List species and varieties by family
Temoridae Giesbrecht, 1893 ( Diaptomoidea )
(0) Eurytemora Giesbrecht, 1881
Rem.: Freshwater species, some forms are brackish. Analysis of this genus provisional, partially included in the matrix and in the treatment of geographic data (for example for E. caspica from the Caspian Sea..
Type: Temora affinis Poppe, 1880. Total: 24 spp.(noted up to 2019)

After Heron & Damkaer (1976, p.127), Gurney (1931) suggested that Eurytemora may have evolved from the marine genus Temora in the ''arctic sea of glacial times''.

Definition from Bradford-Grieve (1999 b, p.155) :
- As for the family definition.
- Head with a posterodorsal prominence similar to that in Temora, anterior head only slightly prominent and with 2 soft rostral filaments.
- Pedigerous segments 4 and 5 separated by a distinct suture, sometimes greatly expanded laterally.
- Urosome slender with female genital segment somewhat protuberant below..
- Caudal rami elongated and slightly divergent, setae normal in number.
- Eye of moderate size.
- A1 comparatively short, scarcely exceeding the prosome in length, 24-segmented in the female. Right A1 in male distinctly geniculate.
- A2 exopod 7-segmented, longer than the endopod.
- Anterior lip rather prominent ventrally.
- Md, Mx1 and Mx2 similar to Temora.
- Mxp shorter and stouter than in Temora, basipod 2 dilated and the endopod is recurved and carries delicate plumose setae.
- Endopod of P1 1-segmented, of P2-P4 2-segmented; exopodal segment 3 of P2-P4 with 2 outer edge spines, terminal spine finely toothed on the outer edge.
- P5 female 4-segmented, penultimate segment with the inner edge produced into a strong, pointed process; last segment small with 2 unequal spines terminally.
- Male P5 large and less asymmetrical than in Temora, both legs nearly the same size, 4-segmented, more or less incurved, right terminal segment claw-shaped, that of the left spatulate terminally.
- Ovisac present in the female.

Eurytemora adleri    Schiklejew, 1931   
Ref.: Heron & Damkaer, 1976 (p.128); Dussart & Defaye, 1983 (p.47)
Rem.: Cf. Eurytemora velox

[1] Eurytemora affinis  Poppe, 1880   (F,M)    [Figs]

Eurytemora affinis hirundoides    Nordquist, 1888   (F,M)
Ref.: Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.104); Sars, 1902 (1903) (p.102, figs.F,M); Heron & Damkaer, 1976 (p.128); Dussart & Defaye, 1983 (p.48)
Loc: Baltique, France N (estuaires)
N: 4
Rem.: ? Cf. Eurytemora hirundoides

Eurytemora affinis raboti    Richard, 1897   (F,M)
Ref.: van Breemen, 1908 a (p.101); Heron, 1964 (p.199)
Loc: Spitzberg (eau saumâtre)
Rem.: Cf. Eurytemora raboti

[2] Eurytemora americana  Williams, 1906   (F,M)    [Figs]

[3] Eurytemora anadyrensis  Borutzky, 1961   (F,M)    [Figs]

[4] Eurytemora arctica  Wilson & Tash, 1966   (F,M)    [Figs]

[5] Eurytemora asymmetrica  Smirnov, 1935   (F,M)    [Figs]

[6] Eurytemora bilobata  Akatova, 1949   (F)

[7] Eurytemora brodskyi  Kos, 1993   (F,M)    [Figs]

[8] Eurytemora canadensis  Marsh, 1920   (F,M)    [Figs]

[9] Eurytemora carolleeae  Alekseev & Souissi, 2011   (F,M)    [Figs]

[10] Eurytemora caspica  Sukhikh & Alekseev, 2013   (F,M)    [Figs]

[11] Eurytemora composita  Keiser, 1929   (F,M)    [Figs]

[12] Eurytemora foveola  Johnson, 1961   (F,M)    [Figs]

[13] Eurytemora gracilicauda  Akatova, 1949   (F,M)    [Figs]

[14] Eurytemora gracilis  Sars, 1898   (F,M)    [Figs]

[15] Eurytemora grimmi  Sars, 1897   (F,M)    [Figs]

[16] Eurytemora herdmani  Thompson & Scott, 1897   (F,M)    [Figs]

Eurytemora hirundo    Giesbrecht, 1881   (F,M)
Ref.: Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.104); Sars, 1902 (1903) (p.102: Rem.); Gurney, 1931 a (p.185, Rem.); Rose, 1933 a (p.173, Rem.).; Heron & Damkaer, 1976 (p.128); Kos, 1977 a (p.20); Dussart & Defaye, 1983 (p.49); Sazhina, 1985 (p.54, figs.N)
Loc: Norvège, Kiel (Baie)
Lg.: (47) F: 1,4; M: 1,2; {F: 1,40; M: 1,20}
Rem.: Cf. Eurytemora affinis

