Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Clausocalanoidea ( Superfamily )
        Scolecitrichidae ( Family )
            Scolecithrix ( Genus )
Scolecithrix danae  (Lubbock, 1856)   (F,M)
Syn.: Undina danae Lubbock,1856;
Euchirella tumida Brady, 1918 (p.20, figs.F); Sewell, 1948 (p.575);
Scolecithricella danae : Seridji & Hafferssas, 2000 (tab.1); Hwang & al., 2007 (p.25)
Ref.:
Brady, 1883 (p.57, figs.F,M); Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.265, 283, 775, figs.F,M); T. Scott, 1894 b (p.49); Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.42, Rem. F,M); Thompson & Scott, 1903 (p.234, 245); Esterly, 1905 (p.164, figs.F,M); A. Scott, 1909 (p.88); Wolfenden, 1911 (p.250); Sewell, 1912 (p.353, 360); 1914 a (p.216); Sars, 1925 (p.175); Mori, 1929 (p.173, figs.); Farran, 1929 (p.208, 243); Rose, 1929 (p.27); Sewell, 1929 (p.209); Wilson, 1932 a (p.82, figs.F,M); Rose, 1933 a (p.150, figs.F,M); Dakin & Colefax, 1933 (p.205); Farran, 1936 a (p.95); Mori, 1937 (1964) (p.53, figs.F,M); Dakin & Colefax, 1940 (p.96, figs.M); Rose, 1942 (p.116, Redescr.F,M, figs.F,M); Lysholm & al., 1945 (p.28); Marques, 1953 (p.104); Chiba, 1956 (p.33, 54, Rem., figs.F,M); Chiba & al., 1957 (p.308); 1957 a (p.11); Tanaka, 1960 (p.40); Tanaka, 1962 (p.35, Rem.F,M); Brodsky, 1962 c (p.123, figs.F,M); Grice, 1962 (p.206, Rem.F,M); Paiva, 1963 (p.51, figs.F); Kasturirangan, 1963 (p.29, figs.F,M); Chen & Zhang, 1965 (p.59, figs.F,M); Vervoort, 1965 (p.85, Rem.); Saraswathy, 1966 (1967) (p.77); Owre & Foyo, 1967 (p.59, figs.F,M); Park, 1968 (p.554); Vidal, 1968 (p.31, figs.F); Vilela, 1968 (p.20); Corral Estrada, 1970 (p.159); Ramirez, 1971 (p.84, figs.F); Shih & al., 1971 (p.46); Kos, 1972 (Vol. I: Fauna, figs. F, M)); Bradford, 1973 (p.137, 141); Marques, 1973 (p.239); 1976 (p.992); Tranter, 1977 (p.596); Dawson & Knatz, 1980 (p.6, figs.F,M); Björnberg & al., 1981 (p.639, figs.F,M); Marques, 1982 (p.759); Bradford & al., 1983 (p.113, Rem.F,M, figs.F,M); Park, 1983 (p.113, figs.F,M, Rem.); Zheng Zhong & al., 1984 (1989) (p.240, figs.F,M); Kimmerer & al., 1985 (p.428); Blades-Eckelbarger, 1991 (p.254, fig.F); He & al., 1992 (p.250); Kim & al., 1993 (p.270); Chihara Murano, 1997 (p.902, Pl.169,171: F,M); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.881, 933, figs.F,M); Conway & al., 2003 (p.191, figs.F,M, Rem.); G. Harding, 2004 (p.44, figs.F,M); Boxshall Halsey, 2004 (p.187, 189: figs.F,M); Mulyadi, 2004 (p.38, figs.F,M, Juv., Rem.); Avancini & al., 2006 (Pl. 56, figs.F,M, Rem.: p.87); Vives & Shmeleva, 2007 (p.802, figs.F,M, Rem.); Phukham, 2008 (p.135, figs.F, M); Soh & al., 2013 (p.90, figs.F,M); Laakmann & al., 2019 (p.330, fig. 3, 4, phylogenetic relationships)
Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : J.M. Bradford, L. Haakonssen & J.B. Jillett in Mem. N.Z. Oceanogr. Inst., 1983, 90. [p.74, Fig.41].
Female: A, habitus (dorsal); B, idem (lateral left side); C, A1; D, A2; E, Md (mandibular palp).

Nota Female: Pediger segments 4 and 5 sepatated.
- Posterolateral corners rounded, slightly produced.
- Ventral side of genital segment with posteriorly produced shovel-like process which partly covers urosomal segment 2.
- A1 slightly longer than metasome.
- P5 absent.


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : J.M. Bradford, L. Haakonssen & J.B. Jillett in Mem. N.Z. Oceanogr. Inst., 1983, 90. [p.75, Fig.41 (legend p.74)].
Female: F, Mx1; G, Mx2; H, Mxp; I, P1; J, P2; K, P3; L, P4.

