Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Diaptomoidea ( Superfamily )
        Acartiidae ( Family )
            Acartia ( Genus )
                Acartia ( Sub-Genus )
Acartia (Acartia) negligens  Dana, 1849   (F,M)
Syn.: Acartia neglecta Car & Hadzi, 1914 a;
Acartia (Planktacartia) negligens : Rose, 1929 (p.48); Vervoort, 1965 (p.196, Rem.); Phukham, 2008 (p.57, figs.F); W.-B. Chang & al., 2010 (p.735, Table 2, abundance); Tseng & al., 2012 (p.621, Table 3: abundance)
Ref.:
Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.508, 522, 770, figs.F); Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.154); A. Scott, 1909 (p.188, Rem.); Wolfenden, 1911 (p.357); Sewell, 1914 a (p.241); Pesta, 1920 (p.548); Steuer, 1923 (p.35, figs.F,M); Früchtl, 1924 b (p.61); Sars, 1925 (p.362); Rose, 1929 (p.48); Farran, 1929 (p.210, 281); Sewell, 1932 (p.397); Rose, 1933 a (p.277, figs.F,M); Farran, 1936 a (p.122); Mori, 1937 (1964) (p.101, figs.F,M); Moore, 1949 (p.61); Chiba & al., 1957 (p.310); 1957 a (p.12); Tanaka, 1960 (p.55, fig.F); Fish, 1962 (p.20); Grice, 1962 (p.240, fig.F); Tanaka, 1964 (p.13); Chen & Zhang, 1965 (p.114, figs.F); Tanaka, 1965 (p.394, figs.F,M); Owre & Foyo, 1967 (p.101, figs.F,M); Vidal, 1968 (p.47, figs.F,M); Park, 1968 (p.569, figs.M, Rem.); Corral Estrada, 1970 (p.207); Ramirez, 1971 (p.89, fig.F); Razouls, 1972 (p.95, Annexe: p.100); Crisafi & Crescenti, 1972 (1974) (p.234, figs.F,M, juv.); Björnberg, 1972 (p.73, figs., Rem.N); Goswami & Goswami, 1973 (p.242, fig.1, karyotype); Marques, 1974 (p.19, fig.F); 1976 (p.998); Dawson & Knatz, 1980 (p.8, figs.F,M); Marques, 1982 (p.767); Greenwood, 1978 (p.13, figs.F,M, Rem.); Yoo & Hue, 1983? (p.11, figs.F); Sazhina, 1985 (p.82, figs.N); Yoo & al., 1991 (p.258); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.669, Pl.17: F,M); Bradford-Grieve, 1999 (N°181, p.6, figs.F,M); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.886, 962, figs.F,M); Barthélémy, 1999 (p.858, 864, figs.F); 1999 a (p.9, Fig.25, G, H); Bradford-Grieve, 1999 b (p.220, figs.F,M, Rem., figs.186, 195); Conway & al., 2003 (p.103, figs.F,M, Rem.); Mulyadi, 2004 (p.144, figs.F, Rem.); Avancini & al., 2006 (p.116, Pl. 84, figs.F,M, Rem.); Vives & Shmeleva, 2007 (p.425, figs.F,M, Rem.)
Species Acartia (Acartia) negligens - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : O. Tanaka in Publs Seto Mar. Biol. Lab., 1965, XII (5). [p.394, Fig.249]. As Acartia (Planktacartia) negligens)
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, last thoracic segment and urosome (right lateral side); c, proximal portion of A1, d, P5.

Male: e, habitus (dorsal); f, last thoracic segment and urosome (right lateral side); g, P5.
Nota: In the urosome the 1st segment has a tuft of short hairs on each side of the lateral margin; 2nd segment has, beside the tuft of hairs on the lateral distal margin, a row of minute spinules on the dorsal distal margin; 3rd segment has 4 minute spinules near the dorsal distal margin.


Species Acartia (Acartia) negligens - Plate 2 of morphological figuresIssued from : T.S. Park in Fishery Bull. Fish Wild. Serv. U.S., 1968, 66 (3). [p.568, Pl.13, Figs.17-18].
Male: 17, posterior part of the last thoracic segment and urosome (dorsal); 18, P5.


Species Acartia (Acartia) negligens - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from : J.M. Bradford-Grieve in The Marine Fauna of New Zealand: Pelagic Calanoid Copepoda. National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA). NIWA Biodiversity Memoir, 111, 1999. [p.221, Fig.163].
Male: E, habitus (dorsal); F, urosome (dorsal); G, P5 (L = left leg; R = right leg).
Nota: The posterior body from the Southwest Pacific appears to be more decorated than the Steuer's (1923) description.


