List species and varieties by family
Spinocalanidae Vervoort, 1951 ( Spinocalanoidea )
Arctokonstantinus Markhaseva & Kosobokova, 2001
Rem.: Cf. Arctokonstantinidae
(1) Damkaeria Fosshagen, 1983
Rem.: Type: Damkaeria falcifera Fosshagen,1983.
This genus, included previously among the Bathypontiidae, was transferred in Spinocalanidae family by Bradford-Grieve (1994, p.95). Total: 2 spp.

Diagnosis from Bradford-Grieve (1994, p.95) :
- As for the family definition.
- All pedigers separate.
- pediger 5 rounded posteriorly.
- Rostrum pointed, single and directed backwards.
- Caudal rami slightly longer than the anal segment.
- A1 female extends a little beyond genital segment, 23-segmented, segments 8-9 and 24-25 fused.
- A1 male 22-segmented on the right, 23-segmented on the left ; segments 20-21 fused on the right.
- A2 exopod longer and stronger than the endopod.
- Md with 3 setae on the inner margin of basis ; blade with sharp teeth, the most ventral of which is set apart from the others.
- Mx1 female with some reduction in inner lobe 3, basis and endopod where the size and number of setae reduced ; inner lobes 2 and 3 with 3 and 4 setae respectively.
- Mx1 male shows further reduction, particularly in inner lobe 2 which is smaller and has 2 small setae ; inner lobe 1, exopod an douter lobe 1 are similar to that of the female.
- Mx2 bears a strong modified claw-like spine on lobe 4 ; distally this spine is strongly armed.
- Mxp female with coxo (basipod 1) and basis (basipod 2) about the same length ; there is a longitudinal row of spinules on basis ; endopod segments 1 and 2 of about equal length.
- Mxp male reduced in size and has a reduced number of setae compared with the female.
- Basis of P1 without minute outer distral seta ; exopodal segments 1 and 2 with an outer-edge spine ; endopod with 2 terminal and 3 inner edge setae ; male exopod outer edge spines shorter and weaker than in the female.
- There are weak surface spinules on the basipods of P2-P4 which are particularly dense on the posterior surface of basis of P4 ; the surfaces of the exopods and endopods of P2-P4 without ornamentation.
- Endopodal segment 2 of P2 with 1 outer-edge seta,
- Endopodal segment 3 of P3 and P4 with 2 outer-edge setae.
- Endopodal segment 1 of P3 and P4 apparently with outer distal corner rounded.
- Female P5 absent.
- Male P5 present on the right side only as a uniramous, 4-segmented, long appendage which is twice the length of the urosome when extended ; first segment broad with a proximal thickening, other segments slender, and the distal segment has a longitudinal row of stiff spinules which increase in length distally.

[1] Damkaeria bicornuta  Schulz, 2004   (F,M)    [Figs]

[2] Damkaeria falcifera  Fosshagen, 1983   (F,M)    [Figs]
Foxtonia Hulsemann & Grice, 1963
Rem.: Cf. Arctokonstantinidae
(2) Isaacsicalanus Fleminger, 1983
Rem.: Type: Isaacsicalanus paucisetus Fleminger,1983. Total: 1 sp.

Diagnosis from Fleminger (1983, p.606) :
- Female with elongate urosome about half length of prosome.
- Short A1 about as long as prosome.
- Rostrum short, lobate without any semblance of bifurcation.
- Mx1 with basis fused to proximal part of endopodite and bearing 4 inner setae; inne lobe 2 with 1 seta, inner lobe 3 lacking inner seta.
- Distal inner setae of Mx2 and Mxp unarmed except for very fine setules on proximal side.
- Mxp coxa with 2 inner setae.
- Exopodal segments 1 and 2 of P1 lacking outer setae.. Endopod with 5 inner setae and prominent shoulder (lateral swelling produced anterodistad, knob-like) at segment's midlength and bearing spinules concentrated at apex.
- P2-P4 with enxopodal segment 3 outer seta 3 about twice as long as outer seta 1 and seta 2. Posterior surfaces of P2-P4 without spines.
- Exopodal segment 1 of A2 without inner seta, exopodal segments 2 and 3 fused, exopodal segment 2 with 1 inner seta.

