Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Diaptomoidea ( Superfamily )
        Acartiidae ( Family )
            Acartia ( Genus )
                Acartiura ( Sub-Genus )
Acartia (Acartiura) longiremis  (Lilljeborg, 1853)   (F,M)
Syn.: Dias longiremis Lilljeborg, 1853; Brady, 1878 (p.51); Giesbrecht, 1882; Bourne, 1889 (p.147, figs.F,M), Rem.);
no Acartia longiremis spinifer Krichagin,1873; Bradford, 1976 (p.195: Rem.)
Ref.:
Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.507, 522, figs.F,M); Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.153); Sars, 1900 (p.106); Sars, 1903 (p.149, figs.F,M); Willey, 1920 a (p.20); Steuer, 1923 (p.8, figs.F,M); Sars, 1925 (p.361); Rose, 1929 (p.47); Campbell, 1929 (p.319, Rem.); Steuer, 1929 (p.502); Wilson, 1932 a (p.165, figs.F,M); Rose, 1933 a (p.271, figs.F,M); Jespersen, 1934 (p.120, figs.30, 31, Rem.); Mori, 1937 (1964) (p.104, figs.F,M); Jespersen, 1940 (p.69); Farran, 1948 a (n°12, p.3, figs.F); Brodsky, 1950 (1967) (p.421, figs.F,M); Davis, 1949 (p.65, Rem.F,M); Marques, 1951 a (p.14, fig.M); Chiba & al., 1957 a (p.12); Grainger, 1962 (p.390, figs.juv.,M); Fish, 1962 (p.19); Marques, 1966 (p.9, fig.M); Minoda, 1971 (p.43); Sullivan & al., 1975 (p.176, fig.Md); Bradford, 1976 (p.194, fig.M, Rem.); Schnack, 1982 (p.89, figs.Mx2, Md, Mxp); Gardner & Szabo, 1982 (p.418, figs.F, M); Kos, 1985 (p.243, figs.F,M); Ohtsuka & al., 1996 b (p.153, figs.F, mouth parts, gut contents); Behrends & al., 1997 (p.594, figs.F); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.670, Pl.16: F,M); Bradford-Grieve, 1999 (n°181, p.4, figs.F,M ); Barthélémy, 1999 (p.858, 863, fig.F); 1999 a (p.9, Fig.22, G); Caudill & Bucklin, 2004 (p.91, molecular biology); G. Harding, 2004 (p.23, figs.F,M); Avancini & al., 2006 (p.110, Pl. 78, figs.F,M, Rem.);Vives & Shmeleva, 2007 (p.422, figs.F,M, Rem.)
Species Acartia (Acartiura) longiremis - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : J. M. Bradford in N.Z. J. Mar. Freshw. Res., 1976, 10 (1). [p.196, Fig.32a].
Male (From Norway): P5 (posterior view).
bar = 0.1 mm.


Species Acartia (Acartiura) longiremis - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : W. Giesbrecht in Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19. [Taf.43, Fig.25].
Male: 25, P5 (left leg); Pd = right leg).


Species Acartia (Acartiura) longiremis - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from : W. Giesbrecht in Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19. [Taf.43, Fig.17].
Female: 17, habitus (dorsal).


Species Acartia (Acartiura) longiremis - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from : W. Giesbrecht in Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19. [Taf.30, Fig.25].
Female: 25, P5


Species Acartia (Acartiura) longiremis - Plate 5 of morphological figuresissued from : G.C. Bourne in J. Mar. biol. Ass. U.K., 1889, n. ser. 1. [Pl.XII, Figs.4-6]. As Dias longiremis.
Female (from Plymouth): 5, last thoracic segment and first two urosomal segments showing the spines.

Male: 4, P5; 6, caudal rami (dorsal).


Species Acartia (Acartiura) longiremis - Plate 6 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori in The pelagic Copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (2nd edit., 1964). [Pl.51, Figs.6-10].
Female: 7, habitus (dorsal); 8, forehead (ventral); 10, P5.

Male: 6, habitus (dorsal); 9, P5.


Species Acartia (Acartiura) longiremis - Plate 7 of morphological figuresissued from : R.-M. Bathélémy in J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K., 1999, 79. [p.860, Fig.3, G].
Scanning electon miccrograph. Female (from Polar Sea): G, genital area (external ventral view); note the two lengthened genital slits (small arrows) each protected by a lamellar flap (arrowheads).
Scale bar: 0.0.030 mm.
Symbol: * = fixation site of the spermatophore.