Species Acartia (Acartia) negligens - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from: Q.-c Chen & S.-z. Zhang in Studia Marina Sinica, 1965, 7. [Pl.50, 11-14].
Female (from E China Sea): 11, habitus (dorsal); 12, forehead (ventral); 13, urosome (dorsal); 14, left P5 (posterior).


Species Acartia (Acartia) negligens - Plate 5 of morphological figuresissued from : F.C. Ramirez in Revta Mus. La Plata, Seccion Zool., 1971, XI. [Lam.III, Fig.4].
Female (from off Mar del Plata): 4, P5.
Scale bar in mm: 1.2.


Species Acartia (Acartia) negligens - Plate 6 of morphological figuresissued from : J.G. Greenwood in Proc. R. Soc. Qd, 1978, 89. [p.14, Fig.6].
Female (from Moreton Bay, E Australia):a, postrior metasome and urosome (dorsal); c, P5 with outer ramus truncated; d, P5.

Male: b, posterior metasome and urosome (dorsal); e, P5.


Species Acartia (Acartia) negligens - Plate 7 of morphological figuresissued from : W. Giesbrecht in Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19. [Taf.30, Fig.12].
Female: 12, Md (mandibular edge).


Species Acartia (Acartia) negligens - Plate 8 of morphological figuresissued from : W. Giesbrecht in Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19. [Taf.30, Fig.11]
Female: 11, Md (mandibular palp).


Species Acartia (Acartia) negligens - Plate 9 of morphological figuresissued from : W. Giesbrecht in Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19. [Taf.30, Fig.22].
Female: 22, P5.


Species Acartia (Acartia) negligens - Plate 10 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori in The pelagic Copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (2nd edit., 1964). [Pl.49, Figs.1-4].
Female: 1, P5; 2, habitus (dorsal).

Male: 3, P5; 4, habitus (dorsal).


Species Acartia (Acartia) negligens - Plate 11 of morphological figuresissued from : C. Razouls in Th. Doc. Etat Fac. Sc. Paris VI, 1972, Annexe. [Fig.56, A, G].
Female (from Banyuls, G. of Lion): C, P5.


Species Acartia (Acartia) negligens - Plate 12 of morphological figuresissued from : C. Razouls in Th. Doc. Etat Fac. Sc. Paris VI, 1972, Annexe. [Fig.57, C].
Male: P5.


Species Acartia (Acartia) negligens - Plate 13 of morphological figuresissued from : P. Crisafi & M. Crescenti in Boll. Pesca Piscic. Idrobiol., 1972 (1974), 27 (2). [p.252, Pl.XII].
Female (from Milazzo, Sicily): f, habitus (dorsal); f ad, posterior thoracic part and urosome (dorsal); f P2, P2.

Male: m ad, posterior thoracic part and urosome (dorsal); m P5, P5.


Species Acartia (Acartia) negligens - Plate 14 of morphological figuresissued from : R.-M. Bathélémy in J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K., 1999, 79. [p.863, Fig.6, G-H].
Scanning electon miccrograph. Female (from N Atlantic Ocean): G, genital double-somite (ventral) with lateroventral genital structures (arrows); H, detail of the right genital slit with a median cuticular lamella (arrow) and copulatory pore (cp).Scale bars: 0.020 mm (G); 0.005 mm (H).
Symbols: a = gonoporal field; b, copulatory field.


Species Acartia (Acartia) negligens - Plate 15 of morphological figuresissued from : A. Steuer in Arb. zool. Inst. Innsbruck, 1923, 1 (5). [Taf. IV, Fig.34].
Female: 34, genital segment (lateral).


Species Acartia (Acartia) negligens - Plate 16 of morphological figuresissued from : A. Steuer in Arb. zool. Inst. Innsbruck, 1923, 1 (5). [p.36, Figs.171, 173].
Male: 171, last thoracic segment and urosome (dorsolateral); 173, P5.


Species Acartia (Acartia) negligens - Plate 17 of morphological figuresissued from : G.D. Grice in Fish. Bull. Fish and Wildl. Ser., 1962, 61. [p.238, Pl.34, Fig.17].
Female (from equatorial Pacific); 17, P5.
In contradiction to A. danae, the posterior lateral margins of the last thoracic segment have a series of very small points. The external seta of P5 is more than 4 times the length of the internal spine.


