Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Diaptomoidea ( Superfamily )
        Centropagidae ( Family )
            Centropages ( Genus )
Centropages typicus  Kröyer, 1849   (F,M)
Syn.: Ichthyophorba denticornis Claus,1863 (p.199);
no Centropages typicus : Cleve, 1904 a (p.181, 182, 187); ? Carola, 1994 (p.233); Tanaka, 1960 (p.46);
Centropages. aucklandicus : Pesta, 1920 (p.520, Rem.); Mazza, 1966 (p.71); 1967 (p.326) Razouls, 1972 (p.94, Annexe: p.59, figs.F); Razouls & Durand, 1991 (p.74); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.53, 101); ? Rossi, 2008 (p.90: Tableau XII);
Ref.:
Kröyer, 1849 (in Damkaer & Damkaer, 1979, p.43); Brady, 1878 (p.65, figs.F,M); Bourne, 1889 (p.148); Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.303, 319, figs.F,M); Thompson, 1888 d (p.142); Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.54); Wheeler, 1901 (p.173, figs.F,M, Rem.); Sars, 1902 (1903) (p.75, figs.F,M); Thompson & Scott, 1903 (p.234, 246); Farran, 1908 b (p.58); Lysholm, 1913 (p.6); Pesta, 1920 (p.522); Lysholm & Nordgaard, 1921 (p.22); Sars, 1925 (p.205); Farran, 1926 (p.269); Rose, 1929 (p.30); Heberer, 1932 a (p.250, p. 347: male genital apparatus; Wilson, 1932 a (p.87, figs.F,M); Rose, 1933 a (p.185, figs.F,M); Jespersen, 1940 (p.48); Massuti Alzamora, 1942 (p.92); Lysholm & al., 1945 (p.32); Farran, 1948 (n°11, p.3, figs.F,M); Crisafi, 1960 (p.475, figs.F,M, juv.); Anraku & Omori, 1963 (p.118, figs. mouth parts); Marques, 1966 (p.7); Lawson & Grice, 1970 (p.187, figs. O, N, juv.,F,M); Shih & al., 1971 (p.38); Gaudy, 1971 a (p.363, Rem.: A1); Lee, 1972 (p.3, figs.F,M); Razouls, 1972 (p.94, Annexe: p.61, figs.F); Razouls & Guinness, 1973 a (p.413); Fleminger, 1975 (p.397); Razouls S., 1975 (p.297, genital system); Blades, 1977 (p.57, figs.M,F, mating); Arnaud & al., 1980 (p.213, gut structure); 1982 (p.537, ultrastructure, ovogenese); McAden & al., 1987 (p.290); Huys & Boxshall, 1991 (p.50, 80, figs.F); Karlson & Bamstedt, 1994 (p.79, fig.2: Md); Barthélémy & al., 1998 (p.721, genital area); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.884, 951, figs.F,M); Barthélémy, 1999 a (p.9, Fig.9, D); Buttino & al., 2003 (p.459, fig. egg); G. Harding, 2004 (p.12, 34, figs.F, M); Boxshall & Halsey, 2004 (p.87: figs.F,M); Conway, 2006 (p.15, copepodides 1-6, Rem.); Ferrari & Dahms, 2007 (p.33, Rem. N); Avancini & al., 2006 (p.96, Pl. 65, figs.F,M, Rem.); Vives & Shmeleva, 2007 (p.475, figs.F,M, Rem.); Laakmann & al., 2013 (p.862, figs.1, 2, 3, 4, 5, Table 1, 2, 3, mol. Biol.)
Species Centropages typicus - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : Sars G.O. in An Account of the Crustacea of Norway. Vol. IV. Copepoda Calanoida. Published by the Bergen Museum. 1902 (1903). [Pl. LI].
Male: A, habitus (dorsal view); B, right A1; C, cephalosome (ventral view); D, anal segment and furca; E, P5.


Species Centropages typicus - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : Boxshall G.A. & Hasley S.H. in The Ray Society, London, 2004. [Figure 13, p.87].
Female: A, habitus (dorsal view); B, P5; C, maxilla (Mx2).
Male: D, habitus (dorsal view); E, P5; F, A1 (right).


Species Centropages typicus - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from : C. Razouls in Th. Doc. Etat Fac. Sc. Paris VI, 1972, Annexe. [Fig.47, D-D', D'']. As Centropages aucklandicus.
Female (from Banyuls, G. of Lion): D, exopodal segment 2 of right P5; D', exopodal segment 2 of left P5; D\", proximal segment of A1.


Species Centropages typicus - Plate 4 of morphological figures issued from : Sars G.O. in An Account of the Crustacea of Norway, with short descriptions and figures of all species. Vol. IV. Copepoda Calanoida. Publ. by The Bergen Museum. 1903. [Pl. XLIV]. Female.
R = rostrum; C = head (lateral); Ur = anal segment and caudal rami (dorsal).


Species Centropages typicus - Plate 5 of morphological figures issued from : Sars G.O. in An Account of the Crustacea of Norway, with short descriptions and figures of all species. Vol. IV. Copepoda Calanoida. Publ. by The Bergen Museum. 1903. [Pl. L].
Female.
M = Md; m = Mx1; mp1 = Mx2; mp2 = Mxp.


Species Centropages typicus - Plate 6 of morphological figuresissued from : R. Huys & G.A. Boxshall in Copepod Evolution. The Ray Society, 1991, 159. [p.80, Fig.2.2.27, B-E].
Female (from Shetland; Norman coll.): B, genital double somite (lateral view); C, same (dorsal view); D, same (ventral view); E, detail of digitiform process on left side.


Species Centropages typicus - Plate 7 of morphological figuresissued from : C. Razouls in Th. Doc. Etat Fac. Sc. Paris VI, 1972, Annexe. [Fig.48, D, D'].
Female (from Banyuls): urosome (dorsal); D' process on genital segment.


