Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Clausocalanoidea ( Superfamily )
        Scolecitrichidae ( Family )
            Scaphocalanus ( Genus )
Scaphocalanus antarcticus  Park, 1982   (F,M)
Syn.: Scaphocalanus affinis (F) : Farran, 1929 (p.248, figs.F); Vervoort, 1957 (part., p.113, figs.F); Séret, 1979 (p.113, figs.F)
Ref.:
Park, 1982 (p.83, Descr.F,M, figs.F,M); Razouls, 1994 (p.115, figs.F,M, Rem.); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.881, 932, figs.F,M)
Species Scaphocalanus antarcticus - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from T. Park in Biology of the Antarctic Seas XI, Antarct. Res. Ser, 1982, 34. [p.84, Fig.3].
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, idem (lateral right side); c, forehead (lateral); d, idem (dorsal); e, idem (latera)l; f, posterior part of thoracic segments and urosome (dorsal); g, idem (lateral left side); h, genital segment (lateral left side); i, rostrum (frontal view).


Species Scaphocalanus antarcticus - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from T. Park in Biology of the Antarctic Seas XI, Antarct. Res. Ser, 1982, 34. [p.85, Fig.4].
Female: a, A2; b, Md; c, Mx1; d, distal part of Mx2; e, Mxp; f, P1 anterior view); g, P2 (posterior view); h, P3 (posterior view).


Species Scaphocalanus antarcticus - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from T. Park in Biology of the Antarctic Seas XI, Antarct. Res. Ser, 1982, 34. [p.86, Fig.5].
Female: a, P4 (posterior view); b, P5 (posterior view); c, distal part of P5 inner spine; d, P5 (showing variation).


Species Scaphocalanus antarcticus - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from T. Park in Biology of the Antarctic Seas XI, Antarct. Res. Ser, 1982, 34. [p.87, Fig.6].
Male: a, habitus (dorsal); b, idem (lateral right side); c, forehead (lateral); d, last thoracic segments and urosome (dorso-lateral left side); e, A2; f, Md; g, Mx1.


Species Scaphocalanus antarcticus - Plate 5 of morphological figuresissued from T. Park in Biology of the Antarctic Seas XI, Antarct. Res. Ser, 1982, 34. [p.88, Fig.7].
Male: a, distal part of Mx2; b, Mxp; c, P1 (anterior view); d, P2 (posterior view); e, P3 (posterior); f, P4 (posterior); g, P5 (viewed from right side).


Species Scaphocalanus antarcticus - Plate 6 of morphological figuresIssued from : C. Séret in Thesis 3ème Cycle, UPMC, Paris 6. [Pl. XXXII, Figs.194-197]. As Scaphocalanus affinis.
Female (from off Kerguelen Is.): 194-195, habitus (dorsal and lateral, respectively); 196, P1 (only basis, endopodite and 1st exopodal segment)


Species Scaphocalanus antarcticus - Plate 7 of morphological figuresIssued from : C. Razouls in Ann. Inst. océanogr., Paris, 1994, 70 (1). [p.115]. Caractéristiques morphologiques de Scaphocalanus antarcticus femelle et mâle adultes.
Terminologie et abbréviations: voir à Calanus propinquus.

Compl. Ref.:
Hopkins, 1985 (p.197, Table 1, gut contents); Hopkins & Torres, 1988 (tab.1); Razouls & al., 2000 (p.343, tab. 2, 5, Appendix); Schnack-Schiel & al., 2008 (p.1046: Tab.2); Park & Ferrari, 2009 (p.143, Table 3, 7: common deep water species, fig.1, Appendix 1, biogeography); Michels & al., 2012 (p.369, Table 1, occurrence frequency); Lee D.B. & al., 2013 (p.1215, Table 1, abundance, composition, as S. antarctica); Sano & al., 2013 (p.11, Table 9, food habits)
NZ: 3

Distribution map of Scaphocalanus antarcticus by geographical zones
Species Scaphocalanus antarcticus - Distribution map 3Issued from : E.T. Park & F.D. Ferrari in A selection from Smithsonian at the Poles Contributions to International Polar year. I. Krupnik, M.A. Lang and S.E. Miller, eds., Publs. by Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press, Washington DC., 2009. [p.167, Fig.2].
Distribution of selected pelagic calanoids Scaphocalanus antarcticus of the Southern Ocean and the closest relative in the subarctic region of the Arctic Ocean.
Species Scaphocalanus antarcticus - Distribution map 4Issued from : C. Séret in Thesis 3ème Cycle, UPMC, Paris 6. 1979, Annexe. [p.37].
Geographical occurrences of Scaphocalanus affinis (= S. antarcticus) in the Indian Ocean and Antarctic zone. [after publications from: Brady, 1883, 1918; Thompson, 1900; Wolfenden, 1908, 1911; With , 1915; Rosendorn, 1917; Farran, 1929; Sewell, 1929, 1947; Brady & Gunther, 1935; Steuer, 1929, 1392, 1933; Ommaney, 1936; Vervoort, 1957; Tanaka, 1960; Brodsky, 1964; Seno, 1966; Andrews, 1966; Grice & Hulsemann, 1967; Seno, 1966; Frost & Fleminger, 1968; Voronina, 1970; Zverva, 1972].

C. Séret notes the occurrence at station 56°S, 70°E.
Loc:
Antarct. (Amundsen Sea, Weddell Sea, SW Atlant., Indian, SW & SE Pacif., Croker Passage), sub-Antarct. (Indian, Kerguelen Is., SE Pacif.), S Atlant. (34°S) after Bradford-Grieve & al. (1999)
N: 8
Lg.:
? (35) F: 5,1-5,05; (76) F: 5,83-5; M: 5,75-5,16; (246) F: 5,24-5,18; {F: 5,00-5,83; M: 5,16-5,75}
Rem.: bathypelagic.
Sampling depth (Antarct., sub-Antarct.) : 500-1000 m.
May be synonym of Scaphocalanus affinis.
Last update : 28/01/2017
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