Species Acartia (Acartia) negligens - Plate 18 of morphological figuresissued from : N. Phukham in Species diversity of calanoid copepods in Thai waters, Andaman Sea (Master of Science, Univ. Bangkok). 2008. [p.141, Fig.15].
Female (from W Malay Peninsula): a, habitus (dorsal); b, segments of A1; c, P5.

Body length after the drawings: F: = 1.020 mm.


Species Acartia (Acartia) negligens - Plate 19 of morphological figuresissued from : Mulyadi in Published by Res. Center Biol., Indonesia Inst. Sci. Bogor, 2004. [p.145, Fig.82].
Female (from Indonesian Seas): a, habitus (dorsal); b, posterior part of last thoracic segment with P5 and urosome (lateral right side); c, same (dorsal); d, A1; e, P5.


Species Acartia (Acartia) negligens - Plate 20 of morphological figuresIssued from : O. Tanaka in Spec. Publs. Seto mar. biol. Lab., 10, 1960 [Pl. XXIV, 6].
Female (from Indian Ocean): 6, last thoracic segment and genital segment (lateral).

Nota: Cephalothorax and abdomen in the proportional lengths 75 to 25.
Rostal filament absent.
Postero-lateral margin of the thoracic segment broadly rounded and slightly sinuate, with 2 small spines and short hairs on the distal margin.
P5: terminal claw fusnished with small denticles: the outer marginal seta very long, more than 5 times as long as the distal segment.