Species Acartia (Acartiura) longiremis - Plate 8 of morphological figuresissued from : A. Steuer in Arb. zool. Inst. Innsbruck, 1923, 1 (5). [p.8, Figs. 15, 16, 18].
Female: 15, urosome (dorsolateral).Male: 16, urosome (dorsal); 18, P5.


Species Acartia (Acartiura) longiremis - Plate 9 of morphological figuresissued from : A. Steuer in Arb. zool. Inst. Innsbruck, 1923, 1 (5). [Taf. II, Figs.4, 5].
Female: genital segment (lateral); 5, idem (ventral).


Species Acartia (Acartiura) longiremis - Plate 10 of morphological figuresissued from : G. Harding in Key to the adullt pelagic calanoid copepods found over the continental shelf of the Canadian Atlantic coast. Bedford Inst. Oceanogr., Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, 2004. [p.23].
Female & Male.


Species Acartia (Acartiura) longiremis - Plate 11 of morphological figuresissued from : S.B. Schnack in Crustacean Issue, 1989, 6. [p.140, Fig.3].
Mx2 (m2) and Mxp (mx) of Acartia longiremis.

Nota: In the genus Acartia the Mxp are smaller than the Mx2, although they belong to the mixed-mode feeders (see in Conover, 1956; Gauld, 1966; Schnack, 1982 a).


Species Acartia (Acartiura) longiremis - Plate 12 of morphological figuresissued from : B.K. Sullivan, C.B. Miller, W.T. Peterson & A.H. Soeldner in Mar. Biol., 1975, 30. [p.179, Fig.4, C].
Acartia longiremis (from 44°40'N, 124°10'W) female: C, SEM of right Md (detail of the ventral end).


Species Acartia (Acartiura) longiremis - Plate 13 of morphological figuresIssued from : S. Ohtsuka, M. Shimozu, A. Tanimura, M. Fukuchi, H. Hattori, H. Sasaki & O. Matsuda in Proc. NIPR Symp. Polar Biol., 1996, 9. [p.157, Fig.3].
Acartia longiremis Female (from Bering Sea, Chukchi Sea): A, Mandibular cutting efge; B, dorsal teeth of mandibular cutting edge;C, Maxilla praecoxal and coxal endites (arrowed).
Scale 10 µm (A, C); 5 µm (B).