Nota Female:
- P1 exopod segment 1 with 1 external spine.


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from : J.M. Bradford, L. Haakonssen & J.B. Jillett in Mem. N.Z. Oceanogr. Inst., 1983, 90. [p.76, Fig.42].
Male: A, habitus (dorsal); B, idem (lateral right side); C, A1; D, A2; E, Md (mandibular palp); F, Mx1.

Nota Mele:
- ,Similar to female, but corners of metasome not produced.
- Mouthparts hardly reduced.
- Left P5 biramous, exopod 3-segmented, endopod 1-segmented; right leg uniramous, with 2-segmented exopod of which terminal segment very short.


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from : J.M. Bradford, L. Haakonssen & J.B. Jillett in Mem. N.Z. Oceanogr. Inst., 1983, 90. [p.77, Fig.42 (legend p.76)].
Male: G, Mx2; H, Mxp; I, P1; J, P2; K, P3; L, P4; M, P5.


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 5 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Park in Antarct. Res. Ser. Washington, 1983, 38 (3). [p.168, Fig.1].
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, idem (lateral left side); c, urosome (lateral left side); d, rostrum (anterior); e, A2; f, Md.


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 6 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Park in Antarct. Res. Ser. Washington, 1983, 38 (3). [p.169, Fig.2].
Female: a, Mx1; b, Mx2; c, Mxp; d, P1 (anterior); e, P2 (posterior); f, P3 (posterior); g, P4 (posterior).


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 7 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Park in Antarct. Res. Ser. Washington, 1983, 38 (3). [p.170, Fig.3]
Male: a, habitus (lateral left side); b, idem (dorsal); c, P5 (posterior); d, P5 (anterior); e, right P5 (lateral).


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 8 of morphological figuresissued from: Q.-c Chen & S.-z. Zhang in Studia Marina Sinica, 1965, 7. [Pl.18, 3-7].
Female (from E China Sea): 3, habitus (dorsal); 4, idem (lateral right side); 5, urosome (ventral).

Male: 6, habitus (dorsal); 7, P5 (anterior).


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 9 of morphological figuresissued from : F.C. Ramirez in Revta Mus. La Plata, Seccion Zool., 1971, XI. [Lam.II, Fig.9].
Female (from off mar del Plata): 9, postrior part cephalothorax and urosome (lateral left side).


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 10 of morphological figuresissued from : F.C. Ramirez in Revta Mus. La Plata, Seccion Zool., 1971, XI. [Lam.I, Fig.6].
Female: 6, habitus (dorsal).
Scale bar in mm: 0.5.


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 11 of morphological figuresissued from: M. Rose in Annls Inst. océanogr., Monaco, 1942, XXI (3). [p.116, Fig.1].
Female (from Alger Bay, Algeria): habitus (dorsal and lateral, respectively); Ur, urosome (lateral and ventral, respectively).
L: body length.


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 12 of morphological figuresissued from : M. Rose in Annls Inst. océanogr., Monaco, 1942, XXI (3). [p.117, Figs.2, 3].
Female: A1; A2; R, rostrum; Md; Mx1 (as Mx); Mx2 (as Mxp1); Mxp (as Mxp2).
Nota: A1 20-segmented.


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 13 of morphological figuresissued from : M. Rose in Annls Inst. océanogr., Monaco, 1942, XXI (3). [p.118, Fig.4].
Female: P1 to P4.


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 14 of morphological figuresissued from : M. Rose in Annls Inst. océanogr., Monaco, 1942, XXI (3). [p.116, Fig.5].
Male: habitus (dorsal and lateral, respectively).
L : body length.


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 15 of morphological figuresissued from : M. Rose in Annls Inst. océanogr., Monaco, 1942, XXI (3). [p.119, Figs.6, 7].
Male: A1; A2; Md; Mx1 (as Mx); Md; Mx2 (as Mxp1); Mxp (as Mxp2).
Nota: A1 19-segmented (8th to 11th segments fused), 12th -13th segments and 18th - 19th segments with sketchings of fusion, these latter occasionally free from a side, fused another side in the same individual.


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 16 of morphological figuresissued from : M. Rose in Annls Inst. océanogr., Monaco, 1942, XXI (3). [p.120, Fig.8].
Male: P1 to P4.


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 17 of morphological figuresissued from : M. Rose in Annls Inst. océanogr., Monaco, 1942, XXI (3). [p.121, Fig.9].
Male: Ur, urosome (dorsal); R, rostrum; P5.
Nota: genital segment weakly asymmetrical. Anal segment very short.


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 18 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori in The pelagic Copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (2nd edit., 1964). [Pl.27, Figs.1-8].
Female: 1, 7, habitus (dorsal and lateral, respectively); 8, P1.