Diagnosis from Bradford-Grieve (1994, p.95) :
- As for the family definition.
- Pediger segments 4 and 5 partly fused.
- Caudal rami asymmetrical because of the differing position of the inner-edge setae ; the left inner seta located on the ventral surface and projects ventrally, the right inner seta located on the dorsal surface, inserted more distally than the left seta, and directed dorsally.
- Rostrum short, lobate, without bifurcation.
- Female A1 short, 23-segmented with segments 8-9, 24-25 fused.
- A2 exopod 1 without setae, exopodal segments 2 and 3 not fused, exopodal segment 2 with 1 seta.
- Mx1 with basis fused to the endopod and bearing 8 setae ; inner lobe 2 with 1 seta, inner lobe 3 without setae.
- Mx2 and Mxp with distal setae unarmed except for very fine setules on the proximal side ;
- Mxp basipod 1 with 2 setae, basipod 2 with a short row of stiff hairs proximal to the medial setae.
- P1 exopodal segments 1 and 2 without an outer-edge spine ; endopod with 5 setae and a prominent lateral swelling at the segment’s midlength which bears spinules concentrated at its apex.
- Outer distal spine on exopodal segment 3 of P2-P4 about twice as long as the two proximal spines.
- Posterior surfaces of P2-P4 without spines.
- Female P5 absent.

For Fleminger (1983) this genus occupies a highly derived position within the Spinocalanidae. Schulz (1989) points out the similarities between Isaacsicalanus and Teneriforma.

[1] Isaacsicalanus paucisetus  Fleminger, 1983   (F)    [Figs]
(3) Kunihulsea Schulz, 1992
Rem.: Type: Kunihulsea arabica Schulz,1992. Total: 2 spp.

Diagnosis from Schulz (1992, p.176) :
Very small body length .
- Female with short urosome about 1/3 length of prosome.
- Rostrum a single short cone.
- A1 reaching to caudal rami; segments 24 and 25 fused.
- Exopod of A2 about as long as endopod.
- Lobe 3 of Mx1 smaller than lobe 2.
- Mxp with 3 medial setae on basis; endopodal segments 1 to 4 armed with 2 setae each.
- P1 exopodal segment 1 without outer spine; endopod particularly long, with small outer lobe.
- P2 to P4 with numbers of segments and setae typical of the family; exo- and endopods without posterior spines.
- Male (juvenil CV) with left-handed P5.

For Schulz (1992, p.177) this genus shows affinities to spinocalanids: 1- 4 outer setae on the 3rd exopodal segment of P1; 2- 5 setae on the 3rd exopodal segment of P2; 3- separation of pedigers 1 and 2 as well as pedigers 4 and 5; 4- the shape of the lateral posterior corner of pediger 5; 5- the conical undivided rostrum, are characters reminiscent of most or at least some spinocalanid genera, respectively. Among Spinocalanoidae, the genus might occupy a phylogenetic position between the three basic genera, Monaciulla, Spinocalanus, Mimocalanus, and the two most derived taxa Teneriforma, Isaacsicalanus. The conical rostrum as a synapomorphy seems to link Kunihulsea with Damkaeria and the two latter genera, provided the origin of this structure is monophyletic within the Spinocalanoidea.
Other plesiomorphic characters found in both Kunihulsea and Damkaeria may prove a grouping prior to the splitting off from the stem leading to Teneriforma and Isaacsicalanus: (a) 14 (Damkaeria) and 13 setae (Kunihulsea), but 11 (Teneriforma), respectively, on the 1st inner lobe (arthrite) of Mx1, and (b) 8 and 7 (5) setae on the syncoxa of Mxp, and 3 medial setae (2 in Teneriforma) on the basis of Mxp.
However, any definite placement of Kunihulsea and Damkaeria must await future assessement when exact setal armament of the mouth appendages has been verified.

[1] Kunihulsea antarctica  Schulz, 2004   (F)    [Figs]

[2] Kunihulsea arabica  Schulz, 1992   (F, M juv.)    [Figs]
(4) Methanocalanus Ivanenko, Defaye & Cuoc, 2007
Rem.: 1 sp.

[1] Methanocalanus gabonicus  Ivanenko, Defaye & Cuoc, 2007   (F,M)    [Figs]
(5) Mimocalanus Farran, 1908
Rem.: type: Mimocalanus. cultrifer Farran,1908. Total: 10 spp.