Eurytemora hirundoides    Nordquist, 1888   (F,M)
Syn.: Temorella affinis hispida Nordquist,1888
Ref.: Sars, 1902 (1903) (p.102, figs.F,M); Sharpe, 1910 (p.411, figs.F); Campbell, 1929 (p.315, Rem.); Gurney, 1931 a (p.185, Rem.); Wilson, 1932 (p.24); 1932 a (p.110, figs.F,M); Rose, 1933 a (p.173, figs.F,M); Brodsky, 1950 (1967) (p.285, figs.F,M); Faber, 1966 (p.191, 195, figs.N); Shih & al., 1971 (p.48, 152); Katona, 1971 (p.5); Heron & Damkaer, 1976 (p.128); Kos, 1977 a (p.20); Dussart & Defaye, 1983 (p.48); Shih & Marhue, 1991 (tab.3); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p.111); Mauchline, 1998 (tab.46); Sameoto & al., 2002 (p.12); Boxshall & Halsey, 2004 (p.208, figs.F,M)
Loc: Baltique, Manche, Pas de Calais, France N (estuaires), Woods Hole, Narragansett Bay, off Nova Scotia E, Norvège, Détr. de Géorgie, Colombie Britannique, G. du Mexique
Lg.: (22) F: 1,56-1; M: 1,15-0,9; (65) F: 1,15; (45) F: 1,25-1; M: 1-0,9; {F: 1,00-1,56; M: 0,90-1,15}
Rem.: ? Cf. Eurytemora affinis

Eurytemora inermis    Boeck, 1864   
Syn.: Temora inermis Boeck, 1864; Sars, 1902 (1903) (p.102: Rem.)
Ref.: Heron & Damkaer, 1976 (p.128); Dussart & Defaye, 1983 (p.48)
Rem.: Cf. Eurytemora affinis

Eurytemora johanseni    Willey,1, 20   (F,M)
Ref.: Willey, 1920 a (p.13, figs.F,M); Gurney, 1931 a (p.185); Sewell, 1948 (p.496, Rem.); Johnson, 1961 (p.317); Heron & Damkaer, 1976 (p.128); Dussart & Defaye, 1983 (p.49)
Rem.: Cf. Eurytemora pacifica

Eurytemora kieferi    Smirnov, 1931   (F,M)
Ref.: Brodsky, 1950 (1967) (p.287, figs.F,M); Heron & Damkaer, 1976 (p.128); Kos, 1977 a (p.33); Dussart & Defaye, 1983 (p.48)
Loc: Kamtchatka, Mer de Béring
Lg.: (22) F: 1,6; M: < 1,6
Rem.: Cf. Eurytemora americana

[17] Eurytemora kurenkovi  Borutzky, 1961   (F,M)    [Figs]

[18] Eurytemora lacustris  Poppe, 1887   (F,M)    [Figs]

[19] Eurytemora pacifica  Sato, 1913   (F,M)    [Figs]

[20] Eurytemora raboti  Richard, 1897   (F,M)    [Figs]

[21] Eurytemora richingsi  Heron & Damkaer, 1976   (F,M)    [Figs]

Eurytemora thompsoni    Willey, 1923   (F,M)
Ref.: Gurney, 1931 a (p.185); Brodsky, 1950 (1967) (p.286, figs.F,M); Heron, 1964 (p.206); Heron & Damkaer, 1976 (p.128); Kos, 1977 a (p.33); Dussart & Defaye, 1983 (p.48)
Lg.: (22) F: 1,6-1,4; M: 1,5-1,02
Rem.: Cf. Eurytemora americana

Eurytemora tolli    Rylov, 1922   
Ref.: Gurney, 1931 a (p.185); Heron & Damkaer, 1976 (p.128); Dussart & Defaye, 1983 (p.49)
Loc: Sibérie
Rem.: Cf. Eurytemora canadensis

Eurytemora transversalis    Campbell, 1930   (F,M)
Ref.: Campbell, 1930 (p.179, figs.F,M); Brodsky, 1950 (1967) (p.288, figs.F,M); Heron, 1964 (p.206); Heron & Damkaer, 1976 (p.128); Kos, 1977 a (p.33); Dussart & Defaye, 1983 (p.48)
Loc: Mer de Chukchi S, Vancouver Is.
Lg.: (574) F: 1,8; M: 1,6
Rem.: Cf. Eurytemora americana

[22] Eurytemora velox  Lilljeborg, 1853   (F,M)    [Figs]

[23] Eurytemora wolterecki  Mann, 1940   (F,M)

[24] Eurytemora yukonensis  M.S. Wilson, 1953   (F,M)    [Figs]
(1) Temora Baird, 1850
Rem.: Type: Cyclops longicornis Müller, 1785. Total: 5 spp. (of which 1 doubtful).

