Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Diaptomoidea ( Superfamily )
        Pontellidae ( Family )
            Pontellopsis ( Genus )
Pontellopsis krameri  (Giesbrecht, 1896)   (F,M)
Syn.: Monops krämeri Giesbrecht, 1896 (1897) (p.323, Descr.F, figs.F);
P. strenua : C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.313, figs.F,M?)
Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.147); A. Scott, 1902 (p.423, figs.F,M); Thompson & Scott, 1903 (p.236, 253); Wolfenden, 1905 (1906) (p.1021, figs.F); A. Scott, 1909 (p.171, Rem.); Sewell, 1912 (p.354, 376, Rem.); 1914 a (p.239); 1932 (p.386); Farran, 1936 a (p.118); Dakin & Colefax, 1940 (p.99, figs.F); Saraswathy, 1966 (1967) (p.84); Silas & Pillai, 1973 (1976) (p.835, Rem., Descr.M, figs.F,M); Pillai, 1975 (p.137, figs.F, Rem.); 1977 (1982) (p.66, Rem.); Ohtsuka & Onbé, 1991 (p.214); Bradford-Grieve, 1999 b (p.208, figs.F, figs.186, 194); Mulyadi, 2002 (p.133, figs.F,M, Rem.); Phukham, 2008 (p.95, figs.F)
Species Pontellopsis krameri - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : J.M. Bradford-Grieve in The Marine Fauna of New Zealand: Pelagic Calanoid Copepoda. National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA). NIWA Biodiversity Memoir, 111, 1999. [p.208, Fig.156: from Giesbrecht, 1896]. As Pontellopsis kraemeri.
Female: A, last thoracic segment and urosome (ventrall); B, P5.

Species Pontellopsis krameri - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : E.G. Silas & P.P. Pillai in J. mar. biol. Ass. India, 1973 (1976), 15 (2). [p.836, Fig.27].
Female (from Indian Ocean): a, urosome (dorsal); b, P5.

Male: c, urosome (dorsal); d, right A1 (distal part); e, P5.
Scale as in Calanopia minor.

Species Pontellopsis krameri - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from : W. Giesbrecht in Zool. Jahrb., 1896 (1897). [Taf.5, Figs.1, 2]. As Monops krämeri.
Female (from Red Sea): 1, urosome (ventral); 2, P5.

Species Pontellopsis krameri - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from : C.B. Wilson in Bull. U.S. natn Mus., 1950, 100, 14 (4). [Pl.31, Figs.476, 479, 480].
As Pontellopsis strenua.
Female: 476, habitus (dorsal); 479, Md; 480, P5.

Species Pontellopsis krameri - Plate 5 of morphological figuresissued from : Mulyadi in Treubia, 2002, 32; [p.135, Fig.49].
Female (from Indonesian waters): a, habitus (dorsal); b, metasomal somite 5 and urosome (dorsal); c, P5.

Male: d, habitus (dorsal); e, metasomal somite 5 and urosome (dorsal); f, right A1; g, right P5; h, left P5.

The male of the prsent specimen most resembles that of P. herdmani as described by Silas & Pillai (1973). Slight differences were noted in the present from the original description in having the exopod of left P5 terminating into 2 unequal spines, outer distal spine provided into 2 spine-like processes, inner one long and stout.

Species Pontellopsis krameri - Plate 6 of morphological figuresissued from : N. Phukham in Species diversity of calanoid copepods in Thai waters, Andaman Sea (Master of Science, Univ. Bangkok). 2008. [p.179, Fig.53].
Female (from W Malay Peninsula): a, habitus (dorsal); b, urosome (dorsal); c, P5.

Body length after the drawing: F = 1.80 mm.

Species Pontellopsis krameri - Plate 7 of morphological figuresissued from : P.P. Pillai in J. mar. biol. Ass. India, 1975, 17 (2). [p.136, Fig.3, f-g].
Female (from Indian Ocean): f, urosome (dorsal); g, P5.
Scale: Single bar: 0.3 mm; double bars: 0.05 mm.

Compl. Ref.:
Sewell, 1948 (p.322); Grice & Gibson, 1978 (p.23, tab.8); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); Madhupratap & Haridas, 1986 (p.105, tab.1); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.72); W.-B. Chang & al., 2010 (p.735, Table 2, abundance)
NZ: 6

Distribution map of Pontellopsis krameri by geographical zones
Species Pontellopsis krameri - Distribution map 2issued from : P. Pillai in J. mar. biol. Ass. India, 1975, 17 (2). [p.141, Fig.6].
Occurrence of Pontella spinipes and Pontellopsis krameri collected from 32 stations in the Indian Ocean (See in: Hand Book to the International Zooplankton Collections, volume I, 1969).
Red Sea, Arabian Sea, Arabian Gulf, Maldive & Laccadive Is., N Indian, Burma, Andaman Is., W Malay Peninsula, Indonesia (Sunda Strait, Lombok Strait, Flores Sea, Celebes Sea, Manado Bay), China Seas (East China Sea, South China Sea), Taiwan (south), Pacif. (W equatorial), Australia (Great Barrier, New South Wales)

Type locality: Red Sea
N: 24
(34) F: 2,16-1,92; (47) F: 1,9; (78) F: 2; (104) F: 2,2; (256) F: 2,98-1,86; M: 2,17-1,62; (483) F: 1,98; M: 1,6; (530) F: 2,1; (1087) F: 1,9-2,0; M: 1,7-1,8; (1115) F: 1,98-2,24; {F: 1,86-2,98; M: 1,60-2,17}
Rem.: epipelagic, neritic.
Bradford-Grieve, 1999 b (p.208) does not keep the male for valid; in addition, the spelling of the name is modified into kraemeri, which can present problems when searching on "ä" by a computer search machine, not always readable according to the adopted policies; however each modification should be mentioned in the Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature.
Last update : 29/01/2015
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