Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Spinocalanoidea ( Superfamily )
        Spinocalanidae ( Family )
            Spinocalanus ( Genus )
Spinocalanus polaris  Brodsky, 1950   (F,M)
Syn.: Spinocalanus elongatus (M) Brodsky, 1950 (1967) (part., p.133, figs.M, no F & M variant)
Ref.:
Brodsky, 1950 (1967) (p.134, figs.F); Grice & Hulsemann, 1965 (p.223, 229, fig.F); Park, 1970 (p.475, 493, figs.F,Rem.F); Vidal, 1971 a (p. 18, figs.F); Damkaer, 1975 (p.50, figs.F,M, Rem.); Brodsky & al., 1983 (p.295, figs.F,M, Rem.); Vives & Shmeleva, 2007 (p.844, figs.F,M, Rem.)
Species Spinocalanus polaris - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : Brodsky K.A., Vyshkvartseva N.V., Kos M.S. & Markhaseva E.L. in Opred. Faune SSSR, 1983, 135. [p.296, Fig.143].
Female.


Species Spinocalanus polaris - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : D.M. Damkaer in NOAA Technical Report NMFS CIRC-391, Seattle, 1975. [p.51, Fig.114-120; p.63, 156].
Female: 114, habitus (dorsal); 115, idem (left lateral side); 116, lobe 1 of Mx2; 117, P1; 118, P2; 119, P3; 120, P4; 156, terminal segments of A1.


Species Spinocalanus polaris - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from : D.M. Damkaer in NOAA Technical Report NMFS CIRC-391, Seattle, 1975. [p.52, Fig.121-129].
Female: 121, masticatory edge of Md; 122, gnathobase of Mx1; 123, Mxp.

Male: 124, habitus (dorsal); 125, idem (left lateral side); 126, masticatory edge of Md; 127, Mxp; 128, P1; 129, P5.


Species Spinocalanus polaris - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from : G.D. Grice & K. Hulsemann in J. Zool., 1965, 146. [p.230, Fig.7, g].
Female (from NE Atlant.): g, habitus (lateral left side).
Nota: Mx1 with 5 setae on the 2nd inner lobe, 2 or 3 on the 3rd; 4 setae on the 2nd basal segment; 8 or 9 setae on the endopod; 11 setae on the exopod.


Species Spinocalanus polaris - Plate 5 of morphological figuresIssued from : T. S. Park in Bull. Mar. Sc., 1970, 20 (2). [p.494, Figs.71-77].
Female (from Caribbean Sea): 71, A2; 72, Md; 74, Mx2; 75, Mxp; 76, P1 (anterior); 77, basipod of P4 (posterior).
Nota: 2nd exopod segment of A2 with 3 setae. 1st endopod segment of Md with 4 setae. External setae on last two segments of Mxp small. Endopod of P1 with 3 setae. Posterior surface of coxa of P4 with a short, transverse row of spiines.


Species Spinocalanus polaris - Plate 6 of morphological figuresIssued from : K.A. Brodskii in Calanoida of the Far Eastern Seas and Polar Basin of the USSR. Opred. Fauna SSSR, 1950, 35 (Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem, 1967) [p.134, Fig.53].
Female (from Arctic): habitus (dorsal and lateral left side); last thoracic segment; S2, P3.

Compl. Ref.:
Harding, 1966 (p.17, 71); Dunbar & Harding, 1968 (p.319, 321); Vinogradov, 1968 (1970) (p.266); Harding, 1974 (p.141, tab. 3, gut contents); Kosobokova, 1989 (p.27); Kosobokova & Hirche, 2000 (p.2029, tab.2); Blachowiak-Samolyk & al., 2007 (p.2716, Table 2); Blachowiak-Samolyk & al., 2008 (p.2210, Table 3, biomass); Kosobokova & Hopcroft, 2010 (p.96, Table 1, fig.7); Homma & Yamaguchi, 2010 (p.965, Table 2); Kosobokova & al., 2011 (p.29, Table 2, figs.4, 8, Rem.: Arctic Basins); Homma & al., 2011 (p.29, Table 2, abundance, feeding pattern: suspension feeders); Sano & al., 2013 (p.11, Table 6, Rem.: p.21, food habits)
NZ: 4 + 1 doubtful

Distribution map of Spinocalanus polaris by geographical zones
Loc:
NE Atlant. (not specified but probably 61°41'N, 02°32'W ), off E Cape Cod, Caribbean Sea, Arct. (Fram Strait, Spitsbergen, Canadian abyssal plain, Fletcher's Ice Is., Laptev Sea, Lomonosov Ridge, Nansen Basin, Amundsen Basin, Makarov Basin, Canada Basin), Bering Sea (S Aleutian Basin), NW Pacif.
N: 16
Lg.:
(13) F: 1,56-1,28; M: 1,68-1,44; (22) F: 1,4; (88) F: 1,06-1,02; (226) F: 1,6-1,17; {F: 1,02-1,60; M: 1,44-1,68}
Rem.: bathy & abyssopelagic. In vertical tow 4000-3000 m (Harding, 1974).
Last update : 01/02/2015
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Razouls C., Desreumaux N., Kouwenberg J. and de Bovée F., 2005-2021. - Biodiversity of Marine Planktonic Copepods (morphology, geographical distribution and biological data). Sorbonne University, CNRS. Available at http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr/en [Accessed April 13, 2021]

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