Species Card of Copepod
Cyclopoida ( Order )
    Lubbockiidae ( Family )
        Lubbockia ( Genus )
Lubbockia aculeata  Giesbrecht, 1891   (F,M)
Syn.: no Lubbockia aculeata : Vervoort, 1951 (p.151, Rem.); 1957 (p.148)
Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.606, 611, 773, figs.F,M); A. Scott, 1909 (p.244, Rem.); Wolfenden, 1911 (p.363); Candeias, 1926 (p.46, figs.F); Farran, 1926 (p.298); Rose, 1933 a (p.305, figs.F,M); Farran, 1936 a (p.129); Wilson, 1942 a (p.191); Lysholm & al., 1945 (p.43); Sewell, 1947 (p.258, Rem.F); Owre & Foyo, 1967 (p.113, figs.F,M); Ramirez, 1969 (p.92, fig.F, Rem.); Razouls, 1972 (p.95, Annexe: p.119); Marques, 1973 (p.247, fig.F); Boxshall, 1977 a (p.110, figs.F,M); Heron & Damkaer, 1978 (p.15, figs.F); Björnberg & al., 1981 (p.668, figs.F,M); Chahsavar-Archad & Razouls, 1982 (p.32, figs.F,M); Zheng & al., 1982 [p.106, Figs.F); Zheng Zhong & al., 1984 (1989) (p.263, figs.F); Stephen, 1988 (p.36, figs.F); Razouls, 1994 (p.190, figs.F,M); Heron & Bradford-Grieve, 1995 (p.12, fig.F); Mazzocchi & al., 1995 (p.223, figs.F, Rem.); Huys & Böttger-Schnack, 1996/97 (p.251, fig.F); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.978: Rem.); Boxshall, 1998 (p.227); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.887, 970, figs.F,M); Boxshall & Halsey, 2004 (p.577); Avancini & al., 2006 (p.139, Pl. 107, figs.F,M, Rem.); Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.249, figs.F,M, Rem.)
Species Lubbockia aculeata - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : Giesbrecht, 1892; Boxshall, 1977; Heron & Damkaer (1969, 1978).
Female: 1, habitus (dorsal view); 2, urosome (ventral view); 3, Mxp; 4, teeth on the first segment of Mxp.; 5, Mxp.

Male: 6, habitus (dorsal view); 7, urosome segments 4 and 5 and furca; 8, Mxp.

Species Lubbockia aculeata - Plate 2 of morphological figuresIssued from: M.G. Mazzocchi, G. Zagami, A. Ianora, L. Guglielmo & J. Hure in Atlas of Marine Zooplankton Straits of Magellan. Copepods. L. Guglielmo & A. Ianora (Eds.), 1995. [p.224, Fig.3.41.1].
Female: A, habitus (dorsal); B, last thoracic somite and genital somite (dorsal); C, Mxp; D, P1; E, P2; F, P3; G, P4.

Nota: Proportional lengths of prosome and urosome 55:45. Proportional lengths of urosomites and furca 11:27:17:16:16:13 = 100.

Species Lubbockia aculeata - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from : F.C. Ramirez in Contr. Inst. Biol. mar., Buenos Aires, 1969, 98. [p.90, Lam. XVIII, figs. 152].
Female (from off Mar del Plata): 152, habitus (dorsal).
Scale bar in mm: 0.4.

Species Lubbockia aculeata - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from : G.A. Boxshall in Brit. Mus. nat. Hist., Zool., 1977, 31 (3). [p.111, Fig.4].
Female (from 18°N, 25°W): a, habitus (dorsal); b, A1 (ventral); c, A2; d, Md (anterior); e, Mx2 (posterior); f, urosome (ventral); g, Mxp (anterior).
Nota: Relative lengths of urosome somites and caudal rami 12:24:17:17:16:14. Posterior margins of abdominal somites provided with dentate hyaline frill and all urosome somites with minute denticles scattered over surface. A1 6-segmented

Species Lubbockia aculeata - Plate 5 of morphological figuresissued from : G.A. Boxshall in Brit. Mus. nat. Hist., Zool., 1977, 31 (3). [p.112]
Armature formula of swimming legs P1 to P4.
Roman numeral : spine; arabic numeral = seta.

Species Lubbockia aculeata - Plate 6 of morphological figuresissued from : G.A. Boxshall in Brit. Mus. nat. Hist., Zool., 1977, 31 (3). [p.113, Fig.5].
Male: a, habitus (dorsal); b, A1 (ventral; segmentation only); c, A2 (anterior); d, Mxp (anterior).
Nota: Relative lengths of urosome somites 10:10:16:15:14:17:18. A1 3-segmented.