Male: 2, habitus (dorsal); 3, P5; 4, P4 (posterior); 5, P2 (posterior); 6, P3 (posterior).


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 19 of morphological figuresissued from : C.O. Esterly in Univ. Calif. Publs Zool., 1905, 2 (4). [p.164, Fig.26].
Female (from San Diego Region): a, habitus (lateral); b, genital segment (lateral); c, exopod of P1.
Nota: 4th thoracic segment separate from 5th. 3rd and 4th abdominal segments broader than long. Genital segment with ventral shovel-shaped process. Exopod of A2 9/7 as long as the endopod; 7th segments of exopod without proximal bristle. 2nd basal of Mx1 with 5, endopod with 6, exopod with 5 bristles.

Male: P5 (re.1 dx = 1st segment of exopod of right leg; re. sn = exopod of left leg; ri.sn = endopod of left leg).


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 20 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 37, Fig. 6].
Female: 6, last thoracic segments and urosome (lateral, right side).


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 21 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 13, Fig. 9].
Female: 9, Mx1 (posterior view)


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 22 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 13, Fig.14 ].
Female: 14, P2 (posterior view).


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 23 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.13 , Fig. 17].
Female: 17, P5 (anterior view).
Ps = left leg; Pd = right leg; B = basipod; Re = exopod; Ri = endopod.


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 24 of morphological figuresIssued from : G.S. Brady in Rep. Scient. Results Voy. Challenger, Zool., 1883, 8 (23). [Pl.XVII].
Female: 3, A1; 4, A2; 5, Md; 6, Mx1; 7, Mx2; 8, terminal spines of one of the swimming legs; 11, urosome; 12, same (lateral).

Male: 1, habitus (lateral); 2, A1; 9, P5.


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 25 of morphological figuresissued from : G. Harding in Key to the adullt pelagic calanoid copepods found over the continental shelf of the Canadian Atlantic coast. Bedford Inst. Oceanogr., Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, 2004. [p.44].
Female & Male.

Nota: Female P5 absent.
male: P5 with left leg almost as long as right.


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 26 of morphological figuresissued from : H.B. Owre & M. Foyo in Fauna Caribaea, 1967, 1, Crustacea, 1: Copepoda. [p59, Figs.374-375].
Female (from Florida Current): 374, habitus (dorsal).
Nota: A1 extending past the metasome.

Male: habitus (dorsal).


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 27 of morphological figuresissued from : H.B. Owre & M. Foyo in Fauna Caribaea, 1, Crustacea, 1: Copepoda. Copepods of the Florida Current. 1967. [p.22, Fig.99]. After Giesbrecht, 1892.
Female: 89, urosome (lateral).
Nota: Genital segment with a posteriorly directed, shelf-like ventral projection.


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 28 of morphological figuresissued from : H.B. Owre & M. Foyo in Fauna Caribaea, 1967, 1, Crustacea, 1: Copepoda. [p23, Fig.93]. After Giesbrecht (1892).
Male: 93, P5.
Nota: left and right P5 of about equal length.


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 29 of morphological figuresissued from : N. Phukham in Species diversity of calanoid copepods in Thai waters, Andaman Sea (Master of Science, Univ. Bangkok). 2008. [p.216, Fig.90].
Female (from W Malay Peninsula): a, Habitus (dorsal); b, last thoracic segments and urosome (dorsal); c, P5.

Male: d, habitus (dorsal); e, last thoracic segments and urosome (dorsal); f, P5.

Body length after drawings: F = 1.973 mm; M = 1,939 mm.


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 30 of morphological figuresissued from : Mulyadi in Published by Res. Center Biol., Indonesia Inst. Sci. Bogor, 2004. [p.38, Fig.19].
Female (from Indonesian Seas): a, habitus (dorsal); b, urosome (lateral right side).

Male: c, habitus (dorsal); d, P5.

Immature male: e, habitus (dorsal); f, P5.


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 31 of morphological figuresIssued from : H.Y. Soh, S.Y. Moon & J.H. Wi in Invertebrate Fauna of Korea (eds) Incheon: NIBR, 2013, 21 (28). [p.91, Fig.51].
Female (from Korean waters): A-B, habitus (dorsal and lateral, respectively); C, A1; D, A2; E, Md; F, Mx1.
Scale bars: A, B = 300 µm; C-F = 20 µm.


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 32 of morphological figuresIssued from : H.Y. Soh, S.Y. Moon & J.H. Wi in Invertebrate Fauna of Korea (eds) Incheon: NIBR, 2013, 21 (28). [p.92, Fig.52].
Female: A, Mx2; B, Mxp; C, P1; D, P2; E, P3; F, P4.
Scale bars: 20 µm.