Compl. Ref.:
Thompson & Scott, 1903 (p.236, 254); Rose, 1925 (p.152); Wilson, 1942 a (p.169); Massuti Alzamora, 1942 (p.99, Rem.); Sewell, 1948 (p.392, 461); C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.155); Yamazi, 1958 (p.153, Rem.); Ganapati & Shanthakumari, 1962 (p.9, 15); Fagetti, 1962 (p.37); Gaudy, 1962 (p.93, 99, Rem.: p.115) ; Duran, 1963 (p.25); V.N. Greze, 1963 a (tabl.2); Shmeleva, 1963 (p.141); Ahlstrom & Thrailkill, 1963 (p.57, Table 5, abundance); Gaudy, 1963 (p.29, Rem.); Björnberg, 1963 (p.63, Rem.); De Decker, 1964 (p.14, 17, 27); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.11); Grice & Hulsemann, 1965 (p.225); Shmeleva, 1965 b (p.1350, lengths-volume -weight relation); Pavlova, 1966 (p.44); Mazza, 1966 (p.73); 1967 (p.361: Rem.); Grice & Hulsemann, 1967 (p.20); Fleminger, 1967 a (tabl.1); Evans, 1968 (p.11); Vinogradov, 1968 (1970) (p.78); De Decker, 1968 (p.45); Delalo, 1968 (p.138); Champalbert, 1969 a (p.616); El-Maghraby & Dowidar, 1970 (p.81); Dowidar & El-Maghraby, 1970 (p.267); Itoh, 1970 (tab.1); Timonin, 1971 (p.281, trophic group); Deevey, 1971 (p.224); Binet & al., 1972 (p.71); Roe, 1972 (p.277, tabl.1, tabl.2); Apostolopoulou, 1972 (p.329, 371, fig.8); Guglielmo, 1973 (p.399); Heinrich, 1973 (p.95); Björnberg, 1973 (p.353, 384); Corral Estrada & Pereiro Muñoz, 1974 (tab.I); Richman & al., 1975 (p.918, feeding); Timonin, 1976 (p.79, vertical distribution); Deevey & Brooks, 1977 (p.156, tab.2, Station "S"); Tranter, 1977 (p.596); Carter, 1977 (1978) (p.36); Timonin & Voronina, 1977 (p.292, fig.8); Svetlichnyi, 1980 (p.28, Table 1, passive submersion); Star & Mullin, 1981 (p.1322, abundance); Sreekumaran Nair & al., 1981 (p.493), Rudyakov, 1982 (p.208, Table 2); Vives, 1982 (p.295); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.85); Dessier, 1983 (p.89, Tableau 1, 2, Rem., %); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); Scotto di Carlo & al., 1984 (1045); De Decker, 1984 (p.317, 327: carte); Binet, 1984 (tab.3); 1985 (p.85, tab.3); Regner, 1985 (p.11, Rem.: p.39); Almeida Prado Por, 1985 (p.250); Greze & al., 1985 (p.8); Brenning, 1985 a (p.28, Table 2); Madhupratap & Haridas, 1986 (p.105, tab.2); Brinton & al., 1986 (p.228, Table 1); Renon, 1987 (tab.2); Brenning, 1987 (p.34, Rem.); Jimenez-Perez & Lara-Lara, 1988; Dessier, 1988 (tabl.1); Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.60); Hirakawa & al., 1990 (tab.3); Yoo, 1991 (tab.1); Echelman & Fishelson, 1990 a (tab.2); McKinnon, 1991 (p.471); Heinrich, 1995 (tab.1); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.66); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.73,103); Madhupratap & al., 1996 (p.866); Go & al., 1997 (tab.1, as Acarita negiligens: lapsus calami); Park & Choi, 1997 (Appendix); Padmavati & al., 1998 (p.349); Alvarez-Cadena & al., 1998 (tab.2); Hwang & al., 1998 (tab.II); Wong & al, 1998 (tab.2); Hsieh & Chiu, 1998 (tab.2); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a. (p107); Mauchline, 1998 (tab.8, 58, 64); Siokou-Frangou, 1999 (p.478); Dolganova & al., 1999 (p.13, tab.1); Lavaniegos & Gonzalez-Navarro, 1999 (p.239, Appx.1); Moraitou-Apostolopoulou & al., 2000 (fig.7); Madhupratap & al., 2001 (figs.4, 5); Ueda & al., 2000 (tab.1); Suarez-Morales & Morales-Ramirez, 2001 (p.1286); Belmonte & Potenza, 2001 (p.174); El-Serehy & al., 2001 (p.119, tab.1); Lo & al., 2001 (p.1139, tab.I); Vukanic, 2003 (p.139, tab.1); Hwang & al., 2003 (p.193, tab.2); Shimode & Shirayama, 2004 (p.607, tab.1, 2); Hsiao & al., 2004 (p.325, tab.1); Hsieh & al. 2004 (p.396, tab. 1, p.399, tab. 2); Lan & al., 2004 (p.332, tab.1); Lo & al.*, 2004 (p.218, fig.6); Lo & al., 2004 (p.89, tab.1); Gallienne & al., 2004 (p.5, tab.3); Wang & Zuo, 2004 (p.1, Table 2, dominance, origin); Vaglio & al., 2005 (p.163); Berasategui & al., 2005 (p.313, fig.2); Zuo & al., 2006 (p.163: tab.1); Hwang & al., 2006 (p.943, tab.I); Lavaniegos & Jiménez-Pérez, 2006 (p.135, tab.2, 4, Rem.); Khelifi-Touhami & al., 2007 (p.327, Table 1); Cornils & al., 2007 (p.278, Table 2); Hwang & al., 2007 (p.23); Dur & al., 2007 (p.197, Table IV); McKinnon & al., 2008 (p.843: Tab.1); Jitlang & al., 2008 (p.65, Table 1); Humphrey, 2008 (p.83: Appendix A); Neumann-Leitao & al., 2008 (p.799: Tab.II, fig.6); Morales-Ramirez & Suarez-Morales, 2008 (p.512, 517); Fernandes, 2008 (p.465, Tabl.2); Raybaud & al., 2008 (p.1765, Table A1); Muelbert & al., 2008 (p.1662, Table 1); Tseng & al., 2008 (p.402, Table 2); Pagano, 2009 (p.116); C.-Y. Lee & al., 2009 (p.151, Tab.2); Skovgaard & Salomonsen, 2009 (p.425); Tseng & al., 2009 (p.327, fig.5, feeding); C.E. Morales & al., 2010 (p.158, Table 1); Brugnano & al., 2010 (p.312, Table 2, 3); Cornils & al., 2010 (p.2076, Table 3); Schnack-Schiel & al., 2010 (p.2064, Table 2: E Atlantic subtropical/tropical); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.423); Nowaczyk & al;, 2011 (p.2159, Table 2); Hsiao S.H. & al., 2011 (p.475, 481: indicator species, Appendix I); Maiphae & Sa-ardrit, 2011 (p.641, Table 2); Selifonova, 2011 (p.77, Table 1, alien species in Black Sea); Mazzocchi & al., 2011 (p.1163, fig.6, long-term time-series 1984-2006); Uysal & Shmeleva, 2012 (p.909, Table I); DiBacco & al., 2012 (p.483, Table S1, ballast water transport); Tseng & al., 2012 (p.621, Table 3: abundance); Gubanova & al., 2013 (in press, p.4, Table 2); Belmonte & al., 2013 (p.222, Table 2, abundance vs stations); Hwang & al., 2014 (p.43, Appendix A: seasonal abundance)
NZ: 17

