Species Card of Copepod
Harpacticoida ( Order )
    Euterpinidae ( Family )
        Euterpina ( Genus )
Euterpina acutifrons  (Dana, 1848)   (F,M)
Syn.: Harpacticus acutifrons Dana, 1848;
Euterpe gracilis Claus, 1863 (p.110, figs.F,M);
Euterpe gracilis armata : T. Scott, 1894 b (p.93, figs.F);
Euterpe acutifrons : Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.555, 776, figs.F,M); Wolfenden, 1905 (1906) (p.1034, figs.F); Esterly, 1905 (p.212, figs.F,M); van Breemen, 1908 a (p.176, figs.F,M); Mori, 1929 (p.200, Figs.F); Farran, 1929 (p.211, 297); Mori, 1937 (1964 (p.117, figs.F,M); Yamazi, 1958 (p.154, Rem.); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.75)
Ref.:
Thompson & Scott, 1903 (p.237, 258); A. Scott, 1909 (p.229, Rem.); Pesta, 1920 (p.629); Sars, 1921 (p.97, figs.F,M); Sewell, 1924 (p.836); Früchtl, 1924 b (p.106); Monard, 1928 (p.300, figs.F); Rose, 1929 (p.54); 1933 a (p.290, figs.F,M); Dakin & Colefax, 1933 (p.208); Sewell, 1933 (p.31); Farran, 1936 a (p.123); Mori, 1937 (1964) (p.117, figs.F,M); Sewell, 1940 (p.141); Dakin & Colefax, 1940 (p.106, figs.F,M); Wilson, 1942 a (p.186); Klie, 1943 a (n°4, p.3, figs.F,M); Sewell, 1947 (p.290); Lang, 1948 a (p.285, 1588, figs.F,M); Marques, 1951 (16); Carvalho, 1952 a (p.163, figs.F,M); Marques, 1955 (20); 1957 (p.44); Krishnaswamy, 1957 (p.14, Rem.); Marques, 1958 a (p.143); Tanaka, 1960 (p.92); M. Bernard, 1963 (p.35, figs. N, juv., Rem.); De Decker, 1964 (p.15, 22); Vilela, 1965 (p.18); Gonzalez & Bowman, 1965 (p.264, figs.F,M); Haq, 1965 (p.175, Development, dimorphism male); Saraswathy, 1966 (1967) (p.86); Dussart, 1967 (p.170, 171, figs.F,M); Vilela, 1968 (p.42); Ramirez, 1969 (p.100); Corral Estrada, 1970 (p.252); Björnberg, 1972 (Rem., N, figs.); Bradford, 1972 (p.50, figs.F); Razouls, 1972 (p.96, Annexe: p.141); Haq, 1972 (p.221, Rem.M); 1973 (p.23, Rem.M); Marques, 1973 (253); Chen & al., 1974 (p.69, figs.F); Goswami, 1976 (p.123, figs. N, Juv., F,M); Boxshall, 1979 (p.229, figs.F,M); Dawson & Knatz, 1980 (p.10, figs.F,M); Björnberg & al., 1981 (p.679, figs.F,M); Marques, 1982 (p.768); Sazhina, 1982 (Rem.N, fig.); 1985 (p.98,figs.N); Zheng Zhong & al., 1984 (1989) (p.271, figs.F,M); Stancyk & Moreira, 1988 (p.125, sexual dimorphism); Huys & Boxshall, 1991 (p.362, 385, 40); Kim & al., 1993 (p.271); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.957, Pl.208: F,M); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.886, 968, figs.F,M); Al-Yamani & Prusova, 2003 (p.116, figs.F); Conway & al., 2003 (p.217, figs.F,M, Rem.); Boxshall & Halsey, 2004 (p. 299, p.300: figs.F,M); Conway, 2006 (p.24, copepodides 1-6, Rem.); Avancini & al., 2006 (p.131, Pl. 99, figs.F,M, Rem.); Ferrari & Dahms, 2007 (p.31, 32, Rem. N); Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.106, figs.F,M, Rem.); Al-Yamani & al., 2011 (p.124, figs.F)
Species Euterpina acutifrons - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : G.O. Sars in An Account of the Crustacea of Norway. Suppl. Vol. VII. Copepoda Supplement. Published by the Bergen Museum, 1921. [Pl. LXVII].
Female & Male.