Compl. Ref.:
Vanhöffen, 1897 a (p.281); Mrazek, 1902 (p.510, 523); I.C. Thompson, 1903 a (p.31); Thompson & Scott, 1903 (p.236, 254); Lysholm, 1913 (p.7); Rose, 1926 (p.47, Rem.); Wilson, 1932 (p.20); Jespersen, 1939 (p.71, Rem.); Bogorov, 1939 b (p.707); Wilson, 1942 a (p.169); Lysholm & al., 1945 (p.42); Sewell, 1948 (p.367, 483, 487); C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.155); Gundersen, 1953 (p.1, 24, Table 20, seasonal abundance); Deevey, 1960 (p.5, tab.II, annual abundance); M.W. Johnson, 1961 (p.311, Table 2); Bowman, 1961 (p.206, Rem.); Fagetti, 1962 (p.37) ; Grice, 1962 a (p.101); Fish, 1962 (p.19, fig.F, Rem.); Björnberg, 1963 (p.67, Rem.); Northcote & al., 1964 (p.1069, Table II); Martin, 1965 (p.188); Mazza, 1966 (p.72); Motoda, 1966 (p.260); Ehrhardt, 1967 (p.741, geographic distribution, Rem.); Matthews, 1967 (p.159, Table 1, Rem.); Pertsova, 1967 (p.240); Evans, 1968 (p.11); Vinogradov, 1968 (1970) (p.51); Shih & al., 1971 (p.30, 142, 200); Salah, 1971 (p.320); Apostolopoulou, 1972 (p.329, 371); Björnberg, 1973 (p.353); Arndt & Heidecke, 1973 (p.599, 603); Eriksson, 1973 (p.37, fig.22-25, annual cycle); 1973 b (p.113, 117); Peterson & Miller, 1975 (p.650); Lakkis & Abboud, 1976 (p.81); Eriksson, 1976 (p.155, annual cycle-temperature occurrences); Davis C.C., 1976 (p.37, fig.2, reproductive characteristics); Falconetti & Seguin, 1977 (p.188); Gibson & Grice, 1977 (p.85, Table 1, copper pollution); Kolosova, 1978 (p.320); Hernroth, 1978 (p.1, Rem.: p.5); Peterson & al., 1979 (p.467, Table 1, fig.7, 10); Lee & McAlice, 1979 (p.228, annual cycle); Gagnon & Lacroix, 1981 (p.401, fig.5, Table 1, tidal effect); 1982 (p.9, fig.4, Table I); Citarella, 1982 (p.791, 798: listing, frequency, Tableau II, V); Mackas & Sefton, 1982 (p.1173, Table 1); Buchanan & Sekerak, 1982 (p.41, vertical distribution); Vives, 1982 (p.295); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.85); Turner & Dagg, 1983 (p.16); Gagnon & Lacroix, 1983 (p.289, fig.2, Table III, tidal estuary); Huntley & al., 1983 (p.143, Table 2); Chojnacki, 1983 a (p.435, length-weight relation); Chojnacki & Hussein, 1983 (p.53, Table 5, length-weight); Maranda & Lacroix, 1983 (p.247, estuary); Nishiyama & Hirano, 1983 (p.159, Table 4: length-weight); Hernroth, 1983 (p.835, Rem.: p.840); Tremblay & Anderson, 1984 (p.3); De Ladurantaye & al., 1984 (p.21, tab.I, fig.3, 4, 5, advective processes in fjord); Regner, 1985 (p.11, Rem.: p.39); Mackas & Anderson, 1986 (p.115, Table 2); Yamamoto & Nishizawa, 1986 (p.1729, horizontal distribution); Mikhailovsky, 1986 (p.83, Table 1, ecological modelling); Tiselius, 1988 (p.215, grazing); Springer & al., 1989 (p.359, Fig.5), Citarella, 1989 (p.123, abundance); Lakkis, 1990 (p.63); Marcus, 1990 (p.414: tab.1); Norrbin & al., 1990 (p.205, lipids: seasonal variation); Coyle & al., 1990 (p.763); Fransz & al., 1991 (p.10); Shih & Marhue, 1991 (tab.2, 3); Conover & Huntley, 1991 (p.1, fig.4, Table 2, 3); Naas & al., 1991 (p.161, natural production in mesocosm ecosystem); Norrbin, 1992 §P1, life history, egg production); Viitasalo, 1992 (tab.2); Seguin & al., 1993 (p.23); Norrbin, 1994 (p.115, gonad maturation, sex ratio); Vinogradov & al., 1994 (tab.1); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.66); Krause & al., 1995 (p.81, Rem.: p.138); Petryashov & al., 1995 (tab.1); Kotani & al., 1996 (tab.2); Abramova, 1996 (tab.1); Norrbin, 1996 (p.99, life history, timing of diapause); Behrends & al., 1997 (p.594); Hanssen, 1997 (tab.3.1); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.103); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a. (p107); Tsuda & al., 1998 (p.1944, copepod gut content