Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Diaptomoidea ( Superfamily )
        Pontellidae ( Family )
            Pontella ( Genus )
Pontella princeps  Dana, 1849   (F,M)
Syn.: Pontellina (Iva) princeps : Claus,1893;
? no Pontella princeps : Sewell, 1932 (p.382, figs.F,M); Saraswathy, 1966 (1967) (p.83); Mulyadi, 2000 (p.191, figs.M)
Ref.:
Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.461, 477, 774, figs.F,M); Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.142, Rem. F,M); Thompson & Scott, 1903 (p.236, 252); A. Scott, 1909 (p.160, Rem.); Delsman, 1949 (p.129); Voronina, 1962 a (p.68, fig.2); Tanaka, 1964 c (p.261, figs.M); Silas & Pillai, 1973 (1976) (p.827, 832, figs.F, M, Rem.); Zheng & al., 1982 (p.81, figs.F,M); Heinrich, 1987 (p.932, Rem.); Ohtsuka & Onbé, 1991 (p.214); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.870, Pl.152,155: F,M); ? Mulyadi, 2000 (p.191, figs.M, Rem.); 2002 (p.107, figs.M, Rem.)
Species Pontella princeps - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : O. Tanaka in Publs Seto Mar. Biol. Lab., 1964, XII (3). [p.261, Fig.235].
Male: forehead (dorsal); b, idem (right lateral side); c, A1 (clasping part); d, P5.
Nota: The last thoracic segment produced on each side into a lateral spine. Rostrum short with a slight indication of lens. The left A1 extends about to the end of the 3rd thoracic segment.


Species Pontella princeps - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : E.G. Silas & P.P. Pillai in J. mar. biol. Ass. India, 1973 (1976), 15 (2). [p.829, Fig.23, a-i].
Female (from Indian Ocean): a, habitus (dorsal); b, urosome (dorsal); c, idem (ventral); d, idem (lateral right side); e, P5.

Male: f, habirus (dorsal); g, rostrum (lateral); h, right A1 (distal part); i, P5.
Scale as in Calanopia minor.


Species Pontella princeps - Plate 3 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.24, Fig.29].
Female: 29, P5 (anterior view).


Species Pontella princeps - Plate 4 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.24, Figs.28, 39].
Male: 28, right P5 (posterior view); 39, left P5 (posterior view).


Species Pontella princeps - Plate 5 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.40, Fig.11].
Female: 11, habitus (dorsal).


Species Pontella princeps - Plate 6 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.40, Fig.25].
Female: 25, urosome (ventral).


Species Pontella princeps - Plate 7 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.40, Fig.38].
Female: 38, forehead (lateral).


Species Pontella princeps - Plate 8 of morphological figuresissued from : Z. Zheng, S. Li, S.J. Li & B. Chen in Marine planktonic copepods in Chinese waters. Shanghai Sc. Techn. Press, 1982 [p.83, Fig.47].
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, forehead (lateral); c, urosome (ventral); d, idem (lateral); e, P5.

Male: f, habitus (dorsal); g, forehead (lateral); h, A1; i, P5.

Scale bars in mm.


Species Pontella princeps - Plate 9 of morphological figuresIssued from : Mulyadi in Treubia, 2002, 32. [p.108, Fig.38].
): ): Male (from Jakarta Bay): a,habitus (dorsal); b, forehead (lateral); c, posterior thoracic segment 5 and urosome (dorsal); d,right A1; e, rostrum (anterior view); f, right P5; g, lrft P5; h, distal segmentof left P5.

Nota: the male is identified by the very long outer spine-like process on distal segment of left P5, and the elongated spine on segment 14 of the right A1.

Compl. Ref.:
? Sewell, 1912 (p.354, 372); ? 1948 (p.324); Wilson, 1942 a (p.203); 1950 (p.295); Fagetti, 1962 (p.35); Sherman, 1963 (p.216: fig.2, p.220: fig.9); Heinrich, 1964 (p.87: fig.5); Anraku & Azeta, 1965 (p.13, Table 2, fish predator); Heinrich, 1969 (p.1457, fig.2); Subbaraju & Krishnamurphy, 1972 (p.25, 26 ); Carter, 1977 (1978) (p.36); Madhupratap & Haridas, 1986 (p.105, 112: Rem., tab.1); Hernandez-Trujillo, 1989 (tab.1); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.72); Padmavati & al., 1998 (p.349); Mauchline, 1998 (tab.8)
NZ: 7

Distribution map of Pontella princeps by geographical zones
Species Pontella princeps - Distribution map 2issued from : A.K. Heinrich in Zool. Zh., 1969, 48 (10) [p.1458, Fig.2].
Distribution of Pontella princeps in the Pacific Ocean1: occurrence of Pontella princeps; 2: stations.
Loc:
South Africa (E) (Natal), Arabian Sea, Trivandrum coast, G. Porto Novo, of Mannar, Sri Lanka, Bay of Bengal, Andaman Sea, , Indonesia, Java (Jakarta Bay, Easten waters), W Australia, China Seas (East China Sea, South China Sea), Nagazaki, Japan, Baja California, Pacif. tropical (Tongatabu Is., Hawaii, off Chili)

Type locality: Tongatabu Island (Tonga Islands)
N: 24
Lg.:
(46) F: 5,6; M: 4,8; (120) M: 4,57; (256) F: 5,56-4,98; M: 5,3-5,11; (866) F: 4,98-5,63; M: 4,57-5,56; (1023) F: 5,52-5,63; M: 5,27-5,56; {F: 4,98-5,63; M: 4,20-5,56}
Rem.: epipelagic; neritic.
Certain locality records are incertain: possible confusion with Pontella sewelli.
Silas & Pillai (1973, p.828) point to Gisebrecht (1892, Pl.24, fig.29) has not shown the three minute marginal spinules present on the outer margin of exopod of P5 female; these spinules closely resemble those of P. atlantica Milne-Edwards (1840).
Last update : 08/12/2020
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Razouls C., Desreumaux N., Kouwenberg J. and de Bovée F., 2005-2021. - Biodiversity of Marine Planktonic Copepods (morphology, geographical distribution and biological data). Sorbonne University, CNRS. Available at http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr/en [Accessed September 28, 2021]

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