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 33 of morphological figuresIssued from : H.Y. Soh, S.Y. Moon & J.H. Wi in Invertebrate Fauna of Korea (eds) Incheon: NIBR, 2013, 21 (28). [p.93, Fig.53].
Male: A-B, habitus (dorsal and lateral, respectively); C-D, A1; E, P5 (R = right leg; L = left leg); F, distal segment of left exopod.
Scale bars: A, B = 300 µm; C-F = 20 µm.


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 34 of morphological figuresissued from : O. Tanaka in Publ. Seto Mar. Biol. Lab., 1962, X (1). [p.35].

Nota Female:
- Cephalothorax about 4.5 times the abdomen length.
- Head and 1st pedigerous segment fused, 4th and 5th thoraci segments separate.
- Genital segment with a shovel-like process ventrally.
- A1 19-segme,ted, extends to the distal end of the thoracic segment.
- Mx1 with 9 setae on outer lobe; 5 setae on exopod; 6 setae on endopod; 4 setae on the 2nd basal segment; 3 setae on the 3rd inner lobe; 2 setae on the 2nd inner lobe; 10 setae on the 1st inner lobe (= arthrite).
- P1 with 1 outer spine on the 1st exopodal segment.
- P5 absent.

Nota Male: Cephalothorax about 3.2 times the abdomen length.
- Anal segment very short.
- A1 extends to the end of the thoracic segment.
- P5 with the terminal segment of the right leg very short.


Species Scolecithrix danae - Plate 35 of morphological figuresIssued from : M.C. Kos in Field guide for plankton. Zool Institute USSR Acad., Vol. I, 1972. After Brodsky, 1962.
Female: 1-2, habitus (dorsal and lateral, respectively); 3, corner of the last thoracic segment and abdomen (ventral); 4, same (lateral); 5, P1.
Male: 6, habitus (dorsal); 7, P5.