Species Centropages typicus - Plate 8 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.38, Figs.9, 10].
Female: 9, head (lateral); 10, last thoracic segment and urosome (ventral view).


Species Centropages typicus - Plate 9 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.18, Fig.22].
Female: 22, proximal segments 1 to 8 (ventral view).
Aes = aesthetasc; Spr = proximal seta; Sdi : distal seta.


Species Centropages typicus - Plate 10 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.18, Fig.12].
Female: 12, distal segments 23 to 24-25 (ventral view).


Species Centropages typicus - Plate 11 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.18, Fig.18].
Female: 18, Mx2 (posterior view).
L = lobe; B1 = basipodite 1 (= Praecoxa + Coxa); B2 = Basis; R1 = endopdite.


Species Centropages typicus - Plate 12 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.18, Fig.16].
Female: 16, Mxp (posterior view).


Species Centropages typicus - Plate 13 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.18, Fig.21].
Female: 21, P1 (anterior view).


Species Centropages typicus - Plate 14 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.17, Fig.48].
Female: 48, P5 (anterior view).
Nota: B1: basipodite 1 (= Coxa); B2: basipodite 2 (= Basis); Re = exopod; Ri = endopod.


Species Centropages typicus - Plate 15 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.38, Fiigs.9, 10].
Male: 9, head (lateral); 10, corners of last thoracic segment and urosome (ventral).


Species Centropages typicus - Plate 16 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.18, Fiig.4].
Male: 4, right A1 (ventral view).


Species Centropages typicus - Plate 17 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.18, Fiig.6].
Male: 6, A2 (anterior view).


Species Centropages typicus - Plate 18 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.18, Fiig.19].
Male: 19, Md (anterior view).


Species Centropages typicus - Plate 19 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.18, Fiig.20].
Male: Mx1 (anterior view).


Species Centropages typicus - Plate 20 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.17, Fiig.49].
Male: 49, P5 (anteruior view).
Pd = right leg; Ps = left leg.


Species Centropages typicus - Plate 21 of morphological figuresissued from : P.I. Blades in Mar. Biol., 1977, 40. [p.59, Fig.2, B].
Centropages typicus, right geniculate A1 of male (segments 17, 18 and 19 illustrating serrated edges, hinge and sensory setae (sse).
Scale = 0.200 mm.


Species Centropages typicus - Plate 22 of morphological figuresissued from : P.I. Blades in Mar. Biol., 1977, 40. [p.60, Fig.5].
Centropages typicus, P5 male. Diagramatic illustration of exopodal spines gripping spermatophore neck. (composite from photographs, not drawn to scale).
ex: exopod; en: endopod; sn: spermatophore neck.


Species Centropages typicus - Plate 23 of morphological figuresissued from : P.I. Blades in Mar. Biol., 1977, 40. [p.62,Fig. 7].
Centropages typicus, dorsal view of 5th metasome segment and urosome female carrying properly positioned, partially discherged spermatophore apparatus (modified from photographs).
ac: anterior coupler; pc: posterior coupler; sp: spermatophore proper.


Species Centropages typicus - Plate 24 of morphological figuresissued from : P.I. Blades in Mar. Biol., 1977, 40. [p.59, Fig.3].
Centropages typicus. Diagram of spermatophore complex, showing partially discharged spermatophore proper (modified from Lee, 1972, and photographs).
ac: anterior coupler; pc: posterior coupler; sc: stalk-cup; ss: spermatophore stalk; sn: spermatophore neck; sp: spermatophore proper; fs: functional spermatozoa.
Scale bar: 0.100 mm.


Species Centropages typicus - Plate 25 of morphological figuresissued from : R.-M. Barthélémy in Thèse Doct. Univ. Provence (Aix-Marseille I), 1999. [Fig.9, D]. Female (from Gulf of Marseille, NW Mediterranean Sea): D, external ventral view genital double-somite.
go = genital operculum; sp = seminal products (note: female fretilizated).
Scale bar: 0.025 mm.


Species Centropages typicus - Plate 26 of morphological figuresissued from : R.-M. Barthélémy, C. Cuoc, D. Defaye, M. Brunet & J. Mazza in Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., B, 1998, 353. [p.733, Fig.63].
Schematic representation of external genital area in the species studied;
Dashed line, limit of the anterior pad and lateral thickenings; shading, posterior pad; dots, genital operculum.


Species Centropages typicus - Plate 27 of morphological figuresissued from : M. Anraku & M. Omori in Limnol. Oceanogr., 1963, 8. [p.122, Fig. 7, D]
Centropages typicus (from Woods Hole): Cutting edge of Md.

Nota: The cutting edge is provided with 8 teeth and 1 marginal spine on its innermost border. 6 teeth on the inner side diverge at the tip.Since there are no small processes on the teeth, the chewing parts are on the whole sharper than in Calanus.