Diagnosis from Bradford-Grieve (1994, p.95) :
- As for the family definition.
- Male anal segment not reduced.
- Caudal rami symmetrical, caudal setae usually incomplete on specimens examined : no trace of outer (6th) seta, outer and inner terminal setae usually completely detached, middle 2 setae usually broken at bases, inner seta directed ventrally, small or reduced.
- Rostrum ansent.
- Female A1 with segments 8-9 partly or completely fused, limb narrowing between segments 9 and 11.
- Male A1 with segment 9 partly fused with segment 10, right segment 20 merging with segment 21, as in other left-handed species, limb narrowing between segments 8-10, segment 25 not reduced.
- A2 exopod exceeding the length on the endopod by 20%, exopodal segment 1 without setae, exopodal segments 2 and 3 separate, exopodal segment 2 without setae.
- Md basis with 2 or 3 inner setae, surface nude, endopodal segment 1 surface nude.
- Mx1 inner lobe 1 (praecoxa arthrite) proximal surface without spinules, distal anterior seta present ; inner lobe 2 (coxal endite) with 4 setae, inner lobes 2 and 3 (basal endite) relatively large ; proximal part of the endopod with 3 or 7 proximal and 3 or 7 distal setae ; small nude outer lobe 2 (basal exite) sometimes present.
- Mx2 length twice its wide, without a proximal hump ; lobe 5 with 3 strong and 1 reduced setae, posterior surface of its base without spines ; lobe 6 reduced, apparently with only 1 seta ; endopod segments reduced ; outer seta apparently absent.
- Mxp coxa and basis without a transverse spine-comb, coxa with a proximal group of 2 setae, midlength group of 3 setae, and distal group of 3 or 4 setae, basis with longitudinal row of reduced spinules or denticles, 3 setaze about midlength, and 2 distal setae, endopodal segments 4 and 5 with outer setae usually moderately long, with very long plumes on each side, endopodal segment 5 inner edge without spinules.
- P1 exopodal segment 1 without an outer distal spine ; exopodal segment 1 and 2 together longer than exopodal segment 3 ; the endopod with 1-2 inner-edge setae.
- P2-P4 exopod terminal seta with finely serrate outer edge (48-90 teeth), outer flange wide.
- P1 endopod with 1-2 setae ; P2 endopodal segment 2 with 0-1 outer setae.
- P3-P4 endopodal segment 3 with 0-1 outer-edge setae.
- Surfaces of the swimming-leg segments without spines, except coxa of female P4 which usually has a transverse row of thin setules on the posterior surface proximal to the inner seta.
- Males of some species have an inner seta on coxa of P4.
- Male P5 uniramous, left handed, variably asymmetrical ; exopod essentially 3-segmented, exopodal segments 1 and 2 may be partly fused.

[1] Mimocalanus brodskyi  Razouls, 1974   (F)    [Figs]

[2] Mimocalanus crassus  Park, 1970   (F,M)    [Figs]

[3] Mimocalanus cultrifer  Farran, 1908   (F,M)    [Figs]

[4] Mimocalanus damkaeri  Brodsky, Vyshkvartzeva, Kos & Markhaseva, 1983   (F,M)    [Figs]

[5] Mimocalanus distinctocephalus  Brodsky, 1950   (F,M)    [Figs]

[6] Mimocalanus heronae  Damkaer, 1975   (F,M)    [Figs]

[7] Mimocalanus inflatus  Davis, 1949   (F)    [Figs]

[8] Mimocalanus major  Sars, 1920   (F)    [Figs]

[9] Mimocalanus nudus  Farran, 1908   (F,M)    [Figs]

[10] Mimocalanus ovalis  (Grice & Hulsemann, 1965)   (F)    [Figs]

Mimocalanus sulcifrons    Wheeler, 1970   (M)
Syn.: non M. sulcifrons : Damkaer,1975 (p.76, figs.F,M, Rem.)
Ref.: Wheeler, 1970 (p.7, Descr.M, figs.M); Brodsky & al.,1983 (Rem., p.307, 309, 318, 321)
Loc: off Bahamas E
Rem.: Cf. Mimocalanus nudus

Mimocalanus sp.    Grice & Hulsemann, 1967   (M)
Ref.: Grice & Hulsemann,1967 (p.21,figs.M); Damkaer,1975 (p.74,75, Rem.)
Loc: Indien W
Rem.: Cf. Mimocalanus crassus
(6) Monacilla Sars, 1905
Rem.: type: Monacilla typica Sars,1905. Total: 3 spp. + 1 iuncertained.