Species Euterpina acutifrons - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : F.C. Ramirez in Contr. Inst. Biol. mar., Buenos Aires, 1969, 98. [p.98, Lam. XX, fig.171].
Female (from off Mar del Plata): 171, habitus (dorsal).
Sale bar in mm: 0.2.


Species Euterpina acutifrons - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from : Q.-c Chen & S.-z. Zhang & C.-s. Zhu in Studia Marina Sinica, 1974, 9. [Pl.24, Figs.7-8].
Female (from China Seas): 7, habitus (lateral left side); 8, P5.


Species Euterpina acutifrons - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from : F.Y. Al-Yamani & I. Prusova in Common Copepods Northwestern Arabian Gulf : Identification Guide. Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, 2003. [p.117, Fig.44].
Female: A, habitus (dorsal); B, idem (lateral left side); C, P1; D, Mxp; E, P5.


Species Euterpina acutifrons - Plate 5 of morphological figuresissued from : G.A. Boxshall in Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Zool.), 1979, 35 (3). [p.230, Fig.14, G-N].
Female: G, habitus (dorsal); H, A1; I, A2; J, P5.

Male: K, A1; L, P1; M, P5; N, P6.
Scales 0.1 mm unless otherwise indicated.
Nota: The fine lateral setule present in the axil of the outer margin spine on P5 has been reported previously in both the male and female by several authors; this setule is not illustrated in either sex by Sars (1921) or in the male by Chappuis (1936) and Giesbrecht (1892), it is probable that the setule has been overlooked by the latter authors; it was even found to be present in both morphs of male studied by Haq (1965).


Species Euterpina acutifrons - Plate 6 of morphological figuresissued from : C.O. Esterly in Univ. Calif. Publs Zool., 1905, 2 (4). [p.213, Fig.53]. As Euterpe acutifrons.
Female (from San Diego Region): b, exopod of P4; d, P5.

Male: a, habitus (lateral); c, P1; e, A1.


Species Euterpina acutifrons - Plate 7 of morphological figuresissued from : J.M. Bradford in Mem. N. Z. Oceonogr. Inst., 1972, 54. [p.52, Fig.15, (1-2].
Female (from Kaikoura, New Zealand): 1, habitus (dorsal; 2, P5.
Scale bars: 0.1 mm.


Species Euterpina acutifrons - Plate 8 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori in Zool. Mag. Tokyo, 1929, 41 (486-487). [Pl. VII, Figs.17-18]. As Euterpe acutifrons.
Female (from Chosen Strait, Korea-Japan): 17, P5; 18, habitus (lateral).


Species Euterpina acutifrons - Plate 9 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori in The Pelagic copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (1964). [Pl. 64, Figs.11-13].
Male: 11, habitus (lateral); 12, P4; 13, posterior division of body with P5 (ventral).


Species Euterpina acutifrons - Plate 10 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.44 , Figs.19, 20, 21, 23, 24, 25, 28 ].
Female: habitus with egg-sec (dorsal); 20, A2; 21, anal segment and caudal rami (dorsal); 23, P5; 24, A1; 25, Mx1; 28, Mxp.


Species Euterpina acutifrons - Plate 11 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.44 , Figs.17, 29, 30 ].
Female: 17, Mx2; 29, P4; 30, P1.


Species Euterpina acutifrons - Plate 12 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.44 , Figs.16, 18, 22, 26, 27, 31].
Male: 16, urosome (ventral); 18, habitus (lateral); 22, A2; 26, Md; 27, A1; 31, P1.


Species Euterpina acutifrons - Plate 13 of morphological figuresissued from : A. Skovgaard & N. Daugbjerg in Protist, 2008, 159. [p.403, Fig.1 D].
Paradinium sp. (PaEu41) gonosphere attached to the urosome of its host E. acutifrons in NW Mediterranean Sea.

