Species Card of Copepod
Cyclopoida ( Order )
    Sapphirinidae ( Family )
        Copilia ( Genus )
Copilia mirabilis  Dana, 1849   (F,M)
Syn.: Copelia mirabilis : Saraswathy, 1966 (1967) (p.104)
Ref.:
Brady, 1883 (part., p.117, figs.F); Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.647, 657, 771, figs.F,M); Thompson, 1888 d (p.147); Thompson & Scott, 1903 (p.240, 286); A. Scott, 1909 (p.260, Rem.); Wolfenden, 1911 (p.359); Lehnhofer, 1926 (p.125, 135, 143, figs.F,M); Mori, 1929 (p.204, figs.F,M); Farran, 1929 (p.210, 290); Wilson, 1932 a (p.374, figs.F,M); Rose, 1933 a (p.322, figs.F,M); Dakin & Colefax, 1933 (p.210); Farran, 1936 a (p.132); Mori, 1937 (1964) (p.139, figs.F,M); Dakin & Colefax, 1940 (p.109, figs.F,M); Sewell, 1947 (p.270, Rem.: 2 varieties); Carvalho, 1952 a (p.171, figs.F); Krishnaswamy, 1953 (p.74, Rem.); Chiba & al., 1957 (p.310); 1957 a (p.12); Marques, 1958 a (p.138, figs.F); Fish, 1962 (p.26); Fagetti, 1962 (p.48); Owre & Foyo, 1967 (p.118, figs.F,M); Vinogradov, 1968 (1970) (p.78); Marques, 1968 a (p.397); Stander & De Decker, 1969 (p.29); Paiva, 1971 (p.40, figs.M, Rem.); Ramirez, 1971 (p.91, fig.F, Rem.); Marques, 1973 (p.252); Chen & al., 1974 (p.51, figs.F,M); Marques, 1975 (p.52); Björnberg & al., 1981 (p.672, figs.F,M); Marques, 1982 (p.774); Zheng Zhong & al., 1984 (1989) (p.265, figs.F,M); Baessa de Aguiar, 1986 (1989) (p.64, figs.M); 1988 (1990) (p.185, figs.F, p.75: Rem.); 1991 (p.174); Chae & Nishida, 1994 (p.205, 208, fig.M, color pattern); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.992, Pl.231, 232: F,M); Boxshall, 1998 (p.228); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.887, 972, figs.F,M); Al-Yamani & Prusova, 2003 (p.126, figs.F); Conway & al., 2003 (p.226, figs.F,M, Rem.); Boxshall & Halsey, 2004 (p.653); Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.359, figs.F,M, Rem.); Al-Yamani & al., 2011 (p.108, figs.F); Gur & al., 21015 (p.8408, cuticular structure vs reflectance, fig.2 e, 3a); Gur & al., 2016 (p.1393, figs. 1, 2, 3, color change vs physical mechanism)
Species Copilia mirabilis - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : F.C. Ramirez in Revta Mus. La Plata, Seccion Zool., 1971, XI. [Lam.III, Fig.1].
Female (from off Mar del Plata): 1, habitus (dorsal).
Scale bar in mm: 1.


Species Copilia mirabilis - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : Q.-c Chen & S.-z. Zhang & C.-s. Zhu in Studia Marina Sinica, 1974, 9. [Pl.14, Figs.4-8]. As Copilia mirabilis forma typica.
Female (from E China Sea): 4, habitus (dorsal); 5, A2; 6, P4.

Male: 7, posterior part of the boby (dorsal); 8, A2.


Species Copilia mirabilis - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from : F.Y. Al-Yamani & I. Prusova in Common Copepods Northwestern Arabian Gulf : Identification Guide. Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, 2003. [p.127, Fig.48].
Female: A, habitus (dorsal); B, urosome (dorsal); C, idem (ventral); D, A2; E, P4.


Species Copilia mirabilis - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from : J. Chae & S. Nishida in Mar. Biol., 1994 (119). [p.208, Thable 2, D).
Specific color for the male observed with reflected and transmitted light.

Nota: Color observed with reflected (R) and transmitted light (T): Monotonic indigo blue (R); monotonic yellow (T).


Species Copilia mirabilis - Plate 5 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori in Zool. Mag. Tokyo, 1929, 41 (486-487). [Pl. IX, Figs.17-21].
Female (from Chosen Strait, Korea-Japan): 17, right A2; 18, P4; 20, left A2.

