Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Diaptomoidea ( Superfamily )
        Pontellidae ( Family )
            Calanopia ( Genus )
Calanopia elliptica  (Dana, 1849)   (F,M)
Syn.: Pontella elliptica Dana,1849;
Calanopia sp. Pesta, 1912 a (p.52, fig. juv.);
No Calanopia elliptica : Wilson, 1942 a (part., p.172, fig.F)
Ref.:
Brady, 1883 (p.85, figs.F,M); Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.441, 770, figs.M); 1896 (1897) (p.325, figs.F); Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.132, Rem. F,M); Thompson & Scott, 1903 (p.235, 251); A. Scott, 1909 (p.176, figs.F,M); Pesta, 1912 a (p.50, figs.F); 1913 (p.32); Sewell, 1914 a (p.231); Gurney, 1927 (p.154, figs.F,M); Sewell, 1932 (p.341); Farran, 1936 a (p.115); Mori, 1937 (1964) (p.89, figs.F,M); Dakin & Colefax, 1940 (p.105, figs.F,M); Sewell, 1947 (p.248); Chiba & al., 1957 (p.308); Bowman, 1957 (p.39, Rem.); Kasturirangan, 1963 (p.47, 48, figs.F,M); Tanaka, 1964 c (p.250, Rem.F,M); Chen & Zhang, 1965 (p.95, figs.F,M); Saraswathy, 1966 (1967) (p.85); Silas & Pillai, 1976 (p.785, figs.F,M, Rem.); Greenwood, 1979 (p.93, 94, Rem.); Lakkis, 1984 (p.299, figs.M); Bundy & Paffenhöfer, 1993 (p.3, figs.F); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.865, Pl.146: F,M); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.885, 958, figs.F,M); Bradford-Grieve, 1999 b (p.185, figs.F,M, figs.184, 194); Mulyadi, 2002 (p.41, figs.F,M, Rem.); Al-Yamani & Prusova, 2003 (p.77, figs.F,M); Conway & al., 2003 (p.121, figs.F,M, Rem.); Othman & Toda, 2006 (p.307, F,M); Vives & Shmeleva, 2007 (p.490, figs.F,M, Rem.); Phukham, 2008 (p.74, figs.F,M); Al-Yamani & al., 2011 (p.58, figs.F,M)
Species Calanopia elliptica - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from: Q.-c. Chen & S.-z. Zhang in Studia Marina Sinica, 1965, 7. [Pl.39, 1-5].
Female (from E China Sea): 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, rostrum (ventral view); 3, P5 (posterior).

Male: 4, habitus (dorsal); 5, P5 (posterior).


Species Calanopia elliptica - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : A. Scott in Siboga-Expedition, 1909, XIX a. [Plate XLVIII, Figs.1-5].
Female (from Indonesia-Malaysia): 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, last thoracic and genital segments (left side); 3, P5.

Male: urosome (dorsal); 5, P5.


Species Calanopia elliptica - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from : E.G. Silas & P.P. Pillai in J. mar. biol. Ass. India, 1973 (1976), 15 (2). [p.786, Fig.3].
Female (from Indian Ocean): a, urosome (dorsal); b, rostrum (anterior view); c, P5.

Male: d, urosome (dorsal); e, right A1 (geniculate); f, P5.
Scale as in Calanopia minor.


Species Calanopia elliptica - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from : F.Y. Al-Yamani & I. Prusova in Common Copepods Northwestern Arabian Gulf : Identification Guide. Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, 2003. [p.77, Fig.27].
Female: A, habitus (dorsal); B, idem (lateral right side); C, P5; D, rostrum.

Male: E, habitus (dorsal); F, urosome (dorsal); G, P5.


Species Calanopia elliptica - Plate 5 of morphological figuresissued from T.E. Bowman in Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 1957, 107 (3382). [p.43, Fig.3, i].
Male: distal segment of left P5.


Species Calanopia elliptica - Plate 6 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori in The pelagic Copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (2nd edit., 1964). [Pl.40, Figs.3-8].
Female: 3, A1; 4, P1: 5, habitus (dorsal); 6, P5.

Male: 7, habitus (dorsal); 8, P5.


Species Calanopia elliptica - Plate 7 of morphological figuresissued from : W. Giesbrecht in Zool. Jahrb., 1896 (1897). [Taf.5, Figs.7-9].
Female (from Red Sea): 7, A1; 8, P5; 9, urosome (ventral).


Species Calanopia elliptica - Plate 8 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.31 , Figs.23-26 ].
Male: 23, Mx1 (posterior view); 24, A2 (anterior view); 25, Mxp (posterior view); 26, right A1.


