Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Calanoidea ( Superfamily )
        Paracalanidae ( Family )
            Calocalanus ( Genus )
Calocalanus styliremis  Giesbrecht, 1888   (F,M)
Syn.: no Calocalanus styliremis : Bradford, 1972 (p.34, figs.F);
Calocalanus styliremis s.l. : Brinton & al., 1986 (p.228, Table 1);
Ref.:
Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.176, 185, 770, figs.F,M); Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.26, Rem. F,M); Farran, 1908 b (p.22); Früchtl, 1923 a (p.149, figs.F, Rem.); Sars, 1925 (p.27); Farran, 1926 (p.234, figs.F, Rem.); 1929 (p.208, 222); Sewell, 1929 (p.89); Rose, 1933 a (p.76, figs.F,M); Hardy & Gunther, 1935 (p.147); Farran, 1936 a (p.83); Wilson, 1942 a (p.173, figs.juv.M; Vervoort, 1946 (p.138); Farran & Vervoort, 1951 d (n°36, p.3, figs.F) Tanaka, 1956 c (p.379, figs.F); 1960 (p.30); Bernard, 1960 (n°36 first revision, p.4, figs.F); Vervoort, 1963 b (p.114: as C. styliremus, Rem.); Tanaka, 1964 (p.6); Chen & Zhang, 1965 (p.45, 130: Rem., figs.F); Corral Estrada, 1970 (p.117, figs.F, M, Rem.); Björnberg, 1972 (p.20, figs.N, Rem.N); Bradford, 1972 (p.34, figs.F); Razouls, 1972 (p.94, Annexe: p.23, figs.F); Corral, 1972 b (n°138, p.4, 5, figs.F,M); Chen & Zhang, 1974 (p.108, figs.M); Dawson & Knatz, 1980 (p.4, figs.F,M); Björnberg & al., 1981 (p.604, 624, figs.F,M); Gardner & Szabo, 1982 (p.164, figs.F,M); Zheng & al., 1982 (p.26, Fig.F); Sazhina, 1985 (p.42, figs.N); Bradford-Grieve, 1994 (p.64, figs.F,M, fig.99); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.750, Pl.71: F,M); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.877, 909, figs.F,M); Conway & al., 2003 (p.203, figs.F,M, Rem.); Boxshall & Halsey, 2004 (p.154: figs.F,M); Avancini & al., 2006 (p.72, Pl. 41, figs.F,M, Rem.); Vives & Shmeleva, 2007 (p.958, figs.F,M, Rem.)
Species Calocalanus styliremis - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from: Q.-c Chen & S.-z. Zhang in Studia Marina Sinica, 1965, 7. [Pl.10, 7-9].
Female (from E China Sea): 7, habitus (dorsal); 8, urosome (dorsal); 9, P5 (posterior).


Species Calocalanus styliremis - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : J. Corral Estrada in Tesis Doct., Univ. Madrid, A-129, Sec. Biologicas, 1970. [Lam.28].
Female (from Canarias Is.): 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, distal segments of A1; 3, P5; 4, habitus (dorsal, another specimen); 5, P5; 6, habitus (dorsal, another individual); 7, distal segments of A1; 8, P4; 9, P5.


Species Calocalanus styliremis - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from : J. Corral Estrada in Tesis Doct., Univ. Madrid, A-129, Sec. Biologicas, 1970. [Lam.29].
Female: 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, P1; 3, P2; 4, P3; 5, P4; 6, P5.

Male: 7, P2; 8, P3; 9, endopodal segments of P4; 10, P5.


Species Calocalanus styliremis - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from : Q.-c. Chen & S.-z. Zhang in Studia Marina Sinica, 1974, 9. [Pl.5, Figs. 51-52].
Male (from South China): 51, habitus (dorsal); 52, P5.


Species Calocalanus styliremis - Plate 5 of morphological figuresissued from : Z. Zheng, S. Li, S.J. Li & B. Chen in Marine planktonic copepods in Chinese waers. Shanghai Sc. Techn. Press, 1982 [p.27, Fig.14].
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, urosome (dorsal); c, P4; d, P5.
Scale in mm.


Species Calocalanus styliremis - Plate 6 of morphological figuresissued from : J.M. Bradford in Mem. N. Z. Oceonogr. Inst., 1972, 54. [p.35, Fig.5 (13-14)].
Female (from Kaikoura, New Zealand): 13, habitus (dorsal); 14, P5.
Scale bars: 1 mm (13); 0.01 mm (14).


