Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Diaptomoidea ( Superfamily )
        Acartiidae ( Family )
            Acartia ( Genus )
                Odontacartia ( Sub-Genus )
Acartia (Odontacartia) erythraea  Giesbrecht, 1889   (F,M)
Syn.: Acartia erythräa Giesbrecht, 1889; 1892 (p.508, 523, figs.F,M);
? Acartia laxa Dana,1849; Brady, 1883 (p.73, figs.F, Rem.).
Ref.:
Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.155); Wolfenden, 1905 (1906) (p.1023); A. Scott, 1909 (p.187, Rem.); Sewell, 1912 (p.354, 377); Pesta, 1912 a (p.53, figs.F,M); 1913 (p.32); Sewell, 1914 a (p.241); Steuer, 1923 (p.30, figs.F,M, Rem.); Früchtl, 1924 b (p.58, 60, Rem.); Sewell, 1932 (p.396); 1933 (p.29); Mori, 1937 (1964) (p.102, figs.F); Sewell, 1947 (p.252); Chiba, 1956 (p.38, 50, figs. Juv.F, figs.F,M, Descr.M); Chiba & al., 1957 (p.310); 1957 a (p.12); Chen & Zhang, 1965 (p.113, figs.F,M); Saraswathy, 1966 (1967) (p.85); Kasahara & al., 1974 (p.170, fig. egg); Marques, 1982 (p.768, figs.F,M); Yoo & Hue, 1983 (p.11, figs.F,M); Nishida, 1985 (p.137); Ueda, 1986 a (p.16, 18, figs.F,M, Rem.); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.672, Pl.21,22: F,M); Conway & al., 2003 (p.101, figs.F,M, Rem.); Mulyadi, 2004 (p.143, figs.F,M, Rem.); Ferrari & Ueda, 2005 (p.341, figs. juv, F,M); Ferrari & Dahms, 2007 (p.70, fig.25.); Phukham, 2008 (p.55, figs.F,M).
Species Acartia (Odontacartia) erythraea - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from: Q.-c Chen & S.-z. Zhang in Studia Marina Sinica, 1965, 7. [Pl.50, 1-6].
Female (from E China Sea): 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, forehead (ventral); 3, urosome (dorsal); 4, right P5 (anterior).
Male: 5, urosome (dorsal); 6, P5 (posterior).


Species Acartia (Odontacartia) erythraea - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : W. Giesbrecht in Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19. [Taf.43, Fig.13].
Female: 13, habitus (dorsal).


Species Acartia (Odontacartia) erythraea - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from : W. Giesbrecht in Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19. [Taf.43, Fig.12].
Male: 12, thoracic segment 5 and urosome (dorsal).


Species Acartia (Odontacartia) erythraea - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from : W. Giesbrecht in Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19. [Taf.30, Fig.5].
Male: 5, right A1 (segments 18 and 19-21).


Species Acartia (Odontacartia) erythraea - Plate 5 of morphological figuresissued from : W. Giesbrecht in Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19. [Taf.30, Fig.32].
Male: 32, P5.


Species Acartia (Odontacartia) erythraea - Plate 6 of morphological figuresissued from : W. Giesbrecht in Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19. [Taf.30, Fig.19].
Female: 19, P5.


Species Acartia (Odontacartia) erythraea - Plate 7 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori in The pelagic Copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (2nd edit., 1964). [Pl.50, Figs.1-4].
Female: 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, P5; 3, A1; 4, forehead (frontal view).


Species Acartia (Odontacartia) erythraea - Plate 8 of morphological figuresissued from : A. Steuer in Arb. zool. Inst. Innsbruck, 1923, 1 (5). [Taf. III, Figs.23, 24].
Female: 23, genital segment (lateral); 24, idem (ventral).


Species Acartia (Odontacartia) erythraea - Plate 9 of morphological figuresIssued from : G.S. Brady in Rep. Scient. Results Voy. Challenger, Zool., 1883, 8 (23). [Pl.XXXII, Figs.1-11]. With doubt as Acartia laxa
Female: 1,habitus (dorsal); 2, A1; 3, A2; 4, Md; 5, Mx1; 6, Mx2; 7, Mxp; 8, P1; 9, exopodite of one of the swimming leg; 10, P5; 11, last thoracic segment and urosome.


Species Acartia (Odontacartia) erythraea - Plate 10 of morphological figuresissued from : N. Phukham in Species diversity of calanoid copepods in Thai waters, Andaman Sea (Master of Science, Univ. Bangkok). 2008. [p.140, Fig.14].
Female (from W Malay Peninsula): a, habitus (dorsal); b, A1; c, proximal segments of A1; d, distal part of thorax and urosome (dorsal); e, P5.

Male: f, habitus (dorsal); g, posterior part of thorax and urosome (dorsal); h, P5.

Body length after the drawings: F = 1.267 mm; M = 1.183 mm.