Female copepodite: e, Mxp (anterior; f, habitus (dorsal).

Species Lubbockia aculeata - Plate 7 of morphological figuresissued from : Z. Zheng, S. Li, S.J. Li & B. Chen in Marine planktonic copepods in Chinese waters. Shanghai Sc. Techn. Press, 1982 [p.107, Fig.64].
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, A1; c, A2; d, Mxp; e, P1; f, P4.
Scale bar in mm.

Species Lubbockia aculeata - Plate 8 of morphological figuresissued from : G.A. Heron & D.M. Damkaer in Smiths. Contr. Zool., 1978, 267. [p.16, Fig.10].
Female: a, cephalosome and somite 1 (ventral); b, left A2; c, left Md.
Scale bars: C (fig.a); E (fig.b); G (fig.c).

Species Lubbockia aculeata - Plate 9 of morphological figuresissued from : G.A. Heron & D.M. Damkaer in Smiths. Contr. Zool., 1978, 267. [p.17, Fig.11].
Female: a, Mxp basal segment (arros) and P1 (ventral); b-e, P1 to P4.
Scale bars: C (fig.a); D (figs.b-e).

Species Lubbockia aculeata - Plate 10 of morphological figuresissued from : G.A. Heron & D.M. Damkaer in Smiths. Contr. Zool., 1978, 267. [p.2, Fig.1].
Scales used in grawing figure. Each bar = 0.1 mm.

Species Lubbockia aculeata - Plate 11 of morphological figuresIssued from : G.A. Heron & J.M. Bradford-Grieve in New Zealand Oceanogr. Inst Memoir 104. NIWA, 1995. [p.13, Fig.2, a]
Female (from 42°24.8'S, 174°01.6'E): a, habitus (lateral)
Scale bar 0.05 mm.

Species Lubbockia aculeata - Plate 12 of morphological figuresIssued from : C. Razouls in Ann. Inst. océanogr., Paris, 1994, 70 (1). [p.190]. Caractéristiques morphologiques de Lubbockia aculeata femelle et mâle adultes.
Terminologie et abbréviations: voir à Calanus propinquus.

Compl. Ref.:
Cleve, 1904 a (p.191); Wilson, 1942 a (p.191); Sewell, 1948 (p.346, 461); C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.254); Fagetti, 1962 (p.45); Giron-Reguer, 1963 (p.59); Unterüberbacher, 1964 (p.35); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.13); Shmeleva, 1964 a (p.1068); Mazza, 1966 (p.73, as oculata); 1967 (p.326); Ehrhardt, 1967 (p.743, 887, geographic distribution, Rem.); Delalo, 1968 (p.139); Deevey, 1971 (p.224); Apostolopoulou, 1972 (p.329, 380); Björnberg, 1973 (p.364, 387); Vives & al., 1975 (p.57, tab.II); Boxshall, 1977 b (p.551); Deevey & Brooks, 1977 (p.156, tab.2, Station "S"); Dessier, 1979 (p.207); Vaissière & Séguin, 1980 (p.23, tab.3); Vives, 1982 (p.296); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.86); Greze & al., 1983 (p.17); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); De Decker, 1984 (p.317); Scotto di Carlo & al., 1984 (p.1044); Zmijewska, 1987 (tab.2a); Hopkins & Torres, 1988 (tab.1); Böttger-Schnack & al., 1989 (p.1089) ; Scotto di Carlo & al., 1991 (p.271); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.76); Böttger-Schnack, 1995 (p.92); 1997 (p.409); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.82, 103); Alvarez-Cadena & al., 1998 (t.2,3); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p.112); Neumann-Leitao & al., 1999 (p.153, tab.2); Siokou-Frangou, 1999 (p.479); Lapernat, 1999 (p.34); Razouls & al., 2000 (p.343, tab. 5, Appendix); Lopez-Salgado & al., 2000 (tab.1); Sameoto & al., 2002 (p.12); Vukanic, 2003 (p.139, tab.1); Lo & al., 2004 (p.89, tab.1); Schultes & al., 2006 (p.21); Khelifi-Touhami & al., 2007 (p.327, Table 1); Neumann-Leitao & al., 2008 (p.799: Tab.II, fig.6); Morales-Ramirez & Suarez-Morales, 2008 (p.525); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.428); Hsiao S.H. & al., 2011 (p.475, Appendix I); Tutasi & al., 2011 (p.791, Table 2, abundance distribution vs La Niña event); Uysal & Shmeleva, 2012 (p.909, Table I); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013; M. Ohman, comm. pers.); Lidvanov & al., 2013 (p.290, Table 2, % composition); Zaafa & al., 2014 (p.67, Table I, occurrence); Bonecker & a., 2014 (p.445, Table II: frequency, horizontal & vertical distributions); Benedetti & al., 2016 (p.159, Table I, fig.1, functional characters); Marques-Rojas & Zoppi de Roa, 2017 (p.495, Table 1).
NZ: 20 + 1 doubtful

