Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Diaptomoidea ( Superfamily )
        Pontellidae ( Family )
            Pontella ( Genus )
Pontella atlantica  (Milne Edwards, 1840)   (F,M)
Syn.: Pontia atlantica Milne Edwards, 1840 (p.420, figs.F,M);
Labidocera (Iva) magna Lubbock, 1853 a (1854) (p.208, figs.M);
Pontella magna : Brady, 1883 (p.96);
Pontellina gigantea Claus, 1863 (p.210, figs.F);
Pontellina (Iva) magna : Claus,1893
Ref.:
Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.461, 477, 774, figs.F,M); Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.141, Rem. F,M); Wolfenden, 1911 (p.361); Sars, 1925 (p.353); Rose, 1933 a (p.258, figs.F,M); Lysholm & al., 1945 (p.42); Moore, 1949 (p.61); Voronina, 1962 a (p.71, fig.2, 5); Vervoort, 1965 (p.175, Rem.); Chen & Zhang, 1965 (p.105, 128: Rem.); Owre & Foyo, 1967 (p.96, figs.F,M); Weikert, 1975 (p.141); Silas & Pillai, 1973 (1976) (p.832, figs.M, Rem.M, p. 828: Rem.); Björnberg & al., 1981 (p.660, figs.F,M); Sazhina, 1982 (p.1160, fig.N); Ianora & al., 1992 (p.401, fig.); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.885, 959, figs.F,M); Vives & Shmeleva, 2007 (p.511, figs.F,M, Rem.)
Species Pontella atlantica - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : H.B. Owre & M. Foyo in Fauna Caribaea, 1967, 1, Crustacea, 1: Copepoda. [p.95, Figs.687-690].
Female (from Florida Current): 687, habitus (dorsal); 688, P5.

Male: 689, habitus (dorsal); 690, P5.


Species Pontella atlantica - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systelatik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel, Berlin. [Tafel 40: 5, 8].
Male: 5, habitus (dorsal).

Female: 8, habitus (dorsal).


Species Pontella atlantica - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systelatik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel, Berlin. [Tafel 40: 41, 42].
Male; 41, forehead (lateral).

Female: 42, forehead (lateral)


Species Pontella atlantica - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systelatik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel, Berlin. [Tafel 40: 12, 13].
Female: 12, urosome (ventral); 13, 5th toracic segment and urosome (dorsal).


Species Pontella atlantica - Plate 5 of morphological figuresissued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systelatik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel, Berlin. [Tafel 40: 33].
Male: 5th thoracic segmet and urosome (dorsal).


Species Pontella atlantica - Plate 6 of morphological figuresissued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systelatik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel, Berlin. [Tafel 24: 1, 3, 7].
Male: 1, right A1 (anterior view); 3, idem (anterior, ventral.

Female: 7, poximal portion of A1 (anterior view)


Species Pontella atlantica - Plate 7 of morphological figuresissued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systelatik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel, Berlin. [Tafel 24, Fig. 18].
Male: 18, A2 (posterior surface).


Species Pontella atlantica - Plate 8 of morphological figuresissued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systelatik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel, Berlin. [Tafel 24: 15, 49, 50].
Female: 15, Md (posterior); 49, exopodite of P5; 50, P5 ( (anterior view)


Species Pontella atlantica - Plate 9 of morphological figuresissued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systelatik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel, Berlin. [Tafel 24: 45].
Male: 45, P5 (posteruior view).
Pd = right leg; Ps = left leg; B = basipodite; Ri = endopodite; Re = exopodite.


Species Pontella atlantica - Plate 10 of morphological figuresissued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systelatik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel, Berlin. [Tafel 24, 13].
Male: 13, left P5.


Species Pontella atlantica - Plate 11 of morphological figuresissued from : A.K. Heinrich in Zool. Zh., 1987, 66 (6). [p.936, Fig.4]. As Pontella atlantica australis.
Male (from SW Australia): 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, forehead (lateral); 3, rostrum; 4, urosome; 5, right A1; 6, right P5; 7, left P5.
Scale bars: 1 mm.


Species Pontella atlantica - Plate 12 of morphological figuresissued from : A.K. Heinrich in Zool. Zh., 1987, 66 (6). [p.936, Fig.4]. As Pontella atlantica australis.
Female: 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, forehead; 3, rostrum; 4, urosome (dorsal); 5, idem (lateral); 6, idem (ventral); 7, P5.
Scale bars: 1 mm.
Nota: The female is distinguished by almost symmetrical processes of the last thoracic segment, by the presence of a triangular process on the dorsal side of the genital segment in its right part, by lack of a tooth on the dorsal distal margin, by lack of a comb on the 2nd abdominal segment


Species Pontella atlantica - Plate 13 of morphological figuresissued from : E.G. Silas & P. P. Plllai inJ. mar. biol. Ass. India, 1973 (1976), 15 (2). [p.832, Fig.26]. As Pontella prox atlantica.
Male (from Indian Ocean: R.V. 'Anton Brown' stn.307): a, urosome (dorsal); b, forehead (lateral); c, A1; d, P5.
Nota: The process in the claw proximal part is long and thin; there is no process in the proximal part of the claw distal segment; there are a thin triangular process and plates in the claw distal part.
Scale as in Calanopia minor.