Species Acartia (Odontacartia) erythraea - Plate 11 of morphological figuresissued from : Mulyadi in Published by Res. Center Biol., Indonesia Inst. Sci. Bogor, 2004. [p.143, Fig.81].
Female (from Indonesian Seas): a, habitus (dorsal); b, posterior part of last thoracic segment and urosome (dorsal); c, proximal segments of A1; d-h, P1 to P5.

Male: i, habitus (dorsal); j, P5.


Species Acartia (Odontacartia) erythraea - Plate 12 of morphological figuresIssued from : R. Hirota & S. Uno in Bull. Plankton Soc. Japan, 1977, 24 (2). [p.80, Fig.3, E].
Pelagic eggs of Acartia erythraea from vicinity of Amakusa-Matsushima (western Kyushu, Japan).


Species Acartia (Odontacartia) erythraea - Plate 13 of morphological figuresIssued from : M. Chihara & M. Murano in An Illustrated Guide to Marine Plankton in Japan, 1997. [p.679, Pl. 21, fig.13 a-d].
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, A1 (proximal segments); c, last thoracic segment and urosome (dorsal); d, P5.
Nota: numbers show caracteristics of this species to compare with A. bispinosa, A. japonica, A. pacifica.


Species Acartia (Odontacartia) erythraea - Plate 14 of morphological figuresIssued from : M. Chihara & M. Murano in An Illustrated Guide to Marine Plankton in Japan, 1997. [p.680, Pl. 22, fig.13 a-d].
Male: a, habitus (dorsal); b, last thoracic segment and urosome (dorsal); c, same (lateral, right side); d, P5.
Nota: numbers show caracteristics of this species to compare with A. bispinosa, A. japonica, A. pacifica.

Compl. Ref.:
Thompson & Scott, 1903 (p.236, 254); Carl, 1907 (p.12); Sewell, 1948 (p.357); Krishnaswamy, 1953 (p.139); Yamazi, 1958 (p.152, Rem.); Ganapati & Shanthakumari, 1962 (p.9, 15); Delalo, 1968 (p.138, as aerythraea); Wellershaus, 1969 (p.276); Patel, 1975 (p.660); Kasahara & al., 1975 (p.25, eggs, cycles); Tranter, 1977 (p.596); Carter, 1977 (1978) (p.36); Hanaoka, 1977 (p.267, 301, abundance); Hirota & Uno, 1977 (p.77, fig. egg, seasonal abundance); Sreekumaran Nair & al., 1981 (p.493), Grice & Marcus, 1981 (p.125, Dormant eggs, Rem.: p.132, 135, 136); Hirota 1981 (p.19, Table 1, length-weight-CHN); Ueda & al., 1983 (p.165, Table 1, 2, 4 swarms); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); Uye & al., 1984 (p.390, fig.5, resting eggs-survival); Madhupratap & Haridas, 1986 (p.105, tab.2); Mitra & al., 1990 (fig.3); Yoo, 1991 (tab.1); Yoo & al., 1991 (p.258); Dai & al., 1991 (tab.1); Godhantaraman, 1994 (tab.5, 6, 7); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.66); Kotani & al., 1996 (tab.2); Marcus, 1996 (p.143); Ohno & al., 1996 (p.231, fig.2); Sharaf & Al-Ghais, 1997 (tab.1); Go & al., 1997 (tab.1, as Acarita: lapsus calami); Ramaiah & Nair, 1997 (tab.1); Achuthankutty & al., 1998 (p.1, Table 2); Hsieh & Chiu, 1998 (tab.2); Wong & al, 1998 (tab.2); Mauchline, 1998 (tab.40); Dolganova & al., 1999 (p.13, tab.1); Ueda & al., 2000 (tab.1); Dalal Goswami, 2001 (p.22, fig.2); Hwang & al., 2003 (p.193, tab.2); Shimode & Shirayama, 2004 (p.607, tab.1, 2); Rezai & al., 2004 (p.486, tab.2, 3, abundance); Lo & al., 2004 (p.468, tab.2); Yin & al., 2004 (p.3); Kurihara & al., 2004 (p.721, Rem.: CO2 effects); Zuo & al., 2006 (p.163: tab.1); Rakhesh & al., 2006 (p.93, Table 2, spatial distribution); Hwang & al., 2006 (p.943, tab.I); Dur & al., 2007 (p.197, Table IV); McKinnon & al., 2008 (p.843: Tab.I, p.848: Tab. IV); Ohtsuka & al., 2008 (p.115, Table 4, 5); Rakhesh & al., 2008 (p.154, abundance vs stations); Ayon & al., 2008 (p.238, Table 4: Peruvian samples); Hwang & al., 2009 (p.49, fig. 4, 5); Cornils & al., 2010 (p.2076, Table 3, Fig.5); Fazeli & al., 2010 (p.153, Table 1); W.-B. Chang & al., 2010 (p.735, Table 2, abundance); Maiphae & Sa-ardrit, 2011 (p.641, Table 2); Saitoh & al., 2011 (p.85, Table 5); Johan & al., 2012 (2013) (p.1, Table 1); Mulyadi & Rumengan, 2012 (p.202, Rem.: p.204); Tseng & al., 2012 (p.621, Table 3: abundance); Jose & al., 2012 (p.20, fig.3 a,b,c: % vs monsoon); Yoshida & al., 2012 (p.644, fig.1, 3, Table 1, egg development time and hatching vs temperature); Jagadeesan & al., 2013 (p.27, Table 3, 4, 5, 6, fig.11, seasonal abundance); Anjusha & al., 2013 (p.40, Table 3, abundance & feeding behavior); Rakhesh & al., 2013 (p.7, Table 1, abundance vs stations); Hwang & al., 2014 (p.43, Appendix A: seasonal abundance).
NZ: 8