Distribution map of Lubbockia aculeata by geographical zones
Species Lubbockia aculeata - Distribution map 4issued from : R. Stephen in Mahasagar, 1988, 21 (1). [p.40, Fig.3].
Distribution of Lubbockia aculeata and L. squillimana in the Indian Ocean.
Antarct. (Peninsula, Weddell Sea, SE Atlant., Indian), sub-Antarct. (SW Pacif.), South Africa (E), Namibia, Congo, G. of Guinea, off Cape Verde Is., off Morocco-Mauritania, Canary Is., off Madeira, Portugal, Buenos Aires, Brazil, off Rio de Janeiro, off Natal, off Amazon, Barbada Is., Yucatan, Bahia de Mochima (Venezuela), Caribbean Sea, G. of Mexico, Cuba, off Bahamas, Florida, Sargasso Sea, off Bermuda (Station "S"), off E Nova Scotia, off W Açores, Bay of Biscay, Ibero-moroccan Bay, Medit. (M'Diq, Alboran Sea, Algiers Bay, El Kala shelf, Banyuls, Ligurian Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea, S Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea, Aegean Sea, Johnston Bank, Lebanon Basin), Red Sea, Indian, Nicobar Is. (Nankaurie Harbour), Indonesia-Malaysia, Philippines, China Seas (East China Sea, South China Sea), Taiwan (E, N: Mienhua Canyon), Japan (Honshu), Pacif. (W equatorial), Australia (Great Barrier), New Zealand, off Hawaii, W Baja California, W Costa Rica, Galapagos-Ecuador, Strait of Magellan, ? [Aleutian Is., Bering Sea (in C.B. Wilson, 1950)]
N: 81
11) F: 2,22; (34) F: 2,1; (36) F: 2,55-2,84; (38) F: 2,28; (46) F: 2,3; M: 2,35; (139) F: 2,35-2,06; M: 2,74-2,40; (254) F: 1,25; (336) F: 1,54-1,43; M: 1,5-1,41; (340) F: 1,7; (412) F: 2,32; (432) F: 2,04; (674) F: 2,36-1,9; (788) F: 2,1-1,73; (1023) F: 2,3-2,31; {F: 1,25-2,84; M: 1,41-2,74}
Rem.: epi-mesopelagic, (off Malta: 2000 m).
Sampling depth (Antarct., sub-Antarct.) : 100-1000 m. Sargasso Sea: 0-1000 m (Deevey & Brooks, 1977, Station "S");
The species was observed in Antarctica by Vervoort (1951, 1957), but considered earlier as a synonym of L. wilsonae. For Vervoort (1951, p.151), the specimen from the Antarctic corresponds to Giesbrecht's concise description except for its slightly greater length and for the fact that the spine on the 1st basal segment of Mxp seems to be composed of some closely packed smaller spines; for the rest it agrees completely with Giesbrecht's account, and there is no doubt about its identity as L. aculeata. Afterwards Ramirez & Dinofrio (1976, p.44), Hopkins (1985, with doubt), Zmijewska (1987) report the species without taking into account a possible synonymy. Its presence, however, is confirmed in the Strait of Magellan.
The indication of the species in the extreme North Pacific seems surprising and requires confirmation.

Sewell (1947, p.258, Female) notes: The proportional lengths of the anterior and posterior regions of the body as 53 to 47. The proportional lengths of the segments of the posterior region (Th 5 to caudal rami) as 13 : 26 : 16 : 16 : 16 : 13 = 100. The anterior third of the genital segment is swollen and globular, and behind this the transverse diameter is sharply constricted.
Morphological characteristic after Bradford-Grieve & al. (1999):
Female: - In dorsal view, terminal spines of P5 do not extend as far as posterior border of genital somite.
Male: - Mxp terminal claw strongly curvede, inner edge with sharp step just proximal to bordering spinules adjacent to distal end of claw

After Ehrhardt (1967, p.888, 893) the species is found in the southwest Tyrrhenian Sea in water salinity between 37.31-37.78 p.1000.
Last update : 20/02/2018
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Razouls C., Desreumaux N., Kouwenberg J. and de Bovée F., 2005-2021. - Biodiversity of Marine Planktonic Copepods (morphology, geographical distribution and biological data). Sorbonne University, CNRS. Available at http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr/en [Accessed June 12, 2021]

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