Compl. Ref.:
Cleve, 1904 a (p.197); Carl, 1907 (p.16); Rose, 1925 (p.152); Wilson, 1942 a (p.209); Sewell, 1948 (p.323); Wilson, 1950 (p.335); King & Hida, 1955 (p.11); Kott, 1957, p.5, 18); Yamazi, 1958 (p.149, Rem.); Deevey, 1960 (p.5, Table II, annual abundance); Heinrich, 1960 (tab.2); 1961 ( (p.87); Fagetti, 1962 (p.24); Cervigon, 1962 (p.181, tables: abundance distribution); Fish, 1962 (p.14); Grice & Hart, 1962 (p.287, 296: Rem.); Ganapati & Shanthakumari, 1962 (p.8, 16); Duran, 1963 (p.16); V.N. Greze, 1963 a (tabl.2); Gaudy, 1963 (p.24, Rem.); Ahlstrom & Thrailkill, 1963 (p.57, Table 5, abundance); Björnberg, 1963 (p.39, Rem.); Unterüberbacher, 1964 (p.24); De Decker, 1964 (p.16, 24, 27); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.14); Anraku & Azeta, 1965 (p.13, Table 2, fish predator); Grice & Hulsemann, 1965 (p.224); Mullin, 1966 (p.546, Table I, III, diet); Furuhashi, 1966 a (p.295, vertical distribution in Kuroshio region, Table 10); Mazza, 1966 (p.71); Neto & Paiva, 1966 (p.24, Table III); Grice & Hulsemann, 1967 (p.17); Fleminger, 1967 a (tabl.1); De Decker, 1968 (p.45); Evans, 1968 (p.14); Vinogradov, 1968 (1970) (p.78, 80, 81, 158); Dowidar & El-Maghraby, 1970 (p.269); Morris, 1970 (p.2300); Itoh, 1970 (tab.1); Park, 1970 (p.476); Timonin, 1971 (p.281, trophic group); Deevey, 1971 (p.224); Bainbridge, 1972 (p.61, Appendix Table I: vertical distribution vs day/night, Table II: %, Table IV: seasonal abundance); Brodsky, 1972 (p.256); Binet & al., 1972 (p.68); Roe, 1972 (p.277, tabl.1, tabl.2); 1972 b (p.540); Heinrich, 1973 (p.95); Björnberg, 1973 (p.332, 389); Corral Estrada & Pereiro Muñoz, 1974 (tab.I); Arashkevich, 1975 (p.351, digestion time); Ikeda, 1976 (p.51, respiration rate); Timonin, 1976 (p.79, vertical distribution); Deevey & Brooks, 1977 (p.256, tab.2, Station "S"); Timonin & Voronina, 1977 (p.290, fig.7); Carter, 1977 (1978) (p.36); Dessier, 1979 (p.205); Hayward, 1980 (p.295, Table 2, vertical distribution, feeding); Sreekumaran Nair & al., 1981 (p.493), Arashkevich & al., 1982 (p.477, Table 2, diet); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.84); Vives, 1982 (p.292); Dessier, 1983 (p.89, Tableau 1, 2, Rem., %); Minkina, 1983 (p.38, speed swimming); Turner & Dagg, 1983 (p.16, 22); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); De Decker, 1984 (p.316, 363: chart);Tremblay & Anderson, 1984 (p.6); Brenning, 1984 (p.6, T-S diagram, Rem.); Cummings, 1984 (p.163, Table 2); Brenning, 1985 a (p.23, Table 2); Sazhina, 1985 a (p.491, tab.3); Petipa & Borichenko, 1985 (tab.1,2); Kinzer & Schulz, 1985 (tab.4); Longhurst, 1985 (tab.2); Brinton & al., 1986 (p.228, Table 1); M. Lefèvre, 1986 (p.33); Madhupratap & Haridas, 1986 (p.105, tab.1); Ambler & Miller, 1987 (tab.2, 3, 4, 5); Jimenez-Perez & Lara-Lara, 1988; Wiebe & al., 1988 (tab.7); Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.59); Dessier, 1988 (tabl.1); Herman, 1989 (p.247); Hernandez-Trujillo, 1989 a (tab.1); Cervantes-Duarte & Hernandez-Trujillo, 1989 (tab.3); Heinrich, 1990 (p.17); Hirakawa & al., 1990 (tab.3); Schulz, 1990 (p.188); Arinardi, 1991 (p.295); Yoo, 1991 (tab.1); Suarez & al., 1990 (tab.2); Suarez & Gasca, 1991 (tab.2); Hattori, 1991 (tab.1, Appendix); Santos & Ramirez, 1991 (p.79); Hernandez-Trujillo, 1991 (1993) (tab.I, as dana); Suarez, 1992 (App.1); Yen & al., 1992 (p.495, tab.1, mechanoreception); Ayukai & Hattori, 1992 (p.163, Table 5, fecal pellet production rate); Gopalakrishnan & Balachandran, 1992 (p.167, figs.1, 3, Table 1, 2); Palomares Garcia & Vera, 1995 (tab.1); Webber & Roff, 1995 (tab.1); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.73); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1997 (p.1525); Go & al., 1997 (tab.1); Park & Choi, 1997 (Appendix); Padmavati & al., 1998 (p.347); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.101); Hwang & al., 1998 (tab.II); Wong & al, 1998 (tab.2); Gilabert & Moreno, 1998 (tab.1, 2); Mauchline, 1998 (tab.23, 30, 63); Smith S. & al., 1998 (p.2369, Table 6, moonsoon effects); Suarez-Morales, 1998 (p.345, Table 1); Noda & al., 1998 (p.55, Table 3, occurrence); Gopalakrishnan & Saraledevi, 1998 (p.128, fig.1, chart); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p.111); Gopalakrishnan & Saraledevi, 1998 (p.128, fig.1, chart); Hassett & Boehlert, 1999 (p.571); Hernandez-Trujillo, 1999 (p.284, tab.1); Lavaniegos & Gonzalez-Navarro, 1999 (p.239, Appx.1); Neumann-Leitao & al., 1999 (p.153, tab.2); Dolganova & al., 1999 (p.13, tab.1); Onishchik, 1999 (p.76); Lapernat, 2000 (tabl.3, 4); Razouls & al., 2000 (p.343, Appendix); Haury & al., 2000 (p.69, Table 1); Fernandez-Alamo & al., 2000 (p.1139, Appendix); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 2000 (1247, tab.1); Suarez-Morales & al., 2000 (p.751, tab.1); Lopez-Salgado & al., 2000 (tab.1); Madhupratap & al., 2001 (figs.4, 5); Holmes, 2001 (p.60); Lo & al., 2001 (1139, tab.I); Rebstock, 2002 (p.71, Table 3, Fig.5, climatic variability); Beaugrand & al., 2002 (p.179, figs.5, 6); Hernandez-Trujillo & Suarez-Morales, 2002 (p.748, tab.1); Hwang & al., 2003 (p.193, tab.2); Shimode & Shirayama, 2004 (tab.2); Hsiao & al., 2004 (p.326, tab.1); Hsieh & al., 2004 (p.397, tab.1, p.399, tab.2); Wang & Zuo, 2004 (p.1, Table 2, dominance, origin); Lan & al., 2004 (p.332, tab.1); Lo & al.*, 2004 (p.218, tab.1, fig.6); Pusch & al., 2004 (251, tab.3); Gallienne & al., 2004 (p.5, tab.3); CPR, 2004 (p.62, fig.185); Lo & al., 2004 (p.89, tab.1); Shimode & al., 2005 (p.113 + poster); Berasategui & al., 2005 (p.313, fig.2); Zuo & al., 2006 (p.162: tab.1); Hwang & al., 2006 (p.943, tabl. I) ; Dias & Araujo, 2006 (p.65, Rem., chart); Lavaniegos & Jiménez-Pérez, 2006 (p.156, tab.2, 3, Rem.); Kuriyama & Nishida, 2006 (p.300: Tab.II; fig.7, 10, vertical distribution); Valdés & al., 2007 (p.104: tab.1); Khelifi-Touhami & al., 2007 (p.327, Table 1); Dur & al., 2007 (p.197, Table IV); Jitlang & al., 2008 (p.65, Table 1); McKinnon & al., 2008 (p.844: Tab.1, fig.7); Neumann-Leitao & al., 2008 (p.799: Tab.II, fig.6); Morales-Ramirez & Suarez-Morales, 2008 (p.514, 522); Ayon & al., 2008 (p.238, Table 4: Peruvian samples); Fernandes, 2008 (p.465, Tabl.2); Raybaud & al., 2008 (p.1765, Table A1); Muelbert & al., 2008 (p.1662, Table 1); Tseng L.-C. & al., 2008 (p.153, fig.5, Table 2, occurrence vs geographic distribution, indicator species); Tseng & al., 2008 (p.402, Table 2); Lan Y.-C. & al., 2008 (p.61, Table 1, % vs stations); C.-Y. Lee & al., 2009 (p.151, Tab.2); Galbraith, 2009 (pers. comm.); Miyashita & al., 2009 (p.815, Tabl.II); Tseng & al., 2009 (p.327, fig.5, feeding); Lan Y.-C. & al., 2009 (p.1, Table 2, % vs hydrogaphic conditions); Hafferssas & Seridji, 2010 (p.353, Table 2, 3); Hafferssas & al., 2010 (p.1281, Table III, abundance vs spatial distribution); Williamson & McGowan, 2010 (p.273, Table III, Pacific central gyres: N & S); Hernandez-Trujillo & al., 2010 (p.913, Table 2); Cornils & al., 2010 (p.2076, Table 3); Schnack-Schiel & al., 2010 (p.2064, Table 2: E Atlantic subtropical/tropical); Dias & al., 2010 (p.230, Table 1); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.427); Medellin-Mora & Navas S., 2010 (p.265, Tab. 2); W.-B. Chang & al., 2010 (p.735, Table 2, abundance); Shanthi & Ramanibai, 2011 (p.132, Table 1); Xu & Gao, 2011 (p.514, figs.3, 4, Table 2: optimal salinity); Hsiao S.H. & al., 2011 (p.475, Appendix I); Guo & al., 2011 (p.567, table 2, indicator); Kâ & Hwang, 2011 (p.155, Table 3: occurrence %); Tseng L.-C. & al., 2011 (p.47, Table 2, occurrences vs mesh sizes); Tutasi & al., 2011 (p.791, Table 1, 3, fig.8, abundance distribution vs La Niña event, Rem. p.797, fig.11); Selifonova, 2011 a (p.77, Table 1, alien species in Black Sea); Shiganova & al., 2012 (p.61, Table 4); Mulyadi & Rumengan, 2012 (p.202, Rem.: p.204); Tseng & al., 2012 (p.621, Table 3: abundance); Jang M.-C & al., 2012 (p.37, abundance and seasonal distribution); Salah S. & al., 2012 (p.155, Tableau 1); Hidalgo & al., 2012 (p.134, Table 2) ; Teuber & al., 2013 (p.28, Table 1, respiration rates); Teuber & al., 2013 (p.1, Table 1, 2, 3, abundance vs oxygen minimum zone, respiration rates, enzyme activity); Palomares-Garcia & al., 2013 (p.1009, Table I, abundance vs environmental factors); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013; M. Ohman, comm. pers.); Tseng & al., 2013 (p.507, seasonal abundance); Hirai & al., 2013 (p.1, Table I, molecular marker); Mendoza Portillo, 2013 (p.37: Fig.7, seasonal dominance); Lidvanov & al., 2013 (p.290, Table 2, % composition); Hwang & al., 2014 (p.43, Appendix A: seasonal abundance); Bonecker & a., 2014 (p.445, Table II: frequency, horizontal & vertical distributions); Lopez-Ibarra & al., 2014 (p.453, fig.6, biogeographical affinity); Benedetti & al., 2016 (p.159, Table I, fig.1, functional characters)
NZ: 19 + 1 doubtful