Species Calanopia elliptica - Plate 9 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.31 , Figs.21, 31-32 ].
Male: 21, P4 (anterior view); 31, P5 (posterior view); 32, P1 (posterior view).


Species Calanopia elliptica - Plate 10 of morphological figuresissued from : Mulyadi in Treubia, 2002, 32; [p.43, Fig.11].
Female (from Indonesian waters): a, habitus (dorsal); b, forehead (lateral); c, metasomal somite 5 and urosome (lateral); d, anal somite and caudal rami (dorsal); e, P5.

Male: f, habitus (dorsal); g-h, genital somite and urosomal somite 2 (dorsal and lateral, respectively); i, right A1; j, right P5; k, left P5.


Species Calanopia elliptica - Plate 11 of morphological figuresissued from : B.H.R. Othman & T. Toda in Coastal Mar. Sc., 2006, 30 (1). [p.307, Fig.3].
Female (from Sister's Island, Singapore): A-B, habitus (dorsal and lateral, respectively); C-D, posterior part of prosome and urosome (lateral and dorsal, respectively); E, P5.

Nota Female: Prosome to urosome length ratio 2.29 : 1.
- Cephalon without lateral hook.
- Thoracic segment produced posteriorly into strong process reaching middle genital segment.
- Urosome 2-segmented.
- Genital segment same in length as urosomites 2.
- P5 asymmetrical, left leg longer than right. Exopodal segment 1 with 1 median and 1 distolateral spine; exopodal segment 2 ending in an acute spine with 2 outer marginal spine.
Nota Male: Prosome to urosome length ratio 2.35 : 1.
- Body similar to female except the right thoracic process is longer than left and pointed inwards.
- Right A1 geniculate, segments 13-16 swollen while segments 19-21 denticulate.. A1 extends to the genital segment.
- Urosome 5-segmented; urosomite 2 with 1 spiniform process on distal right margin.
- P5 asymmetrical; right leg exopodal segment 1 modified as chela, with 3 inner marginal process blunt and tooth-like; exopodal segment 2 with 3 processes along the inner margin; left leg, exopodal segment 1 with 2 outer marginal spines, 1 at mid-outer margin and another distolaterally; exopodal segment 2 with 2 outer marginal spines and terminates in a strong acute spine with setules on the outer margin.


Species Calanopia elliptica - Plate 12 of morphological figuresissued from : B.H.R. Othman & T. Toda in Coastal Mar. Sc., 2006, 30 (1). [p.308, Fig.4].
Male (from Sister's Island, Singapore): A-B, habitus (dorsal and lateral, respectively); C-D, posterior part of prosome and urosome (dorsal and lateral, respectively); E, P5.


Species Calanopia elliptica - Plate 13 of morphological figuresissued from : Y. Al-Yamani, V. Skryabin, A. Gubanova, S. khvorov & I. Prusova in Marine Zooplankton Practical Guide for the Northwestern Arabian Gulf, 2, 2011. [p.59, Fig.184].
Male (from Kuwait): habitus (dorsal). Arrow indicates the tooth on the urosome.


Species Calanopia elliptica - Plate 14 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.38 , Figs.42, 47 ].
Male: 42, habitus (dorsal); 47, forehead (lateral).


Species Calanopia elliptica - Plate 15 of morphological figuresissued from : N. Phukham in Species diversity of calanoid copepods in Thai waters, Andaman Sea (Master of Science, Univ. Bangkok). 2008. [p.156, Fig.30].
Female (from W Malay Peninsula): a, habitus (dorsal); b, P5.

Male: c, habitus (dorsal); d, A1; e, P5.

Body length after the drawings: F = 1.712 mm; M = 1.700 mm.


Species Calanopia elliptica - Plate 16 of morphological figuresIssued from : J.M. Bradford-Grieve, E.L. Markhaseva, C.E.F. Rocha & B. Abiahy in South Atlantic Zooplankton, edit. D. Boltovskoy. 1999, Vol. 2, Copepoda; [p.1067, Fig. 7.379: Calanopia elliptica]. r = right leg; l = left leg.
Female characters (p.958):
- P5 female with 2 segments distal to basis.

Male characters (from key, p.958):
- 'Thumb' on right P5 exopodal segment1-2 rudimentary or absent.