Species Pontella atlantica - Plate 14 of morphological figuresissued from : A. Ianora, A. Miralto & S. Vanucci in Mar Biol., 1992, 113. [p.403, Fig.2, B]. SEM micrographs.
Female & Male: B, surface attachment structure (mass of fine setules arranged in three semicircles on a flattened area of the anterodorsal surface of the cephalosome).
For the interpretation of this structure: see in Anomalocera patersoni.


Species Pontella atlantica - Plate 15 of morphological figuresIssued from : J.M. Bradford-Grieve, E.L. Markhaseva, C.E.F. Rocha & B. Abiahy in South Atlantic Zooplankton, edit. D. Boltovskoy. Vol. 2, Copepoda; [p.1070, Fig. 7.390: Pontella atlantica]. Ce = cephalosome; Ur = urosome; B = basis; r = right leg; l = left leg; ven = ventral view.
Female characters (from key, p.959):
- Urosome of 3 somites.
- Endopod of P5 bifurcate distally.
- P5 endopod inner distal spine much larger than outer spine; genital segment with right side ventrolateral, narrow, process which extends to posterior border of urosomal segment 2.

Male characters (from key, p.960):
- Chelate right P5 exopodal segment1-2 with, besides the 'thumb', one large projection in form of broad, obliquely truncate lobe; exopodal segment 3 expanded proximally into broad, obliquely truncate lobe.

Compl. Ref.:
Wilson, 1932 (p.26); 1942 a (part., p.203); Oliveira, 1945 (p.191); Sewell, 1948 (p.392, 432, 465, 486, 523); Grice, 1963 a (p.496); Mazza, 1966 (p.72); 1967 (p.321, fig.64); Sherman & Schaner, 1968 (p.583); Casanova, 1970 (p.30, fig.2); Heinrich, 1974 (p.43, fig.2); Weikert, 1975 (p.141, carte); Turner & al., 1979 (p.289, Tab.3); Vives, 1982 (p.295); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.85); Gaudy & Boucker, 1983 (p.37, Table 1, Rem.: metabolism); Madhupratap & Haridas, 1986 (p.105, tab.1); Suarez & al., 1990 (tab.2); Suarez, 1992 (App.1); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.103); Alvarez-Cadena & al., 1998 (tab.3); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p.110); Neumann-Leitao & al., 1999 (p.153, tab.2); Neumann-Leitao & al., 2008 (p.799: Tab.II, fig.6); Medellin-Mora & Navas S., 2010 (p.265, Tab. 2); Andersen N.G. & al., 2011 (p.71, Fig.3: abundance); Lidvanov & al., 2013 (p.290, Table 2, % composition); Belmonte, 2018 (p.273, Table I: Italian zones)
NZ: 10

Distribution map of Pontella atlantica by geographical zones
Species Pontella atlantica - Distribution map 3Issued from : A.K. Heinrich inTrudy Inst. Okeanol., 1974, 98 [p.44, Fig.2].
Distibution of four species of Pontellidae from SW Atlantic (Cruise of the R/V 'Akademik Kurchatov' 1971 and 1972).
Points = stations; square= Pontella atlantica ; asterisk= Pontella marplatensis ; triangle= Pontella securifer; circle = Pontellopsis perspicax.
Loc:
off Namibia, off SW Sierra Leone, off NE St. Paul Is., Brazil, off Natal, off S Cap des Palmes, off Madeira, Azores, Caribbean, Caribbean Colombia, Yucatan, G. of Mexico, Florida, Sargasso Sea, ? Bermuda, Chesapeake Bay, Georges Bank, off S Newfoundland, Medit. (Algiers Bay, W Basin, Ligurian Sea, Napoli, Messina, Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea), Port Natal, off E Madagascar, Indian, ? [ Philippines, Japan, off Hawaii, California, SW Mexico, Central America, W Ecuador, off NE Tuamotu Is., off NE Easter Is., off Peru, off Chile ]
N: 40
Lg.:
(16) M: 5,02-4,3; (46) F: 5,9-5,8; M: 5,7-5,5; (256) M: 5,6; (482) F: ± 6,5; {F: 5,80-6,50; M: 4,30-5,70}
Rem.: &epipelagic.
The locality records from the Pacific due to Wilson (1942 a, p.203; 1950, p.290) and taken up by Fagetti, 1962 (p.35), need confirmation.
Pontella atlantica australis Heinrich,1987 (F,M)
Syn.: P. prox. atlantica: Silas Pillai, 1973 (1976) (p.832, 828, figs.M, Rem.M, p.828: Rem.)
Ref.: Heinrich, 1987 (p.936, figs.F,M, Rem.)
Loc.: W Australia Lg.: (475) F: 7,2-6,5; M: 6,3-5,7; {F: 6,50-7,20; M: 5,70-6,30}
Last update : 06/02/2020
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