Species Card of Copepod
Cyclopoida ( Order )
    Lubbockiidae ( Family )
        Lubbockia ( Genus )
Lubbockia squillimana  Claus, 1863   (F,M)
Syn.: Lubbockia minuta : Marukawa, 1927;
? L. marukawai Mori,1937 (1964) (p.122, figs.F); Furuhashi, 1961 a (p.109); Zheng & al., 1982 (p.107, figs.F); Galbraith, 2009 (pers. comm.);
L. sqillamana : Krishnaswamy, 1953 (p.68, figs.F)
Ref.:
Claus, 1863 (p.164, Descr.F, figs.F); Brady, 1883 (p.118, figs.F); Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.606, 611, 773, figs.F,M); Thompson & Scott, 1903 (p.239, 285); A. Scott, 1909 (p.245, Rem.); Wolfenden, 1911 (p.363); Rose, 1929 (p.58); 1933 a (p.305, figs.F,M); Farran, 1936 a (p.129); Mori, 1937 (1964) (p.121, figs.F,M); Lysholm & al., 1945 (p.43); Moore, 1949 (p.64); Marques, 1958 a (p.136); 1975 (p.51); Saraswathy, 1966 (1967) (p.102); Owre & Foyo, 1967 (p.113, figs.F,M); Corral Estrada, 1970 (p.227); Razouls, 1972 (p.95, Annexe: p.118); Chen & al., 1974 (p.44, figs.F); Boxshall, 1977 a (p.115, Rem.F,M); Heron & Damkaer, 1978 (p.18, Rem.F); Björnberg al., 1981 (p.668, F,M); Zheng & al., 1982 [p.105, Figs.F); Stephen, 1988 (p.36, fig.F); He & al., 1992 (p.250); Heron & Bradford-Grieve, 1995 (p.13, figs.F); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.978, Pl.220: F,M); Boxshall, 1998 (p.228); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.887, 970, figs.F,M); Conway & al., 2003 (p.218, figs.F,M, Rem.); Boxshall & Halsey, 2004 (p.577); Avancini & al., 2006 (p.139, Pl. 107, figs.F,M, Rem.); Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.250, figs.F,M, Rem.); Fuentes-Reinés & Suarez-Morales, 2017 (p.517, figs.F, Rem.)
Species Lubbockia squillimana - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : Q.-c Chen & S.-z. Zhang & C.-s. Zhu in Studia Marina Sinica, 1974, 9. [Pl.8, Figs.7-10].
Female (from China Seas): 7, habius (dorsal); 8, A2; 9, Mxp; 10, P1.


Species Lubbockia squillimana - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : G.A. Boxshall in Brit. Mus. nat. Hist., Zool., 1977, 31 (3). [p.114, Fig.6].
Female (from 18°N, 25°W): a, habitus (dorsal); b, urosome (ventral); c, A1 (segmentation only, ventral); d, A2 (anterior); e, Mxp (anterior).
Nota: Relative lengths of urosome somites 11:29:16:17:13:14. A1 5-segmented

Male: Mxp (anterior); g, urosome (ventral).
Nota: Relative lengths of urosome somites 10:12:14:16:1813:17. Anal somite with conspicuous constriction in middle of somite.


Species Lubbockia squillimana - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from : Z. Zheng, S. Li, S.J. Li & B. Chen in Marine planktonic copepods in Chinese waters. Shanghai Sc. Techn. Press, 1982 [p.105, Fig.63].
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, A1; c, A2; d, Mxp; e, P1; f, P4.


Species Lubbockia squillimana - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from : G.A. Heron & D.M. Damkaer in Smiths. Contr. Zool., 1978, 267. [p.18, Fig.12].
Female: a, forehead and rostrum (ventral); b, same (lateral); c, labrum (ventral); d, right Mx2; e, P2; f, P3.
Scale bars: E (figs.a, b, e, f); G (figsc, d).


Species Lubbockia squillimana - Plate 5 of morphological figuresissued from : G.A. Heron & D.M. Damkaer in Smiths. Contr. Zool., 1978, 267. [p.2, Fig.1].
Scales used in drawing figure. Each bar = 0.1 mm.


Species Lubbockia squillimana - Plate 6 of morphological figuresIssued from : G.A. Heron & J.M. Bradford-Grieve in New Zealand Oceanogr. Inst Memoir 104. NIWA, 1995. [p.13, Fig.2, b-c]
Female (28°52'S, 178°05'W): b, habitus (lateral).

Male: c, habitus (lateral).

Scale bar 0.05 mm.


Species Lubbockia squillimana - Plate 7 of morphological figuresIssued from : J.M. Fuentes-Reinés & E. Suarez-Morales in Check List, 2017, 13 (5). [p.517, Figs. 11, 12].
Lubbockia squillimana Female (from Rodadero Bay, N Colombia): 11, left Mxp; 12, right Mxp, with reduced number (2) of spiniform processes.

The authors underline that the right Mxp in the specimens bears 2 large denticles instead of 4, noting a similar variation in L. wilsonae.