Compl. Ref.:
Carazzi & Grandori, 1912 (p.10, 38); Rose, 1924 d (p.478, Rem.); 1925 (p.152); Wilson, 1932 (p.23); 1942 a (p.177); Massuti Alzamora, 1942 (p.92); Oliveira, 1945 (p.191); Fleury, 1950 (p.47, fig.2); Raymont & Gauld, 1951 (p.681, respiratory rate); Gundersen, 1953 (p.1, 26, seasonal abundance); Østvedt, 1955 (p.15: Table 3, p.76); Duran, 1955 (p.52); Deevey, 1956 (p.127, tab.I V); 1960 (p.5, Table II, fig.7, 8, 9, 10: annual abundance, Rem.: p.19, fig.18, 19) ; Wickstead, 1962 (p.546, food & feeding); Marshall & Orr, 1962 (tab.3); Curl, 1962 (p.183, Table I, CNP composition); 1962 a (p.181, Table II, C composition); Gaudy, 1962 (p.93, 99, Rem.: p.109, Tableau 9: development, Tableau 9: development); Duran, 1963 (p.21, Rem.); Giron-Reguer, 1963 (p.49); V.N. Greze, 1963 a (tabl.2); Shmeleva, 1963 (p.141); Grice, 1963 a (p.496); Bary, 1963 a (p.1519, Table 1); Mazza, 1964 (p.293, weight); Anraku, 1964 (p.221, feeding, animal diet); Bary, 1964 (p.183, T-diagram-occurrences); Martin, 1965 (p.188); Grice & Hulsemann, 1965 (p.224); Bodo & al., 1965 (p.219, annual cycle); Shmeleva, 1965 b (p.1350, lengths-volume -weight relation); Pavlova, 1966 (p.44); Chakroun, 1966 (p.67, Tableau); Mazza, 1966 (p.71); 1967 (p.353: Rem., p. 377, 399, fig.76); Bascheri & Mazza, 1966 (p.413, Tableau II, chemical composition); Ehrhardt, 1967 (p.740, fig.15, geographic distribution, Rem.); Matthews, 1967 (p.159, Table 1, Rem.); Séguin, 1968 (p.488); Evans, 1968 (p.12); Singarajah, 1969 (p.171, Table II, behaviour); Moraitou-Apostolopoulou, 1969 (p.2); Champalbert, 1969 a (p.616); Carli, 1971 (p.372, tab.1); Gaudy, 1971 (p.65, Tabl. 1, fig.1, egg production); Paulmier, 1971 (p.168); Gamulin, 1971 (p.381, tab.2); Salah, 1971 (p.319); Champalbert & Gaudy, respiration vs. temperature); Gaudy, 1972 (p.175, 180, figs.1-6, annual cycle); Lefèvre-Lehoërff, 1972 (p.1681); Della Croce & al., 1972 (p.1, fig.2, Rem.); Apostolopoulou, 1972 (p.328, 356); S. Razouls, 1972 (p.95, metabolism); 1972 a (p.145, respiration); Nival & al., 1972 (p.63, respiration); Valentin, 1972 (p.349, egg production); Boucher & Thiriot, 1972 (p.47, Tableau 4); Eriksson, 1973 b (p.113, 118); C. Razouls & Guinness, 1973 (p.413, size dimensions & temperature/phytoplankton cells); P. Nival & S. Nival, 1973 (p.135, mouth parts, grazing); Desgouille, 1973 (p.1, 131, Rem.: p.138); Guglielmo, 1973 (p.399); Champalbert & al., 1973 (p.529, CHN composition); Gaudy, 1973 (p.267, Table I, II, fig.1,5, respiration); C. Razouls, 1973 a (p.361, annual abundance); 1974 (p.51, life history); S. Razouls, 1974 (147, oxygen rate); de Bovée, 1974 (p.109, 124); Nival & al., 1974 (p.231, respiration & excration); Person-Le Ruyet, 1975 (p.203, rearing); Le Ruyet-Person & al., 1975 (p.283, comparative biology, metabolism activity); S. Razouls, 1975 (p.297, egg production); Vives & al., 1975 (p.47, tab.II, III, IV, p.48: Rem.); Mackas & Bohrer, 1976 (p.77, fig.3, gut contents); Boucher & al., 1976 (p.61, elementary composition); Gaudy, 1976 (p.77, fig.5, Table I, II, III, production); C. Razouls & S. Razouls, 1976 (p.281, caloricity, growth); S. Razouls, 1977 (p.265, caloricity); Sameoto, 1977 (p.1, fig.12, abundance); Beers & al., 1977 (p.66, Rem.: p.77, Cu pollution); Colebrook, 1978 (tab.1); Comaschi Scaramuzza, 1978 (p.17); Dagg, 1978 (p.183, egg production); Conover, 1978 (p.66, 75, feeding); S. Razouls & Apostolopoulou, 1978 (p.13, metabolism); Fernandez, 1978 (p.97, metabolism/food, Rem.: Table 19); Tomasini & Mazza, 1978 (p.154, feeding); Dagg & Grill, 1980 (p.597, feeding on natural seawater); Vaissière & Séguin, 1980 (p.23, tab.2); Gallo, 1981 (p.847); Castel & Courties, 1982 (p.417, Table II, spatial distribution); Vidal & Whitledge, 1982 (p.77, respiration v.s. latitude); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.84); Vives, 1982 (p.292); Turner & Dagg, 1983 (p.11, fig.12, 18, vertical distribution); Dagg, 1983 (p.63, feeding behavior); Jacoby & Youngbluth, 1983 (p.84, Table 4, Rem: mating); Cowles & Strickler, 1983 (p.106, feeding behaviour-cinematography); Rivière, 1983 (p.19, enzymes); Rivière & Kerambrun, 1983 (p.25, enzymes); Tremblay & Anderson, 1984 (p.4); Baars & Fransz, 1984 (p.120, Table 1, grazing); Baars & Oosterhuis, 1984 (p.97, diurnal feeding rhythms); Fransz & al., 1984 (p.86); Strickler, 1984 (p.187, feeding behavior); Head & al., 1984 (p.543, feeding rhythms/enzyme activity); Boucher, 1984 (p.469, spatial distribution/hydrological front); Sameoto, 1984 (p.767, vertical migration); Miller & al., 1984 (p.1274, Rem.: p.1278, moltin rates); Scotto di Carlo & al., 1984 (1042); Gaudy, 1984 a (p.200, life history, Rem. p.210: A1); Regner, 1985 (p.11, Rem.: p.32); Jansa, 1985 (p.108, Tabl.I, , II, III, IV, V); Colebrook, 1985 (p.261, tab.1); Turner & al., 1985 (p.1, feeding); Williams & Collins, 1985 (p.28); Smith & Lane, 1985 (p.153, egg production, development rates); Gaudy, 1985 (p.279, Tab.3); Légier-Visser & al., 1986 (p.529, mechanoreception); Robinson & Hunt, 1986 (p.791, Table 1, 2, fig.2); Brylinski, 1986 (p.457, spatial variations); Robinson & al., 1986 (p.201, seasonal distribution); Ibanez & Boucher, 1987 (p.205, Tableau, fig.4, 6, 7, hydrological fronts); Boucher & al., 1987 (p.133, spatial distribution/physical structure); Quisthoudt & al., 1987 (p.995, spatial distribution); Comaschi Scaramuzza, 1987 (tab.1); Tiselius, 1988 (p.215, grazing); Gorsky & al., 1988 (p.133, Table I, C-N composition); Ianora & Scotto di Carlo, 1988 (p.247, egg production); Wiadnyana & Rassoulzadegan, 1989 (p.37, feeding); McLaren & al., 1989 (p.560, life history, annual production); S. Nival & al., 1990 (p.535, spawning rate); Saiz & Alcaraz, 1990 (p.665, feeding); Sciandra & al., 1990 (p.549, reproduction); Ianora, 1990 (p.885, egg production); Ianora & Buttino, 1990 (p.473, seasonal cycl & egg production); Stoecker & McDowell Capuzzo, 1990 (p.891, feeding); Kouwenberg & Razouls, 1990 (p.23, climatic change); Krsinic, 1990 (p.337, Table I, vertical distribution); Meise-Munns & al., 1990 (p.225, long-term change abundance); Tester & Turner, 1990 (p.169, egg production); Fransz & al., 1991 (p.6 & suiv.); Morales C.E. & al., 1991 (p.455, Table I, grazing); Nielsen, 1991 (p.1091, egg production); Gifford, 1991 (p.8, Table 2, diet); Hay & al., 1991 (p.1453, Table 2, 5); C. Razouls & S. Razouls, 1992 (p.259, life history); Norrbin, 1992 (p.6); Huntley & Lopez, 1992 (p.201, Table B1, growth rate, temperature-dependent production); Ianora & al., 1992 (p.1483, seasonal fecundity); Bautista & Harris, 1992 (p.41, ingestion rate, gut contents); Saiz & al., 1992 (p.49, feeding); Carlotti & S. Nival, 1992 (p.235, development & mortality); Seguin & al., 1993 (p.23); Guerin-Ancey & David, 1993 (p.119, table 1, biovolume, vertical distribution); Kouwenberg, 1993 (p.215, fig.3, seasonal abundance); 1993 a (p.281, fig.3, 4, sex ratio); Fromentin & al., 1993 (p.285, Ligurian transect abundance); Hays & al., 1994 (tab.1); Munk & Nielsen, 1994 (p.1225, fig.4, predation); Kouwenberg, 1994 (tab.1); Hansen & al., 1994 (p.395, Table 1, selectivity); Krause & al., 1995 (p.81, Rem.: p.139); Hajderi, 1995 (p.542); Southward & al., 1995 (p.127, fig.2); Marcus, 1996 (p.143); Miralto & al., 1996 (p.1033, egg production); Hays & al., 1996 (p.159, Rem.: Herring correlation); Carlotti & al., 1997 (p.1143, egg production, fecal pellet production); Falkenhaug & al., 1997 (p.449, spatio-temporal pattern); Mauchline, 1998 (p.508: Rem., tab.15, 17, 20, 21, 26, 27, 29, 30, 33, 40, 45, 46, 47, 48, 51, 53, 56, 58, 61, 63, 64, 78); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.101); Kouwenberg, 1998 (p.203, seasonal variation, fig.3: global change); Gilabert & Moreno, 1998 (tab.1, 2); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p109); Reid & Hunt, 1998 (p.310, figs.2, 3, Rem.); Sameoto & al., 1998 (p.1, 7, figs.11, spatial distribution); Siokou-Frangou, 1999 (p.476); Halvorsen & Tande, 1999 (p.279, tab.2, 3, Rem.: p.282); Harvey & al., 1999 (p.1, 49: Appendix 5, in ballast water vessel); Seridji & Hafferssas, 2000 (tab.1); Sautour & al., 2000 (p.531, Table II, abundance); d'Elbée, 2001 (tabl.1); Bonnet & Carlotti, 2001 (p.133); Calbet & al., 2001 (p.319, Fig.7); Halsband-Linke & al., 2001 (p.597, seasonal cycle, egg production); Halsband & Hirche, 2001 (p.219, annual reproduction cycle); Holmes, 2001 (p.22, Rem.); Fransz & Gonzalez, 2001 (p.255, tab.1); Weikert & al., 2001 (p.227, tab.4, Rem.); Bressan & Moro, 2002 (tab.2); Sameoto & al., 2002 (p.12); Beaugrand & al., 2002 (p.1692); Zerouali & Melhaoui, 2002 (p.91, Tableau I, fig.5); Beaugrand & al., 2002 (p.179, figs.5, 6); Cohen & Forward, 2002 (p.307); Lindley & Reid, 2002 (p.153, abundance veriation); Gaudy & al., 2003 (p.357, tab.1); Vukanic, 2003 (139, tab.1); Titelman & Kiørboe, 2003 a (p.137, nauplius behaviour); Fernandez de Puelles & al., 2003 (p.123, fig.5); Bode & al., 2003 (p.85, Table 1, abundance); Daly Yahia & al., 2004 (p.366, fig.4, tab.1); Di Capua & Mazzocchi, 2004 (p.632); Bonnet & Frid, 2004 (p.485, fig.5); Fernandez de Puelles & al., 2004 (p.654, fig.7); Halsband-Lenk & al., 2004 (p.709, figs.6,7); CPR, 2004 (p.52, fig.148); Vukanic & Vukanic, 2004 (p.9, tab.3); Fernandez & al., 2004 (p.501, tab.5); Vallet & Dauvin, 2004 (p.539, tab.2); Lopez-Urrutia & al., 2004 (p.303, clearance rate, predation); Molinero & al., 2005 (p.156); Uriarte & Villate, 2005 (p.863, tab.I); Benzid & al., 2005 (p.71, Rem.: serotonin in nervous system Manning & Bucklin, 2005 (p.233, Table 1, figs.5, 12); Rawlinson & al., 2005 (p.205, tidal exchange); Waggett, 2005 (p.17, Table 3.3, behaviour); Molinero & al;, 2005 (p.640, climate forcing); Bagøien & Kiorboe, 2005 (p.105, mate-behaviour); Isari & al., 2006 (p.241, tab.II); Marques & al., 2006 (p.297, tab.III); Zervoudaki & al., 2006 (p.149, Table I); Knotz & al., 2006 (p.406, enzymology); De Olazabal & al., 2006 (p.966); Durbin & Casas, 2006 (p.2537, Table 2a, 2b); Bonnet & al., 2007 (p.233, Rem: seasonal dynamics); Mazzocchi & al., 2007 (p.214, temporal variability); Fernandez de Puelles & al., 2007 (p.338, fig.7); Gaudy & Thibault-Botha, 2007 (p.84, Tab.1, Rem.: metabolism); Carlotti & al., 2007 (p.164); Ianora & al., 2007 (p.195); Wesche & al., 2007 (p.1309); Alcaraz & al., 2007 (p.121); Beaugrand & al., 2007 (p.259); Valdés & al., 2007 (p.104: tab.1); Titelman & al., 1023, Table I, Rem: mating); Durbin & Kane, 2007 (p.249, Rem.); Busatto, 2007 (p.26, Tab.2); Khelifi-Touhami & al., 2007 (p.327, Table 1); Olivotto & al., 2008 (p.211, aquaculture); Cabal & al., 2008 (289, Table 1); Goetze, 2008 (p.433: mating); Raybaud & al., 2008 (p.1765, Table A1); Waggett & Buskey, 2008 (p.111, fig.3, Table 1); Gugliandolo & al., 2008 (p.580, bacteria assiociated); Rossi, 2008 (p.90: Tableau XII); Schmitt & al., 2008 (p.407, long-term time series); Molinero & al., 2009 (p.44: Table 1, p.49: Table 2, p.50: Table 3); Labat & al., 2009 (p.1747, Table 2); DFO, 2009 (p.1, Rem. p.11, fig. 13, seasonal variability); Telesh & al., 2009 (p.18: Table 2.1); Calliari & Tiselius, 2009 (p.111); Brylinski, 2009 (p.253: table 1, p.255: Rem.); Ji & al., 2009 (p.187, life history, spatiotemporal distribution); Brugnano & al., 2010 (p.312, Table 2, 3, fig.8); Eloire & al., 2010 (p.657, Table II, temporal variability); Drira & al., 2010 (p.145, Tanl.2); Pershing & al., 2010 (p.1661, interannual variability).; Hidalgo & al., 2010 (p.2089, Table 2); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.424); Dvoretsky & Dvoretsky, 2010 (p.991, Table 2); Nowaczyk & al; 2011 (p.2159, Table 2) ; Salah S. & al., 2011 (Tableau 1); Pepin & al., 2011 (p.273, Table 2, seasonal abundance); Selifonova, 2011 (p.77, Table 1, alien species in Black Sea); S.C. Marques & al., 2011 (p.59, Table 1); Mazzocchi & al., 2011 (p.1163, Table I, II, fig.6, long-term time-series 1984-2006); Van Ginderdeuren & al., 2012 (p.3, Table 1); Delpy & al., 2012 (p.1921, Table 2); Shiganova & al., 2012 (p.61, Table 4); Zizah & al., 2012 (p.79, Tableau I, Rem.p.86, 89); Brugnano & al., 2012 (p.207, Table 3); Sigurdardottir, 2012 (p.1, Table 2.3); Miloslavic & al., 2012 (p.165, Table 2, transect distribution); Vidjak & al., 2012 (p.243, Rem.: p.254); Johnson C & al., 2012 (p.1, 15, fig. 24a, 24b, interannual variarions); Aubry & al., 2012 (p.125, fig.6, 8 b, interannual variation); Dvoretsky & Dvoretsky, 2012 (p.1321, Table 2, 3, 5, abundance, biomass, production); McGinty & al., 2012 (p.122, time series abundance); Drillet & al., 2012 (p.155, Table 1, culture); Krsinic & Grbec, 2012 (p.57, 61: abundance); Gusmao & al., 2013 (p.279, Table 4, sex ratio); Belmonte & al., 2013 (p.222, Table 2, abundance vs stations); McConville & al., 2013 (p.428, egg production vs Co2 effects); Cole & al., 2013 (p.6646, microplastic ingestion); Kürten & al., 2013 (p.167, Table 1, C:N, fatty acid); Kiørboe & Jiang, 2013 (p.3, fig.2, feeding behaviour, fluid flow); Fernandez de Puelles & al., 2014 (p.82, Table 3, seasonal abundance);
NZ: 8 + 1 doubtful

