Species Card of Copepod
Cyclopoida ( Order )
    Corycaeidae ( Family )
        Farranula ( Genus )
Farranula gibbula  (Giesbrecht, 1891)   (F,M)
Syn.: Corycus gibbulus Giesbrecht, 1891; 1892 (p.661, 675, 771, figs.F);
Corycaeus pellucidus : Wolfenden, 1905 (1906) (p.1027, figs.F, Rem.); 1911 (p.359);
Corycella brevis Farran, 1911 a (p.285, figs.F); Sewell, 1948 (p.430);
Corycaeus gibbulus : F. Dahl, 1894 (p.69); Thompson, 1900 c (p.293); A. Scott, 1902 (p.420); Thompson & Scott, 1903 (p.240); Cleve, 1904 (p.261); Wolfenden, 1905 (1906) (p.1028); Carl, 1907 (p.18); A. Scott, 1909 (p.248, Rem.); Rose, 1926 j (p.6); Mori, 1937 (1964) (p.137, figs.F,M); Chiba & al., 1957 (p.310); 1957 a (p.12); Yamazi, 1958 (p.155, Rem.); Furuhashi, 1961 a (p.110); Tanaka, 1965 a (p.21); Halim, 1969 (p.257, tab.24); Suvapepun & Suwanrumpha, 1970 (p.5); Chen Q-c, 1980 (p.795); Hernandez-Trujillo, 1989 a (tab.1); Cervantes-Duarte & Hernandez-Trujillo, 1989 (tab.3); Hirakawa & al., 1990 (tab.3); Yoo, 1991 (tab.1); Kim & al., 1993 (p.271); Go & al., 1997 (tab.1); Noda & al., 1998 (p.55, Table 3, occurrence); Park & Choi, 1997 (Appendix); Dalal & Goswami, 2001 (p.22, fig.2); Lo & al., 2001 (1139, tab.I); K & Hwang, 2011 (p.155, Table 3: occurrence %); Hwang & al., 2014 (p.43, Appendix A: seasonal abundance, as gibbula);
Corycaeus (Corycella) gibbulus : M. Dahl, 1912 (p.115, figs.F,M); Frchtl, 1923 (p.450); 1924 b (p.92, fig.M); Dakin & Colefax, 1933 (p.209); Sewell, 1947 (p.288); 1951 (p.377, 391, figs. juv.F,M, Rem.: parasites); Tanaka, 1957 (p.96, figs.F,M, Rem.); 1960 (p.89, Rem.F, fig.M); Ganapati & Shanthakumari, 1962 (p.10, 16); Binet & Dessier, 1968 (p.11); Chen al., 1974 (p.65, figs.F,M); Frontier, 1977 a (p.18); Zheng & al., 1982 (p.148, figs.F); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.76); Zuo & al., 2006 (p.163: tab.1); Tseng L.-C. & al., 2008 (p.46, table 2, abundance vs moonsons); Maiphae & Sa-ardrit, 2011 (p.641, Table 2, 3, Rem.);
Corycaeus (Corycella) gibbula : Krishnaswamy, 1953 (p.72, figs.F); Saraswathy, 1966 (1967) (p.102); Palet, 1975 (p.660); Ayon & al., 2008 (p.238, Table 4: Peruvian samples);
Corycella gibbula : Farran, 1911 a (p.284, Rem.); 1936 a (p.139); Dakin & Colefax, 1940 (p.110, figs.F,M); Sewell, 1948 (p.346); Kasturirangan, 1963 (p.81); De Decker, 1964 (p.15, 21, 28); Gaudy, 1967 (p.88); Hwang & al., 2003 (p.193, tab.2); Rakhesh & al., 2006 (p.93, Table 2, spatial distribution); Rakhesh & al., 2008 (p.154, Table 5: abundance vs stations);
Corycaeus (Farranula) gibbula : Hwang & al., 2006 (p.943, tabl. I); Hwang & al., 2007 (p.25); Tseng & al., 2012 (p.621, Table 3: abundance) ; Tseng & al., 2013 (p.507, seasonal abundance); Tseng & al., 2013 a (p.1, Table 3, abundance);
Corycaeus gibbulus : Tseng & al., 2008 (p.402, Table 2); Tseng & al., 2009 (p.327, fig.5, feeding)
Ref.:
Wilson, 1942 a (p.187, fig.F); Motoda, 1963 (p.252, figs.F,M); Marques, 1976 (p.1003); 1982 (p.777); Kang & al., 1990 (p.54, figs.F,M); Huys & Boxshall, 1991 (p.299, figs.F,M); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.967, Pl.219: F,M); Conway & al., 2003 (p.261, figs.F,M, Rem.); Boxshall & Halsey, 2004 (p.493); Wi & Soh, 2013 (p.14, Redescr.F, M, figs.F,M, Rem.); Soh & al., 2013 (p.146, figs.F,M)
Species Farranula gibbula - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : O. Tanaka in J. Fac. Agricult. Kyushu Univ., 1957, 11 (1). [Pl.10, Figs.6-11]. As Corycaeus (Corycella) gibbulus.
Female (from Japanese waters): 6, habitus (lateral left side), with spermatophore; 7, urosome (ventral); 8, A2.

