifera var. atlantica : Früchtl, 1923 a (p.141, figs.F, Rem.);
no O. plumifera : Mori, 1937 (1964) (p.109, figs.F,M)
Ref.:
Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.537, 548, 774, figs.F,M); Wheeler, 1901 (p.186, fig.F, Rem. F,M); Thompson & Scott, 1903 (p.236, 255); Esterly, 1905 (p.207, figs.F,M); Farran, 1908 b (p.89, Rem.); A. Scott, 1909 (p.194, Rem.); Wolfenden, 1911 (p.362); Pesta, 1912 a (p.56); 1913 (p.33); Burckhardt, 1913 (p.429); Lysholm, 1913 (p.7); Farran, 1913 a (p.183); Rosendorn, 1917 a (p.10, figs.F,M); Pesta, 1920 (p.553); Früchtl, 1924 b (p.64, figs.F); Gurney, 1927 (p.158, Rem.); Kiefer, 1929 g (p.4, Rem.F,M, fig.F); Farran, 1929 (p.210, 282); Rose, 1929 (p.55); Wilson, 1932 a (p.311, figs.F,M); Dakin & Colefax, 1933 (p.208); Rose, 1933 a (p.282, figs.F,M); Farran, 1936 a (p.123, Rem.); Dakin & Colefax, 1940 (p.115, figs.F); Lysholm & al., 1945 (p.42, Rem.); Sewell, 1947 (p.255, Rem.F, Rem.); Davis, 1949 (p.74, fig.F, Rem.F,M); Sewell, 1951 (p.371, fig.F, Rem.: parasites); Krishnaswamy, 1953 (p.64, figs.F); Lindberg, 1955 a (p.465: Rem.); Chiba & al., 1957 (p.310); 1957 a (p.12); Crisafi, 1958 (p.179, figs.M, juv.); 1959 c (p.70, figs.F,M); Tanaka, 1960 (p.61, figs.F); Fish, 1962 (p.23); Fagetti, 1962 (p.38); Kasturirangan, 1963 (p.74, 77, figs.F); Tanaka, 1964 (p.13); Vilela, 1965 (p.12); Saraswathy, 1966 (1967) (p.89); Owre & Foyo, 1967 (p.107, figs.F,M); Vilela, 1968 (p.29); Ramirez, 1969 (Rem: p.85); Wellershaus, 1970 (p.483, 484); Corral Estrada, 1970 (p.210, Rem.); Minoda, 1971 (p.44); Shih & al., 1971 (p.55, 156); Razouls, 1972 (p.95, Annexe: p.107, figs.F); Björnberg, 1972 (p.88, fig., Rem.N); Shuvalov, 1972 (1975) (p.180, figs.F, Rem.); Marques, 1973 (p.246); Chen & al., 1974 (p.36, figs.F,M); Marques, 1975 (p.50); 1976 (p.1000); Nishida & al., 1977 (p.140, figs.F,M, Rem.); Séret, 1979 (p.158, figs.F); Dawson & Knatz, 1980 (p.9, figs.F,M); Shuvalov, 1980 (p.91, figs.F, Rem.M); Ferrari & Bowman, 1980 (p.17, figs.F,M, Rem.); Björnberg & al., 1981 (p.663, figs.F); Marques, 1982 (p.769); Nishida, 1985 a (p.68, Descr.F, figs.F, Rem., p.123); Sazhina, 1985 (p.88, figs.N); Nishida, 1986 (p.386); Lin & Nakamura, 1993 (p.449); Kim & al., 1993 (p.271); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.938, Pl.195,200: F,M); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.886, 966, figs.F,M); Al-Yamani & Prusova, 2003 (p.105, figs.F); Conway & al., 2003 (p.203, figs.F,M, Rem.); Avancini & al., 2006 (p.124, Pl. 92, figs.F, Rem.); Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.67, figs.F,M, Rem.); Al-Yamani & al., 2011 (p.96, 100, figs.F,M)
Species Oithona plumifera - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : F.D. Ferrari & T.E. Bowman in Smiths. Contr. Zool., 1980, 312. [p.18, Fig.10].
Female (from Caribbean area): a, urosome (lateral left side); b, urosomal segment 4 (ventral); c, urosomal segment 5 and caudal rami (dorsal); d, urosomal segments 1 and 2 with attached sprmatophore) (lateral left side); e, A1; f, P4.