Distribution map of Centropages typicus by geographical zones
Species Centropages typicus - Distribution map 3
Chart of 1996
Species Centropages typicus - Distribution map 4issued from : A.A. Shmeleva in Bull. Inst. Oceanogr., Monaco, 1965, 65 (n°1351). [Table 6: 27 ]. Centropages typicus (from South Adriatic).
Dimensions, volume and Weight wet. Means for 50-60 specimens. Volume and weight calculated by geometrical method. Assumed that the specific gravity of the Copepod body is equal to 1, then the volume will correspond to the weight.
Species Centropages typicus - Distribution map 5issued from : G.B. Deevey in Bull. Bingham Oceanogr. Coll., 1960 (2). [p.22, Fig.10].
Variations in length of Centropages typicus females (black color), males (white color) and copepodid stages V and IV (hatching) in the Delaware Bay (NW Atlantic Ocean).
Compare the length variations with the temperature variations during 1931 and 1932 (p. 10, Fig.2)
Nota: Deevey (p.21) estimates the succession of at least five or six generations produced by year. There were several rapidly developing generations during the warmer months.
Species Centropages typicus - Distribution map 6issued from : G.B. Deevey in Bull. Bingham Oceanogr. Coll., 1960 (2). [p.10, Fig.2].
Average surface temperatures at the stations in and outside Delaware Bay (NW Atlantic) from 1931 through November 1932.
The surface temperature range in the Bay varied from less than 2°C in the winter to 24° or 25°C in the summer, and more extreme than that outside the Bay, where temperatures ranged from over 2°C to approximately 22°C, but the cycles varied considerably from year to year (see p.10, figure 2). Salinity outside the Bay varied from a minimum of 30 p.1000 to a maximum of 32.88 p.1000. In the Bay it ranged from 22.8 - 32.25 p.1000. Thus the salinity was over 30 p.1000 at the stations outside the Bay while the range at the mouth of the Bay anda t the stations inside was such as to exlude ordinarily from the Bay some of the neritic species common in the outside waters.
Species Centropages typicus - Distribution map 7issued from : P.S.B. Digby in J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K., 1950, 29. [p.401, Fig.4].
Life history Centropages typicus at station L4 off 5 miles from Plymouth, (English Channel).
A: abundance of stages; B: size-groups of adult females; C: suggested interpretation.
After Digby, the data are not sufficient to separate all generations, but the general similarity between the fragmentary picture obtained suggest the occurrence and course of generations to be somewhat similar to Temora longicornis and Acartia clausi.
See Temperature variations at station L4 during the same period (January 1947 to February 1948 (p.397, Fig.1)
Species Centropages typicus - Distribution map 8issued from : P.S.B. Digby in J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K., 1950, 29. [p.397, Fig.1].
Temperature of the water at 1 and 30 m depth at L4 (5 miles from Plymouth, English Channel) during 1947. x: surface readings from closer in-shore.
Species Centropages typicus - Distribution map 9issued from : J. Le Ruyet-Person, C. Razouls & S. Razouls in Vie Milieu, 1975, XXV (2B). [p.301, Fig.4].
Life history of Centropages typicus at Roscoff (English Channel) during the year.
Quantitative variations of number of females and males during the year. Number of generations (or main cohorts) is estmated to five for the year in relation to the temperature (See p.285, Fig.1), but this species is less abundant than C. hamatus and shows probably five geherations.
Species Centropages typicus - Distribution map 10issued from : J. Le Ruyet-Person, C. Razouls & S. Razouls inVie Milieu, 1975, XXV (2B). [p.285, Fig.1].
Temperature variations of surface water (mean by month) during the year at Roscoff (Western English Channel)
Species Centropages typicus - Distribution map 11issued from : R. Gaudy in Rec. Trav. St. Mar. End., 1962, 27 (42). [p.140, Fig.3].
Life history of Centropages typicus in the Gulf of Marseille (43°15'30''N, 5°17'02''E) during 1960-1961.
A: Histogramm of size classes (cephalothoracic length of females from 1 to 9); B: Number of adults (males and females) and nauplii by haul; C: Percentage of the different stages (N: naulii, 1-5: copepodites, 6: adults); D: Interpretation of successive generations.
Class of sizes (in mm): 1 = 0.900-0.949; 2 = 0.950-0.999; 3: 1.000-1.049; 4 = 1.050-1.099; 5: 1.100-1.149; 6 = 1.150-1.199; 7 = 1.200-1.249; 8 = 1.250-1.299; 9 = 1.300-1.352.