Male: 19, A2; 21, caudal rami.


Species Copilia mirabilis - Plate 6 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 50, Fig.5].
Female: 5, habitus (dorsal).


Species Copilia mirabilis - Plate 7 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 50, Fig.19 ].
Female: 19, P4.


Species Copilia mirabilis - Plate 8 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 50, Fig.37 ].
Female: 37, A2.


Species Copilia mirabilis - Plate 9 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 50, Fig.7 ].
Male: 7, habitus (dorsal).


Species Copilia mirabilis - Plate 10 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.50 , Fig.34 ].
Male: 34, A2.
B2: basipodite 2 (= basis); Ri2 : endopodite 2.


Species Copilia mirabilis - Plate 11 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 50, Fig.42 ].
Male: 42, Mxp.


Species Copilia mirabilis - Plate 12 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori in The Pelagic copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (1964). [Pl.78, Figs.1-2].
Female: 1, A2; 2, habitus (dorsal).


Species Copilia mirabilis - Plate 13 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori in The Pelagic copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (1964). [Pl.78, Figs.3-6].
Male: 3, A2; 4, Mxp; 5, habitus (dorsal); 6, P4.


Species Copilia mirabilis - Plate 14 of morphological figuresissued from : C. Lehnhofer in Wiss. Ergebn. dt. Tiefsee-Exped. ''Valdivia'', 1926, 23 (1). [p.136, Textfig.13].
Female: 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, urosome (dorsal); 3, A2; 4, A2 (detail of segment 3); 5, P4.


Species Copilia mirabilis - Plate 15 of morphological figuresissued from : C. Lehnhofer in Wiss. Ergebn. dt. Tiefsee-Exped. ''Valdivia'', 1926, 23 (1). [p.126, Textfig.4, 1-4]. As Copilia mirabilis f. typica.
Male: 1, A2; 2, A2 (detail segment 3); 3, distal portion of segment 4 of A2; 4, Mxp.


Species Copilia mirabilis - Plate 16 of morphological figuresissued from : C. Lehnhofer in Wiss. Ergebn. dt. Tiefsee-Exped. ''Valdivia'', 1926, 23 (1). [p.126, Textfig.4, 5-7]. As Copilia mirabilis f. platonyx.
Male: 5, A2; 6, A2 (detail distal portion of segment 3); 7, Mxp.


Species Copilia mirabilis - Plate 17 of morphological figuresissued from : C. Lehnhofer in Wiss. Ergebn. dt. Tiefsee-Exped. ''Valdivia'', 1926, 23 (1). [p.143, Textfig.18]. As Copilia mirabilis f. typica.
Male: Mxp. a, forma typica; b-c, intermediate forms; d, forma platonyx.


Species Copilia mirabilis - Plate 18 of morphological figuresIssued from : D. Gur, B. Leshem, V. Farstey, D. Oron, L. Addadi & S. Weiner in Adv. Funct. Mater., 2016, 26. [p.1394, Fig.1, C, D).
Optical response of sapphirinid male of Copilia mirabilis to either dark or light conditions. C: dark-adapted (reflection mode); D: light-adapted (transmission mode).


Species Copilia mirabilis - Plate 19 of morphological figuresIssued from : D. Gur, B. Leshem, V. Farstey, D. Oron, L. Addadi & S. Weiner in Adv. Funct. Mater., 2016, 26. [p.1396, Fig.3, C, D).
The reflectance and structural properties that accompany the male sapphirinid color change.
C: dark-adapted; D, light-adapted. Column I: light microscope images of the specimens; column II: measured reflectance; column III: simulated reflectance spectrum. The simulated reflectance was calculed based on the cytoplasm (Cy) and the crystal (Cr) thickness measured in cryo-SEM images: Dark-adaptated Cy: 58 ± 8 nm, Cr: 63 ± 6 nm. Light-adaptated Cy: 31 ± 9 nm, Cr: 60 nm ± 8 nm. The dashed line in DIII (simulated) marks the UV regime, into which the reflection of the light-adapted shifts.
Column IV: representative cryo-SEM images of the crystal-cytoplasm layer arrays.