Diagnosis from Bradford-Grieve (1994, p.99) :
- As for the family definition.
- Head rounded or with a prominent crest.
- Rostrum 2-pointed, sometimes asymmetrical.
- Pedigerous segment 5 with lateral corners prolonged,
- Pedigerous segments 1-4 without lateral spinules.
- Prosome length 3.-3.5 times the length of the urosome.
- Genital segment sometimes asymmetrical, protruding ventrally 0.5 times the depth of the rest of the urosome.
- Anal segment reduced in the male.
- Caudal rami and setae symmetrical.
- Female A1 with segments 8-9 fused.
- Male A1 with segments 9-10 fused, right segment 20 merging with segment 21, segment 25 reduced.
- A2 exopod length exceeding the endopod by 20%, exopodal segment 2 probably with 2 setae anda t least partly fused with segment 3.
- Md basis with 4 setae.
- Mx1 inner lobe 1 as in Spinocalanus as the distal anterior set ais apparently absent ; inner lobe 2 with 5 setae, outer lobe 2 small with 1 short seta.
- Mx2 length 1.5 times its width with proximal outer hump nude and the outer seta apparently absent, lobe 5 with 4 strong setae and the postrior surface of its base without spines, lobe 6 small with 2 setae, endopodal segments not reduced.
- Mxp coxa with or, apparently without a transverse spine-comb at midlength on the outer anterior and posterior edge, basis without a spine-comb ; coxa with the proximal and midlength group of 3 setae each, distal group apparently with 4-6 setae ; basis with a longitudinal row of stiff hairs, 2 setae at about midlength, 1 seta more distal, and 2 distal setae ; endopodal segments 4 and 5 outer setae relatively short and thin, probably lightly plumose ; endopodal segment 5 inner edge without spinules.
- Male Mx1 and Mxp setae reduced in size.
- P1 exopodal segment 1 with outer distal spine, reduced in the male, and male with the distal outer spine on exopodal segment 2 forming a sharply curved hook ; exopodal segments 1 and 2 together longer than exopodal segment 3 which is apparently without posterior surface spines ; endopod with 3 inner setae.
- P2 endopodal segment 2 with 1 outer seta.
- P3 and P4 endopodal segment 3 with 2 outer-edge setae.
- Posterior surface of certain segments of the swimming legs with rows of spines.
- Male P5 biramous, asymmetrical, subequal, endopods 1-segmented, sometimes filiform ; exopods well built and 2- or 3-segmented.

Monacilla dubia    A. Scott, 1909   (M)
Ref.: A. Scott,1909 (p.35, Descr.M, figs.M); Damkaer,1975 (p.64)
Loc: Indonésie-Malaisie
Rem.: Cf. Monacilla typica

[1] Monacilla gracilis  (Wolfenden, 1911)   (F)    [Figs]

Monacilla semispina    A. Scott, 1909   (F,M)
Syn.: Oxycalanus semispinus A. Scott, 1909 (p.33, Descr.F, figs.F)
Ref.: C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.266, fig.M); Damkaer, 1975 (p.64, Rem.)
Loc: Indonésie-Malaisie, Philippines
Rem.: Cf. Monacilla typica

[2] Monacilla tenera  Sars, 1907   (F,M)    [Figs]

[3] Monacilla typica  Sars, 1905   (F,M)    [Figs]

Monacilla typica asymmetrica    Tanaka, 1956   (F)
Ref.: Tanaka, 1953 (p.130, nomen nudum ); 1956 c (p.398, figs.F); Vervoort, 1963 b (p.121); Damkaer, 1975 (p.64)
Loc: Japon (Sagami Bay)
Lg.: (55) F: 2,27

[4] Monacilla sp.  Damkaer, 1975   (M)    [Figs]
(7) Mospicalanus Schulz, 1996
Rem.: Type: Mospicalanus schielae Schulz,1996. Total: 1 sp.

Diagnosis adult female from Schulz (2996, p.595) :
- Posterior corner of prosome only slightly produced posteriorly to form rounded lobe;
- Urosome short, less than1/3 length of prosome.
- Rosytum absent.
- Exopod of A2 with 10 setae, with 2nd segment bearing 2 setae.
- Md gnathobase armed with closely spaced teeth; basis carrying 4 inner setae.
- Coxal endite of Mx1 with 5 and distal basal endite with 4 setae.
- Syncoxa of Mxp armed with 2, 3, and 3 setae; endopod with 2, 3, 3, 2, 3, and 4 setae; outer setae of both distal segments extremely long.
- P1 endopod 1-segmented, P2 2-segmented, P3 and P4 3-segmented.
- Exopods of P1 to P4 3-segmented.
- Swimming legs lacking spinulation on posterior faces, except basis of P4.
- P1 endopod with 2 inner setae; outer distal spine of 1st exopodal segment absent.
- Distal endopodal segments of P2-P4 armed with 0, 2, and 2 outer setae respectively.
- Female P5 absent.