Male: 9, habitus (dorsal); 10, urosome (lateral right side); 11, A2.


Species Farranula gibbula - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : Q.-c Chen & S.-z. Zhang & C.-s. Zhu in Studia Marina Sinica, 1974, 9. [Pl.22, Figs.7-12]. As Corycaeus (Corycella) gibbulus.
Female (from China Seas): 7, habitus (lateral right side); 8, posterior part of thorax and urosome; 9, A2.

Male: 10, habitus (dorsal); 11, posterior part of thorax and urosome (lateral left side); 12, A2.


Species Farranula gibbula - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from : M. Dahl in Ergebnisse der Plankton-Expedition der Humboldt-Stiftung. Bd II, G. f1. I. Die Corycaeinen 1912. [Taf.XV, Figs.1, 2, 3, 4. As Corycaeus (Corycella) gibbulus.
Female: 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, idem (lateral right side; with spermatophores); 3, idem (lateral right side; with spermatophores); 4, idem (lateral right side).


Species Farranula gibbula - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from : M. Dahl in Ergebnisse der Plankton-Expedition der Humboldt-Stiftung. Bd II, G. f1. I. Die Corycaeinen 1912. [Taf.XV, Fig.25]. As Corycaeus (Corycella) gibbulus.
Female: 25, urosome (dorsal).


Species Farranula gibbula - Plate 5 of morphological figuresissued from : M. Dahl in Ergebnisse der Plankton-Expedition der Humboldt-Stiftung. Bd II, G. f1. I. Die Corycaeinen 1912. [Taf.XV, Fig.9]. As Corycaeus (Corycella) gibbuluss. With doubt.
Male: 9, habitus (dorsal).


Species Farranula gibbula - Plate 6 of morphological figuresissued from : M. Dahl in Ergebnisse der Plankton-Expedition der Humboldt-Stiftung. Bd II, G. f1. I. Die Corycaeinen 1912. [Taf.XV, Fig.10]. As Corycaeus (Corycella) gibbulus.
Male: 10, habitus (lateral right side).


Species Farranula gibbula - Plate 7 of morphological figuresissued from : M. Dahl in Ergebnisse der Plankton-Expedition der Humboldt-Stiftung. Bd II, G. f1. I. Die Corycaeinen 1912. [Taf.XV, Figs.35, 36]. As Corycaeus (Corycella) gibbulus.
Male: 35, urosome (dorsal); 36, idem (lateral right side).


Species Farranula gibbula - Plate 8 of morphological figuresissued from : G.P. Farran in Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1911. [Plate X, Figs.1-6]. As Corycella brevis.
Female (from Christmas island, Indian): 1-2, habitus (dorsal and lateral, respectively); 3, P3; 4, P1; 5, P4; 6, 3rd thoracic segment (mounted).