Definition from Bradford-Grieve (1999 b, p.157) :
- As in the family definition.
- Body short and compact.
- Head vaulted dorsally; remarkably dilated with a posterodorsal prominence.
- Head with 2 slender rostral filaments.
- Pedigerous segments 4 abd 5 fused.
- Female genital segment comparatively short and hardly protuberant ventrally.
- Caudal ramui narrow and elongate, sometimes asymmetrical, setae comparatively short and of the usual number, one is on the outer border some distance from others.
- Eye small.
- A1 slender and elongate, 24-segmented in female, last 2 segments fused, geniculate on right in male.
- A2 exopod 7-segmented, scarcely longer than endopod.
- Anterior lip not prominent.
- Mouthparts of a normal structure.
- Swimming legs with endoipods small and 2-segmented; exopodal segments 1 and 2 of P2-P4 partly fused in female; exopodal segment 3 with 3 outer edge spines and 1 terminal coarsely toothed spine.
- Female P5 small, , 3-segmented, first two simple, last segment dentate terminally.
- Male P5 asymmetrical, left leg much larger, 4-segmented, segment 2 produced on inner edge into a long curved thumb-like process, which opposes the 2 terminal segments; right leg 3-segmented, terminal segment incurved, claw-like.
- No ovisac present in the female.

Temora africana    Brady, 1914   (F,M)
Ref.: Brady, 1914 (p.3, figs.F,M)
Loc: Afr. S (Durban)
Lg.: (577) F: 1,2
Rem.: Cf. Temora turbinata

Temora curta    Dana, 1849   
Syn.: Calanus curtus Dana,1849
Ref.: Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.102)
Loc: Mer de Sulu
Rem.: sp douteuse.

[1] Temora discaudata  Giesbrecht, 1889   (F,M)    [Figs]

Temora dubia    Lubbock, 1856   (F,M)
Syn.: Diaptomus dubius Lubbock,1856
Ref.: Brady, 1883 ( part., p.79, figs.F,M, Rem.F,M); Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.328, Rem.); Thompson, 1888 d (p.142); Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.101, Rem.); Brady, 1914 a (p.25, figs.M, Rem.); Vervoort, 1965 (p.101: synonymes)
Rem.: Cf.Temora stylifera et Temora dubia

[2] Temora kerguelensis  Wolfenden, 1911   (M)
Rem.: Sampling depth (sub-Antarct.) : 0-200 m.
This species was described from 2 male specimens that differ from T. longicornis and T. turbinata. The furcal rami have the same length as the anal segment. This latter is very long, of almost the same length as the 3 preceding segments. The last thoracic segment is rounded on both sides. The lobe of the first basal article of the Mxp does not bear a cluster of simple setae at the external corner as in T. longicornis, and 2 simple setae on the 3rd and 4rth endopodite article; the 3 setae of the second basal article are set in distal position.
The second furcal setae are not greatly enlarged and asymmetric as in T. turbinata, and the 4th abdominal segment is shorter than the 5th.
P1 has 3-articled exopodites and endopodites, without seta on the basipodite. The second external spine of the 3rd article of the exopodite has no denticules.
P2 shows 3 articles and a distal range of teeth. The A1 show robust straight spines on the 8th, 10th and 11th article. The articles 8-11 are strongly reduced. The second of the 4 articles from the articulation is very long, the last very short, the forelast is allongated and seems segmented.
P5 seems to differ of that from T. longicornis and T. turbinata. On the right leg, the 2nd article is enlarged and carries an external distal robust spine, the last article is foliar and characteristic. The endopodite is present as a long article resembling a stick, as long as the left leg.
The left leg is very insignificant, very short in the form of a stick.
The author does not give figures.
This species has not been observed in the numerous samples, during more than a year in the Morbihan Bay and close to the Kerguelen Islands (C & S Razouls pers. comm.).

[3] Temora longicornis  (Müller, 1792)   (F,M)    [Figs]

[4] Temora stylifera  Dana, 1849   (F,M)    [Figs]

Temora tenuicauda    Brady, 1899   
Ref.: Vervoort, 1965 (p.99)
Rem.: Cf. Temora turbinata

[5] Temora turbinata  (Dana, 1849)   (F,M)    [Figs]

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Razouls C., Desreumaux N., Kouwenberg J. and de Bovée F., 2005-2024. - Biodiversity of Marine Planktonic Copepods (morphology, geographical distribution and biological data). Sorbonne University, CNRS. Available at [Accessed May 21, 2024]

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