Nota: Prosome/urosome = 1.1. A1 with tiny hairs on 1-10 free segments. Urosomal segment 2 with tuft of hairs on anteroventral surface and small row of spinules posterior to knob near genital opening; knob with small, thin spine and spinule ventral to it. Urosomal segment 4 with 2 rows of 4 thick hairs on anteroventral margin. Urosomal segment 5 with lateral and and dorsal rows of hairs. Caudal rami with hairs on posteromedial edge. Endopodal segment 2 of P4 both setae modified, thick, curved with flange over distal 1/3. Endopodal segment 3 of P4 with proximal seta modified, thick, slightly curved toward tip, with flange on distal 1/3

Male: g, habitus (lateral right side); h, cephalosome paortion and flap (lateral right side).
Nota: Prosome/Urosome = 1.5. Cephalosome flap digitiform, attenuate end reaching beyond posterior edge of pediger segment 1. \"Pore signature\" similar to O. hebes. Exopodal segments of P1-4 of this species agree with Nishida & al. (1977), not with Wellershaus (1970) . Giesbrecht's descriptions and illustrations show: 1-1-2, 1-1-3, 1-1-3, 1-1-2 external setae.


Species Oithona plumifera - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : F.D. Ferrari & T.E. Bowman in Smiths. Contr. Zool., 1980, 312. [p.24, Fig.15 f].
Female (SEM): f, hairs on A1; without associated pores, on 1-10 free segments.


Species Oithona plumifera - Plate 3 of morphological figuresIssued from : S. Nishida in Bull. Ocean Res. Inst., Univ. Tokyo, 1985, No 20. [p.69, Fig.37].
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, forehead (lateral); c, last thoracic segments and genital segment (lateral right side); d, anal segment and caudal rami (ventral); e, A1; f, Md (mandibular palp); g, Md (biting edge); h, Mx1.
Nota: Proportional lengths of urosome segments and caudal ramus 10:28:15:16:16:15.


Species Oithona plumifera - Plate 4 of morphological figuresIssued from : S. Nishida in Bull. Ocean Res. Inst., Univ. Tokyo, 1985, No 20. [p.70, Fig.38].
Female: a, A2; b, Mx2; c, Mxp; d, P1; e, P2; f, P3; g, P4.


Species Oithona plumifera - Plate 5 of morphological figuresissued from : Q.-c Chen & S.-z. Zhang & C.-s. Zhu in Studia Marina Sinica, 1974, 9. [Pl.4, Figs.9-14].
Female (from China Seas): 9, habitus (dorsal); 10, forehead (lateral); 11, P2; 12, P3; 13, P4.

Male: 14, habitus (dorsal).


Species Oithona plumifera - Plate 6 of morphological figuresissued from : F.Y. Al-Yamani & I. Prusova in Common Copepods Northwestern Arabian Gulf : Identification Guide. Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, 2003. [p.106, Fig.39].
Female: A, habitus (dorsal); B, urosome (dorsal); C, genital segment (lateral left side); D, forehead (lateral); E, exopod of P1; F, exopod of P2; G, exopod of P3; H, exopod of P4.

Nota: Exopod of P1-P4 with 1.1.2, 1.0.2, 1.0.1, 0.0.1 outer marginal spines.


Species Oithona plumifera - Plate 7 of morphological figuresissued from : C.O. Esterly in Univ. Calif. Publs Zool., 1905, 2 (4). [p.208, Fig.50].
Female (from San Diego Region): a, habitus (dorsal; th5 = thoracic segment 5); d, exopodite of P1 (se = outer marginal bristles; st = terminal bristle).

Male: b, abdomen; c, exopodite of P3.


Species Oithona plumifera - Plate 8 of morphological figuresissued from : I. Rosendorn in Wiss. Ergebn. dt. Tiefsee-Exped. \"Valdiviella\", 1917, 23. [p.10, Fig.1].
Female: a, genital segment (lateral).
Nota: Proportion of lengths (p.cent) Prosome : 53.7, Urosome : 46.2 . Relative lengths of urosomal segments and caudal rami 8 : 20 : 10 : 10 : 11 : 9. Setal formula of the exopod swimming legs P1 to P4 (Se = outer sete ; Si = inner setae), P1 : 1, 1, 2 Se ; 1, 1, 4 Si ; P2 : 1, 0, 2 Se ; 0, 1, 5 Si ; P3 : 1, 0, 1 Se ; 0, 1, 5 Si ; P4 : 0, 0, 1 Se ; 0, 1, 5 Si .

