Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Calanoidea ( Superfamily )
        Paracalanidae ( Family )
            Acrocalanus ( Genus )
Acrocalanus monachus  Giesbrecht, 1888   (F,M)
Ref.:
Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.171, 175, 770, figs.F); Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.25, Rem. F); Thompson & Scott, 1903 (p.233, 243); Wolfenden, 1905 (1906) (p.1002, figs.); A. Scott, 1909 (p.30, Rem.); Sewell, 1912 (p.353, 359); 1929 (p.83); Farran, 1936 a (p.81); Mori, 1937 (1964) (p.32, figs.F); Sewell, 1947 (p.53); C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.158, fig.F); Grice, 1962 (p.187, figs.F, Rem.); Kasturirangan, 1963 (p.24, fig.F); Chen & Zhang, 1974 (p.106, figs.F,M); Greenwood, 1976 (p.19); Zheng & al., 1982 (p.29, figs.F); Hiromi, 1987 (p.154); Bradford-Grieve, 1994 (p.51, figs.F); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.846, Pl.136: F,M); Bradford-Grieve, 1999 (p.877, 909, figs.F); Conway & al., 2003 (p.156, figs.F,M, Rem.); Phukham, 2008 (p.118, figs.F)
Species Acrocalanus monachus - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : Q.-c. Chen & S.-c. Zhang in Studia Marina Sinica, 1974, 9. [Pl.3, Fig.35].
Female (from South China Sea): 35, habitus (dorsal).


Species Acrocalanus monachus - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : Q.-c. Chen & S.-z. Zhang in Studia Marina Sinica, 1974, 9. [Pl.4, Fig.36-40].
Female: 36, habitus (lateral right side); 37, P3; 38, P4.

Male: 39, habitus (dorsal); 40, P5.


Species Acrocalanus monachus - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori in The pelagic Copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (1964). [Pl.12, Fig.10].
Female: 10, habitus (lateral).


Species Acrocalanus monachus - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori inThe pelagic Copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (1964). [Pl.13, Figs.13-14].
Female: 13, P2 (posterior); 14, P3 (posterior).


Species Acrocalanus monachus - Plate 5 of morphological figuresissued from : Z. Zheng, S. Li, S.J. Li & B. Chen inMarine planktonic copepods in Chinese waers. Shanghai Sc. Techn. Press, 1982 [p.29, Fig.16].
Female: a-b, habitus (dorsal and lateral, respectively); c, P3; d, P4.
Scale bars in mm.


Species Acrocalanus monachus - Plate 6 of morphological figuresissued from : G.D. Grice in Fish. Bull. Fish and Wildl. Ser., 1962, 61. [p.186, Pl.6, Figs.7-9].
Female (from equatorial Pacific): 7-8, habitus (dorsal and lateral, respectively); 9, P4 (posterior).
Nota: The truncate appearance of this species in lateral view distinguishes it from others in the genus.


Species Acrocalanus monachus - Plate 7 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 10, 38].
Female: exopodite of P4.


Species Acrocalanus monachus - Plate 8 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 6, Figs.26, 31.
Female: 26, habitus (lateral); 31, same (dorsal).


Species Acrocalanus monachus - Plate 9 of morphological figuresissued from : N. Phukham in Species diversity of calanoid copepods in Thai waters, Andaman Sea (Master of Science, Univ. Bangkok). 2008. [p.201, Fig.75].
Female (from W Malay Peninsula): a-b, habitus (dorsal and lateral, respectively); c, P4.

Body length after the drawing: F = 0.849 mm (urosome probably curved).