Species Calocalanus styliremis - Plate 7 of morphological figuresissued from : C. Razouls in Th. Doc. Etat Fac. Sc. Paris VI, 1972, Annexe. [Fig.27, A, D-E].
Female (from Banyuls, G. of Lion): A, urosome; D-E, P5 (from two specimens)


Species Calocalanus styliremis - Plate 8 of morphological figuresissued from : G.P. Farran in Biscayan Plankton collected during a Cruise of H.M.S. 'Research', 1900.- Part XIV. The Copepoda. (Linn. Journ. Zoology, XXXVI, 1926). [p.303, Pl.5, Figs.5-6].
Female: 5, habitus (dorsal); 6, urosome (dorsal).


Species Calocalanus styliremis - Plate 9 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.9, Fig.15].
Female: 15, P5 (anterior view).


Species Calocalanus styliremis - Plate 10 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.9, Fig.18].
Female: 18, distal segments of A1.


Species Calocalanus styliremis - Plate 11 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.9, Fig.29].
Female: 29, P4 (posterior view).


Species Calocalanus styliremis - Plate 12 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.36, Figs.47, 48].
Female: 47, last thoracic segment with P5 and urosome (lateral); 48, habitus (dorsal).


Species Calocalanus styliremis - Plate 13 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.36, Fig.46].
Male: 46, habitus (lateral).:


Species Calocalanus styliremis - Plate 14 of morphological figuresIssued from : M. Bernard in Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 1958, 83. [p.189, Figs. 6 a, b, 7, 8 a, b].
Calocalanus styliremis (from Alger Bay, Algeria): 6a, P5; 6b, P4; 7, terminal segments of A1; 8a-8b, urosome (two aspects).
Lengths: Urosome: 0.150 mm.


Species Calocalanus styliremis - Plate 15 of morphological figuresIssued from : E. Chatton in Arch. Zool. Exp. & Gen., 1920, 59, [p.122, Fig.23].
Calocalanus styliremis female (from Banyuls) parasited by Blastodinium crassum (Dinoflagellate).

Nota: The infestation index shows that the species is weak by comparison with Paracalanus parvus and Clausocalanus furcatus, but the latters very much abundant in the samples.


Species Calocalanus styliremis - Plate 16 of morphological figuresIssued from : E. Chatton in Arch. Zool. Exp. & Gen., 1920, 59, [p.178, Fig.81].
Calocalanus styliremis female (from Banyuls) parasited by Blastodinium contortum (Dinoflagellate), very twisted in the copepod's gut.