Distribution map of Acartia (Acartia) negligens by geographical zones
Species Acartia (Acartia) negligens - Distribution map 3
Chart of 1996
Species Acartia (Acartia) negligens - Distribution map 4issued from : A.A. Shmeleva in Bull. Inst. Oceanogr., Monaco, 1965, 65 (n°1351). [Table 6: 37]. Acartia negligens (from South Adriatic).
Dimensions, volume and Weight wet. Means for 50-60 specimens. Volume and weight calculated by geometrical method. Assumed that the specific gravity of the Copepod body is equal to 1, then the volume will correspond to the weight.
Loc:
sub-Antarct., South Africa (off Cape of Good Hope, E & W), off E Tristan da Cunha, off SE Ste Hélène Is., Ascension Is., off E St. Paul Is., Ivorian shelf, Dakar, Argentina, Uruguay (continental shelf) Brazil, off Amazon, off Mauritania, Canary Is., off Madeira, Azores, Barbada Is., Yucatan (Ascension Bay), Caribbean Sea, Sargasso Sea, off Bermuda (Station "S"), Baie Ibéro-marocaine, Medit. (Alboran Sea, Algier, G. of Annaba, NW, Castellon, Banyuls, Marseille, Ligurian Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea, Naples, Milazzo, Gulf of Taranto, Malta, Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea, Aegean Sea, Black Sea, Lebanon Basin, Alexandria), Suez Canal, G. of Suez, G. of Aqaba, Red Sea, G. of Aden, Arabian Sea, Natal, off Madagascar (SE, S), Nosy Bé, Rodrigues Is. - Seychelles, Sri Lanka, Mascarene Basin, India (Mandovi-Zuari estuary, Lawson's Bay), E India, Bay of Bengal, W Malay Peninsula (Andaman Sea), Cilacap Bay (S Java); Manado Bay (S Ceram Is.), Australia (North West Cape, G. of Carpentaria), Thaïland, China Seas (South China Sea, East China Sea, Yellow Sea), Hong Kong, Taiwan (S, E, W, N, NW, SW), Okinawa, S Korea, Japan Sea, Japan (Tanabe Bay, Sagami Bay), Tokara Is., off SE Japan, Kuroshio zone, Philippines, Indonesia-Malaysia, Cilacap Bay (S Java), SW Celebes, S Celebes Sea (Manado Bay), Pacif. (tropical), Pacif. (E & W equatorial), Pacif. (N Central Gyre), Australia (Great Barrier, Moreton Bay), Tasman Sea, New Zealand (South Island NE, South Island E, N), off Kermadec Is, Nouvelle-Calédonie, Fiji Is., California, Baja California, G. of California, Hawaii, Clipperton Is., Pacif. (equatorial, central N), W Costa-Rica , off Peru, Chile
N: 247
Lg.:
(16) F: 1,18-1,05; M: 1,05-1,01; (34) F: 2,07-1,7; M: 1,5-1,44; (35) F: 1,2-1,1; M: 1,02-0,96; (46) F: 1,27-1,04; (66) F: 1,27-1,06; M: 1,2-1,1; (72) F: 1,3-1,22; M: 1,18; 1,15; (101) F: 1,21-1,05; (114) F: 1,19; (119) F: 1,2-1,09; M: 0,946; (164) F: 1,264-0,954; 1,12; 1,04; M: 0,941-0,797; (168) F: 1,372-1,24; M: 1,221-1,165; (199) F: 1,22-1,06; (237) F: F: 1,15; (290) F: 1,15-1,2; (449) F: 1,27-1,04; (785) F: 1,17-0,91; (786) F: 1,16-1,04; M: 1,04; (866) F: 1,1-1,2; M: 0,9-1; (909) F: 1; (920) F: 1,15; (991) F: 0,98-1,3; M: 0,8-1,18; (1122) F: 1,05; {F: 0,91-2,07; M: 0,80-1,50}
Rem.: Oceanic and littoral, epipelagic. Also mesopelagic. Sargasso Sea: 0-500 m (Deevey & Brooks, 1977, Station "S");
Cosmopolitan tropical, subtropical and temperate (limited by latitudes 40° N & S).
For Itoh (1970 a, fig.2, from co-ordonates) the Itoh's index value from mandibular gnathobase = 1150.
Timonin (1971, p.282) considers the trophic interrelations in the equatorial and tropical Indian Ocean, and divides the plankters into 6 trophic groups from the litterature and the results of studies of mouth-parts structure and intestine content. This species is omnivorous.
For Mulyadi (2004, p.151) this species is an inhabitant of the open ocean (stenohaline marine).

See in DVP Conway & al., 2003 (version 1)
Last update : 08/04/2014
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