Species Farranula gibbula - Plate 9 of morphological figuresissued from : G.P. Farran in Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1911. [Plate XI, Figs.7]. As Corycella brevis.
Female: 7, A2.


Species Farranula gibbula - Plate 10 of morphological figuresissued from : Z. Zheng, S. Li, S.J. Li & B. Chen inMarine planktonic copepods in Chinese waters. Shanghai Sc. Techn. Press, 1982 [p.149, Fig.94].
Female: a, habitus (lateral); b, A2; c, terminal spines of exopod of P2; d, P4.
Scale bar in mm.


Species Farranula gibbula - Plate 11 of morphological figuresissued from : Y.S. Kang, S.-H. Huh & S.S. Lee in J. Ocanol. Soc. Korea, 1990, 25 (2). [Pl. 4, Figs.J-L].
Female (from Korean waters): J, habitus (dorsal); K, A2; L, genital segment with spermatophores (lateral), right side).

Nota: Urosome 1-segmented; the middle part swollen. Genital segment with a lot of hairs on the proximal ventral part.. Distal corner of the inner and outer part of 4th thoracic segment protruded.


Species Farranula gibbula - Plate 12 of morphological figuresissued from : Y.S. Kang, S.-H. Huh & S.S. Lee in J. Ocanol. Soc. Korea, 1990, 25 (2). [Pl. 4, Figs.M-P].
Male: M, habitus (dorsal); N, A2; O, P4; P, genital segment (lateral, left side).

Nota: Urosome 1-segmented and with bristles on the distal ventral part.


Species Farranula gibbula - Plate 13 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori in The Pelagic copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (1964). [Pl.76, Figs.12-15]. As Corycaeus gibbulus.
Female: 12, P4; 13-14, habitus (lateral and dorsal, respectively); 15, A2.


Species Farranula gibbula - Plate 14 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori in The Pelagic copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (1964). [Pl.77, Figs.1-4]. As Corycaeus gibbulus.
Male: 1, urosome (ventral); 2-3, habitus (lateral and dorsal, respectively); 4, P4.


Species Farranula gibbula - Plate 15 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori in The Pelagic copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (1964). [Pl.76, Fig.16]. As Corycaeus gibbulus.
Male: 16, A2.


Species Farranula gibbula - Plate 16 of morphological figuresIssued from : J.H. Wi & H.Y. Soh in J. Nat. Hist., 2013. [p.15, Fig.7].
Female (from 3200'N, 1265'E): A-B, habitus (dorsal and lateral, respectively); C, cephalosome anterior part of anteroventral projection (ventral view); D, caudal ramus (lateral; E, P6.
Scale bars in m.


Species Farranula gibbula - Plate 17 of morphological figuresIssued from : J.H. Wi & H.Y. Soh in J. Nat. Hist., 2013. [p.16, Fig.8].
Female: A, A1; B, A2; C, Md; D, Mx1; E, Mx2; F, Mxp.
Scale bars in m.


Species Farranula gibbula - Plate 18 of morphological figuresIssued from : J.H. Wi & H.Y. Soh in J. Nat. Hist., 2013. [p.17, Fig.9].
Female: A-D, P1 to P4, respectively.
Scale bar in m.


Species Farranula gibbula - Plate 19 of morphological figuresIssued from : J.H. Wi & H.Y. Soh in J. Nat. Hist., 2013. [p.19, Fig.10].
Male (from 3200'N, 1265'E): A-B, habitus (dorsal and lateral, respectively); C, genital flap.
Scale bars in m.


Species Farranula gibbula - Plate 20 of morphological figuresIssued from : J.H. Wi & H.Y. Soh in J. Nat. Hist., 2013. [p.20, Fig.11, A-B].
Male: A, A2; B, Mxp.
Scale bars in m.


Species Farranula gibbula - Plate 21 of morphological figuresIssued from : J.H. Wi & H.Y. Soh in J. Nat. Hist., 2013. [p.20, Fig.11, C-F].
Male: C, exopod of P1; D, exopod of P2; E, exopod of P3; F, P4.
Scale bars in m.