Distribution map of Scolecithrix danae by geographical zones
Species Scolecithrix danae - Distribution map 4issued from : T.C. Gopalakrishnan & T. Balachandran in Oceanogr. Indian Ocean, 1992. [p.170, fig.3, A].
Distribution of Scolecithrix danae in the Indian Ocean.
Nota: Main occurences between 25° N - 40° S.
Species Scolecithrix danae - Distribution map 5issued from : Gopalakrishnan & Saraledevi in Pelagic Biogeography ICoPB II. Proc. 2nd Int. Conf. Final report of SCOR/IOC working group 93. 9-14 July 1995. Workshop Rep. No.142. UNESCO, 1998. [p.129, Fig.1].
Distribution and abundance in number of specimens/haul standard of Scolecithrix danae in the Indian Ocean.
Species Scolecithrix danae - Distribution map 6issued from : H.B. Owre & M. Foyo in Fauna Caribaea, 1967, 1, Crustacea, 1: Copepoda. [p.60, Table 24].
Vertical distribution of Scolecithrix danae in the Florida Current (SL station, A1-9).
Nota: This species is moderately abundant throughout the year, where over 70 p.cent of the specimens were caught in the upper 100 m.
Species Scolecithrix danae - Distribution map 7issued from : U. Brenning in Wiss. Z. Wilhelm-Pieck-Univ. Rostock - 33. Jahrgang 1984. Mat.-nat. wiss. Reihe, 6. [p.7, Figs.3].
T-S Diagram for Scolecithrix danae from 8° S - 26° N; 16°- 20° W, and Namibia ( expedition VIII: 21/9-17/12 1976/, for different expeditions (V1: Dec. 1972- Jan. 1973; V2: Feb/Mar.1973; VI: May 1974; IV: Jun./Jul. 1972).
SO: Southern Surface Water (S °/oo: 34,50; T°C: 29,0); ND: Northern Water of the Surface Layer (S °/oo: 37,5; T°C: 21,0); SD: Southern Deep Water of the surface layer (S °/oo: 35,33; T°C: 13,4). See commentary in Temora stylifera and Brenning (1985 a, p.6).
Species Scolecithrix danae - Distribution map 8issued from : T.L. Hayward in Mar. Biol., 1980, 58. [p.299, Fig.2].
Plots of day (open circle) and night (filled circle) depth distributions of Scolecithrix danae in the North Pacific central gyre (main sampling location: 25°N, 155°W with drogue), September 1968.
Species Scolecithrix danae - Distribution map 9issued from : T.L. Hayward in Mar. Biol., 1980, 58. [p.302, Fig.4].
Day and night feeding indices (relative degree of gut fullness of copepods collected under differing environmental conditions) for females Scolecithrix danae from N Pacific central gyre (main sampling location: 28°N, 155°W), June 1973.
Numbers in abscisse : stations.
Species Scolecithrix danae - Distribution map 10Issued from : P. Tutasi, S. Palma & M. Caceres in Scienc. Mar., 2011, 75 (4). [p.798, Fig.8 c]
Geographic distribution of Scolecithrix danae in September and October 2001, associated with the weak La Niña event of 2001.
Species Scolecithrix danae - Distribution map 11Issued from : P.-E. Lapernat in DEA Océanogr. Biol., Univ. P. & M. Curie, Paris VI. July 5, 2000. [Fig.10 d].
Verical distribution of Scolecithrix danae at an oligotrophe site (off NW Cape Verde Islands: 21° N, 31° W) in females (F) and males (M) (ind. per m3) in the day (white circle) and night (black circle).

