Species Card of Copepod
Monstrilloida ( Order )
    Monstrillidae ( Family )
        Monstrilla ( Genus )
Monstrilla gracilicauda  Giesbrecht, 1892   (F)
Ref.:
Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.586, 589, 773, figs.F); T. Scott, 1904 (p.245, figs.F); van Breemen, 1908 a (p.206, figs.F); A. Scott, 1909 (p.235, figs.F, Rem.); Sars, 1921 (p.16, figs.F); Rose, 1933 a (p.343, figs.F); Isaac, 1975 (p.3, 8, figs.F, Rem.); Grygier, 1995 a (p.65); Suarez-Morales & Escamilla, 2001 (p.1442 & suiv.: Rem.); Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.176, figs.F, Rem.)
Species Monstrilla gracilicauda - Plate 1 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.46, Fig.9].
Female: 9, habitus (lateral).


Species Monstrilla gracilicauda - Plate 2 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.46, Fig.16].
Female: 16, urosome (lateral).


Species Monstrilla gracilicauda - Plate 3 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.46, Fig.18].
Female: 18, urosome (dorsal)


Species Monstrilla gracilicauda - Plate 4 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.46, Fig.29].
Female: 29, A1 (anterior view).


Species Monstrilla gracilicauda - Plate 5 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.46, Fig.32].
Female: 32, P3.


Species Monstrilla gracilicauda - Plate 6 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.46, Fig.43].
Female: 43, P5.


Species Monstrilla gracilicauda - Plate 7 of morphological figuresissued from : G.O. Sars in An Account of the Crustacea of Norway, with short descriptions and figures of all the species, 1921a, 8. [Pl. VIII].
Female (from Norway)Urs, urosome (dorsal).
Nota: Cephalic segment about half the length of the body, exhibing a very slight dilatation in front of the middle.
Eye easily observable, though of a somewhat incomplete structure, lateral lenses small and rather remote from each other, being connected by a narrow stripe of dark pigment, ventral lens apparently imperfectly developed.
A1 rather short, 4-segmented, attaining half the length of the cephalic segment; the last segment about as long as the other 3 combined, with none of the setae ramified
Oral tubule located far in front, at about the end of the first 1/3 of the cephalic segment
Natatory legs without any denticle inside the 2nd basal segment (Basis); outer edge of the terminal segment of exopod perfectly smooth. forming a rounded expansion immediately inside the extremity, with 3 apical setae nearly equal size.
Genital segment rather large, being considerably longer than the remaining part of urosome, dorsal face with a very slight transverse suture in the middle. Ovigerous spines unusually short.
Caudal rami, each ramus with 6 setae, one of which very short and attached somewhat dorsally.


Species Monstrilla gracilicauda - Plate 8 of morphological figuresIssued from : A. Scott in The Copepoda of the Siboga Expedition Part I. Siboga-Expeditie XXIX a., 1909. [Pl. LVII, Figs.1-2].
Female (from 7°27'S, 117°49'E): 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, P5.

A1 4-segmented, equal to half the length of the cephalic segment.
Abdomen 3-segmented.
Genital segment sub-cylindrical in shape and equal to twice the combined length of the next two segments. It is as long as the united length of the next two segments and caudal rami. The segment is marked by a faint suture traversing the middle.
The 3rd abdominal segment of the siboga's specimen is very little shorter than the 2nd segment.
Caudal rami about one a half times longer than the anal segment; each ramus with 1 outer marginal seta and 5 apical setae; the middle apical seta much shorter than the othjers.
Apex of P5 rather inflated and directed at right angles to the body; apex with 2 long setae and 1 short.

Nota: With the exception of the difference in the length of the 3rd of the abdomen the Siboga's specimen agrees well with the illustrations given by Giesbrecht.

NZ: 5

Distribution map of Monstrilla gracilicauda by geographical zones
Loc:
Arct., E Scotland, Norway (Valdersund & Kvalø), Rnglish Channel, Medit. (Alger, Naples), Indian, Indonesia-Malaysia (Paternoster Islands)
N: 7
Lg.:
(5) F: 3,5; (46) F: 2,7; (663) F: 3,55; (727) F: 3,1; {F: 2,70-3,55}
Rem.: ? Perhaps Monstrilla anglica (F)
According to Suarez-Morales & Escamilla (2001, p.1442) this species is close to M. helgolandica and M. humesi.
Last update : 27/08/2013
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Razouls C., de Bovée F., Kouwenberg J. et Desreumaux N., 2005-2014. - Diversity and Geographic Distribution of Marine Planktonic Copepods. Available at http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr/en 
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