Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Diaptomoidea ( Superfamily )
        Acartiidae ( Family )
            Acartia ( Genus )
                Acartiura ( Sub-Genus )
Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata  (Giesbrecht, 1881)   (F,M)
Syn.: Dias discaudata Giesbrecht, 1881; 1882.
Ref.:
Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.507, 522, figs.F,M); Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.153); Sars, 1903 (p.152, figs.F,M); Steuer, 1923 (p.11, figs.F,M); Gurney, 1931 a (p.228, figs.F,M); Wilson, 1932 a (p.163, figs.F,M); Rose, 1933 a (p.272, figs.F,M); Farran, 1948 a (n°12, p.3, figs.F); Razouls, 1972 (p.95, Annexe: p.97); Bradford, 1976 (p.195, figs.M); Brylinski, 1981 (p.257, figs.F,M); Schnack, 1982 (p.89, figs. Mx2, Md, Mxp); Behrends & al., 1997 (p.594, figs.F); Bradford-Grieve, 1999 (n°181, p.3, figs.F,M); Castro-Longoria, 2001 (p.225, fig.2); Avancini & al., 2006 (p.108, Pl. 76, figs.F,M, Rem.);Vives & Shmeleva, 2007 (p.416, figs.F,M, Rem.).
Species Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : Sars G.O. in An Account of the Crustacea of Norway. Vol. IV. Copepoda Calanoida. Published by the Bergen Museum, 1903. [Pl.CII]. Famale and Male.
Rem: P5 = fifth leg


Species Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : J.M. Brylinski in J. Plankton Res., 1981, 3 (2). [Fig.2, p.257].
Structure of P5 of the Acartia in the wet docks of the harbour of Dunkirk (Strait of Dover). Male and Female

a: Acartia clausi; b: A. tonsa, c: A. discaudata, d: A. bifilosa

c.f.: curved finger, c.n.: curved needle, d.t.: distal tooth, l.: lamella, l.p.: lamellar process, p.t.: proximal tooth, s.: setae, sp.: spines, 3, segment 3 of left leg.
Rem: P5 = fifth leg


Species Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata - Plate 3 of morphological figuresssued from : J. M. Bradford in N.Z. J. Mar. Freshw. Res., 1976, 10 (1). [p.196, Fig.32b]
Male (From W France: Brest Harbour): P5 (posterior view).


Species Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from : W. Giesbrecht in Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19. [Taf.43, Fig.2].
Female: 2, habitus (dorsal).


Species Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata - Plate 5 of morphological figuresissued from : W. Giesbrecht in Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19. [Taf.43, Fig.24].
Male: 24, P5 (Ps = left leg; Pd = right leg).


Species Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata - Plate 6 of morphological figuresissued from : W. Giesbrecht in Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19. [Taf.30, Fig.27].
Female: 27, P5.


Species Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata - Plate 7 of morphological figuresissued from : C. Razouls in Th. Doc. Etat Fac. Sc. Paris VI, 1972, Annexe. [Fig.56, A, G]. As var. mediterranea.
Female (from Banyuls, G. of Lion): A, urosome and spermatophore (lateral); G, P5.


Species Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata - Plate 8 of morphological figuresissued from : C. Razouls in Th. Doc. Etat Fac. Sc. Paris VI, 1972, Annexe. [Fig.57, B]. As Acartia discaudata var. mediterranea.
Male: P5.


Species Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata - Plate 9 of morphological figuresissued from : P. Crisafi & M. Crescenti in Boll. Pesca Piscic. Idrobiol., 1972 (1974), 27 (2). [p.242, Pl.II]. As Acartia discaudata var. mediterranea.
Female (from Milazzo, Sicily): f, habitus (dorsal); f ad, posterior thoracic part and urosome (dorsal); f ad l, urosome with spermatophore (lateral); f P5, P5.

Male: m ad (urosome (dorsal); m P5, P5.


Species Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata - Plate 10 of morphological figuresissued from : A. Steuer in Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, mat.-nat. K1, 138, Abt.1, 1929. [p.504, Fig.3]. As Acartia discaudata var. mediterranea nov. var.
Male (from Naples, Mediterranean Sea]: 3, P5. B = basipodite; Re = exopodite.