Compl. Ref.:
Wilson, 1942 a (p.179); Oliveira, 1945 (p.191); Sewell, 1948 (p.346); M.W. Johnson, 1949 (p.238); C.B. Wilson 1950 (p.191); King & Hida, 1955 (p.11); Yamazi, 1958 (p.154, Rem.); Deevey, 1960 (p.5, Table II, annual abundance) ; Ganapati & Shanthakumari, 1962 (p.10, 16); Ahlstrom & Thrailkill, 1963 (p.57, Table 5, abundance); Björnberg, 1963 (p.89, Rem.); De Decker, 1964 (p.15, 21, 27); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.12); Neto & Paiva, 1966 (p.34, Table III); Mazza, 1966 (p.74); Séguin, 1968 (p.488); Delalo, 1968 (p.139); Deevey, 1971 (p.224); Bainbridge, 1972 (p.61, Appendix Table I: vertical distribution vs day/night, Table II: %); Binet & al., 1972 (p.73); Salah, 1971 (p.320); Björnberg, 1973 (p.370, 389); Palet, 1975 (p.660); Deevey & Brooks, 1977 (p.156, tab.2, Station "S"); Boxshall, 1977 b (p.557); Tranter, 1977 (p.596, 599); Dessier, 1979 (p.208); Chen Q-c, 1980 (p.795); Vives, 1982 (p.296); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.86); Dessier, 1983 (p.89, Tableau 1, Rem., %); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); Longhurst, 1985 (tab.2); Brinton & al., 1986 (p.228, Table 1); Renon, 1987 (tab.2); Jimenez-Perez & Lara-Lara, 1988; Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.61); Dessier, 1988 (tabl.1); Hernandez- Trujillo, 1989 a (tab.1); Cervantes-Duarte & Hernandez-Trujillo, 1989 (tab.3); Böttger-Schnack & al., 1989 (p.1089); Othman & al., 1990 (p.561, 564, Table 1); Hirakawa & al., 1990 (tab.3); Baessa De Aguiar, 1991 (1993) (p.107); Lozano, 1991 (p.174); Hernandez-Trujillo, 1991 (1993) (tab.I); Yoo, 1991 (tab.1); Kim & al., 1993 (p.270); Seguin & al., 1993 (p.23); Webber & Roff, 1995 (tab.1); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.77); Böttger-Schnack, 1995 (p.93); 1996 (p.1087); Kotani & al., 1996 (tab.2); Chae & al., 1996 (p.20); Webber & al., 1996 (tab.1); Böttger-Schnack, 1997 (p.409); Sharaf & Al-Ghais, 1997 (tab.1); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1997 (p.1525); Gilabert & Moreno, 1998 (tab.1,2); Alvarez-Cadena & al., 1998 (t.1,2,3,4); Suarez-Morales, 1998 (p.345, Table 1); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p.112); Noda & al., 1998 (p.55, Table 3, occurrence); Lavaniegos & Gonzalez-Navarro, 1999 (p.239, Appx.1); El-Serehy, 1999 (p.172, Table 1, occurrence); Neumann-Leitao & al., 1999 (p.153, tab.2); Dolganova & al., 1999 (p.13, tab.1); El-Sherif & Aboul Ezz, 2000 (p.61, Table 3: occurrence); Fernandez-Alamo & al., 2000 (p.1139, Appendix); Suarez-Morales & al., 2000 (p.751, tab.1); Lopez-Salgado & al., 2000 (tab.1); Lo & al., 2001 (1139, tab.I); Hsieh & al., 2004 (p.398, tab.1); Rezai & al., 2004 (p.490, tab.2); Lan & al., 2004 (p.332, tab.1); Lo & al.*, 2004 (p.218, fig.6); Gallienne & al., 2004 (p.5, tab.3); Lo & al., 2004 (p.89, tab.1); Kazmi, 2004 (p.231, Rem.: p.232); Smith & Madhupratap, 2005 (p.214, tab.6); Hwang & al., 2006 (p.943, tabl. I); Rakhesh & al., 2006 (p.93, Table 2, spatial distribution); Dias & Araujo, 2006 (p.90, Rem., chart); Lavaniegos & Jiménez-Pérez, 2006 (p.139, tab.2, Rem.); Hwang & al., 2007 (p.25); Rakhesh & al., 2008 (p.154, Table 5: abundance vs stations); Jitlang & al., 2008 (p.65, Table 1); Lan Y.-C. & al., 2008 (p.61, Table 2: indicator species); Tseng L.-C. & al., 2008 (p.153, Table 2, occurrence vs geographic distribution); Neumann-Leitao & al., 2008 (p.799: Tab.II, fig.6); Ayon & al., 2008 (p.238, Table 4: Peruvian samples); C.-Y. Lee & al., 2009 (p.151, Tab.2); Miyashita & al., 2009 (p.815, Tabl.II); C.E. Morales & al., 2010 (p.158, Table 1); Williamson & McGowan, 2010 (p.273, Table 3, Pacific central gyres: N and S); Dias & al., 2010 (p.230, Table 1); Medellin-Mora & Navas S., 2010 (p.265, Tab. 2); W.-B. Chang & al., 2010 (p.735, Table 2, abundance); Hsiao S.H. & al., 2011 (p.475, Appendix I); Tseng L.-C. & al., 2011 (p.47, Table 2, occurrences vs mesh sizes); Maiphae & Sa-ardrit, 2011 (p.641, Table 2, 3, Rem.); Tutasi & al., 2011 (p.791, Table 2, abundance distribution vs La Niña event); Johan & al., 2012 (2013) (p.1, Table 1); Uysal & Shmeleva, 2012 (p.909, Table I); Tseng & al., 2012 (p.621, Table 3: abundance); Lavaniegos & al., 2012 (p. 11, Appendix); Palomares-Garcia & al., 2013 (p.1009, Table I, abundance vs environmental factors); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013; M. Ohman, pers. comm.); Tseng & al., 2013 (p.507, seasonal abundance); Jagadeesan & al., 2013 (p.27, Table 3, seasonal abundance); Rakhesh & al., 2013 (p.7, Table 1, abundance vs stations); Hwang & al., 2014 (p.43, Appendix A: seasonal abundance) ; Bonecker & a., 2014 (p.445, Table II: frequency, horizontal & vertical distributions);
NZ: 18