For Schulz (1996, p.600) this genus exhibits a close relationship with Mimocalanus because of a number of further synapomorphies: 1- absence of the outer seta of the caudal rami; 2- the reduced setal numbers of the A2 exopod; (10 in Mospicalanus, 8 in Mimocalanus vs plesiomorphic 12 setae); 3- only 10 (vs 11) setae on the 2nd endopod segment of Md; 4- reduced number of armature elements (11 vs 15) on the praecoxal arthrite of Mx1, and only 5 setae (vs 6) on the coxal endite; 5- absence of an outer coxal seta of Mx2, and reduced setal numvers on basis and 1st endopod segment (3 and 1 vs 4 and 2, respectively); 6- lack of a praecoxal seta on Mxp; 7- absence of the outer distal spine on the 1st exopod segment of P1.

[1] Mospicalanus schielae  Schulz, 1996   (F, juv.M)    [Figs]
(8) Rhinomaxillaris Grice & Hulsemann, 1967
Rem.: Type: Rhinomaxillaris bathybia Grice & Hulsemann,1967. Total: 1 sp.
Formerly included in the Bathypontiidae family.

Diagnosis based on adult female from Grice & Hulsemann (1967, p.39) :
- Head and 1st thoracic segment incompletely separate, 4th and 5th thoracic segments inccompletely separate.
- Abdomen 4-segmented.
- Anal segment longer than preceding segment and caudal rami.
- Rostrum large and obtuse;
- A1 reaching to 5th thoracic segment; segments 8 and 9, 24 and 25 fused.
- Exopod of A2 7-segmented, about 2 times the length of endopod.
- Mx1 with 2 setae on 2nd inner lobe; 5 setae on endopod and 2 setae on exopod.
- Mx2 with 5 lobes bearing 1, 1, 3, 3, and 2 setae, respectively.
- Mxp large, with long and coarse setae distally.
- P1 exopod 3-segmented and endopod 1-segmented; 1st and 2nd exopodal segments without outer spines.
- Exopods of P2-P4 broken off.
- Endopods of P2 2- or 3-segmented, of P3 and P4 3-segmented.
- 3rd endopodal segments of P3 and P4 with 6 setae.

For Grice & Hulsemann (1967, p.39) it was difficult to assign the female species Rhinomaxillaris bathybia to an existing family. The new genus is distinguished from Bathypontia (= Temorites) by the long exopod in the A2, the shape and arrangement of the teeth on the Md blade, and the absence of P5.
Rhinomaxillaris differs from Zenkevitchiella and Foxtonia in the long exopod of A2, the Md blade and the peculiar rostrum.
From Zenkevitchiella, Rhinomaxillaris is further distinguished by the absence of external spines on the 1st and 2nd exopodal segments of P1, and the absence of P5.. It differs from Foxtonia in the increased number of segments in the endopods of P2 and P3 and in the absence of spinelike setae between the bases of A1.
Rhinomaxillaris also resembles certain genera in the family Pseudocalanidae. The large and blunt rostrum, the dfused 24th and 25th segments in A1, and the absence of external spines on the 1st and 2nd exopodal segments of P1 prevent Rhinomaxillaris from being placed in this family.

[1] Rhinomaxillaris bathybia  Grice & Hulsemann, 1967   (F)    [Figs]
Sognocalanus Fosshagen, 1967
Rem.: Cf. Arctokonstantinidae
(9) Spinocalanus Giesbrecht, 1888
Rem.: type: S. abyssalis Giesbrecht,1888. Total: 29 spp. + 4 unidentified.