vs. predator); Kosobokova & al., 1998 (tab.2); Mauchline, 1998 (tab.21, 38, 40, 48, 58); Gomez-Gutiérrez & Peterson, 1999 (p.637); Halvorsen & Tande, 1999 (p.279, fig.3); Bragina, 1999 (p.196); Abramova, 1999 (p.161, Table 2); B.W. Hansen & al., 1999 (p.233, seasonal abundance & biomass); Harvey & al., 1999 (p.1, 49: Appendix 5, in ballast water vessel); Kosobokova & Hirche, 2000 (p.2029, tab.2); Levinsen & al., 2000 (p.65); Harvey & al., 2001 (p.481); Belmonte & Potenza, 2001 (p.174); Musaeva & Suntsov, 2001 (p.511, tab.1); Mackas & al., 2001 (p.685, Tab. 3, 6, fig.3: interannual changes in species composition); Peterson & al., 2002 (p.353); Yamaguchi & al., 2002 (p.1007, tab.1); Beaugrand al., 2002 (p.179, figs.5, 6); Sameoto & al., 2002 (p.11); Ringuette & al., 2002 (p.5081, Table 1); Zerouali & Melhaoui, 2002 (p.91, Tableau I); Mackas & Galbraith, 2002 (p.725, tab.2a, 2b, fig.6,6,7); 2002 a (p.423, Table 2); Peters & Hagen, 2003 (p.197); Vukanic, 2003 (p.139, tab.1); Kosobokova & al., 2003 (p.697, tab.2); Daly Yahia & al., 2004 (p.366, fig.4); Park, W & al., 2004 (p.464, tab.1); Gislason & Astthorsson, 2004 (p.472, tab.1); CPR, 2004 (p.48, fig.132); Mackas & al., 2004 (p.875, Table 2); Peters & al., 2004 (p.227, fatty acids); Mackas & Coyle, 2005 (p.707, fig.7); Choi & al., 2005 (p.710: Tab.III); Zamon & Welch, 2005 (p.133, fig.5); Manning & Bucklin, 2005 (p.233, Table 1, fig.5, fig.12); Mackas & al., 2005 (p.1011, 1021, tab.2); Mackas & al., 2006 (L22S07, Table 2); Hooff & Peterson, 2006 (p.2610); Ware & McQueen, 2006 (p.28, Table B1, weight ranges); Durbin & Casas, 2006 (p.2537, Table 2b); Papastephanou & al., 2006 (p.3078, Table 3); Hop & al., 2006 (p.182, Table 4); Deibel & Daly; 2007 (p.271, Table 4, Rem.: Arctic polynyas); Blachowiak-Samolyk & al., 2007 (p.2716, Table 2); Schulz J. & al., 2007 (p.47, vertical zonation analysis); Chojnacki & al., 2007 (p.44, Table 2); Khelifi-Touhami & al., 2007 (p.327, Table 1); Valdés & al., 2007 (p.104: tab.1); Blachowiak-Samolyk & al., 2008 (p.2210, Table 3, biomass, composition vs climatic regimes); Humphrey, 2008 (p.83: Appendix A); Darnis & al., 2008 (p.994, Table 1); Ohtsuka & al., 2008 (p.115, Table 5); Coyle & al., 2008 (p.1775, fig.11, abundance); DFO, 2009 (p.1, fig. 13, seasonal variability); Calliari & Tiselius, 2009 (p.111); Hopcroft & al., 2009 (p.9, Table 3); Dvoretsky & Dvoretsky, 2009 a (p.11, Table 2, abundance); Homma & Yamaguchi, 2010 (p.965, Table 2); Hopcroft & al., 2010 (p.27, Table 1, 2, fig.9); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.423); Medellin-Mora & Navas S., 2010 (p.265, Tab. 2); Fazeli & al., 2010 (p.153, Table 1, as longirenis); Dvoretsky & Dvoretsky, 2010 (p.991, Table 2); Kosobokova & al, 2011 (p.29, Table 2, 3, Fig.4, Rem.: Arctic Basins); Salah S. & al., 2011 (Tableau 1); Maiphae & Sa-ardrit, 2011 (p.641, Table 2); Homma & al., 2011 (p.29, Table 2, abundance, feeding pattern: suspension feeders); Matsuno & al., 2012 (Table 2); Postel, 2012 (p.327, Table 1, Fig.6); DiBacco & al., 2012 (p.483, Table S1, ballast water transport); Sigurdardottir, 2012 (p.1, Table 2.3); Volkov, 2012 (p.474, Table 6, abundance, distribution); Gusmao & al., 2013 a (p.300, Rem., sex ratio); Schulz J. & al., 2012 (p.3, abundance vs. hydrography); Gusmao & al., 2013 a (p.300, Rem., sex ratio); Irvine & Crawford, 2013 (p.1, Rem.: p.59, anomaly time series); Dvoretsky & Dvoretsky, 2012 (p.1321, Table 2, 3, 4, 5, abundance, biomass, production); Gusmao & al., 2013 (p.279, Table 3, fig.1, sex-specific predation by fish, fig.4: seasonal variation of sex ratio); Ohashi & al., 2013 (p.44, Table 1); Questel & al., 2013 (p.23, Table 3, interannual abundance & biomass, 2008-2010)
NZ: 20