Gaudy (p.138) points to 5 generations by year in the Gulf of Marseille (NW Mediterranean Sea).
Species Centropages typicus - Distribution map 12issued from : J.T. Turner & M.J. Dagg in Biol. Oceanogr., 1983, 3 (1). [p.12, Fig.5].
vertical and inshore-offshore distributions of Centropages typicus in relation to the 15°C isotherm at pump stations on the Long Island (NW Atlantic) transect (40°31.8'-39°53.2' N, 72°23.6'-72°59.4' W; October 1978).
Station numbers are given on the top axis, and dark horizontal bars identify stations sampled at night.

Nota: This species was collected largely from depths above the thermocline, and no consistent patterns indicative of vertical migration were apparent.. The species were most abundant at station 1 (± 37 km from shore), and they progressively declined in abundance in a seaward direction.
Species Centropages typicus - Distribution map 13issued from : J.T. Turner & M.J. Dagg in Biol. Oceanogr., 1983, 3 (1). [p.7, Fig.2].
Vertical temperature structure during the Long Island (NW Atlantic) transect (40°31.8'-39°53.2' N, 72°23.6'-72°59.4' W; Oxtober 1978).
Species Centropages typicus - Distribution map 14issued from : J.T. Turner & M.J. Dagg in Biol. Oceanogr., 1983, 3 (1). [p.25, Fig.12].
Vertical distribution of Centropages typicus in relation to positions of the 15°C and 10°C water at the time of sampling during the Long Island time series (40°26'N, 72°18'W; October 1978).
Sampling times are given on the bottom axis, and dark horizontal bars identify periods of darkness.
Species Centropages typicus - Distribution map 15issued from : A. Ianora & I. Buttino in J. Plankton Res., 1990, 123 (3). [p.475, Fig.1, B].
Centropages typicus females from Gulf of Naples: Seasonal fluctuations in egg production rates after 24 h. Mean values obtained by averaging egg data for all females (continuous line), including those that had not laid eggs, and only in cases where egg deposition had occurred (dashed line).
Species Centropages typicus - Distribution map 16issued from : C. Razouls inCah. Biol. Mar., 1974, 15. [p74, Fig.7]
Life history pattern of Centropages typicus at Banyuls-sur-Mer (western Gulf of Lion, Mediterranean Sea) from 1965 to 1969 in relation to the mean temperature (depth 50 m). Arrowhead denote the maximum of adults; J in days
Nota: The number of generations is etimated betwenn 6 or 7 according to the years. A partir from the variations of copepodites (Ci to C5) and adults, the class sizes and the development times.
Species Centropages typicus - Distribution map 17issued from : C. Razouls & C. Guiness in Cah. Biol. Mar., 1973, 14. [p.422, Fig.6].
Cephalothoracic length variations (in micrometers) during 20 months in relation with the temperature (mean 0-30 m; depth 50 m) and quantitative variations of phytoplancton at Banyuls-sur-Mer (western Gulf of Lion, Mediterranean Sea).
A: number of cells per liter of peridinians and diatomacae; B: number of cells of nannoplankton forms.

