Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Diaptomoidea ( Superfamily )
        Pontellidae ( Family )
            Pontella ( Genus )
Pontella latifurca  Chen & Zhang, 1965   (F,M)
Ref.:
Chen & Zhang, 1965 (p.105, 127, figs.F,M); Mulyadi, 2000 (p.190, figs.F); 2002 (p.105, figs.F, Rem.); Jeong & al., 2008 (p.217, figs.F,M)
Species Pontella latifurca - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from: Q.-c Chen & S.-z. Zhang in Studia Marina Sinica, 1965, 7. [Pl.46, 1-8].
Female (from G. of Pohai, Yellow Sea): 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, forehead (lateral); 3, urosome (lateral left side); 4, P5 (posterior).
Nota: Rostrum rather small.
- Head with lateral hooks, distinct from 1st thoracic segment, 4th and 5th distinct.
- Postero-lateral angles of last thoracic segment, triangular, its tip acutely pointed, asymmetrical (left cone longer than the right.
- Urosome 2-segmented.
Genital segment, globular, its dorsal side rather swollen.
- Anal segment, short.
- Furcal rami slightly asymmetrical, right ramus much broader.
- A1 24-segmented, extending beyond posterior edge of 3rd thoracic segment, lower margin of 11th segment with a small process.
- Endopod of A2 longer than exopod.

Male: 5, habitus (dorsal); 6, forehead (lateral); 7, right A1; 8, P5 (posterior).
Nota: Rostrum more well-developed than the female.
- Postero-lateral angles of last thoracic segment short and small, right cone longer than the left.
- Urosome 5-segmented, 4th segment much shorter than anal segment.
- Furcal rami symmetrical, 3 times as long as wide.
- Right A1 17-segmented, 10th to 13th swollen, geniculate between 15th and 16th, upper edge of 16th with a finger-like process.
- Distal segment of left P5 very short, its inner side with a hirsute lamelliform process, its outer side with 2 strong spines.


Species Pontella latifurca - Plate 2 of morphological figuresIssued from : Mulyadi in The Raffles Bull. Zool., 2000, 48 (2). [p.191, Fig.11].
Female (from off Surabaya, E Java): a, forehead (lateral); b, 5th metasomal somite and urosome (lateral right side); c, idem (dorsal); d, P1; e, P5.
Nota: A1 24-segmented. P5 asymmetrical, without spinules or proeminences on inner and outer margins. Urosomite 1 without any processes.
The difference between Chen & Zhang's (1965) descriptions and the present female is the asymmetrical urosomal somite 1, right margin more swollen than left and armed with 1 process posteriorly.


Species Pontella latifurca - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from : H.G. Jeong, H.-L. Suh, Y.H. Yoon & H.Y. Soh in Ocean Sc. J., 2008, 43 (4). [p.218, Fig.10].
Female (from SE Korea): A-B, habitus (dorsal and lateral, respectively); C, rostrum (ventral); D, genital compound somite (ventral); E, P5.


Species Pontella latifurca - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from : H.G. Jeong, H.-L. Suh, Y.H. Yoon & H.Y. Soh in Ocean Sc. J., 2008, 43 (4). [p.219, Fig.11].
Male: A-B, habitus (dorsal and lateral, respectively); C, right A1; D, rostrum (ventral); E, P5.


Species Pontella latifurca - Plate 5 of morphological figuresIssued from: Q.-c Chen & S.-z. Zhang in Studia Marina Sinica, 1965, 7. [p.129 ].
Comparison of distinguisehed features between P. latifurca, P. danae.

Compl. Ref.:
Yoo, 1991 (tab.1); Dai & al., 1991 (tab.1); Myung & al., 1994 (tab.1); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.72); Ohtsuka & al., 2008 (p.115, Table 6);
NZ: 2

Distribution map of Pontella latifurca by geographical zones
Species Pontella latifurca - Distribution map 2issued from : H.G. Jeong, H.-L. Suh, Y.H. Yoon & H.Y. Soh in Ocean Sc. J., 2008, 43 (4). [p.220, Fig.12, C].
Distribution of Pontella latifurca based on previous records and on the present study.
Loc:
E Java (off Surabaya), China Seas (Bohai Sea, Yellow Sea, East China Sea, South China Sea, Xiamen Harbour), Korea (Asan Bay)

Type lovality: Gulf of Pohai (Yellow Sea)

Type locality: 38°10' N, 119°10' E.
N: 9
Lg.:
(290) F: 3,55-3,45; M: 2,8-2,7; (900) F: 2,9; (1019) F: 2,83-3,72; M: 2,72-2,94; {F: 2,83-3,72; M: 2,70-2,94}
Rem.: neritic, in coastal waters.
This species belongs to "P. danae"-Group (See in P. danae in Mulyadi, 2003, Table I).
For Mulyadi (2002, p.105) the differences between Chen & Zhang (1965) descriptions and the author is in female the asymmetrical urosomal segment 1, right margin more swollen than left and armed with 1 process posteriorly.
Last update : 01/08/2016
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