Diagnosis from Bradford-Grieve (1994, p.100) :
- As for the family definition.
- Rostrum absent.
- Female prosome in dorsal view slender to robust ovoid, lateral corners of pedigerous segment 5 sometimes prolonged, pedigerous segments 1-4 sometimes with lateral spinules, sometimes left and right sides with variable numbers.
- Male prosome in dorsal view usually not ovoid, anterior part irregular or rounded, with a central knob-like protrusion, posterior part usually somewhat rectangular, head usually expanded dorsally to nearly cover pedigerous segment 1, head and pedigerous segment 1 separate or partly fused.
- Male anal segment usually reduced.
- Female caudal rami and caudal setae sometimes asymmetrical.
- Female A1 with segments 8-9 fused.
- Male A1 with segment 9 partly fused with segment 10, segment 25 usually reduced.
- A2 exopod length exceeds the endopod by 20%, exopodal segment 1 with 0-2 setae, exopodal segments 2 and 3 fused, exopod segment 2 with 2 setae
- Md basis with 4 inner setae, and usually with a distal row of long setules on the anterior surface, endopodal segment 1 also with a row of long setules.
- Mx1 inner lobe 1 posterior surface with proximal clusters of spinules and denticles, proximal posterior surface with 3 or 4 setae, distal anterior seta present or absent, inner lobe 2 with 6 setae, proximal part of the endopod with 4 proximal and 5 distal setae, outer lobe 2 absent.
- Mx2 length 1.5-1.75 times its width with a small to strong proximal outer hump usually armed with hairs, setules, and/or spinules, lobe 5 with 4 strong setae and its posterior surface may have spines; lobe 6 small with 2 setae (1 seta small); endopod segments not reduced; outer seta present or, apparently, absent.
- Mxp coxa sometimes with a transverse spine-comb at midlength on the outer and posterior edge, basis sometimes also with a transverse spine-comb at about 0.33 of its length on the anterior and posterior surfaces; coxa with 3 groups of 3 setae each; basis witha longitudinal row of stiff hairs or stiff setules, 2 setae at about midlength, 1 seta more distal, and 2 distal setae; the form of the outer setae on endopodal segments 4 and 5 varying with species.
- P1 exopodal segment 1 with an outer distal spine, exopodal segments 1 and 2 together longer than exopodal segment 3 which sometimes has posterior surface spines ; endopod with 1-3 inner setae.
- P2 endopodal segment 2 with 0-1 outer seta.
- P3 and P4 endopodal segment 3 usually with 2 outer setae.
- Posterior surface of certain segments of the swimming legs with rows of spines.
- P2-P4 exopodal segment 2 distal anterior surface with 1 row of spinules.
- P2 exopodal segment 2 posterior surface usually with 1 row of spines.
- P3 and P4 exopodal segment 2 posterior surface with 1-2 rows of spines.
- P2 and P3 exopodal segment 3 posterior surface usually with 1-3 rows of spines.
- P4 exopodal segment 3 with or without posterior surface spines or spinules.
- Terminal exopod seta of P2-P4 with a moderately coarse serrate outer edge (20-50 primary teeth), the outer flange narrow.
- Endopodal segment 2 of P2-P4 with posterior surface with 2 rows of spines, 1 row sometimes reduced to small spinules on a few species.
- Endopodal segment 3 of P3 with the posterior surface usually with 2 rows of spines, but at least 1 row of spines or denticles.
- Endopodal segment 3 of P4 posterior surface with 2 rows of spines..
- Coxa of P4 usually with a transverse row of setules on the posterior surface near the inner seta.
- Male swimming legs generally similar to those of the female with variable armature, rows of spines on the posterior surface of some segments in the female are sometimes in circular clusters in the male ; coxa of P4 without inner transverse row of setules or spinules on the posterior surface, with or without a seta.
- Male P5 biramous with styliform endopods ; or very asymmetrical uniramous, usually left-handed ; exopods usually 3-segmented.

[1] Spinocalanus abruptus  Grice & Hulsemann, 1965   (F)    [Figs]

[2] Spinocalanus abyssalis  Giesbrecht, 1888   (F,M)    [Figs]

Spinocalanus abyssalis pygmaeus    Farran, 1926   
Ref.: Farran, 1926 (p.243); 1929 (p.227: Rem.); Vervoort, 1946 (p.148, Rem.); Farran & Vervoort, 1951 g (part., n° 39, p.3, figs.F); Vervoort, 1951 (p.70); 1957 (p.41); Roe, 1972 a (p.331, Rem.); Damkaer, 1975 (p.17, 19, 25, Rem.)
Ref. compl.: Grice, 1962 a (p.101); Grice & Hulsemann, 1965 (p.223, 227); 1967 (p.14); Kovalev & Schmeleva, 1982 (p.83)
Loc: Arct., Atlant. NE, G. de Gascogne, Medit., Indien W
Lg.: (38) F: 1,08-0,95
Rem.: part.: Cf. Spinocalanus longicornis

[3] Spinocalanus angusticeps  Sars, 1920   (F,M)    [Figs]

[4] Spinocalanus antarcticus  Wolfenden, 1906   (F,M)    [Figs]

[5] Spinocalanus aspinosus  Park, 1970   (F)    [Figs]

[6] Spinocalanus brevicaudatus  Brodsky, 1950   (F,M)    [Figs]

[7] Spinocalanus caudatus  Sars, 1920   (F)    [Figs]

[8] Spinocalanus dispar  Schulz, 1989   (F)    [Figs]

[9] Spinocalanus dorsispinosus  Brodsky, 1950   (M)    [Figs]

[10] Spinocalanus elongatus  Brodsky, 1950   (F,M)    [Figs]