Nota: Using total and partial correlation, the relation between length cephalothoracic and temperature is very high (probability 95-99 %) whereas the correlations with the phytoplankton is not significant. The temperaure preponderance masks the effects of trophic factor, and probaly the omnivorous mode of food of Centropages typicus.
Species Centropages typicus - Distribution map 18issued from : R. Gaudy in Tethys, 1972, 4 (1). [p.237, Fig.36].
Schematic quantitative abundance of Centropages typicus in the Gulf of Marseille (Mediterranean Sea) established from samples during the period between ending 1964 to ending 1967.

Gaudy (p.188) points to 5 generations per year.
Species Centropages typicus - Distribution map 19issued from : S. Eriksson in ZOON, 1976, 4. [p.157, Fig.2].
Seasonal distribution of neritic copepod Centropages hamatus and C. typicus off Gothenburg (Göteborg), The Skattegatt. (Monthly means for adult specimens during 1968-1973; point : inshore, depth = 10 m; x: offshore, depth > 40 m.
The main occurrence of the two congeneric species are separated in time: C. hamatus June to July and C. typicus September. The first species has a wide optimum range (3 to 19°C) and the second species a narrow one (12 to 16°C).
Species Centropages typicus - Distribution map 20issued from : S. Eriksson in ZOON, 1976, 4. [p.158, Fig.3, c-d].
Seasonal distribution of neritic copepods Centropages typicus and C. hamatus off Gothenburg, The Skattegatt.
Surface salinity of the investigation area varies around 25 p.1000 and the deep water slinity around 34 p.1000. There is a temperature stratification with surface water warmer than 10°C from May to October with maximum of 20°C in August. The coldest period is January to March with surface temperatures of 1-2°C. The deep water ranges between 5 and 10°C.
The hauls were horizontal at 2, 20, and 40 m.
Limits subjectively regarded as the optimum temperature range: 12-16°C for C. typicus probably allochtonous, and 3-19°C for C. hamatus.
Species Centropages typicus - Distribution map 21issued from : S. Eriksson in Mar. Biol., 1974, 26. [p.320, Figs. 2-3]
Salinity and temperature curves for main series at offshore station H6 (11°30' N, 57°40'.5 E, The Kattegatt) from March 1968 to November 1970.
Species Centropages typicus - Distribution map 22issued from : I.A. McLaren, M.J. Tremblay, C.J. Corkett & J.C. Roff in Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 1989, 46. [p.569, Fig.8].
Annual cycle of Centropages typicus on Emerald Bank (43°30'N, 63°00'W), 1979-80.
Successive generations labelled Go, etc. For convenience, Nov. 1979 sample placed at end (after 1980). Upper panel: abundances as proportions of stages (AD: adults; males clear section of adult bar). Lower panel: size-frequencies of adult females as proportions.
The samples were obtained by vertical hauls from near bottom (usually 25 m) by Hensen-type nets (one of 0.250 mm mesh and the other of 0.064 mm mesh).
Species Centropages typicus - Distribution map 23issued from : I.A. McLaren, M.J. Tremblay, C.J. Corkett & J.C. Roff in Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 1989, 46. [p.569, Fig.9].
Proportions of stages of Centropages typicus on Browns Bank (42°35'N, 65°50'W), 1979.
Adult males are clear portion of bar.
The samples wereo btained by vertical hauls from near bottom (usually 70-80 m) by Hensen-type nets (one of 0.202 mm mesh and the other of 0.064 mm mesh).
Species Centropages typicus - Distribution map 24issued from : P.I. Blades in Mar. Biol., 1977, 40. [p.60, Fig.4].
Centropages typicus. Precopulation. Right A1 male grip on female caudal setae (ventral view).
Species Centropages typicus - Distribution map 25issued from : P.I. Blades in Mar. Biol., 1977, 40. [p.61, Fig.6, C].
Centropages typicus. Copulatory position. ventral view of female, right lateral view of male.
Scale bar = 1 mm.
Species Centropages typicus - Distribution map 26Issued from : A. Lopez-Urrutia, R.P. Harris & T. Smith in Limnol. Oceanogr., 2004, 49 (1). [p.305, Fig.3].
Clearance rate of (C) Centropages typicus from off Plymouth (English Channel), in relation to the size of Oikopleura dioica (Appendicularians).
The first x-axis data points represent the diameter of O. dioica eggs. Solid symbols represent the measured clearance rates and open symbols represent their mean. Vertical and horizontal error bars are the standard deviation of clearance rates and O. dioica size, respectively.
O. dioica cultures were maintened and experiments conducted in a constant temperature room at 15°C with a simulated 12:12 day: night cycle. Cohorts of cultured O. dioica , maintened according to Fenaux and Gorsky, 1985, were used to obtain eggs and juvenile appendicularians.
Species Centropages typicus - Distribution map 27Issued from : R. Ji, C.S. Davis, C. Chen & R.C. Beardsley in Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 2009, 384. [p.190, Fig.3].
Centropages typicus. Bimonthly climatology for the distribution of adult abundance (vertically averaged, no. m3) in the Gulf of Maine-Georges Bank region.
Species Centropages typicus - Distribution map 28issued from : C. Halsband & H.J. Hirche in Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 2001, 209. [p.223, Fig.4].
Centropages typicus. Reproductive parameters at Helgoland Roads.
(a) Egg production rate; (b) clutch size, weekly means ± SD; egg production rate; (c) proportion of females spawning; (d) prosome length.
Species Centropages typicus - Distribution map 29issued from : C. Halsband & H.J. Hirche in Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 2001, 209. [p.221, Fig.2].
Seasonal cycles of (a) temperature and salinity at Helgoland Roads. (b) phytoplankton at Helgoland Roads. 'others' = total phytoplankton carbon - diatom carbon. Phytoplankton data smoothed by 3-point running average.
Species Centropages typicus - Distribution map 30Issued from : T. Kiørboe & H. Jiang in J. R. Soc. Interface, 2013, 10. [p.3, Fig.2 b].
Example of instantaneous flow field of feeding Centropages typicus.
Region with flow velocity exceeding U* = 0.6 mm/s shaded white.
Loc:
? Namibia (in Carola, 1994), Brazil (Oliveira, 1945 (p.191), Congo, Dakar, Morocco-Mauritania, Cap Ghir, Canary Is., off Madeira, Jamaica, G. of Mexico (Texas), Aransas Ship Channel, Florida, Beaufort Inlet, Chesapeake Bay, Delaware bay, Narragansett Bay, off Woods Hole, Long Island Sound, Great Bay estuary, Gulf of Maine, Georges Bank, Bay of Fundy, Nova Scotia, Bedford Basin, off SE & SW Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, S & W Iceland, Faroe, Ireland, off SW Ireland, Lough Hyne, Galway Bay, Fairlie Channel (SW Scotland), Bristol Channel, Norway Sea, Nordvestbanken, S & W Barents Sea (rare), Skagerrak, Gullmar Fjord, Norway (Malangen fjord, Raunefjorden, Haøybotn), North Sea, Dogger Bank, Kattegat, Pas de Calais, English Channel, Plymouth, Roadstead of Brest, Morlaix estuary, Bay of Biscay, Atcachon Bay, La Pallice roadsteadt (rare), Glenans Islands, Belon estuary, Bilbao & Urdaibai estuaries, Portugal, Mondego estuary, off Coruña, Ibero-moroccan Bay, Medit. (Castellon, Alboran Sea, Gulf of Annaba, El Kala shelf, Baleares, Catalan Sea, off Barcelona, Banyuls, G. du Lion, Berre Lagoon, Marseille, Toulon harbour, Nice, Villefranche-s-Mer, Genova, Tyrrhenian Sea, Milazzo, Strait of Messina, Taranto, Tripoli, Malta, Adriatic Sea, Mljet Is., Venezzia, Po delta, G. of Trieste, G. of Gabès, Ionian Sea, Aegean Sea, Lebanon Basin, Alexandria, Marmara Sea, Black Sea), [? Pacific (in C.B. Wilson, 1950, p.188)], N Chile
N: 322 (SE Pacif.: 1, S Atlant.: 3; N Atlant.: 168; Arct.: 1; Medit.: 143; Black Sea: 2)
Lg.:
(38) F: 1,63-1,46; M: 1,64-1,56; (45) F: 1,75-1,25; M: 1,6-1; (46) F: 2-1,6; M: 1,85-1,42; (65) F: 1,75; M: 1,6; (353) F: 1,664-1,32; M: 1,561-1,32; (449) F: 2-1,6; M: 1,9-1,4; (580) F: 1,874-1,376; M: 1,752-1,4; (920) F: 1,52; M: 1,51; (927) F: 1,65-1,67 [winter]; 1,50-1,52 [summer]; M: 1,57-1,59 [winter]; 1,47-1,49 [summer]; (1302) F: 0,79-1,69; (1303) F: 1,86; M: 1,74; {F: 0,79-2,00; M: 1,00-1,90}
Rem.: epipelagic, netitic.
According to Østvedt (1955) this species is regarded as a typically temperate form, and the northern limit of its common occurrence is probably the Faroe-Shetland Channel. A single specimen was taken in June at Weather ship M (Norwegian Sea).

After Norrbin (1992, p.6) this species is uncommon so far north at Hakøybotn, Norway (69°30'N), found mainly during summer and disappears during winter.
Krause (1978) found this spcies in the North Sea brought from Atlantic water with high salinity, he reported a positivr correlation between the abundance and sea surface salinity.
First occurrence in SE Pacific (N Chile) by Hidalgo & al. (2010).
Gaudy (1971 a) shows a relation between the size and the length of the antennula, linked with the water density in the Gulf of Marseille, although others hypothesis are also possible. In 2009, Dvoretskii & Dvoretskii (2009) observe the same variation for Oithona similis in the White Sea.

According to Lakkis (1998, p.2,6) this species is rare in the Levant Sea (E Mediterranean Sea) and should be an indicator of the Atlantic current in the Mediterranean Sea.
Last update : 18/12/2014
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