Distribution map of Copilia mirabilis by geographical zones
Species Copilia mirabilis - Distribution map 3issued from : C. Lehnhofer in Wiss. Ergebn. dt. Tiefsee-Exped. ''Valdivia'', 1926, 23 (1). [p.159, Textfig.24].
Zoogeographical distribution of C. mirabilis.
Species Copilia mirabilis - Distribution map 4issued from : H.B. Owre & M. Foyo in Fauna Caribaea, 1, Crustacea, 1: Copepoda. Copepods of the Florida Current. 1967. [p.118, Table 58].
Vertical distribution of Copilia mirabilis at the ''40-Mile Station'' in the Florida Current ( E Miami: ± 25°35'N, 79°27'W; depth 738 m).
SL 55: 21 VII 1958. A: during midday; B: during midnight.
Species Copilia mirabilis - Distribution map 5issued from : C. de O. Dias & A.V. Araujo in Atlas Zoopl. reg. central da Zona Econ. exclus. brasileira, S.L. Costa Bonecker (Edit), 2006, Série Livros 21. [p.90].
Chart of occurrence in Brazilian waters (sampling between 22°-23° S).
Nota: sampling 3 specimens.
Loc:
South Africa (SE), Namibia, Angola, Congo, off S St. Helena Is., off S Ascension Is., G. of Guinea, Ivorian shelf, off E St. Paul Is., Cape Verde Is., off Mauritania, Canary Is., Argentina, Brazil (S, off Vitoria-Cabo de Sao Tomé, off Macaé , off Natal), Barbada Is., Caribbean Sea, Yucatan, Jamaica, Caribbean Colombia, Yucatan (Ascension Bay), G. of Mexico, Cuba, Florida, Sargasso Sea, off Bermuda (Station "S"), Delaware Bay (outside), Woods Hole, Medit. (Alboran Sea, Marseille, NW Tunisia, Malta, Lebanon Basin, Egypt), G. of Suez, Sharm El-Sheikh, Taba, G. of Aqaba, Red Sea, G. of Aden, Arabian Sea, Arabian Gulf (UAE coast, Kuwait), Sri Lanka, Madagascar (Nosy Bé), Rodrigues Is. - Seychelles, Mascarene Basin, Indian, India (G. of Mannar, Saurashtra coast, Lawson's Bay, Kakinada Bay, Godavari region), Bay of Bengal, Straits of Malacca, G. of Thailand, Indonesia-Malaysia, Bintulu coast, Philippines, Viet-Nam, Hong Kong, China Seas (Yellow Sea, East China Sea, South China Sea), Taiwan (E, S, SW, W, NW, N, NE, Mienhua Canyon), S Korea, Japan Sea, Japan, Kuchinoerabu Is., Tanabe Bay, Pacif. ( W equatorial), Pacific (central gyres: N and S), Australia (G. of Carpentaria, Great Barrier, New South Wales), New Caledonia, Pacif. (tropical), Bikini Is., Hawaii, Pacif. (equatorial central), W Baja California, Gulf of California, Bahia of los Angeles, W Mexico, G. of Tehuantepec, Clipperton Is., off Guatemala W, Galapagos-Ecuador, Peru, Chile (N, Concepcion)
N: 191
Lg.:
(45) F: 3,5-3,25; M: 5,5-5,25; (46) F: 3,5-3,25; M: 5,5-5,2; (104) F: 3,7; M: 5; (109) F: 2,5-2,3; M: 4,7-4,5; ? (135) F: 3,6; (237) F: 5,8; M: 6; (310) F: 3,76; M: 6,61-5,25; (332) F: 3,38-3,12; M: 4,47-4,23; (336) F: 3,73; (458) M: 4,95; 4,87; (530) F: 2,2; M: 3,2; (531) F: 3,2; M: 4,5; (618) F: 2,88-2,83; (651) F: 4,03-2,69; M: 5,92-5,28; (703) F: 4,1-2,2; M: 6,1-3,2; (785) F: 2,43-2,13; M: 5,12-4,56; (788) F: 3,05-2,35; M: 4,13-3,6; (794) M: 5,7-5,2; (866) F: 3,8-2,72; M: 5,4-4,41; (937) F: 3,27-3,29; (991) F: 2,20-4,10; M: 3,20-6,10; {F: 2,13-5,80; M: 3,20-6,61}
Rem.: epi-mesopelagic. Overall Depth Range in Sargasso Sea: 0-500 m (Deevey & Brooks, 1977, Station "S");
.
Copilia mirabilis platonyx Lehnhofer,1926 (M)
Ref.: Lehnhofer, 1926 (p.127, 143, figs.M); Farran, 1936 a (p.132); Dakin & Colefax, 1940 (p.109, fig.M); Sewell, 1947 (p.271, Rem.: zoogeography); Paiva, 1971 (p.40, Rem.); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.990, figs.M); Shimode & Shirayama, 2004 (tab.2)
Loc.: Arabian Sea, Maldives, Japan, Australia (Great Barrier, South New-Wales)
N: 4
Lg.: (310) M: 6,41-5,4
.
Copilia mirabilis typica Lehnhofer,1926 (F,M)
Ref.: Lehnhofer, 1926 (p.125, 135, 143, figs.F,M); Sewell, 1947 (p.270); Neto & Paiva, 1966 (p.34, Table III); Paiva, 1971 (p.40, Rem.); Chen & al., 1974 (p.76, figs.F,M); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.992, figs.M)); Conway & al., 2003 (p.226, figs.F,M, Rem.).
Loc.: Angola (Baia Farta), Atlant. équatorial, Afr. E, G. of Oman, Arabian Sea, Is. Maldives, Indonesia-Malaisia, Japan, Australia (Great Barrier).
After Kazmi (2004, p.232, both morphs present in the Arabian Sea.
See in DVP Conway & al., 2003 (version 1)

After Björnberg (1963, p.89) the species from Brazilian waters reached the highest numbers in the shelf waters with temperatures between 22.97 and 21°C.
According to Owre & Foyo (10967, p.118) this species is found between 0-1316 m and by Jonrs (1952) at all depths sampled (2 to 907 m).
Last update : 21/07/2016
    to add your remark
  

 Any use of this site for a publication will be mentioned with the following reference :

Razouls C., de Bovée F., Kouwenberg J. et Desreumaux N., 2005-2016. - Diversity and Geographic Distribution of Marine Planktonic Copepods. Available at http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr/en 
[Accessed July 25, 2016]

© copyright 2005-2016 CNRS, UPMC

Webmaster
CNRS   Observatoire Océanologique de Banyuls sur Mer - Laboratoire Arago
UPMC - Paris Universitas

 

Version française
English version

 

Search

On the WEB of CNRS

 


Marine Planktonic Copepods

Marine Planktonic Copepods

 

Imprimer Contact Accueil Plan du site Accès restreint Retour Une du Labo Imprimer Contact Plan du site Crédits Téléchargez les Plug-Ins