Species Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata - Plate 11 of morphological figuresissued from : A. Steuer in Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, mat.-nat. K1, 138, Abt.1, 1929. [p.503, Fig.4]. As Acartia discaudata var. mediterranea nov. var.
Male (from Naples, Mediterranean Sea]:

Compl. Ref.:
Gadeau de Kerville, 1894 (p.81); I.C. Thompson, 1903 a (p.31); Rose, 1925 (p.152); 1927 a (p.208); Sewell, 1948 (p.483); C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.152); Fleury, 1950 (p.47, fig.2); Conover, 1959 (p.259, Table 1, 2, respiration); Marshall & Orr, 1962 (tab.3); Gaudy, 1962 (p.93, 99, Rem.: p.115) ; Mazza, 1966 (p.72); Champalbert, 1969 a (p.609); Paulmier, 1971 (p.168); Lefèvre-Lehoërff, 1972 (p.1681); Della Croce & al., 1972 (p.1, fig.2, Rem.); Guglielmo, 1973 (p.399); Arndt & Heidecke, 1973 (p.599, 603); Vives, 1982 (p.295); Castel & Courties, 1982 (p./417, Table II, fig.4, spatial & monthly distribution); d'Elbée, 1984 (p.24, Fig.3); Williams & Collins, 1985 (p.27); Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.60); Lakkis, 1990 (p.63); Rodriguez & Jiménez, 1990 (p.497); Jouffre & al., 1991 (p.489, lagoon); Seguin & al., 1993 (p.23); Sautour & Castel, 1993 (p.279); Lakkis, 1994 (p.481); Behrends & al., 1997 (p.594, anomaly); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.103); Mauchline, 1998 (tab.47); d'Elbée, 2001 (tabl. 1); Holmes, 2001 (p.34, Rem.); Belmonte & Potenza, 2001 (p.173); Uysal & al., 2002 (p.17, tab.1); Zerouali & Melhaoui, 2002 (p.91, Tableau I, fig.5); Vaglio & al., 2005 (p.163); Uriarte & Villate, 2005 (p.863, tab.I); Valdés & al., 2007 (p.104: tab.1); Vincent & al., 2007 (p.295, Table 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, nitrogen transfert); Brylinski, 2009 (p.253: Tab.1, p.256: Rem.); Aravena & al., 2009 (p.621, seasonal & spatial distribution v.s. environmental factors); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.423); Mazzocchi & al., 2011 (p.1163, fig.6, long-term time-series 1984-2006); Boyer & al., 2012 (p.2, fig.2, abundance & annual change); Zizah & al., 2012 (p.79, Table I, Rem.: p.89 as A. grani); Belmonte & al., 2013 (p.222, Table 2, abundance vs stations); Lindeque & al., 2013 (p.737, molecular identification);
NZ: 7

Distribution map of Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata by geographical zones
Species Acartia (Acartiura) discaudata - Distribution map 3
Chart of 1996
Loc:
off Woods-Hole (in Wilson, 1932 a), Senegal, Canary Islands, off Morocco, Bay of Biscay (Bilbao estuary, St.-Jean-de-Luz, Arcachon Bay, Belon estuary), Ireland, Bristol Channel, English Channel, Morlaix estuary, Granville, Southampton, Pas de Calais, Norway, North Sea, Bay of Kiel, Gulf of Mecklenburger, Baltic Sea, G. of Bothnia, Faroe, Medit. (Alboran Sea, Algiers Bay, N Tunisia, Castellon, Banyuls, Thau lagoon, Marseille (rare), Genova, Ligurian Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea, Naples, Strait of Messina, Taranto, Adriatic Sea, Lebanon), [Indonesia-Malaysia, Philippines (in Wilson,1950)]
N: 70
Lg.:
(46) F: 1,05-1; M: 0,9; (65) F: 1,2; M: 1,1; (167) F: 1,2-1; M: 1,1-0,9; {F: 1,00-1,20; M: 0,90-1,10}
Rem.: The female P5 may show anomalies (see Behrends et al., 1997).
Acartia discaudata mediterranea Steuer,1929 (F,M)
Ref.: Steuer, 1929 (p.502, figs.F,M); Rose, 1933 a (p.272: figs.F,M); Gaudy, 1962 (p.93, 99, Rem.: p.115) ; Crisafi & Crescenti, 1972 (1974) (p.226, figs.F,M, juv.); Bradford, 1976 (p.195, Rem.); Bradford-Grieve, 1999 (N°181, p.4, Rem.)
Ref. compl.: Guglielmo, 1973 (p.399); Lakkis & Abboud, 1976 (p.81); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.85); Guerrero & Rodriguez, 1997 (p.584); Belmonte & Potenza, 2001 (p.173); Khelifi-Touhami & al., 2007 (p.327, Table 1); Belmonte & al., 2013 (p.222, Table 2, abundance vs stations)
Loc.: W Medit. (Naples, Milazzo, Malaga, Banyuls, Gulf of Lion: Thau lagoon; Marseille: rare, Lebanon basin), Atlant. (Arcachon)
Lg.: (325) F: 1,19-1,06

According to Brylinski (2009, p.256) this species present in the wet docks of Dunkirk harbour is very rarely collected in the sea, and then only near the coast due to its affinity for brackish waters.
Last update : 28/10/2014
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