Species Lubbockia squillimana - Plate 8 of morphological figuresIssued from : J.M. Fuentes-Reinés & E. Suarez-Morales in Check List, 2017, 13 (5). [p.518, Figs. 13, 14].
Female: 13, P1 (armature details shown spines (Roman numerals) and setae (Arabic numerals), arrow indicates position of damaged apical seta; 14, exopod of P2


Species Lubbockia squillimana - Plate 9 of morphological figuresIssued from : J.M. Fuentes-Reinés & E. Suarez-Morales in Check List, 2017, 13 (5). [p.518, Figs. 15, 16].
Female: 15, P5; 16, urosome (ventral view).

Compl. Ref.:
Wilson, 1942 a (p.192); 1950 (p.254); Yamazi, 1958 (p.154, Rem.); Heinrich, 1961 (p.91); Fagetti, 1962 (p.45); V.N. Greze, 1963 a (tabl.2); Gaudy, 1963 (p.32, Rem.); Björnberg, 1963 (p.77, Rem.); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.13); Furuhashi, 1966 a (p.295, vertical distribution in Oyashio region, Table 6); Neto & Paiva, 1966 (p.32, Table III); Mazza, 1966 (p.73); Pavlova, 1966 (p.45); Delalo, 1968 (p.139, Rem.: ?); Berdugo & Kimor, 1968 (p.447); Dowidar & El-Maghraby, 1970 (p.268); Deevey, 1971 (p.224); Bainbridge, 1972 (p.61, Appendix Table I: vertical distribution vs day/night, Table II: %, Table IV: seasonal abundance); Apostolopoulou, 1972 (p.329, 379); Corral Estrada & Pereiro Muñoz, 1974 (tab.I); Vives & al., 1975 (p.57, tab.II, III, IV); Boxshall, 1977 b (p.551); Deevey & Brooks, 1977 (p.156, tab.2, Station "S"); Dessier, 1979 (p.187, 202, 207); Vaissière & Séguin, 1980 (p.23, tab.2); Vives, 1982 (p.296); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.86); De Decker, 1984 (p.317); Scotto di Carlo & al., 1984 (p.1044); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); Regner, 1985 (p.11, Rem.: p.41); Sazhina, 1985 a (p.491, tab.3); M. Lefèvre, 1986 (p.33); Böttger-Schnack & al., 1989 (p.1089); Böttger-Schnack, 1992 (p.304); Kimmerer, 1993 (tab.2); Palomares Garcia & Vera, 1995 (tab.1); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.76); Webber & Roff, 1995 (tab.1); Böttger-Schnack, 1995 (p.92); 1997 (p.409); Noda & al., 1998 (p.55, Table 3, occurrence); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.82, 103); Krsinic, 1998 (p.1051); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p.112); Lapernat, 1999 (p.34); Siokou-Frangou, 1999 (p.479); Seridji & Hafferssas, 2000 (tab.1); El-Sherif & Aboul Ezz, 2000 (p.61, Table 3: occurrence); Lopez-Salgado & al., 2000 (tab.1); Moraitou-Apostolopoulou & al., 2000 (tab.I); El-Serehy & al., 2001 (p.116, Table 1: abundance vs transect in Suez Canal); Sameoto & al., 2002 (p.12); Vukanic, 2003 (p.139, tab.1); Gallienne & al., 2004 (p.5, tab.3); Lo & al., 2004 (p.89, tab.1); Zuo & al., 2006 (p.164: tab.1); Isari & al., 2006 (p.241, tab.II); Dias & Araujo, 2006 (p.86, Rem., chart); Hwang & al., 2007 (p.25); Jitlang & al., 2008 (p.65, Table 1); McKinnon & al., 2008 (p.844: Tab.1); Fernandes, 2008 (p.465, Tabl.2); Ayon & al., 2008 (p.238, Table 4: Peruvian samples); C.-Y. Lee & al., 2009 (p.151, Tab.2); Miyashita & al., 2009 (p.815, Tabl.II); Brugnano & al., 2010 (p.312, Table 3); Hidalgo & al., 2010 (p.2089, Table 2); Dias & al., 2010 (p.230, Table 1); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.428); Medellin-Mora & Navas S., 2010 (p.265, Tab. 2); Isari & al., 2011 (p.51, Table 2, abundance vs distribution); Hsiao S.H. & al., 2011 (p.475, Appendix I); Tseng L.-C. & al., 2011 (p.47, Table 2, occurrences vs mesh sizes); Andersen N.G. & al., 2011 (p.71, Fig.3: abundance); Uysal & Shmeleva, 2012 (p.909, Table I); Dorgham & al., 2012 (p.473, Table 4: abundance vs season); Belmonte & al., 2013 (p.222, Table 2, abundance vs stations); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013; M. Ohman, comm. pers.); Lidvanov & al., 2013 (p.290, Table 2, % composition); Bonecker & a., 2014 (p.445, Table II: frequency, horizontal & vertical distributions); Dias & al., 2015 (p.483, Table 2, abundance, biomass, production); Zakaria & al., 2016 (p.1, Table 1); Benedetti & al., 2016 (p.159, Table I, fig.1, functional characters); Marques-Rojas & Zoppi de Roa, 2017 (p.495, Table 1); Benedetti & al., 2018 (p.1, Fig.2: ecological functional group); Dias & al., 2018 (p.1, Table 4: % vs. season); Palomares-Garcia & al., 2018 (p.178, Table 1: occurrence)
NZ: 18