Distribution map of Acartia (Acartiura) longiremis by geographical zones
Species Acartia (Acartiura) longiremis - Distribution map 3
Chart of 1996
Species Acartia (Acartiura) longiremis - Distribution map 4issued from : P. Jespersen, 1939 in Meddr Grønland, 1939, 119 (9). [p.71, Fig. 31].
The occurrence of Acartia longiremis at the ''Dana'' stations 1931-1933.
black circles: positive occurrence; x: negative occurrence.
Species Acartia (Acartiura) longiremis - Distribution map 5issued from : S. Eriksson in ZOON, 1976, 4. [p.157, Fig.2].
Seasonal distribution of neritic copepod Acartia longiremis off Gothenburg (Göteborg), The Skattegatt. (Monthly means for adult specimens during 1968-1973; point : inshore, depth = 10 m; x: offshore, depth > 40 m.
The congeneric species A. clausi and A. longiremis have a tendency for seasonal separation and different temperature optima.
Species Acartia (Acartiura) longiremis - Distribution map 6issued from : S. Eriksson in ZOON, 1976, 4. [p.159, Fig.3, e].
Temperature occurrence of neritic copepod Acartia longiremis off Gothenburg (Göteborg), The Skattegatt.
Surface salinity of the investigation area varies around 25 p.1000 and the deep water slinity around 34 p.1000. There is a temperature stratification with surface water warmer than 10°C from May to October with maximum of 20°C in August. The coldest period is January to March with surface temperatures of 1-2°C. The deep water ranges between 5 and 10°C.
The hauls were horizontal at 2, 20, and 40 m.
Limits subjectively regarded as the optimum temperature range: - 1 to 16°C.
Species Acartia (Acartiura) longiremis - Distribution map 7issued from : S. Eriksson in ZOON, 1973, 1. [p.59, Fig.25].
Size distribution of adult females of Acartia longiremis (offshore station H6:11°30' N, 57°40'.5 E, The Kattegatt) during 1969-70 in the main series.
Species Acartia (Acartiura) longiremis - Distribution map 8issued from : S. Eriksson in Mar. Biol., 1974, 26. [p.320, Figs. 2-3]
Salinity and temperature curves for main series at offshore station H6 (11°30' N, 57°40'.5 E, The Kattegatt) from March 1968 to November 1970.
Species Acartia (Acartiura) longiremis - Distribution map 9issued from : J. Chojnacki & M.M. Hussein in Zesz. nauk. Akad. Roln. Szczec., 1983, 103. [p.55, Fig.1].
Total length - weight relationship in selected copepod species (copepodites I to V and adults) from the eastern sector of the Southern Baltic Sea.