Compl. Ref.:
Pearson, 1906 (p.9); Chatton, 1920 (p.17, parasite); Rose, 1925 (p.151); Hardy & Gunther, 1935 (1936) (p.147, Rem.); Sewell, 1948 (p.323, 381, 391, 395, 407, 414, 453, 460, 462, 468, 469, 473, 477, 478, 481, 493); C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.180); Yamazi, 1958 (p.148, Rem.); Fagetti, 1962 (p.13); Grice & Hart, 1962 (p.287, 293: Rem.); Gaudy, 1962 (p.93, Rem.: p.104); Duran, 1963 (p.14); V.N. Greze, 1963 a (tabl.2); Shmeleva, 1963 (p.141); Ahlstrom & Thrailkill, 1963 (p.57, Table 5, abundance); Grice, 1963 a (p.495); Björnberg, 1963 (p.30, Rem.); De Decker, 1964 (p.15, 18, 29); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.11); Grice & Hulsemann, 1965 (p.223); Shmeleva, 1965 b (p.1350, lengths-volume -weight relation); Neto & Paiva, 1966 (p.21, Table III); Mazza, 1966 (p.69); 1967 (p.355: Rem.); Pavlova, 1966 (p.43); Grice & Hulsemann, 1967 (p.14); Fleminger, 1967 a (tabl.1); De Decker, 1968 (p.45); Park, 1970 (p.475); Deevey, 1971 (p.224); Carli, 1971 (p.372, tab.1); Apostolopoulou, 1972 (p.327, 340); Binet & al., 1972 (p.71); Roe, 1972 (p.277, tabl.1, tabl.2); Bainbridge, 1972 (p.61, Appendix Table I: vertical distribution vs day/night, as sryliremus); Björnberg, 1973 (p.308, 384); Corral Estrada & Pereiro Muñoz, 1974 (tab.I); de Bovée, 1974 (p.109, 124); Vives & al., 1975 (p.35, tab.II, III, IV); Peterson & Miller, 1976 (p.14, Table 1, 3, abundance vs interannual variations); 1977 (p.717, Table 1, seasonal occurrence); Deevey & Brooks, 1977 (p.256, tab.2, Station "S"); Carter, 1977 (1978) (p.35); Comaschi Scaramuzza, 1978 (p.17); Vaissière & Séguin, 1980 (p.23, tab.1); Kovalev & Schmeleva, 1982 (p.83); Brenning, 1982 (p.5, spatial distribution, T-S diagram, Rem.); Vives, 1982 (p.290); De Decker, 1984 (p.315, 334: chart); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); Roe, 1984 (p.356); Scotto di Carlo & al., 1984 (1042); Brenning, 1985 a (p.24, Table 2); Moraitou-Apostolopoulou, 1985 (p.303, occurrence/abundance in E Mediterranean Sea, Rem.: p.310); Regner, 1985 (p.11, Rem.: p.25); Almeida Prado Por, 1985 (p.250); Comaschi Scaramuzza, 1987 (tab.1); Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.57 as stylimeris); McKinnon, 1991 (p.471); Shih & Marhue, 1991 (tab.2, 3); Seguin & al., 1993 (p.23, 26: Rem.); Oliveira Dias, 1995 (p.147); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.71); Hajderi, 1995 (p.542); Siokou-Frangou, 1997 (tab.1); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.100); Noda & al., 1998 (p.55, Table 3, occurrence); Lopes & al., 1998 (p.195); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p108); Seridji & Hafferssas, 2000 (tab.1); Lavaniegos & Gonzalez-Navarro, 1999 (p.239, Appx.1); Razouls & al., 2000 (p.343, Appendix); Ueda & al., 2000 (tab.1); d'Elbée, 2001 (tabl. 1); Holmes, 2001 (p.38); Peterson & al. 2002 (p.381, Table 2, interannual abundance); Zerouali & Melhaoui, 2002 (p.91, Tableau I); Bode & al., 2003 (p.85, Table 1, abundance); Peterson & Keister, 2003 (p.2499, interannual variability); Keister & Peterson, 2003 (p.341, Table 1, abundance, cluster species vs hydrological events); Vukanic, 2003 (139, tab.1); Hsieh & al., 2004 (p.397, tab.1); Rezai & al., 2004 (p.490, tab.2, comme styliformis); Lan & al., 2004 (p.332, tab.1); Fernandez de Puelles & al., 2004 (p.654, fig.7); Lo & al., 2004 (p.89, tab.1); Fernandez & al., 2004 (p.501, tab.5); Rezai & al., 2005 (p.157, Table 5: spatial & temporal variations); Isari & al., 2006 (p.241, tab.II); Fernandez de Puelles & al., 2007 (p.340: fig.7); Valdés & al., 2007 (p.103: tab.1); Dur & al., 2007 (p.197, Table IV); Khelifi-Touhami & al., 2007 (p.327, Table 1); McKinnon & al., 2008 (p.844: Tab.1); Cabal & al., 2008 (289, Table 1); Morales-Ramirez & Suarez-Morales, 2008 (p.518); Galbraith, 2009 (pers. comm.); Chiba & al., 2009 (p.1846, Table 1, occurrence vs temperature change); Licandro & Icardi, 2009 (p.17, Table 4); Lidvanov & al., 2010 (p.356, Table 3); Hidalgo & al., 2010 (p.2089, fig.4, Table 2, cluster analysis); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.426); Medellin-Mora & Navas S., 2010 (p.265, Tab. 2); Fazeli & al., 2010 (p.153, Table 1); W.-B. Chang & al., 2010 (p.735, Table 2, abundance); Maiphae & Sa-ardrit, 2011 (p.641, Table 2, 3, Rem.); Isari & al., 2011 (p.51, Table 2, abundance vs distribution); Andersen N.G. & al., 2011 (p.71, Fig.3: abundance); Tutasi & al., 2011 (p.791, Table 2, abundance distribution vs La Niña event); Keister & al., 2011 (p.2498, interannual variation); Johan & al., 2012 (2013) (p.1, Table 1); Uysal & Shmeleva, 2012 (p.909, Table I); DiBacco & al., 2012 (p.483, Table S1, ballast water transport); Dorgham & al., 2012 (p.473, Table 3: abundance %); Hidalgo & al., 2012 (p.134, Table 2); Belmonte & al., 2013 (p.222, Table 2, abundance vs stations); Cornils & Blanco-Bercial, 2013 (p.861, Table 1, molecular analysis, figs.3, 4, 5); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013; M. Ohman, pers. comm.); Terbiyik Kurt & Polat, 2013 (p.1163, Table 2, seasonal distribution); Tachibana & al., 2013 (p.545, Table 1, seasonal change 2006-2008); Sobrinho-Gonçalves & al., 2013 (p.713, Table 2, fig.8, seasonal abundance vs environmental conditions); Lidvanov & al., 2013 (p.290, Table 2, % composition) ; Pansera & al., 2014 (p.221, Table 2, abundance); Mazzocchi & al., 2014 (p.64, Table 3, 4, 5, spatial & seasonal composition %); Zakaria, 2014 (p.3, Table 1, abundance vs 1960-2000); Zakaria & al., 2016 (p.1, Table 1);Benedetti & al., 2016 (p.159, Table I, fig.1, functional characters); Ben Ltaief & al., 2017 (p.1, Table III, Summer relative abundance) ; Benedetti & al., 2018 (p.1, Fig.2: ecological functional group); Belmonte, 2018 (p.273, Table I: Italian zones); Chaouadi & Hafferssas, 2018 (p.913, Table II: occurrence).
NZ: 20