Distribution map of Lubbockia squillimana by geographical zones
Species Lubbockia squillimana - Distribution map 3issued from : R. Stephen in Mahasagar, 1988, 21 (1). [p.40, Fig.3].
Distribution of Lubbockia aculeata and L. squillimana in the Indian Ocean.
Loc:
South Africa (E), Angola, Baia Farta, Congo, off S Ascension Is., G. of Guinea, off Lagos, off NE St. Paul Is., Cape Verde Is., off Morocco-Mauritania, Canary Is., off Madeira, off W Azores, Argentina, Brazil (S, off Macaé, Rio de Janeiro, Campos Basin, off Vitoria-Cabo de Sao Tomé), off Amazon, Venezuela, Caribbean, Caribbean Colombia (San Andrés y Providebcia, Rodadero Bay), Bahia de Mochima (Venezuela), Caribbean Sea, Jamaica, G. of Mexico, Cuba, Florida, Sargasso Sea, off Bermuda: Station ‘’ S’’ (32°10’N, 64°30’W), off Nova Scotia E, off SW Ireland, Ibero-moroccan Bay, Medit. (Alboran Sea, NW, Castellon, Banyuls, Marseille, Ligurian Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea, Messina, Gulf of Taranto, Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea, Aegean Sea, Thracian Sea, Lebanon basin, W Egyptian coast, Alexandria), N Suez Canal, G. of Suez, off Sharm El-Sheikh, Safaga, Red Sea, off Minicoy Is., Madagascar (Nosy Bé), Rodrigues Is., Seychelles, Mascarene Basin, Indian, Bay of Bengal, Indonesia-Malaysia, Philippines, China Seas (Bohai Sea, East China Sea, South China Sea), Taiwan (E, S, NW, Mienhua Canyon), S Korea, Japan, Kuchinoerabu Is., Tanabe Bay Bikini, off British Columbia, California (Tomales Bay), W Baja California, Pacif. (W equatorial), Australia (North West Cape, Great Barrier), off N New Zealand, Fiji Is., Moorea Is., off Hawaii, W Baja California, La Paz (Mexico), Peru, off Chile, Chile (N-S)
N: 148
Lg.:
(46) F: 1,6-1,45; M: 2,1-1,8; (109) F: 1,6-1,4; (135) F: 1,6; (139) F: 1,5-1,35; M: 2,4; (180) F: 1,52-1,38; M: 1,86-1,8; (237) M: 2,0; (340) F: 1,6; (530) F: 1,6; (531) F: 2; (618) F: 1,45-1,36; M: 1,98-1,85; (651) F: 1,56-1,43; (674) F: 1,67-1,22; M: 2,09-1,75; (788) F: 1,47-0,95; M: 1,78-1,47; (633) F: 1,42; M: 1,90; (864) F: 1,4; (991) F: 1,35-1,6; M: 1,8-2,4; (1023) F: 1,55; (1313 F: 1,325; {F: 0,95-2,00; M: 1,47-2,40}
Rem.: Mesopelagic, (off Malta 3000 m). Overall Depth Range in Sargasso Sea: 0-500 m (Deevey & Brooks, 1977, Station "S");
After Björnberg (1963, p.77) this species is registered off Brazil for the first time. It is entirely absent from all the coastal water samples examined. It occurred in deeper saline layers and in sevaral samples of very saline water (above 36 p.1000) and of temperatures ranging from 14.3 to 29.27°C).
Morphological characteristic after Bradford-Grieve & al. (1999):
Female: - In dorsal view, 1 terminal spine of P5 extends to posterior border of genital somite.
Male: - Mxp terminal claw slightly curved, inner edge without sharp step proximal to bordering small spinules.
For Fuentes-Reinés & Suarez-Morales (2017, p.517), in the Caribbean Sea, this species can be confused with L. aculeata , but they can be separated; 1- the structure of the female P5 which reashes the posterior border of the genital double-somite in L. squillimana and is shorter in L. aculeata.
After Benedetti & al. (2018, p.1, Fig.2) this species belonging to the functional group 6 corresponding to small ambush feeding omnivorous.

See in DVP Conway & al., 2003 (version 1)
Last update : 07/12/2020
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Razouls C., Desreumaux N., Kouwenberg J. and de Bovée F., 2005-2021. - Biodiversity of Marine Planktonic Copepods (morphology, geographical distribution and biological data). Sorbonne University, CNRS. Available at http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr/en [Accessed October 25, 2021]

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