Compl. Ref.:
Gadeau de Kerville, 1894 (p.82); Rose, 1925 (p.152); Massuti Alzamora, 1942 (p.108, Rem.); Sewell, 1948 (p.394); Fleury, 1950 (p.47, fig.2); Grice, 1956 (p.56); Deevey, 1960 (p.5, Table II, annual abundance, Rem.: fig.18, 19); H. Schulz, 1961 (p.57); Fagetti, 1962 (p.41); Ganapati & Shanthakumari, 1962 (p.11, 16); Gaudy, 1962 (p.93, 99, Rem.: p.118) ; Giron-Reguer, 1963 (p.58); V.N. Greze, 1963 a (tabl.2); Gaudy, 1963 (p.31, Rem.); Björnberg, 1963 (p.71, Rem.); Unterüberbacher, 1964 (p.33); De Decker, 1964 (p.15, 22, 30); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.12); Bodo & al., 1965 (p.219, annual cycle); Shmeleva, 1965 b (p.1350, lengths-volume -weight relation); Neto & Paiva, 1966 (p.36, Table III, annual cycle); Mazza, 1966 (p.73); Pavlova, 1966 (p.45); Chakroun, 1966 (p.67, Tableau); Ehrhardt, 1967 (p.742, geographic distribution, Rem.); Moreira & Vernberg, 1968 (p.282, metabolism); Delalo, 1968 (p.139); Harder, 1968 (p156, Table 1, behaviour v.s. density discontinuity); Berdugo & Kimor, 1968 (p.448); El-Maghraby & Dowidar, 1970 (p.81); Dowidar & El-Maghraby, 1970 (p.268); Reeve, 1970 (p.894, Rem.: p.909); Nassogne, 1970 (p.333, rearing); Paulmier, 1971 (p.168); Deevey, 1971 (p.224); Valentin, 1972 (p.349, egg production); Binet & al., 1972 (p.68); Nival & al., 1972 (p.63, respiration); Apostolopoulou, 1972 (p.329, 376); Della Croce & al., 1972 (p.1, fig.2, Rem.); Björnberg, 1973 (p.370); Binet, 1973 (p.77); Desgouille, 1973 (p.1, 131, Rem.: p.138); S. Razouls, 1974 (147, oxygen rate); Vernberg & Moreira, 1974 (p.757, metabolism-temperature); Corral Estrada & Pereiro Muñoz, 1974 (tab.I); Palet, 1975 (p.660); Vives & al., 1975 (p.56, tab.II, III); Zismann & al., 1975 (p.59, prey); Gaudy, 1976 (p.77, fig.1, 8, Table I, II, III, production); Lakkis & Abboud, 1976 (p.81); Grindley, 1977 (p.341, Table 2); Zurlini & al., 1978 (p.59, egg production, development time); Comaschi Scaramuzza, 1978 (p.17); D'Apolito & Stancyk, 1979 (p.251, population dynamic); Dessier, 1979 (p.133, 201, 207); Chen Q-c, 1980 (p.795); Gallo, 1981 (p.847, Rem.: p.849); Castel & Courties, 1982 (p.417, Table II, fig.4, spatial & monthly distribution); Vives, 1982 (p.295); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.85); Moreira & al., 1982 (p.85, temperature-salinity effects); Moreira & al., 1983 (p.111, developmental stages); Dessier, 1983 (p.89, Tableau 1, Rem., %); Pieper & Holliday, 1984 (p.226, Fig.3); De Decker, 1984 (p.317, 351: chart); Scotto di Carlo & al., 1984 (p.1045); Lefèvre-Lehoërff & al., 1984 (p.131, annual variations); d'Elbée, 1984 (p.25, Fig.6); Moreira & McNamara, 1984 (p.298, annual variation, dimorphic male); Regner, 1985 (p.11, Rem.: p.40); Jansa, 1985 (p.108, Tabl.I, II, III, IV, V); Brinton & al., 1986 (p.228, Table 1); M. Lefèvre, 1986 (p.33, 40); Sciandra, 1986 (p.1149, population dynamic); Knatz, 1986 (p.81); Brylinski, 1986 (p.457, spatial variations); Valentin & al., 1986 (p.117, Table V); Boucher & al., 1987 (p.133, spatial distribution/physical structure); Comaschi Scaramuzza, 1987 (tab.1); Ceccherelli & al., 1987 (p.571, fig.5); Diouf & Diallo, 1987 (p.260); Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.61); Jenkins, 1988 (p.233, Table 1, 2, fig.6); Krsinic & Vilicic, 1989 (p.12, tab.3); Carlotti & Sciandra, 1989 (p.225, , population dynamic, modelisation): Othman & al., 1990 (p.561, 564, Table 1); Mitra & al., 1990 (fig.3); Lindo, 1991 (tab.3); McKinnon, 1991 (p.471); Dai & al., 1991 (tab.1); Yoo, 1991 (tab.1); Jouffre & al., 1991 (p.489, lagoon); Carlotti & P. Nival, 1992 (p.233, growth & mortality); Seguin & al., 1993 (p.23); Kimmerer, 1993 (tab.2); Godhantaraman, 1994 (tab.5, 6, 7); Sautour, 1994 (p.113, grazing); Kouwenberg, 1994 (tab.1); Verheye & al., 1994 (p.155); Lopes, 1994 (tab.1); Lefèvre-Lehoërff & al., 1995 (p.269, annual hydroclimatic variations); Santos & Ramirez, 1995 (p.133, fig.2, 3); Böttger-Schnack, 1995 (p.93); 1996 (p.1088); Eskinazi-Sant'Anna & Tundisi, 1996 (tab.1,2); Hopcroft & Roff, 1996 (p.789, diel egg production); Guisande & al., 1996 (p.37, egg size/number and food concentration); Viñas & Gaudy, 1996 (p.307, Rem.); Webber & al., 1996 (tab.1); Böttger-Schnack, 1997 (p.410); Park & Choi, 1997 (Appendix); Sharaf & Al-Ghais, 1997 (tab.1); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.82, 103); Gilabert & Moreno, 1998 (tab.1,2); Alvarez-Cadena & al., 1998 (tab.1); Hopcroft & al., 1998 (tab.2); Lopes & al., 1998 (p.195, tab.2); Achuthankutty & al., 1998 (p.1, Table 2); McKinnon & Klumpp, 1998 (tab.1); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p.113); Harvey & al., 1999 (p.1, 49: Appendix 5, in ballast water vessel); Siokou-Frangou, 1999 (p.478); Lavaniegos & Gonzalez-Navarro, 1999 (p.239, Appx.1); Ueda & al., 2000 (tab.1); Fernandez-Alamo & al., 2000 (p.1139, Appendix); Suarez-Morales & al., 2000 (p.751, tab.1); Alvarez-Silva & Gomez-Aguirre, 2000 (p.163: tab.2); Seridji & Hafferssas, 2000 (tab.1); Sautour & al., 2000 (p.531, Table II, abundance); Moraitou-Apostolopoulou & al., 2000 (tab.I); Fransz & Gonzalez, 2001 (p.255, tab.1); Ara, 2001 (p.177); 2001 b (p.121); El-Serehy & al., 2001 (p.119, tab.1, 3, 4); Calbet & al., 2001 (p.319, Fig.7); Zerouali & Melhaoui, 2002 (p.91, Tableau I, figs.5, 11); Bressan Moro, 2002 (tab.2); Dunbar & Webber, 2003 (tab.1); Bode & al., 2003 (p.85, Table 1, abundance); Vukanic, 2003 (p.139, tab.1); McKinnon & al., 2003 (p.105, tab.1); Vieira & al., 2003 (p.S163, Table 2, abundance); Titelman & Kiørboe, 2003 a (p.137, nauplius behaviour); Diaz & al., 2003 (p.213, reproduction vs diet); Shimode & Shirayama, 2004 (tab.2); Hsieh & al., 2004 (p.398, tab.1, p.399, tab.2); Rezai & al., 2004 (p.486, tab.2, 3, abundance, Rem.); Daly Yahia & al., 2004 (p.366, fig.4, tab.1); Lan & al., 2004 (p.332, tab.1); Ara, 2004 (p.179, figs. 3,4,5); Marrari & al., 2004 (p.667, tab.1); Gallienne & al., 2004 (p.5, tab.3); CPR, 2004 (p.64, fig.195); Lakkis & al., 2005 (p.152); Baker & al., 2005 (tabl.); Alvarez-Silva & al., 2005 (p.39); Uriarte & Villate, 2005 (p.863, tab.I); Costa & al., 2005 (p.177, Rem.: feeding); Zuo & al., 2006 (p.164: tab.1); Isari & al., 2006 (p.241, tab.II); Marques & al., 2006 (p.297, tab.III); Hwang & al., 2006 (p.943, tabl. I); Rakhesh & al., 2006 (p.93, Table 2, spatial distribution); Dias & Araujo, 2006 (p.77, Rem., chart); Mageed, 2006 (p.171, Table 4); Zervoudaki & al., 2006 (p.149, Table I); Papastephanou & al., 2006 (p.3078, Table 3); Albaina & Irigoien, 2007 (p.435: Tab.1); Valdés & al., 2007 (p.104: tab.1); Khelifi-Touhami & al., 2007 (p.327, Table 1); Busatto, 2007 (p.26, Tab.2); Leandro & al., 2007 (p.215); McKinnon & al., 2008 (p.844: Tab.1, fig.7); Cabal & al., 2008 (289, Table 1); Morales-Ramirez & Suarez-Morales, 2008 (p.524); Ayon & al., 2008 (p.238, Table 4: Peruvian samples); Fernandes, 2008 (p.465, Tabl.2); Rossi, 2008 (p.90: Tableau XII); Rakhesh & al., 2008 (p.154, abundance vs stations); Ohtsuka & al., 2008 (p.115, Table 4, 5, Rem.: in Mizushima and Kitakyushu Harbors); Muelbert & al., 2008 (p.1662, Table 1); Skovgaard & Daugbjerg, 2008 (p.401, fig.1 D, parasited by Paradinium); Miyashita & al., 2009 (p.815, Tabl.II); Magalhaes & al., 2009 (p.187, Table 1, %); Brylinski, 2009 (p.253: Tab.1, p.257: Rem.); Hafferssas & Seridji, 2010 (p.353, Table 2); Eloire & al., 2010 (p.657, Table II, temporal variability); Lidvanov & al., 2010 (p.356, Table 3); Drira & al., 2010 (p.145, Tanl.2); Cornils & al., 2010 (p.2076, Table 3); Hernandez-Trujillo & al., 2010 (p.913, Table 2); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.430); Medellin-Mora & Navas S., 2010 (p.265, Tab. 2); Fazeli & al., 2010 (p.153, Table 1); W.-B. Chang & al., 2010 (p.735, Table 2, abundance); Nowaczyk & al;, 2011 (p.2159, Table 2); Bollens & al., 2011 (p.1358, Table III, fig.6); Salah S. & al., 2011 (Tableau 1); Ventham, 2011 (p.50); Maiphae & Sa-ardrit, 2011 (p.641, Table 2, 3, Rem.); Van Magris & al., 2011 (p.260, abundance, interannual variability); Moscatello & al., 2011 (p.80, Table 4); Selifonova, 2011 (p.77, Table 1, alien species in Black Sea); S.C. Marques & al., 2011 (p.59, Table 1); Mazzocchi & al., 2011 (p.1163, fig.6, long-term time-series 1984-2006); Ginderdeuren & al., 2012 (p.3, Table 1); Delpy & al., 2012 (p.1921, Table 2); Shiganova & al., 2012 (p.61, Table 4); Glushko & Lidvanov, 2012 (p.138, Tableau 1); Johan & al., 2012 (2013) (p.1, Table 1); Uysal & Shmeleva, 2012 (p.909, Table I); DiBacco & al., 2012 (p.483, Table S1, ballast water transport); Zizah & al., 2012 (p.79, Tableau I, Rem.: p.86, 89); Miloslavic & al., 2012 (p.165, Table 2, transect distribution); Vidjak & al., 2012 (p.243, Rem.: p.253); Aubry & al., 2012 (p.125, table 3, fig. 8 b, interannual variation); Jean & al., 2012 (p.12, Table 3, protein vs environmental metal stress); Camus & Zeng, 2012 (p.1159, sex ratio vs diet, survival development); Johan & al., 2012 (p.647, Table 1, 2, fig.2, salinity range); Costa & al., 2012 (p.75, ingestion, filtration rate vs toxic algae); Gubanova & al., 2013 (in press, p.4, Table 2); Belmonte & al., 2013 (p.222, Table 2, abundance vs stations); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013; M. Ohman, comm. pers.); Tachibana & al., 2013 (p.545, Table 1, seasonal change 2006-2008); Melo Jùnior & al., 2013 (p.363, Table 2, egg production); Rakhesh & al., 2013 (p.7, Table 1, 4, abundance vs stations); Jagadeesan & al., 2013 (p.27, Table 3, 6, fig.11, seasonal variation); Anjusha & al., 2013 (p.40, Table 3, abundance & feeding behavior); Sobrinho-Gonçalves & al., 2013 (p.713, Table 2, seasonal abundance vs environmental conditions); Alvarez-Silva & Torres-Alvarado, 2013 (p.241, Table1: seasonal abundance); Hwang & al., 2014 (p.43, Appendix A: seasonal abundance)
NZ: 17