Species Farranula gibbula - Plate 22 of morphological figuresIssued from : J.H. Wi & H.Y. Soh in J. Nat. Hist., 2013. [p.3, Table I].
Length and width proportions of body segments of Farranula gibbula.

Nota: Compare with other species of Farranula (on line: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222933.2012.708454).


Species Farranula gibbula - Plate 23 of morphological figuresIssued from : O. Tanaka in Spec. Publs. Seto mar. biol. Lab., 10, 1960 [Pl. XXXVIII, 12]. As Corycaeus (Corycella) gibbulus.
Male (from South China Sea and Indian Ocean): 12, abdomen (lateral).
Nota: Cephalothorax and abdomen in the proportional lengths 57 to 43.
Genital segment and caudal rami in the proportional lengths 70 to 30.
Genital segment about 2.8 times as long as high.

Characters female: Cephalothorax and abdomen in the proportional lengths 70 to 30.
3rd thoracic segment with a dorsal hump.
Genital segment and caudal rami in the proportional lengths 65 to 35.
Genital segment irregular in dorsal outline, and deepest at the posterior 1/3 of the segment. Carries usually 2 spermatophores, sometimes 4.
Caudal rami curved slightly upward.


Species Farranula gibbula - Plate 24 of morphological figuresIssued from : M. Chihara & M. Murano (eds) inAn illustrated Guide to the Marine Plankton in Japan, 1997. [p.977, Pl. 219, fig.358].
Female: a, habitus (dorsal), b, urosome (lateral).
Male: habitus (dorsal).


Species Farranula gibbula - Plate 25 of morphological figuresIssued from : H.Y. Soh, S.Y. Moon & J.H. Wi in Invertebrate Fauna of Korea (eds) Incheon: NIBR, 2013, 21 (28). [p.147, Fig.85].
Female (from Korean waters): A-B, habitus (dorsal and lateral, respectively); C, A2; D, Mx1; R, P6; F, P1; G, P2; H, P3; I, P4.
Scale bars: A-C, F-I = 100 m; D, E = 50 m.


Species Farranula gibbula - Plate 26 of morphological figuresIssued from : H.Y. Soh, S.Y. Moon & J.H. Wi in Invertebrate Fauna of Korea (eds) Incheon: NIBR, 2013, 21 (28). [p.148, Fig.86].
Male: A, habitus (dorsal); B, A2; C, Mxp; D, exopod of P1; E, exopod of P2; F, exopod of P3; G, P4; H, P6.
Scale bars: B, D-F, H = 100 m; C, G = 50 m.

Compl. Ref.:
C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.228); Fagetti, 1962 (p.50); Zalkina, 1977 (p.339, tab.1); Dessier, 1983 (p.89, Tableau 1, 2, Rem., %); Binet, 1984 (tab.3); M. Lefvre, 1986 (p.33); Renon, 1987 (tab.2); Dessier, 1988 (tabl.1); Othman & al., 1990 (p.561, 564, Table 1); Yoo, 1991 (tab.1); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p.112); Ueda & al., 2000 (tab.1); Hsieh & al., 2004 (p.398, tab.1); Rezai & al., 2004 (p.490, tab.2, p.495, tab.8); Lo & al.*, 2004 (p.218, tab.1, fig.6); Lo & al., 2004 (p.468, tab.2); Lan & al., 2004 (p.332, tab.1, tab.2); Satapoomin & al., 2004 (p.107, tab.4); Lo & al., 2004 (p.89, tab.1); Obuid Allah & al., 2005 (p.123, occurrence % vs metal contamination); Lopez-Ibarra & Palomares-Garcia, 2006 (p.63, Tabl. 1, seasonal abundance vs El-Nio); Jitlang & al., 2008 (p.65, Table 1); McKinnon & al., 2008 (p.844: Tab.1); Morales-Ramirez & Suarez-Morales, 2008 (p.525); Tseng L.-C. & al., 2008 (p.153, fig.5, Table 2, occurrence vs geographic distribution, indicator species); Ayon & al., 2008 (p.238, Table 4: Peruvian samples); Pagano, 2009 (p.116); C.-Y. Lee & al., 2009 (p.151, Tab.2); Lan Y.-C. & al., 2009 (p.1, Table 2, % vs hydrogaphic conditions); Hernandez-Trujillo & al., 2010 (p.913, Table 2); Hsiao S.H. & al., 2011 (p.475, Appendix I); Hsiao & al., 2011 (p.317, Table 2, indicator of seasonal change); Johan & al., 2012 (2013) (p.1, Table 1); Dorgham & al., 2012 (p.473, Table 3: abundance %); Lavaniegos & al., 2012 (p. 11, Table 1, fig.3, seasonal abundance, Appendix); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013; M. Ohman, comm. pers.); Jagadeesan & al., 2013 (p.27, Table 3, 5, 6, fig.11, seasonal abundance); Rakhesh & al., 2013 (p.7, Table 1, abundance vs stations); Anjusha & al., 2013 (p.40, Table 3, abundance & feeding behavior); Abo-Taleb & Gharib, 2018 (p.139, Table 5, occurrence %); Palomares-Garcia & al., 2018 (p.178, Table 1: not seen in La Paz Bay 1987-2011)
NZ: 12