Species Calanopia elliptica - Plate 17 of morphological figuresCalanopia elliptica.
Female:
1 - P5 exopod 2-segmented.
2 - Cephalic lateral hooks absent.
3 - P5 asymmetrical, left one longer.
Male:
1 - Left P5 shorter than right one; basis of left P5 ,not swollen proximally.
2 - Prosomal posterolateral corner symmetrical.
3 - Cephalic lateral hooks absent.
4 - 2nd urosomite asymmetrical with 1 process on right side.
5 - 2nd urosomite with 1 aculinate-tip spinose process postero-laterally on right side; P5 left leg relatively long reaching beyond distal end of 1st exopodal segment of right leg.

Compl. Ref.:
Sewell, 1912 (p.353, 368); 1948 (p.325, 434); C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.175); Krishnaswamy, 1953 (p.138); Kott, 1957 (p.6, 18); Yamazi, 1958 (p.151, Rem.); Ganapati & Shanthakumari, 1962 (p.9, 15); Berdugo, 1963 (p.445: Rem.); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.11); Delalo, 1968 (p.138); Berdugo, 1968 (p.445); Brodsky, 1972 (p.256); Lakkis, 1976 (p.83: Rem.); Sale P.F. & al., 1976 (p.59, table 3); Carter, 1977 (1978) (p.36); Ikeda, 1977 d (p.263, feeding); Grice & Gibson, 1978 (p.23, tab.8); Chen Q-c, 1980 (p.794); Skjoldal, 1981 (p.119, adenylate energy); Sreekmaran Nair & al., 1981 (p.493, Fig.2 cont.); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.85); De Decker, 1984 (p.317); Binet, 1984 (tab.3); 1985 (p.85, tab.3); Moraitou-Apostolopoulou, 1985 (p.303, occurrence/abundance in E Mediterranean Sea, Rem.: p.313); Madhupratap & Haridas, 1986 (p.105, tab.1); Williams D. & al., 1988 (p.580); Lakkis, 1990 (p.63); Othman & al., 1990 (p.561, 564, Table 1); Yoo, 1991 (tab.1); Dai & al., 1991 (tab.1); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.71); Park & Choi, 1997 (Appendix); Sharaf & Al-Ghais, 1997 (tab.1); Mauchline, 1998 (tab.8,78); Achuthankutty & al., 1998 (p.1, Table 2, seasonal abundance vs monsoon); Hsieh & Chiu, 1998 (tab.2); Hwang & al., 1998 (tab.II); Wong & al., 1998 (tab.2); El-Serehy, 1999 (p.172, Table 1, occurrence); Lo & al., 2001 (1139, tab.I); Greenwood & al., 2002 (p.17, Table 2); Osore & al., 2003 (p.69); Hwang & al., 2003 (p.193, tab.2); Shimode & Shirayama, 2004 (p.607, tab.1, 2); Hsiao & al., 2004 (p.326, tab.1); Rezai & al., 2004 (p.489, tab.2); Lan & al., 2004 (p.332, tab.1, tab.2); Lo & al.*, 2004 (p.218, tab.1, fig.6); Satapoomin & al., 2004 (p.107, tab.4); Lo & al., 2004 (p.89, tab.1); Kazmi, 2004 (p.228, as elleptica); Rezai & al., 2005 (p.157, Table 5: spatial & temporal variations); Lakkis & al., 2005 (p.152); Zuo & al., 2006 (p.163: tab.1); Rakhesh & al., 2006 (p.93, Table 2, spatial distribution); Hwang & al., 2006 (p.943, tabl. I); Hwang & al., 2007 (p.24); Dur & al., 2007 (p.197, Table IV); Rakhesh & al., 2008 (p.154, abundance vs stations); Fernandes, 2008 (p.465, Tabl.2); Tseng L.-C. & al., 2008 (p.153, Table 2, occurrence vs geographic distribution); Tseng & al., 2008 (p.402, Table 2); Tseng L.-C. & al., 2008 (p.46, table 2, abundance vs moonsons, fig.8); Pagano, 2009 (p.115); C.-Y. Lee & al., 2009 (p.151, Tab.2); Tseng & al., 2009 (p.327, fig.5, feeding); Cornils & al., 2010 (p.2076, Table 3); Zenetos & al., 2010 (p.397); W.-B. Chang & al., 2010 (p.735, Table 2, abundance); Shanthi & Ramanibai, 2011 (p.132, Table 1); Hsiao S.H. & al., 2011 (p.475, Appendix I); Kâ & Hwang, 2011 (p.155, Table 3: occurrence %); Tseng L.-C. & al., 2011 (p.47, Table 2, occurrences vs mesh sizes); Maiphae & Sa-ardrit, 2011 (p.641, Table 2, 3, Rem.); Uysal & Shmeleva, 2012 (p.909, Table I); Tseng & al., 2012 (p.621, Table 3: abundance); Tseng & al., 2013 (p.507, seasonal abundance); Jagadeesan & al., 2013 (p.27, Table 3, seasonal abundance); Rakhesh & al., 2013 (p.7, Table 1, abundance vs stations); Terbiyik Kurt & Polat, 2013 (p.1163, Table 2, fig.9, seasonal distribution); Hwang & al., 2014 (p.43, Appendix A: seasonal abundance); Beltran Castro, 2014 (p.33, Table 1, 2: molecular CO1); Benedetti & al., 2016 (p.159, Table I, fig.1, functional characters)
NZ: 12