Spinocalanus giesbrechti    Brady, 1918   (F,M)
Ref.: Brady, 1918 (p.17, figs.F,M); Sewell, 1948 (p.575); Vervoort, 1951 (p.70); Damkaer, 1975 (p.41, Rem.)
Loc: Antarct. (Macquarie Is.)
Rem.: Forme indéterminable

Spinocalanus heterocaudatus    Rose, 1937   (F)
Syn.: non Spinocalanus heterocaudatus : Rose, 1942 a (p.315, Descr.M, figs.M)
Ref.: Rose, 1937 (p.151, Descr.F, figs.F); Sewell, 1948 (p.508, 509); Mazza, 1966 (p.70); Damkaer, 1975 (p.26, 29, Rem.)
Loc: Baie d'Alger
Rem.: Cf. Spinocalanus magnus (F). Le mâle n'est pas atribué et non cité comme synonyme.

[11] Spinocalanus hirtus  Sars, 1907   (F)    [Figs]

[12] Spinocalanus hoplites  Park, 1970   (F)    [Figs]

[13] Spinocalanus horridus  Wolfenden, 1911   (F,M)    [Figs]

Spinocalanus latifrons    Sars, 1907   (F)
Ref.: Sars, 1907 a (p.5, Descr.F); 1925 (p.34, Rem.); Damkaer, 1975 (p.35)
Loc: Médit. W
Rem.: Cf. Spinocalanus magnus

[14] Spinocalanus longicornis  Sars, 1900   (F,M)    [Figs]

Spinocalanus longipes    Tanaka, 1956   (M)
Syn.: S. longipes Tanaka, 1953 (nom. nud.)
Ref.: Tanaka, 1956 c (p.394, Descr.M, figs.M); Johnson, 1963 (p.94); Grice & Hulsemann, 1967 (p.14); Damkaer, 1975 (p.42, Rem.)
Rem.: Cf. Spinocalanus angusticeps

[15] Spinocalanus longispinus  Brodsky, 1950   (F,M)    [Figs]

[16] Spinocalanus macrocephalon  Brodsky, Vyshkvartzeva , Kos, Markhaseva, 1983   (M)    [Figs]

[17] Spinocalanus magnus  Wolfenden, 1904   (F,M)    [Figs]

Spinocalanus major    Esterly, 1906   (F)
Ref.: Esterly, 1906 a (p.55, Descr.F); Damkaer, 1975 (p.35)
Loc: Californie (La Jolla)
Rem.: Cf. Spinocalanus brevicaudatus

Spinocalanus neospinosus    Grice, 1971   (F)
Ref.: Grice, 1971 (p.276, Descr.F, figs.F); Damkaer, 1975 (p.59, 60)
Loc: Médit.
Rem.: Cf. Spinocalanus oligospinosus

[18] Spinocalanus oligospinosus  Park, 1970   (F)    [Figs]

Spinocalanus ovalis    Grice & Hulsemann, 1965   (F)
Ref.: Grice & Hulsemann, 1965 (p.229, Descr.F, figs.F); Damkaer, 1975 (p.57)
Loc: Atlant NE.
Rem.: Cf. Mimocalanus ovalis

Spinocalanus pacificus    Mori, 1942   
Ref.: Damkaer, 1975 (p.26, 29, Rem.)
Rem.: Cf. Spinocalanus magnus

Spinocalanus parabyssalis    Park, 1970   (F,M)
Ref.: Park, 1970 (p.475, 483, figs.F,M); Björnberg, 1973 (p.322, 389); Damkaer, 1975 (p.17); Kovalev & Schmeleva, 1982 (p.83); Greze & al., 1985 (p.7)
Rem.: Cf. Spinocalanus longicornis (F) & Spinocalanus abyssalis (M)

Spinocalanus paraoligospinosus    Hure & Scotto di Carlo, 1971   
Ref.: Hure & Scotto di Carlo, 1971 (p.584, nom. nudum); Damkaer, 1975 (p.59)
Rem.: Cf. Spinocalanus oligospinosus

[19] Spinocalanus polaris  Brodsky, 1950   (F,M)    [Figs]

[20] Spinocalanus profundalis  Brodsky, 1955   (F)    [Figs]

[21] Spinocalanus pseudospinipes  Brodsky, 1950   (M)    [Figs]

Spinocalanus pteronus    Park, 1970   (F)
Ref.: Park, 1970 (p.475, 483, 487, Descr.F, figs.F); Damkaer, 1975 (p.58, Rem.)
Loc: Mer des Antilles, G. du Mexique
Rem.: Cf. Spinocalanus usitatus