Male: b, left A1; c, exopod of P2; d, posterior part of urosme.
Nota: Proportion of total lengths (p.cent) Prosome : 59.15, Urosome : 40.85 . Relative lengths of urosomal segments and caudal rami : 4 : 13 : 9 : 8 : 5 : 6 : 7. Setal formula of the exopod swimming legs P1 to P4 (Se = outer setae), P1 : 1, 1, 3 Se ; P2 : 1, 0, 2 Se ; P3 : 1, 0, 1 Se ; P4 : 0, 0, 1 Se.


Species Oithona plumifera - Plate 9 of morphological figuresissued from : V.S. Shuvalov in Opred. Faune SSSR, Nauka, Leningrad, 1980, 125. [p.93, Fig.14].
Female: 1-2, habitus (dorsal); 3, urosome (dorsal); 4, forehead (lateral); 5, A2; 6, Mx2; 7, Mxp; 8, P1; 9, P2; 10, P3; 11, P4; 12, thoracic segments 4 and 5, genital segment (dorsal); 13, genital segment (lateral); 14, anal segment and caudal rami (dorsal).

Nota after Vives & Shmeleva (2010, p.67): Setal formula on outer margin (in first) and inner margin (in second) of exopod segments (from proximal to distal) of P1 to P4:
P1: 1, 1, 2; 1, 1, 4.
P2: 1, 0, 2; 1, 1, 5
P3: 1, 0, 1; 0, 1, 5.
P4: 0, 0, 1; 0, 1, 5.


Species Oithona plumifera - Plate 10 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.44, Fig.7].
Female: 7, thoracic segment 5 and abdominal segments 1-2 (lateral).


Species Oithona plumifera - Plate 11 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.44, Fig.1].
Male: 1, habitus (dorsal).


Species Oithona plumifera - Plate 12 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.44, Figs.12, 13, 14, 15].
Male: 12, P4; 13, P3; 14, P2; 15, P1.

After Vives & Shmeleva (2010, p.68): Setal formula on outer margin (in first) and inner margin (in second) of exopod segments (from proximal to distal) of P1 to P4:
P1: 1, 1, 2; 1, 1, 4.
P2: 1, 1, 3; 1, 1, 5
P3: 1, 1, 3; 1, 1, 5.
P4: 1, 1, 2; 1, 1, 5.


Species Oithona plumifera - Plate 13 of morphological figuresissued from : Y. Al-Yamani, V. Skryabin, A. Gubanova, S. khvorov & I. Prusova in Marine Zooplankton Practical Guide for the Northwestern Arabian Gulf, 2, 2011. [p.100, Fig.243].
Female (from Kuwait): a, habitus with an eggs sac on the right side (dorsal); b, habitus (lateral).


Species Oithona plumifera - Plate 14 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 34, Figs.12, 13, 22].
Female: 12-13, forehead (lateral and dorsal, respectively); 22, urosome (dorsal).


Species Oithona plumifera - Plate 15 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 34, Fig.33].
Female: 33, A1 (ventral surface).


Species Oithona plumifera - Plate 16 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 34, Fig.28].
Female: 28, A2.


Species Oithona plumifera - Plate 17 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 34, Fig.32].
Female: 32, Md.


Species Oithona plumifera - Plate 18 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 34, Fig.25].
Female: 25, Mx1.


Species Oithona plumifera - Plate 19 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 34, Figs.27, 29].
Female: 27, Mxp; 29, Mx2 (posterior view).


Species Oithona plumifera - Plate 20 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 34, Figs.44-47].
Female: 44, exopodite of P2; 45, exopodite of P3; 46, P4; 47, P1 (anterior view)


Species Oithona plumifera - Plate 21 of morphological figuresissued from : C. Razouls in Th. Doc. Etat Fac. Sc. Paris VI, 1972, Annexe. [Fig.63].
Female (from Banyuls, G. of Lion): A, P1; B, P4; C, P3; D, P2; E, forehead (lateral); F, habitus (dorsal).
ST = terminal seta of exopod.

Nota: Setal formula on outer margin (in first) and inner margin (in second) of exopod segments (from proximal to distal) of P1 to P4:
P1: 1, 1, 2; 1, 1, 4.
P2: 1, 0, 2; 0, 1, 5
P3: 1, 0, 1; 0, 1, 5.
P4: 0, 0, 1; 0, 1, 5.
The inner seta on the exopodite segment 1 of P2 is absent compared with the drawings from Shuvalov (1980) and perhaps Nishida (1985).