Distribution map of Acartia (Odontacartia) erythraea by geographical zones
Species Acartia (Odontacartia) erythraea - Distribution map 2
Chart of 1996
Species Acartia (Odontacartia) erythraea - Distribution map 3issued from : C.T. Achuthankutty, N. Ramaiah & G. Padmavati in Pelagic biogeograpgy ICoPB II. Proc. 2nd Intern. Conf. Final report of SCOR/IOC working group 93, 9-14 July 1995. Workshop Report No. 142, Unesco, 1998. [p.8, Fig.6].
Salinity ranges for A. erythraea in coastal and estuarine waters of Goa (India).
Shaded area indicates the range of higher abundance.
Species Acartia (Odontacartia) erythraea - Distribution map 4issued from : S. Kasahara, S. Uye & T. Onbé in Mar. Biol.,; 1975, 31. [p.26, Fig.4].
Seasonal cycles of abundance of Acartia erythraea populations and eggs in sea-bottom mud from Sensui-jima (Fukuyama, Japan).
Plankton collected in vertical hauls from 1.5 m above the bottom to the surface (copepods adults and late copepodids. Bottom sediment consisting of soft mud, collected by means of an Eckman-Birge grab-sampler.
Species Acartia (Odontacartia) erythraea - Distribution map 5
Loc:
Suez Canal, Red Sea, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Sea, G. Persian, SE South Africa (Durban, Natal), Indian, Laccadive Is., Maldives Is., Seychelles , India (G. of Mannar, Palk Bay, Saurashtra coast, Mangalore coast, S, Bombay, Goa, Trivandrum coast, Madras, Lawson's Bay, Mandarmani), Sri Lanka, E India (coast, Godavari region, Kakinada Bay), Bay of Bengal, Nicobar Is., S Burma, Straits of Malacca, E Thailand, Nankauri Harbour, Kurau Riv., W Malay Peninsula (Andaman Sea), Cilacap Bay, off Labuan, Indonesian Seas (Jakarta-Seribu Islands, off Tegal, off Surabaya, SW Celebes), Australia (W, Shark Bay, North West Cape, G. of Carpentaria), Indonesia-Malaysia, Bintulu coast, Viet-Nam (Cauda Bay), Hainan (Sanya Bay), China Seas (South China Sea, East China Sea, Yellow Sea, Xiamen Harbour), Taiwan (S, N, SW, Tapong Bay, off Danshuei River, NE), Okinawa, S Korea, Japan Sea, Japan (Tanabe Bay, Fukuyama harbor, Inland Sea), W Pacif. (equatorial), Palau Is., off Peru
N: 103
Lg.:
46) F: 1,25; M: 1,1; (164) F: 1,378-1,274; M: 1,196-1,183; (172) F: 1,33; M: 1,18; (290) F: 1,45-1,5; M: 1,35-1,4; (530) F: 1,2; M: 1,1; (795) F: 1,2; M: 1; (866) F: 1,1-1,5; M: 1,1-1,4; (991) F: 1,4; M: 1,2; (1122) F: 1,15; M: 1,08; {F: 1,10-1,50; M: 1,00-1,40}
Rem.: estuary-neritic.
Thompson (1900 c, p.284) suggests that Acartia laxa could be a synonym of A. erythraea taken into account its locality record of origin (Sulu Sea).
Acartia erythraea brehmi Früchtl,1923 (F,M)
Ref.: Früchtl, 1923 (p.449,451); 1924 b (p.58,60, figs.)
Loc.: Indonesia-Malyasia
Acartia erythraea valdiviae Steuer,1923 (F,M)
Ref.: Steuer, 1923 (p.31, figs.F,M); Früchtl, 1923 (p.449); 1924 b (p.58)
Loc.: Molucca Is.
See Acartia australis Table 1 from Ueda (1986, p.18).


See in DVP Conway & al., 2003 (version 1)


After Ueda & al., 1983 (p.167: Table 2 & p.169: Table 4) at Maizuru Bay (Japan): (1)-Shape and diameter of swarm, (2)-depth (m), (3)- swarming position, (4)-number of samples examined, (5)-Mean % of adults (range), (6)- Mean % of females among adults (range) :
(1)- irregular balls (10-30 cm); (2)- o.5-1.5 m; (3)- over white objects; (4)- 3; (5)- 93.5 (85.7-98.3); (6)- 92.9 (89.2-95.8).

Mulyadi (2004, p.151) the species is principally neritic (euryhaline marine).
Last update : 13/10/2014
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