Distribution map of Farranula gibbula by geographical zones
Loc:
South Africa (SE), off Trindade Is., off N St. Helena Is., off S Ascension Is., off St. Paul Is., Patagonia, Suez, Sharm El-Sheikh, Hurghada, Safga, Red Sea, G. of Aden, Arabian Sea, Laccadive Is., Maldive Is., Port Natal, off SE Madagascar, Nosy B, Rodrigues Is., Seychelles, Indian (equatorial), Sri Lanka, India (G. of Mannar, Palk Bay, Saurashtra coast, W, Lawson's Bay, Kakinada Bay, Godavari region), Bay of Bengal, Nicobar Is., Christmas Is., off Phuket, Straits of Malacca, G. of Thailand, Indonesia-Malaysia, Sarawak: Bintulu coast, Ambon Bay, Sulu Sea, Viet-Nam, China Seas (Yellow Sea, East China Sea, South China Sea, Hong Kong), Taiwan Strait, Taiwan (E, S, W, SW, Tapong Bay, NW, N, NE, Mienhua Canyon), Okinawa, SE Korea, Jeju Island, S Japan Sea, Japan, Kuchinoerabu Is., Tanabe Bay, Pacif. (W equatorial), Australia (Great Barrier, New South Wales, North West Cape, G. of Carpentaria), New Caledonia, Moorea Is., off Hawaii, Pacif. (E equatorial), Clipperton Is., W Baja California (Bahia Magdalena), G. of California (Bahia de los Angeles), W Costa Rica, Galapagos, Peru, Chile
N: 116
Lg.:
(11) F: 1-0,85; M: 0,95-0,817; (34) F: 0,98-0,88; (46) F: 0,95-0,9; (66) F: 1,1-0,91; M: 0,96-0,86; (84) F: 0,88; M: 0,93; (104) F: 1; M: 0,9; (107) F: 1-0,85; M: 0,87-0,8; (332) F: 0,94; 0,83; (333) F: 0,92; (530) F: 0,9; M: 0,9; (531) F: 1; M: 0,9; (666) F: 1,05-1; M: 0,89; (667) F: 1,03-0,9; M: 0,88-0,85; (669) F: 0,85; (786) F: 0,84; (866) F: 0,85-1,0; M: 0,80-0,87; (991) F: 0,85-1,03; M: 0,8-0,88; (1023) F: 0,94-1; (1116)* F: 1,025; M: 0,863; (1174) F: 1,03; M: 0,86; {F: 0,83-1,10; M: 0,80-0,96}
*: measured in lateral view. Average: F: 1,012 (n = 4); M: 0,833.5 (n = 7).
Rem.: According to Tanaka (1957, p.96) the males of this species and F. concinna, as M. Dahl states, differ only in size; the larger specimens are gibbulus.

See in DVP Conway & al., 2003 (version 1)
Last update : 07/12/2020
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