Species Oithona plumifera - Plate 22 of morphological figuresIssued from : S. Nishida, O. Tanaka & M. Omori in Bull. Plankton Soc. Japan, 1977, 24 (2). [p.141, Fig.14].
Female (from Suruga Bay and adjacent waters): a, habitus (dorsal), b, forehead (lateral); c, 5th thoracic segment with P5, and genital segment (lateral); d, Md; e, Mx1; f, P1; g, P2; h, P3; i, P4.

Nota: Setae formula of exopod P1 to P4 (outer setae in first, inner setae in second). P1: 1,1,2; 1,1,4. P2: 1,0,2; 0,1,5. P3: 1,0,1; 0,1,5. P4: 0,0,1; 0,1,5.
Prosome length/urosome length = 1.02-1.21.


Species Oithona plumifera - Plate 23 of morphological figuresIssued from : S. Nishida, O. Tanaka & M. Omori in Bull. Plankton Soc. Japan, 1977, 24 (2). [p.142, Fig.15].
Male (from of Sagami Bay): a, habitus (dorsal), b, forehead (lateral); c, Md; d, P1; e, P2.

Nota: Setae formula of exopod P1 to P4 (outer setae in first, inner setae in second). P1: 1,1,2; 1,1,4. P2: 1,1,3; 1,1,5. P3: 1,1,3; 1,1,5. P4: 1,1,2; 1,1,5.
Prosome length/urosome length = 1.78.


Species Oithona plumifera - Plate 24 of morphological figuresIssued from : O. Tanaka in Spec. Publs. Seto mar. biol. Lab., 10, 1960 [Pl. XXVI, 11-13].
Female (from 18°54'S, 60°39'E): 11, forehead (dorsal); 12-13, 5th thoracic segment and genital segment (dorsal and lateral, respectively).
Figs. 11, 12, 13 at the same scale.

Nota: Prosome and urosome in the proportional lengths 51 tp 49.
Genital segment with a patch of hairs on the proximal ventral surface.