Animals preserved in 4 % formalin and lengths in different copepodites and adults stages measured under stereomicroscope. Volume et weight calculated according to the simplified formula (Chojnacki & al., 1980). The results in fig. 1 present mean Lt (total length values for different developmental stades (nauplii not examined) by season and area.
Species Acartia (Acartiura) longiremis - Distribution map 10issued from : J. Chojnacki & M.M. Hussein in Zesz. nauk. Akad. Roln. Szczec., 1983, 103. [p.54].
Total length - weight relationship calculated according to the simplified formula proposed by J. Chojnacki, P. Ciszewski & Z. Witek, 1980).
Species Acartia (Acartiura) longiremis - Distribution map 11issued from : J. Chojnacki in Int. Revue ges. Hydrobiol., 1983, 68 (3). [p.436, Fig.1].
Length-weight relationship determined by geometrical method (pattern from calanoid-form Pseudocalanus elongatus).
Lc = cephalothorax length; La = urosome length; Lan = antennula length; h : cephalothorax height; Ra = diameter of urosome cross-section; Ran = diameter of antennula cross-section.
A conversion factor of 1.025, reflecting the density (g per cm3) of the coastal Baltic water.
The correlation coefficient for the relationship studied was found to be about 0.96.
Species Acartia (Acartiura) longiremis - Distribution map 12Issued from : M.F. Norrbin in J. Plankton Res., 1994, 16 (2). [p.118, Fig.2].
Gonad maturation in A. longiremis adult females (dorsal view) from Balsfjorden (Tromsø, Norway). A: Resting stage, ovary (O) with multiplication zone. B: Maturing stage with extending diverticulae (d), maturing oocytes and visible oviducts (od). C: Reproductive female before or between broods (overwintering specimen, April 1986). D: Reproductive female under good feeding conditions (June 1986).
Species Acartia (Acartiura) longiremis - Distribution map 13Issued from : Jan Schulz & coll. in Progr. Oceanogr., 2012, 107; [p.8, Fig.4 [modified]);
Seasonal patterns in the abundance of Acartia longiremis in the Bornholm Basin (central Baltic Sea) between March 2002 and May 2003. The scaling is normalised to one and vertical lines indicate sampling dates.
Sampling performed in stacked, 10m intervals from a few meters above the seafloor to the surface with a multinet (Hydro-bios, Kiel, 50 µm mesh size) on nine focus stations.
Compare with annual cycle in Acartia bifilosa, Centropages hamatus, Temora longicornis, Oithona similis and other forms.
Species Acartia (Acartiura) longiremis - Distribution map 14Issued from : Jan Schulz & coll. in Progr. Oceanogr., 2012, 107; [p.6, Fig.2].
Vertical profiles of temperature, salinity and oxygen in the central Bornholm Basin (Baltic Sea) at position 55.3016° N, 15.7966° E.
Loc:
off Moroco, S Brazil, Barbada Is., Caribbean Colombia (Darién), Cuba, Sargasso Sea, Azores, Chesapeake Bay, Delaware Bay (outside primarily), Narragansett Bay, Woods Hole, Long Island, Damariscotta estuary, Georges Bank, Baie de Fundy, Halifax, Shédiac Bay, Northumberland Strait, G. du St. Laurent, upper St. Lawrence estuary, Saguenay fjord, off Nova Scotia E, Newfoundland, James Bay, Baffin Bay, Greenland, Fram Strait, Spitsbergen, Kongsfjorden, Iceland, Arct., Barrow Strait, off Alaska N, Norway (Tromsø fjords, Raunefjorden, Svartnes, Hakøybotn Fjord), White Sea, Barents Sea, Pechora Sea, Amundsen basin, upper St. Lawrence estyary, St. Lawrence Island, Anadyr Strait, Shpanberg Strait, Féroé, Spitzberg, Barents Sea, Kara Sea, North Sea, Skagerrak, Gullmar Fjord, Kattegat, Kiel Bay, Lübeck Bay, Gulf of Mecklenburger, Baltic Sea, Bornholm Basin, English Channel, Ireland, off Cape Finisterre, Cap Ghir, Baie Ibéro-marocaine, Medit. (Alboran Sea, Algiers, G of Annaba NW, Ligurian Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea, Malta, Adriatic Sea, Aegean Sea, Libanon, Alexandrie, Port Said), Suez, Red Sea, Gulf of Oman, SE Indian, G. of Thailand, Philippines, China Seas (Yellow Sea, East China Sea), off Taiwan, S Korea, Japan, Station Knot, Pacif. NW, Bering Sea, S Aleutian Basin,New Siberia Is., Laptev Sea, Chupa Inlet, Chukchi Sea, Beaufort Sea, Alaska, Icy Strait, Station "P", British Columbia, Fjord system (Alice Arm & Hastings Arm), Hecate Strait, Portland Inlet, Vancouver Is., Nitinat Lake, Oregon (coast, Yaquina, off Newport), San Francisco Bay, off Californie, California, G. of California, Is. Samoa, Hawaii, Galapagos SW, N Chile
N: 224
Lg.:
(45) F: 1,1-0,9; M: 1-0,8; (46) F: 1,08-0,98; M: 0,9; (59) F: 1,3-0,98; M: 1,1-0,9; (65) F: 1,25; M: 1,05; (91) F: 1,33-0,95; M: 1,1-0,9; (141) F: 1,25; M: 1,05; (164) F: 1,25; M: 1,053-1; (208) F: 1,24; M: 1,15; (237) F: 1,25; M: 1,10; (280) F: 1,35-0,96; (796) F: 1,07-0,84; M: 1,08-0,88; (866) F: 1-1,4; (920) F: 1,15; (1123) F: 1,159-0,802; M: 1,175-0,659; {F: 0,802-1,159; M: 0,659-1,175}
Rem.: epi-mesopelagic.
For Jespersen (1939, p.72) the species seems to be of rather scattered occurrence along the coast of East Greenland, but extends far towards north, identified in the waters north of Spitsbergen in about 81°30'N (Farran, 1936).
According to Bourne (1889, p.147) this species is one of the most common near Plymouth at all seasons of the year.
The presence of this form in the Indian Ocean is rarely reported (Chiba & al., 1957 a).
For Björnberg (1963, p.67) this species is registered for the first time in brazilian coastal and oceanic waters; it was more abundant in a sample from cold southern surface waters (21.09-15.41°C temperature and 35.17-36.88 p.1000 salinity).
Acartia longiremis spiniremis Pinhey, 1926 (M)
Ref.: Pinhey, 1926 (p.8, fig.M); Grainger, 1962 (p.392); Bradford, 1976 (p.195, Rem.)
Loc.: Atlant. NW (Détroit de Belle Isle)
Last update : 29/05/2014
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