Nota: Sampling in the water column 0-1000 m, one during the day and another during the night with BIONESS multiple-net: 0-75; 75-150; 150-250; 250-350; 350-450; 450-550; 550-700; 700-850; 850-965 m. In May-June 1992.
Loc:
Antarct. (Indian) (in Brady, 1918), South Africa (E & W), off E Tristan da Cunha, Namibia, Angola, off S St. Helena Is., Congo, Atlant. (central equatorial), G. of Guinea, Ivorian shelf, off E St. Paul Is., Dakar, Argentina, Uruguay (continental shelf), Brazil (S, off Macaé, Rio de Janeiro), off Vitoria-Cabo de Sao Tomé), Caribbean (off Pinos Is.), Yucatan, Caribbean Colombia, Cariaco Basin, Cape Verde Is., off NW Cape Verde Is., off Morocco-Mauritania, Cap Ghir (Morocco), Great Meteor Seamount, Canary Is., off Madeira, Lisboa, off W Azores, off Natal, off Amazon, Barbados Is., Venezuela, Caribbean Sea, Jamaica, Yucatan, E Costa Rica, G. of Mexico, Florida, Sargasso Sea, off Bermuda: Station ‘’ S’’ (32°10’N, 64°30’W), Delaware Bay (outside), Long Island Sound, Woods Hole, Bay of Fundy, off Nova Scotia, off S Newfoundland, off W Ireland, Medit. (Baleares, Algiers, Gulf of Annaba, Marseille, Ligurian Sea, Napoli, Strait of Messina, Malta, S Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea, Alexandria, Black Sea), G. of Aden, Arabian Sea, Laccadive Is., Maldive Is., Sri Lanka, Natal, Madagascar (Nosy Bé), Mascarene Basin, Rodrigues Is. - Seychelles, India (Lawson's Bay), E India, equatorial & S Indian Ocean, Bay of Bengal, W Malay Peninsula (Andaman Sea), W Australia, Indonesia-Malaysia, Java Sea, Flores Sea, Banda Sea, Ambon Bay, Celebes Sea, Philippines, G. of Tonkin, China Seas (Yellow Sea, East China Sea, South China Sea), Taiwan Strait, Taiwan (S, E, SW, W, NW, N, NE, Mienhua Canyon), Okinawa, S Korea, Korea Strait, Japan Sea, Japan (Nagasaki, Tanabe Bay), off SE Japan, off S Shikoku Is., Kuroshio zone, Kuchinoerabu Is., off Sanriku, off SE Hokkaido, Alaska, Pacif. W (equatorial), N Pacific (central gyre), Australia (SE, Great Barrier, New South Wales, Shark Bay, North West Cape), New Caledonia, New Zealand, Bikini Is., Carolina-Marshall Is., off NE Marquesas Is., Moorea Is., Hawaii, off NE Hawaii, Oregon, Pacif. (equatorial, N central subtropical), Pacific (central gyres: N & S), Guaymas Basin, California, W Baja California, Bahia Magdalena, Gulf of California, W Mexico, G. de Tehuantepec, off W Guatemala, W Costa Rica, W Central America, Costa Rica (Dome), off Galapagos, Ecuador, off Peruvian coast, Pacif. (SE tropical), S Pacif. (NPFZ), Chile, off Santiago.
N: 319
Lg.:
(6) F: 2,52-2,24; M: 2,44-2,34; (9) F: 2,2-2,05; M: 2,1; (16) F: 2,15-1,8; M: 2,15-2; (34) F: 2,16; (45) F: 2,25-2; M: 2,15-1,85; (47) F: 2,2; M: 2,15-2; (66) F: ± 2,32; (72) F: 2,17-2,01; M: 2,17-2,07; (73) F: 2,28-2,04; M: 2,31-2,12; (75) F: 2,16-1,9; M: 2,16-1,95; (101) F: 2,14-1,9; M: 2,21-1,97; (104) M: 2,1; (117) F: 2,2-2,1; M: 2,1; (142) F: 2,2-2; M: 2,2-2; (147) F: 2,2; M: 1,65; (150) F: 2,2- 2,1; ; M: 2,1; (180) F: 2,08; (187) F: 2,12-1,94; (199) F: 2,2-1,9; M: 2,13-1,98; (237) F: 2,1; M: 1,9; (290) F: 2-2,15; M: 1,9-2,1; (327) F: 2,24-1,94; M: 1,97; (332) F: 2,14-1,99; (333) F: 2,21-2,03; M: 1,92; (334) F: 2,2; M: 2,15-2; (336) F: 2,2-2,1; M: 2,1; (432) F: 2,15-2,1; (530) F: 2; M: 1,8; (785) F: 3,49-1,93; M: 3,63; (786) F: 2,19-1,94; M: 2,39-2,05; (864) F: 1,83-1,97; (865) F: 2; (991) F: 1,8-2,4; M: 1,92-2,25; (1000) F: 1,9-2,1; M: 1,9-2,1; (1111) F: 2,0-2,4; M: 2,05-2,36; (1122) F: 2,1; M: 1,95; (1125) F: 2,4; (1174) F: 1,78-1,80; M: 1,67-1,69; (1230) F: 2,1-2,4; M: 2,1-2,2; {F: 1,78-2,52; M: 1,65-2,44}
Fish (1962) gives maximal sizes for females and males appearing too much high (785).
Rem.: epi-mesopelagic. Sargasso Sea: 0-500 m (Deevey & Brooks, 1977, Station "S"). 0-301 m at Station N-1 (SW Bösö, E middle Japan) from Furuhashi (1966 a).
For Björnberg (1963, p.40) the animals salinity above 36.00 p.1000 and high temperatures (above 25°C) in Brazilian waters. In waters of less than 25°C the number of specimens diminishes. It does not appear in purely coastal waters. Registered by C.B. Wilson (1950, p.335) in the Bering Sea though not confirmed by Brodsky (1957, p.113-114).
For Itoh (1970 a, fig.2, from co-ordonates) the Itoh's index value of the mandibular gnathobase = 570.
Timonin (1971, p.282) considers the trophic interrelations in the equatorial and tropical Indian Ocean, and divides the plankters into 6 trophic groups from the litterature and the results of studies of mouth-parts structure and intestine content. This species is omnivorous.

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