Distribution map of Euterpina acutifrons by geographical zones
Species Euterpina acutifrons - Distribution map 3issued from : C.T. Achuthankutty, N. Ramaiah & G. Padmavati in Pelagic biogeograpgy ICoPB II. Proc. 2nd Intern. Conf. Final report of SCOR/IOC working group 93, 9-14 July 1995. Workshop Report No. 142, Unesco, 1998. [p.8, Fig.6].
Salinity ranges for E. acutifrons in coastal and estuarine waters of Goa (India).
Shaded area indicates the range of higher abundance.
Species Euterpina acutifrons - Distribution map 4issued from : A.A. Shmeleva in Bull. Inst. Oceanogr., Monaco, 1965, 65 (n°1351). [Table 6: 41]. Euterpina acutifrons (from South Adriatic).
Dimensions, volume and Weight wet. Means for 50-60 specimens. Volume and weight calculated by geometrical method. Assumed that the specific gravity of the Copepod body is equal to 1, then the volume will correspond to the weight.
Species Euterpina acutifrons - Distribution map 5issued from : G. Guisande, J. Sanchez, I. Maneiro & A. Miranda in Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 1996, 143. [p.39, Fig.1].
a: Mean temperature (black triangle) and food concentration (measured by fluorescence) (black square).
b: Values obtained (mean ± 2 SE) off egg size (black triangle) and number of eggs per sac (black square) in Euterpina acutifrons from the Ria de Vigo (NW Spain).
Loc:
Cosmopolite (coastal & neritic): Agulhas Bank, South Africa (off Cape of Good Hope, E & W), Saldanha, Namibia, Angola, Baia Farta, Congo, G. of Guinea, Ivorian shelf, Guinea, Casamance, Dakar, Morocco-Mauritania, Cap Ghir, Canary Is., off Madeira, Argentina, Peninsula Valdés, Mar del Plata, Uruguay (continental shelf), Brazil (S, Sao Paulo coast, Ubatuba, Canaeia Lagoon, Cabo Frio, Vitoria-Cabo de Sao Tomé, Mucuri estuary, Guarau estuary, off Natal, Curuça estuary, Amazon), Caribbean, Caribbean Colombia, Jamaica (Kingston Harbour), Yucatan, lagunas de Veracruz, Porto-Rico, Cuba, off Bermuda, Floride, Delaware Bay, Portugal (Mondego estuary, Porto), Ria de Vigo, off Coruña, Bay of Biscay (Bilbao & Urdaibai estuaries, off Gironde estuary, Arcachon Bay, La Pallice roadstead), Belon estuary, English Channel, Roscoff, Grandville, Pas de Calais, North Sea, Skagerrak, Elbe (estuaire), Portugal, Baie Ibéro-marocaine, Medit. (Alboran Sea, Castellon, Baleares, Alger, Banyuls, Thau Lagoon, Berre Lagoon, Marseille, Toulon harbour, Gulf of Annaba, El Kala shelf, Villefranche-s-Mer, Ligurian Sea, Genoa, La Spezia, Tyrrhenian Sea, Naples, Strait of Messina, Gulf of Taranto, Taranto harbour, Adriatic Sea, Vlora Bay, Venise, Po delta, G. of Gabès, Tripoli, Ionian Sea, Aegean Sea, Iskenderoun Bay, Black Sea, Levantin Basin, Bay of Haïfa, Alexandrie, Bardawill Lagoon), Canal de Suez, Red Sea, Bab al Mandab, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Sea, Arabian Gulf (Kuwait), Madagascar, Rodrigues Is., Mascarene Basin, Is. Seychelles, Cochin, Madras (côte), India (Goa, Saurashtra coast, S, Lawson's Bay, Gulf of Mannar, Palk Bay, Godavari region, Kakinada Bay, Chilka Lake, W Bengal (Mandarmani creek), Bay of Bengal, Kurau River, Perai River estuary (Penang), Straits of Malacca, G. of Thailand, Indonesia-Malaysia, Sarawak: Bintulu coast, Thaïlande, SW Celebes, Viet-Nam, Hong Kong, China Seas (Yellow Sea, East China Sea, South China Sea) , Xiamen Harbour, Taiwan, S Korea, S Japan Sea, Japan, Tanabe Bay, Tokyo Bay, Australia (G. of Carpentaria, North West Cape, Haughton Riv., Great Barrier, New South Wales, Melbourne, Ross River mouth), New Zealand (Kaikoura, Hauraki Gulf), Moorea Is. (lagoon), California (San Francisco Estuary, Los Angeles-Long Beach Harbors, San Pedro Bay, Tomales Bay), Baja California (Bahia Magdalena), Gulf of California, Coyuca lagoon (Guerrero), Zihuatanejo Bay, W Mexico, G. of Tehuantepec, W Costa Rica, Galapagos, Peru, S Chile (53° S)
N: 344
Lg.:
(46) F: 0,73-0,53; M: 0,56-0,5; (66) F: 0,76-0,57; M: 0,67-0,47; (104) F: 0,8; M: 0,64; (109) F: 0,76-0,65; (116) F: 0,81; (132) F: 0,67; (138) F: 0,75-0,5; M: 0,56-0,5; (142) M: 0,73; (237) F: 0,85; (327) F: 0,69-0,58; M: 0,68-0,58; (332) F: 0,71-0,69; (336) F: 0,86-0,65; M: 0,65-0,61; (373) F: 0,83-0,5; M: 0,76-0,45; (388) F: 0,76-0,68; (432) F: 0,52; (433) F: 0,71-0,63; (434) F: 0,73-0,41; M: 0,65-0,36; (449) F: 0,75-0,5; M: 0,56-0,5; (530) F: 0,8; M: 0,6; (786) F: 0,82-0,58; M: 0,64-0,62; (858) G. of San Matias: F: 0,42-0,54; M: 0,30-0,38; Marseille: F: 0,38-0,50; M: 0,265-0,325; (920) : F: 0,65; (930) F: 0,7; (937) F: 0,68-0,72; (991) F: 0,50-0,75; M: 1,50-0,56; {F: 0,41-0,86; M: 0,36-0,76}
Rem.: Mainly inshore, coastal.
The species is observed only very occasionally in the open sea (like for example up till the Algulhas Basin by 44° S having as its origin the South African coasts).
Non Antarctic and Arctic;
Oddly, I have not been able to find the references concerning the north-eastern coasts of North America.
The species is very abundant all along the Suez canal.
After Yamazi (1958, p.154) the species is common all the year round in Tanabe Bay (Japan).

See in DVP Conway & al., 2003 (version 1)
Last update : 21/10/2014
    to add your remark
  

 Any use of this site for a publication will be mentioned with the following reference :

Razouls C., de Bovée F., Kouwenberg J. et Desreumaux N., 2005-2014. - Diversity and Geographic Distribution of Marine Planktonic Copepods. Available at http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr/en 
[Accessed October 22, 2014]

© copyright 2005-2014 CNRS, UPMC

Webmaster
CNRS   Observatoire Océanologique de Banyuls sur Mer - Laboratoire Arago
UPMC - Paris Universitas

 

Version française
English version

 

Search

On the WEB of CNRS

 


Marine Planktonic Copepods

Marine Planktonic Copepods

 

Imprimer Contact Accueil Plan du site Accès restreint Retour Une du Labo Imprimer Contact Plan du site Crédits Téléchargez les Plug-Ins