Distribution map of Calanopia elliptica by geographical zones
Loc:
South Africa (E), [non G. of Mexico (in C.B. Wilson, 1942 a, p.172; 1950, p.175: st.2396), Bermuda (in Wilson, 1936 c)], Georgia, Mediterranen Sea (Napoli, Iskenderun Bay, N Lebanon Basin, Lebanon, off Haifa), Suez Canal, Red Sea, G. of Aden, Arabian (south coast), Arabian Sea, Arabian Gulf, UAE coast, Kuwait, Maldive Is., Laccadive Is., Sri Lanka, Natal, Madagascar (Nosy Bé), Indian, India (Goa, G. of Mannar, Palk Bay, Madras, Lawson's Bay), E India (Kakinada Bay, Godavari region) Bay of Bengal, Is. Nicobar, W Malay Peninsula, off Phuket, Nankauri Harbour, Straits of Malacca, Singapore, G of Thaïland, Indonesia (Bangka Strait, Sunda Strait, Jakarta Bay, Cilacap Bay, N Java coast, SE Ceram, SW Celebes), Philippines, Viet-Nam (Cauda Bay), Gulf of Tonkin, Hong Kong, China Seas (Yellow Sea, East China Sea, South China Sea, Xiamen Harbour), Taiwan (S, E, SW, NW, N, NE, Mienhua Canyon), S Korea, Japan (Tanabe Bay), Australia (G. of Carpentaria, SE, Great Barrier, Townsville: inshore waters, Brisbane River estuary, Moreton Bay), New Caledonia, Is. Fidji Is., Gilbert Is., Samoa Is., Clipperton Is., G. of California, Bahia de La Paz, Islas Marias

Type locality: Bangka Strait (northeastern Sumatra)
N: 128
Lg.:
(5) F: 1,9; M: 1,8; (34) F: 1,97-1,75; M: 1,8-1,6; (46) M: 1,65; (47) F: 2-1,55; (104) F: 1,7; M: 1,9; (120) F: 1,86; M: 1,84; (256) F: 1,78-1,69; M: 1,71-1,62; (290) F: 1,75-1,8; M: 1,6-1,7; (334) F: 1,9; M: 1,8; (530) F: 1,8; M: 1,5; (795) F: 1,9; M: 1,6; (937) F: 1,83-1,90; M: 1,73-1,76; (991) F: 1,7-2; M: 1,8-1,9; (1085) F: 1,6-1,9; M: 1,4-1,8; (1086) F: 1,67-2,10; M: 1,62-1,71; (1087) F: 1,65-1,75; M: 1,6-1,75; {F: 1,55-2,10; M: 1,40-1,90}
Rem.: epi-mesopelagic. Neritic
The locality records given by C.B. Wilson (1942 a; 1950) in the Atlantic Ocean were considered to be an error, but Bundy & Paffenhöfer (1993) confirm the presence of the species off Georgia.
The penetration of this species in the eastern Mediterranean (Haïfa, Liban, Turkey: Iskenderoun Bay) is most probably a result of Lessepsian migration (through the Suez Canal) according to Berdugo (1968). Vives & Shmeleva (2007, p.491) point to the occurrence of this species from Napoli.

See in DVP Conway & al., 2003 (version 1)
Last update : 20/02/2018
    to add or edit your remark
  
By Ioanna Siokou-Frangou 2010-11-22 11:55:43    ( Citation of this remark )
Calanopia elliptica was not found in Iskenderun Bay as shon in the table 1 of the paper by Uysal et al., 2002

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Razouls C., de Bovée F., Kouwenberg J. et Desreumaux N., 2005-2018. - Diversity and Geographic Distribution of Marine Planktonic Copepods. Sorbonne Université, CNRS. Available at http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr/en [Accessed May 26, 2018]

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