Spinocalanus schaudinni    Mrazek, 1902   (F,M)
Ref.: Mrazek, 1902 (p.509, figs.F,M); Vervoort, 1946 (p.147); Damkaer, 1975 (p.20, 25, Rem.)
Loc: Arct.
Rem.: Cf. Spinocalanus longicornis

[22] Spinocalanus similis  Brodsky, 1950   (F,M)    [Figs]

Spinocalanus similis profundalis    Brodsky, 1955   (F,M)
Ref.: Brodsky, 1955 a (p.185, figs.F,M); Damkaer, 1975 (p.57); Brodsky & al., 1983 (p.292, figs.F, Rem.)
Rem.: Cf. Spinocalanus profundalis (F) et S. similis (M)

[23] Spinocalanus spinipes  Brodsky, 1950   (F,M)    [Figs]

[24] Spinocalanus spinosus  Farran, 1908   (F,M)    [Figs]

[25] Spinocalanus stellatus  Brodsky, 1950   (F,M)    [Figs]

[26] Spinocalanus terranovae  Damkaer, 1975   (F,M)    [Figs]

[27] Spinocalanus usitatus  Park, 1970   (F)    [Figs]

[28] Spinocalanus validus  Sars, 1920   (F,M)    [Figs]

[29] Spinocalanus ventriosus  Grice & Hulsemann, 1967   (F)    [Figs]

Spinocalanus sp.    Tanaka, 1937   (F,M)
Syn.: S. abyssalis : Tanaka, 1937 (p.253, figs.F,M)
Ref.: Brodsky,1950 (1967) (p.131, figs.F,M); Damkaer, 1975 (p.46, Rem.)
Rem.: Cf. Spinocalanus abyssalis (M) & S. horridus (F)

[30] Spinocalanus sp.  Johnson, 1963   (M)    [Figs]

Spinocalanus sp.    Grice & Hulsemann, 1967   (M)
Ref.: Grice & Hulsemann, 1967 (p.22, fig.M); Damkaer, 1975 (p.57, Rem.)
Loc: Indien W
Rem.: non Spinocalanus. Voir à spp. inc. sedis.

[31] Spinocalanus sp. A  Roe, 1975   (M)    [Figs]

[32] Spinocalanus sp. B  Roe, 1975   (M)    [Figs]
(10) Teneriforma Grice & Hulsemann, 1967
Rem.: type: Tanyrhinus naso Farran,1936. Total: 4 spp.

Diagnosis from Bradford-Grieve (1994, p.105) :
- As for the family definition.
- All pedigerous segments separate.
- Pedigerous segment 5 prolonged, extending 0/33 times the length of the genital segment.
- Rostrum single, long, blunt cone directed backwards.
- Caudal rami symmetrical, length 2.0-2.5 times their width, longer than or equal to the anal segment.
- Male anal segment not reduced.
- A1 female extends to the anal segment, 24-segmented, segments 8-9 fused.
- Male A1 reaching the end of the caudal rami, 24-segmented, segments 8-8 fused, on the left segments 20 and 21 distinct, segment 25 not reduced.
- A2 exopod equals the endopod.; exopodal segment 1 with 1 seta, exopodal segment 2 and 3 fused, exopod segment 2 with 2 setae.
- Md with 3 setae on the inner margin of basis.
- Mx1 female with some reduction in inner lobe 3, basipod, and the endopod, where the size and number of setae are reduced; inner lobes 2 and 3 with 4 and 2 setae respectively.
- P1 basis without minute outer distal seta, with inner distal seta; exopodal segment 1 without an outer distal spine, exopodal segment 2 with an outer-edge spine; endopod with 2 terminal and 2-3 inner-edge setae.
- Surface of the swimming legs without spinules.
- Endopodal segment 2 of P2 with 1 outer-edge seta.
- endopodal segment 3 of P3 and P4 with 2 outer-edge setae.
- Female P5 absent.
- Male P5 very asymmetrical present on the left side as a uniramous, 5-segmented appendage, right basis reduced to a small knob.

[1] Teneriforma meteorae  Schulz, 1989   (F)    [Figs]

[2] Teneriforma naso  (Farran, 1936)   (F,M)    [Figs]

[3] Teneriforma pakae  Andronov, 2013   (F,M)    [Figs]

[4] Teneriforma pentatrichodes  Schulz, 1989   (F)    [Figs]

 Any use of this site for a publication will be mentioned with the following reference :

Razouls C., Desreumaux N., Kouwenberg J. and de Bovée F., 2005-2021. - Biodiversity of Marine Planktonic Copepods (morphology, geographical distribution and biological data). Sorbonne University, CNRS. Available at http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr/en [Accessed December 01, 2021]

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