Compl. Ref.:
Wilson, 1942 a (p.170); Sewell, 1948 (p.391, 395, 407, 412, 433, 437); Krishnaswamy, 1953 (p.115); Chiba & al., 1957 (p.306); 1957 a (p.11); Ganapati & Shanthakumari, 1962 (p.7, 15); Fagetti, 1962 (p.14); De Decker, 1964 (p.14, 17, 27); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.11); Grice & Hulsemann, 1967 (p.14); Fleminger, 1967 a (tabl.1); Vinogradov, 1968 (1970) (p.78); Timonin, 1971 (p.281, trophic group); Heinrich, 1973 (p.95); Carter, 1977 (1978) (p.35); Dessier, 1983 (p.89, Tableau 1, Rem., %); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); De Decker, 1984 (p.315, 329: chart); Binet, 1984 (tab.3); Brinton & al., 1986 (p.228, Table 1); Madhupratap & Haridas, 1986 (p.105, tab.1); Dessier, 1988 (tabl.1); Hernandez-Trujillo, 1989 a (tab.1); Mitra & al., 1990 (fig.3); Yoo, 1991 (tab.1); Hernandez-Trujillo, 1991 (1993) (tab.I); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.71); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p.110); Wong & al, 1998 (tab.2); Noda & al., 1998 (p.55, Table 3, occurrence); Lavaniegos & Gonzalez-Navarro, 1999 (p.239, Appx.1); Lo & al., 2001 (1139, tab.I); Dalal & Goswami, 2001 (p.22, fig.2); Uysal & al., 2002 (p.17, tab.1); Hwang & al., 2003 (p.193, tab.2); Shimode & Shirayama, 2004 (tab.2); Hsiao & al., 2004 (p.326, tab.1); Rezai & al., 2004 (p.489, tab.2); Chang & Fang, 2004 (p.456, tab.1); Lan & al., 2004 (p.332, tab.1, tab.2); Lo & al. *, 2004 (p.218, tab.1, fig.6); Gallienne & al., 2004 (p.5, tab.3); Lo & al., 2004 (p.89, tab.1); Kazmi, 2004 (p.230); Hwang & al., 2006 (p.943, tabl. I); Prusova & Smith, 2005 (p.75); Hwang & al., 2007 (p.24); Dur & al., 2007 (p.197, Table IV); Jitlang & al., 2008 (p.65, Table 1); McKinnon & al., 2008 (p.844: Tab.1); Selifonova & al., 2008 (p.305, Tabl. 2); Ayon & al., 2008 (p.238, Table 4: Peruvian samples); Fernandes, 2008 (p.465, Tabl.2); Lan Y.C. & al., 2008 (p.61, Table 1, % vs stations); Tseng L.-C. & al., 2008 (p.153, Table 2, fig.5, occurrence vs geographic distribution, indicator species); Tseng & al., 2008 (p.402, Table 2); C.-Y. Lee & al., 2009 (p.151, Tab.2); Tseng & al., 2009 (p.327, fig.5, feeding); Lan Y.-C. & al., 2009 (p.1, Table 2, % vs hydrogaphic conditions); Hernandez-Trujillo & al., 2010 (p.913, Table 2); Cornils & al., 2010 (p.2076, Table 3); Fazeli & al., 2010 (p.153, Table 1,as monochus); Schnack-Schiel & al., 2010 (p.2064, Table 2: E Atlantic subtropical/tropical); W.-B. Chang & al., 2010 (p.735, Table 2, abundance); Hsiao S.H. & al., 2011 (p.475, Appendix I); Hsiao & al., 2011 (p.317, Table 2, indicator of seasonal change); Kâ & Hwang, 2011 (p.155, Table 3: occurrence %); Tseng L.-C. & al., 2011 (p.47, Table 2, occurrences vs mesh sizes); Selifonova, 2011 a (p.77, Table 1, alien species in Black Sea); Tutasi & al., 2011 (p.791, Table 2, abundance distribution vs La Niña event); Jang M.-C & al., 2012 (p.37, abundance and seasonal distribution); Tseng & al., 2012 (p.621, Table 3: abundance); Cornils & Blanco-Bercial, 2013 (p.861, Table 1, molecular analysis, figs.3, 4, 5); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013; M. Ohman, pers. comm.); Tseng & al., 2013 (p.507, seasonal abundance); Jagadeesan & al., 2013 (p.27, Table 3, seasonal abundance); Hwang & al., 2014 (p.43, Appendix A: seasonal abundance); Jerez-Guerrero & al., 2017 (p.1046, Table 1: temporal occurrence)
NZ: 14

Distribution map of Acrocalanus monachus by geographical zones
Loc:
South Africa (E & W), Medit. (NW Lebanon Basin) (in Uysal & al., 2002), W Black Sea, Red Sea, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Sea, Maldives Is., Madagascar, Rodrigues Is. - Seychelles, Mascarene Basin, G. of Mannar, Palk Bay, Sri Lanka (Pearl Banks), Natal, Indian, India (W, Madras, Lawson's Bay, Mandarmani), G. of Bengal, S Burma, W Malay Peninsula (Andaman Sea), Straits of Malacca, Indonesia-Malaysia, SW Celebes, Philippines, Viet-Nam (Cauda Bay), China Seas (Yellow Sea, East China Sea, South China Sea), Taiwan Strait, Taiwan (S, E, SW, Kaohsiung Harbor, NW, N, Mienhua Canyon, NE), Korea Strait, Japan, Kuchinoerabu Is., Hokkaido, off SE Japan, Bikini, Pacif. (equatorial), Australia (Great Barrier, Moreton Bay, Shark Bay, North West Cape), New Caledonia, Fidji Is., N Marquises Is., Hawaii, California, Baja California (Bahia Magdalena, W, G of California, Tahiti, off NE Tuamotu, Bahia Cupica (Colombia), Galapagos-Ecuador, off Peru, Chile

Data from Cornils & Blanco-Bercial (2013): 17°11'S; 150°25'W.
N: 109
Lg.:
(34) F: 0,96-0,92; (47) F: 0,92; (91) F: 1-0,9; (101) F: 1,1-1; (338) F: 1,03-0,88; M: 0,88-0,79; (786) F: 1,08-0,99; (795) F: 0,92-0,91; (991) F: 0,9-1,1; (1023) F: 1,01; (1047) F: 0,90; {F: 0,88-1,10; M: 0,79-0,88}
Rem.: The presence of this species in the Levantin Basin (reported, to my knowledge, for the first time by Uysal & al., 2002) may be a result of introduction from the Red Sea (Lessepsian migration).
Timonin (1971, p.282) considers the trophic interrelations in the equatorial and tropical Indian Ocean, and divides the plankters into 6 trophic groups from the litterature and the results of studies of mouth-parts structure and intestine content. This species is a fine-filter feeder.
See in DVP Conway & al., 2003 (version 1)
R. Stephen: Data sheets of NIO, Kochi, India (on line).
Last update : 05/04/2018
    to add your remark
  

 Any use of this site for a publication will be mentioned with the following reference :

Razouls C., de Bovée F., Kouwenberg J. et Desreumaux N., 2005-2019. - Diversity and Geographic Distribution of Marine Planktonic Copepods. Sorbonne University, CNRS. Available at http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr/en [Accessed February 22, 2019]

© copyright 2005-2019 Sorbonne University, CNRS

Webmaster
CNRS   Observatoire Océanologique de Banyuls sur Mer - Laboratoire Arago
Sorbonne Université

 

Version française
English version

 

Search

On the WEB of CNRS

 


Marine Planktonic Copepods

Marine Planktonic Copepods

 

Imprimer Contact Accueil Plan du site Accès restreint Retour Une du Labo Imprimer Contact Plan du site Crédits Téléchargez les Plug-Ins