Compl. Ref.:
Mrazek, 1902 (p.517, 524); Cleve, 1904 a (p.193); Damas & Koefoed, 1907 (p.395, tab.II); Rose, 1925 (p.152); Wilson, 1932 (p.49); 1942 a (p.196); Massuti Alzamora, 1942 (p.101, Rem.); Oliveira, 1945 (p.191); Sewell, 1948 (p.397, 461, 514); C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.270); Yamazi, 1958 (p.153, Rem.); Deevey, 1960 (p.5, Table II, annual abundance) ; Ganapati & Shanthakumari, 1962 (p.10, 16); Gaudy, 1962 (p.93, 99, Rem.: p.117) ; Giron-Reguer, 1963 (p.56); V.N. Greze, 1963 a (tabl.2); Shmeleva, 1963 (p.141); Duran, 1963 (p.25); Gaudy, 1963 (p.30, Rem.); Björnberg, 1963 (p.74, Rem.); De Decker, 1964 (p.16, 23, 30); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.13); Shmeleva, 1965 b (p.1350, lengths-volume -weight relation); Pavlova, 1966 (p.44); Neto & Paiva, 1966 (p.29, Table III, annual cycle); Mazza, 1966 (p.73); 1967 (p.367); Ehrhardt, 1967 (p.742, geographic distribution, Rem.); Séguin, 1968 (p.488); Evans, 1968 (p.14); Delalo, 1968 (p.138); Champalbert, 1969 a (p.641); Dowidar & El-Maghraby, 1970 (p.269); Deevey, 1971 (p.224); Gamulin, 1971 (p.381, tab.2); Salah, 1971 (p.320); Paulmier, 1971 (p.168); Binet & al., 1972 (p.71); Apostolopoulou, 1972 (p.329, 373, fig.9); Binet, 1973 (p.77); Björnberg, 1973 (p.357, 388); Desgouille, 1973 (p.1, 131, Rem.: p.136); Guglielmo, 1973 (p.399); Corral Estrada & Pereiro Muñoz, 1974 (tab.I); Palet, 1975 (p.660); Vives & al., 1975 (p.53, tab.II, III, IV); Falconetti & Seguin, 1977 (p.188); Zalkina, 1977 (p.339, tab.1); Ferrari, 1977 (p.410); Boxshall, 1977 b (p.552); Deevey & Brooks, 1977 (p.156, tab.2, Station "S"); Rudyakov, 1982 (p.208, Table 2); Dessier, 1979 (p.201, 207); Vaissière & Séguin, 1980 (p.23, tab.2); Castel & Courties, 1982 (p.417, Table II, spatial distribution); Vives, 1982 (p.295); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.85); Dessier, 1983 (p.89, Tableau 1, Rem., %); Tremblay & Anderson, 1984 (p.7, Rem.); Bityukov & al., 1984 (tab.1); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); Scotto di Carlo & al., 1984 (p.1041); Binet, 1984 (tab.3); 1985 (p.85, tab.3); Kimmerer & McKinnon, 1985 (p.150); Regner, 1985 (p.11, Rem.: p.40); Jansa, 1985 (p.108, Tabl.I, II, III, IV, V); Brinton & al., 1986 (p.228, Table 1); M. Lefèvre, 1986 (p.33); Turner, 1986 (p.289, fig. 8: pellet-content): Diouf & Diallo, 1987 (p.260); Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.61); Williams D. & al., 1988 (p.580); Hernandez-Trujillo, 1989 a (tab.1); Cervantes-Duarte & Hernandez-Trujillo, 1989 (tab.3); Pancucci-Papadopoulou & al., 1990 (p.199); Othman & al., 1990 (p.561, 564, Table 1); Hirakawa & al., 1990 (tab.3); Fransz & al., 1991 (p.8); Lindo, 1991 (tab.3); Yoo, 1991 (tab.1); Hirakawa, 1991 (p.376: fig.2); Hernandez-Trujillo, 1991 (1993) (tab.I); Seguin & al., 1993 (p.23); Paffenhöfer, 1993 (p.37, egg production); Lopes, 1994 (tab.1); Kouwenberg, 1994 (tab.1); Palomares Garcia & Vera, 1995 (tab.1); Hirakawa & al., 1995 (tab.2); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.75); Webber & Roff, 1995 (tab.1); Krause & al., 1995 (p.81, Rem.: p.134); Hajderi, 1995 (p.542); Webber & al., 1996 (tab.1); Kotani & al., 1996 (tab.2); Go & al., 1997 (tab.1); Park & Choi, 1997 (Appendix); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1997 (p.1525); Hopcroft & Roff, 1996 (p.789, diel egg production); Sharaf & Al-Ghais, 1997 (tab.1); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.77, 103); Gilabert & Moreno, 1998 (tab.1, 2); Hopcroft & al., 1998 (tab.2); Alvarez-Cadena & al., 1998 (t.1,2,3,4); Hsieh & Chiu, 1998 (tab.2); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p.112); Siokou-Frangou, 1999 (p.478); Hernandez-Trujillo, 1999 (p.284, tab.1); Lopes & al., 1999 (p.215, tab.1); Lavaniegos & Gonzalez-Navarro, 1999 (p.239, Appx.1); Neumann-Leitao & al., 1999 (p.153, tab.2); Siokou-Frangou & al., 1999 (p.205, Table 5); Bragina, 1999 (p.196); Razouls & al., 2000 (p.343, Appendix); Ueda & al., 2000 (tab.1); Fernandez-Alamo & al., 2000 (p.1139, Appendix); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 2000 (1247, tab.1); Suarez-Morales & al., 2000 (p.751, tab.1); Seridji & Hafferssas, 2000 (tab.1); Lopez-Salgado & al., 2000 (tab.1); Moraitou-Apostolopoulou & al., 2000 (tab.I, fig.7); Holmes & Gotto, 2000 (p.3, Rem.); Alvarez-Silva & Gomez-Aguirre, 2000 (p.163: tab.2); Sautour & al., 2000 (p.531, Table II, abundance); d'Elbée, 2001 (tabl.1); Dalal & Goswami, 2001 (p.22, fig.2); Fransz & Gonzalez, 2001 (p.255, tab.1); Hidalgo & Escribano, 2001 (p.159, tab.2); El-Serehy & al., 2001 (p.119, tab.1); Bressan & Moro, 2002 (tab.2); Zerouali & Melhaoui, 2002 (p.91, Tableau I); Hernandez-Trujillo & Suarez-Morales, 2002 (p.748, tab.1); Dunbar & Webber, 2003 (tab.1); Vukanic, 2003 (p.139, tab.1); Fernandez de Puelles & al., 2003 (p.123, fig.5); McKinnon & al., 2003 (p.101, tab.2, fig.11); Vieira & al., 2003 (p.S163, Table 2, abundance); Hsieh & al., 2004 (p.398, tab.1, p.399, tab.2); Rezai & al., 2004 (p.486, tab.2, 3, abundance, Rem., p.495, tab.8); Chang & Fang, 2004 (p.456, tab.1); Daly Yahia & al., 2004 (p.366, fig.4, tab.1); Lan & al., 2004 (p.332, tab.1, tab.2); Fernandez de Puelles & al., 2004 (p.654, fig.7); Satapoomin & al., 2004 (p.109, tab.6); Lo & al., 2004 (p.89, tab.1); Vukanic & Vukanic, 2004 (p.9, tab. 2, 3); Vukanic & Vukanic, 2004 (p.361, tab.2, fig.2); Kazmi, 2004 (p.231, Rem.: p.232); Mazzocchi & al., 2005 (p.155); Lakkis & al., 2005 (p.152); Camisotti & al., 2005 (p.99); Alvarez-Silva & al., 2005 (p.39); Uriarte Villate, 2005 (p.863, tab.I); Wiggert & al., 2005 (p.1013: feeding behavior); Berasategui & al., 2005 (p.485, tab.1); Prusova & Smith, 2005 (p.76, 78); Baker & al., 2005 (tabl.); Berasategui & al., 2006 (p.485: fig.2); Zuo & al., 2006 (p.164: tab.1); Isari & al., 2006 (p.241, tab.II); Marques & al., 2006 (p.297, tab.III); Hwang & al., 2006 (p.943, tabl. I) ; Dias & Araujo, 2006 (p.70, Rem., chart); Lavaniegos & Jiménez-Pérez, 2006 (p.149, tab.2, Rem.); Mageed, 2006 (p.168, Table 4); Zervoudaki & al., 2006 (p.149, Table I); Hwang & al., 2007 (p.25); Fernandez de Puelles & al., 2007 (p.338, fig.7); Albaina & Irigoien, 2007 (p.435: Tab.1); Valdés & al., 2007 (p.104: tab.1); Busatto, 2007 (p.26, Tab.2); Porri & al., 2007 (p.711); Khelifi-Touhami & al., 2007 (p.327, Table 1); Marques S.C. & al., 2007 (p.725, Table 1, fig.4, climate variability); McKinnon & al., 2008 (p.843: Tab.1, fig.7); Cabal & al., 2008 (289, Table 1); Humphrey, 2008 (p.84: Appendix A); Neumann-Leitao & al., 2008 (p.799: Tab.II, fig.6); Morales-Ramirez & Suarez-Morales, 2008 (p.514, 522); Fernandes, 2008 (p.465, Tabl.2); Muelbert & al., 2008 (p.1662, Table 1); Rossi, 2008 (p.90: Tableau XII); Ohtsuka & al., 2008 (p.115, Table 4, Rem.: in Kawasaki Harbor); Pagano, 2009 (p.116); C.-Y. Lee & al., 2009 (p.151, Tab.2); Miyashita & al., 2009 (p.815, Tabl.II); Primo & al., 2009 (p.341, Table1, interannual variations); Licandro & Icardi, 2009 (p.17, Table 4); Lan & al., 2009 (p.1, Table 2); C.E. Morales & al., 2010 (p.158, Table 1); Brugnano & al., 2010 (p.312, Table 2, 3); Lidvanov & al., 2010 (p.356, Table 3); Hernandez-Trujillo & al., 2010 (p.913, Table 2); Hidalgo & al., 2010 (p.2089, Table 2); Dias & al., 2010 (p.230, Table 1); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.428); Medellin-Mora & Navas S., 2010 (p.265, Tab. 2); Fazeli & al., 2010 (p.153, Table 1); W.-B. Chang & al., 2010 (p.735, Table 2, 4, fig.5, abundance); Hsiao S.H. & al., 2011 (p.475, Appendix I); Salah S. & al., 2011 (Tableau 1); Maiphae & Sa-ardrit, 2011 (p.641, Table 2, 3, Rem.); Magris & al., 2011 (p.260, abundance, interannual variability); Moscatello & al., 2011 (p.80, Table 4); Selifonova, 2011 (p.77, Table 1, alien species in Black Sea); S.C. Marques & al., 2011 (p.59, Table 1); Chen H; & al., 2011 (p.84, spatial & temporal variations); Mazzocchi & al., 2011 (p.1163, Table II, fig.6, long-term time-series 1984-2006); Pagano & al., 2012 (p.538, Table 1); Delpy & al., 2012 (p.1921, Table 2); Johan & al., 2012 (2013) (p.1, Table 1); Glushko & Lidvanov, 2012 (p.138, Tableau 1, 3); Uysal & Shmeleva, 2012 (p.909, Table I); DiBacco & al., 2012 (p.483, Table S1, ballast water transport); Miloslavic & al., 2012 (p.165, Table 2, transect distribution); Aubry & al., 2012 (p.125, table 3, interannual variation); Zamora-Terol & Saiz, 2013 (p.376, Rem.: Table 3, egg production); Gubanova & al., 2013 (in press, p.4, Table 2); Belmonte & al., 2013 (p.222, Table 2, abundance vs stations); Palomares-Garcia & al., 2013 (p.1009, Table I, V, abundance vs environmental factors); Fernandez de Puelles & al., 2014 (p. in press, Table 3, seasonal abundance)
NZ: 22 + 1 doubtful