Distribution map of Calocalanus styliremis by geographical zones
Species Calocalanus styliremis - Distribution map 4issued from : A.A. Shmeleva in Bull. Inst. Oceanogr., Monaco, 1965, 65 (n°1351). [Table 6: 12 ]. Calocalanus styliremis (from South Adriatic).
Dimensions, volume and Weight wet. Means for 50-60 specimens. Volume and weight calculated by geometrical method. Assumed that the specific gravity of the Copepod body is equal to 1, then the volume will correspond to the weight.
Species Calocalanus styliremis - Distribution map 5issued from : U. Brenning in Wiss. Z. Wilhelm-Pieck-Univ. Rostock - 31. Jahrgang 1982. Mat.-nat. wiss. Reihe, 6. [p.5, Fig.7].
Spatial distribution for Calocalanus styliremis, C. contractus, C. pavo, C. tenuis from 8° S - 26° N; 16°- 20° W.
Species Calocalanus styliremis - Distribution map 6issued from : U. Brenning in Wiss. Z. Wilhelm-Pieck-Univ. Rostock - 31. Jahrgang 1982. Mat.-nat. wiss. Reihe, 6. [p.5, Fig.9].
Spatial distribution for Calocalanus styliremis from Namibia, expedition VIII (21/9-17/12, 1976)
Species Calocalanus styliremis - Distribution map 7issued from : U. Brenning in Wiss. Z. Wilhelm-Pieck-Univ. Rostock - 31. Jahrgang 1982. Mat.-nat. wiss. Reihe, 6. [p.6, Fig.10].
T-S diagram for Calocalanus styliremis, and Calocalanus contractus (all copepodid stages) from 8° S - 26° N; 16°- 20° W, and Namibia.
SO: Southern Surface Water (S °/oo: 34,50; T°C: 29,0); ND: Northern Water of the Surface Layer (S °/oo: 37,5; T°C: 21,0); SD: Southern Deep Water of the surface layer (S °/oo: 35,33; T°C: 13,4). See commentary in Temora stylifera and Brenning (1985 a, p.6).

Nota: This species is euryecological form.
Loc:
Cosmopolite (tropical and temperate, World-wide), South Africa (E & W), also: sub-Antarct. (SW Atlant., N South Georgia, Indian), Bering Sea, Straits of Malacca, Malaysia (Sarawak: Bintulu coast), G. of Thailand, China Seas (East China Sea, South China Sea), Kuchinoerabu Is., Tokyo Bay, British Columbia, Oregon (off Newport), W Baja California, Galapagos-Ecuador, Chile (S, off Santiago), Caribbean Colombia, Sargasso Sea, Station "S" (32°10'N, 64°30'W).

Data from Cornils & Blanco-Bercial (2013): 01°00'S; 09°00'W (W Guinea Basin).
N: 177
Lg.:
(14) F: 0,748-0,66; (34) F: 0,68-0,62; (35) F: 0,74-0,65; (38) F: 0,85-0,8; (47) F: 0,72-0,6; M: 0,55; (55) F: 0,69-0,6; 0,84-0,75; (66) F: 0,64; (114) F: 0,76; (116) F: 0,75; (199) F: 0,68-0,61; (237) F: 0,6-0,7; M: 0,65; (290) F: 0,8-0,6; (338) M: 0,55-0,45; (786) F: 0,68; (866) F: 0,5-0,9; M: 0,5-0,6; (991) F: 0,59-0,95; M: 0,48-0,55; (1023) F: 0,60-0,69; 0,75-0,84; (1112) F: 0,567-0,912 [NW Africa]; 0,72-0,816 [Namibia]; (1132) F: 0,62-0,72; M: 0,55; {F: 0,50-0,95; M: 0,45-0,65}
Rem.: epipelagic. Sampling depth (Sub-Antarctic): 0-50 m. Sargasso Sea: 0-500 m (Deevey & Brooks, 1977, Station "S").For Bainbridge (1972, p.91) the species is epipelagic (day and night) on the African coasts of Gulf of Guinea.
Registered off the Brazilian coast for the first time by Björnberg (1963).
After Benedetti & al. (2018, p.1, Fig.2) this species belonging to the functional group 4 corresponding to small filter feeding herbivorous and mixed feeding omnivorous (mostly broadcasters).

See in DVP Conway & al., 2003 (version 1)
Last update : 28/02/2020
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