Distribution map of Oithona plumifera by geographical zones
Species Oithona plumifera - Distribution map 4Issued from : S. Nishida in Bull. Ocean Res. Inst., Univ. Tokyo, 1985, No 20. [p.123, Fig.69].
Indo-Pacific geographical distribution of Oithona plumifera. Dotted line: AC, Arctic Convergence; SC, Subtropical Convergence.
Species Oithona plumifera - Distribution map 5issued from : I. Rosendorn in Wiss. Ergebn. dt. Tiefsee-Exped. \"Valdiviella\", 1917, 23. [Taf. I].
The genus Oithona: Distribution of species sampled during the Deutsche Tiefsee Expedition 1898-99.
The size of symbols indicates the relative quantitty of the species.
Species Oithona plumifera - Distribution map 6issued from : H.B. Owre & M. Foyo in Fauna Caribaea, 1, Crustacea, 1: Copepoda. Copepods of the Florida Current. 1967. [p.108, Table 20].
Vertical distribution of Oithona plumifera collected at the ''40-mile station'' in the Florida Current.
SL 53: 18 V 1958; SL 55: 21 VII 1958.
A: midday; B: midnight.
Species Oithona plumifera - Distribution map 7issued from : A.A. Shmeleva in Bull. Inst. Oceanogr., Monaco, 1965, 65 (n°1351). [Table 6: 38]. Oithona plumifera (from South Adriatic).
Dimensions, volume and Weight wet. Means for 50-60 specimens. Volume and weight calculated by geometrical method. Assumed that the specific gravity of the Copepod body is equal to 1, then the volume will correspond to the weight.
Loc:
Antarct. (Atlant. SW, SE, Indian), sub-Antarct. (Indian, Pacif. SW), South Africa (off Cape of Good Hope, E & W), off Tristan da Cunha N & E, Angola, Baia Farta, off SE Ste Hélène Is., Congo, off Trinidade Is., off S Ascension Is., G. of Guinea, Ivorian shelf, S Tomé et Principe Is., Brazil (S, Vitoria-Cabo de Sao Tomé, off Macaé, Mucuri estuary, Guarau estuary, off Natal), Malvinas current, Argentina, Uruguay (continental shelf), off NE St. Paul Is., Casamance, Dakar, Cape Verde Is., off Mauritania, Morocco-Mauritania, Cap Ghir, Canary Is., off Madeira, Portugal, Mondego estuary, Bay of Biscay, Arcachon Bay, Belon estuary, off Amazon, Barbada, Is. Venezuela, Caribbean Colombia, Caribbean Sea, Jamaica, Yucatan, lagunas de Veracruz, Caribbean, E Costa Rica, G. of Mexico, off W Mississipi River mouth), Florida, Sargasso Sea, off Bermuda: Station ‘’ S’’ (32°10’N, 64°30’W), Delaware Bay (outside), Chesapeake Bay, G. of Maine, Bay of Fundy, Ireland, N North Sea, Lübeck Bay, off Spitzberg (rare), Greenland Sea, Baie Ibéro-marocaine, Gibraltar, Medit. (Alboran Sea, Castellon, Baleares, Alger, Gulf of Annaba, El Kala shelf, Banyuls, Berre Lagoon, Marseille, Toulon harbour, Ligurian Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea, Naples, Milazzo, Messine, Gulf of Taranto, Taranto Harbour, NW Tunisia, Adriatic Sea, Vlora Bay, Po delta, Trieste, Ionian Sea, Aegean Sea, Marmara Sea, Iskenderoun Bay, Black Sea, Levantin Basin, Alexandrie, Bardawill Lagoon, Port Said), Canal of Suez S, Red Sea, Gulf of Oman, G. of Aden, Arabian Sea, Arabian Gulf, Kuwait, off Madagascar S, Nosy Bé, Rodrigues Is., Seychelles, Indian, India (Saurashtra coast, W, Lawson's Bay), Bay of Bengal, Andaman Sea, Straits of Malacca, off Phuket, G. of Thailand, Malaysia (Sarawak: Bintulu coast), Sulu Sea, China Seas (Yellow Sea, East China Sea, South China Sea), Taiwan Strait, Taiwan (E, S, W, Kaohsiung Harbor, NW, N, Mienhua Canyon), Okinawa, S Korea, Tsushima Straits, Japan Sea, Japan, Tanabe Bay, Kuroshio zone, Kuril Is., Bering Sea, off S Aleutian Is., I. de la Reine Charlotte, Strait of Georgia, Pacif. (W equatorial), Australia (G. of Carpentaria, North West Cape, Melbourne, Great Barrier, New South Wales), New Caledonia, New Zealand, Moorea Is, Samoa Is., Pacif. tropical, California, Baja California (Bahia Magdalena, W), Gulf of California, Zihuatanejo Bay, W Mexico, G. of Tehuantepec, W Costa Rica, Clipperton Is., Tuamotu (Ahe atoll), Chile (N-S, Concepcion)
N: 370
Lg.:
(11) F: 1,2-1,12; (34) F: 1,22-1,1; (35: Rem.) F: 1,38-1,08; (45) F: 1,5-1; M: 1-0,75; (46) F: 1,5-1; M: 0,75; (59) F: 1,2; M: 0,7; (66) F: 1,13; (104) F: 1,2; (109) F: 1,37-1,03; 0,8-0,7; (114) F: 1,48; (142) F: 1,4-1; M: 1-0,75; (180) F: 1,35-1,18; M: 0,79-0,66; (208) F: 1,5-1,4; (237) F: 1,1-1,9; M: 1,2; (246) F: 1,35-1,15; (327) F: 1,54-1,16; (332) F: 1,3-1,21; M: 1,008; (333) F: 1,44-1,17; (334) F: 1,5-1; M: 1-0,75; (336) F: 1,24-1; M: 0,63-0,65; (373) F: 1,26-1,06; (449) F: 1,5-1; M: 1-0,75; (530) F: 1,1; (531) F,M: 0,93; (624) F: 1,28-1,06; M: 0,68-0,59; (634) ? F: 1,37-1,2; (649) F: 1,21; M: 0,71; (651) F: 1,23-1,1; M: 0,66-0,61; (654) F: 1,314-1,116; M: 0,95; (785) F: 1,15-0,83; (786) F: 1,39-1,12; (880) F: 1,0-1,5; M: 0,6-1,0; (920) F: 1,24; (937) F: 1,12-1,19; (991) F: 1,1-1,5; M: 0,75-1; (1085) F: 1,0-1,3; M: 0,75-0,8; {F: 0,70-1,54; M: 0,59-1,01}
Rem.: marine, sometimes brackish.
Epi-mesopelagic. Overall Depth Range in Sargasso Sea: 0-500 m (Deevey & Brooks, 1977, Station "S");
Sampling depth (Antarct., sub-Antarct.) : 0-1000 m.

Sewell (1947, p.255, female) notes: The proportional lengths of the segments of the posterior region (Th 5 to caudal rami) as 12 : 31 : 16: 17 : 14:10 = 100. The segments of A1 are fringed with small spinules. In some ot the specimens the plumose setae arising from the swimming legs are present, but in others they were either present only on the anterior two pairs of legs or were apparently absent altogether. It seems probable that the plumose termination is a variable character and my in some cases wanting.
Nishida (1985, p.71) reports that O. plumifera is clearly distinguished from O. atlantica by trhe presence of a ventral tuft of setules on genital segment (noticed by Rosendorn, 1917, but overlooked by Farran and Früchtl), and the curved marginal spine of the exopodal segment 3 of P4. O. tenuis is distinct from O. plumifera in having 1 inner marginal seta on the exopod of P2-P4. Olson (1949) described a second short seta on the free segment of P5 in some specimens from California coast; this character has not been reported by any other workers. After Björnberg (1963, p.74) this form is one of the most common species.
Tanaka (1960, p.62) had onserved a female specimen from a fresh water in Okino Erabu Shima (Anami Is., Japan) of body size 1.13 mm.
See in DVP Conway & al., 2003 (version 1)
Last update : 13/04/2014
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