Species Card of Copepod
Cyclopoida ( Order )
    Oncaeidae ( Family )
        Oncaea ( Genus )
Oncaea curta  Sars, 1916   (F,M)
Syn.: Non Oncaea longiseta Shmeleva, 1968 (p.1787, figs.F,M); 1969 (p.18, figs.F,M); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.86); Greze & al., 1985 (p.8); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.104); Uysal & al., 2002 (p.18, tab.1);
no O. curta : Estrada & Genicio, 1970 (p.30); Shiganova & al., 2012 (p.61, Table 4);
? Oncaea sp.2 Ferrari, 1975 (p.228, figs.);
no Boxshall, 1977 a (p.141, figs.F, Rem.: p.134, 144)
Sars, 1916 (p.11, figs.F,M); Rose, 1933 a (p.302, figs.F,M); Sars, 1938 (p.49, figs.F,M); Razouls, 1972 (p.95, Annexe: p.117, figs.F); Razouls, 1974 b (p.240, figs.F); Björnberg & al., 1981 (p.668, figs.F); Malt, 1983 a (p.7, figs.F,M); Malt & al., 1989 (p.960, Rem.); Heron & Bradford-Grieve, 1995 (p.41, Rem.); Boxshall, 1998 (p.226); Böttger-Schnack, 2001 (p.29, 57, Rem.); Avancini & al., 2006 (p.134, Pl. 102, figs.F,M, Rem.); Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.281, figs.F,M, Rem.); Böttger-Schnack & Schnack, 2013 (p.4: Table 1, Rem.: s.str-Group)
Species Oncaea curta - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : M. Rose in Faune de France, 1933, 26. [p.302, Fig.388]. After Sars, 1916.
Female (from W Ireland): habitus; P4 Ri, endopod of P4; Mxp (as Mxp2).

Male: Mxp (as Mxp2).

Species Oncaea curta - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : G.O. Sars in Res. Camp. scient. Prince Albert Ier Monaco, 1938. [Pl. II, Fig.7].
Female & Male.
mp2 = Mxp; r.i. = endopodite.

Species Oncaea curta - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from : C. Razouls in Th. Doc. Etat Fac. Sc. Paris VI, 1972, Annexe. [Fig.79].
Female (from Banyuls, G. of Lion): A, urosome; B, A2; C, P4; D-E, Mxp.

Compl. Ref.:
Wilson, 1942 a (p.198); Sewell, 1948 (p.392, 406); Fagetti, 1962 (p.42); Vilela, 1965 (p.15); Neto & Paiva, 1966 (p.32, Table III); Vilela, 1968 (p.32); Björnberg, 1972 (p.92);V.N. Greze, 1963 a (tabl.2); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.13); Shmeleva, 1965 b (p.1350, lengths-volume -weight relation); Mazza, 1966 (p.73); Séguin, 1968 (p.488); Binet, 1973 (p.77); Binet & al., 1972 (p.71); Vives & al., 1975 (p.56, 57, tab.II, III, IV); Boxshall, 1977 b (p.549); Dessier, 1979 (p.133, 201, 207); Vives, 1982 (p.295); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.85); Dessier, 1983 (p.89, Tableau 1, Rem., %); Jansa, 1985 (p.108, Tabl.I, II, III, IV); Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.61); Dessier, 1988 (tabl.1); Lopes, 1994 (tab.1); Richter, 1994 (tab.4.1a); Hajderi, 1995 (p.542); Siokou-Frangou, 1999 (p.479); Lopes & al., 1999 (p.215, tab.1); d'Elbée, 2001 (tabl.1); Uysal & al., 2002 (p.18, tab.1); Sterza & Fernades, 2006 (p.95, Table 1, occurence); Khelifi-Touhami & al., 2007 (p.327, Table 1); Lidvanov & al., 2010 (p.356, Table 3); Selifonova, 2011 a (p.77, Table 1, alien species in Black Sea); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.429); Lidvanov & al., 2013 (p.290, Table 2, % composition); Zaafa & al., 2014 (p.67, Table I, occurrence); Mazzocchi & al., 2014 (p.64, Table 3, 4, occurrence) ; Benedetti & al., 2016 (p.159, Table I, fig.1, functional characters); Benedetti & al., 2018 (p.1, Fig.2: ecological functional group)
NZ: 12

Distribution map of Oncaea curta by geographical zones
South Africa (E), Angola (Baia Farta), Congo, Ivorian shelf, off Cape Verde Is., Canary Is., off Morocco-Mauritaniea, off Madeira, Portugal, Bay of Biscay S, Brazil, Vitoria Bay, Guarau estuary, off E Caribbean, W Florida, off NE Bermuda, Greenland Sea (in Richter, 1994, p.14), North Sea, Ibero-moroccan Bay, off W Tangier, Medit. (M'Diq, Alboran Sea, Gulf of Annaba, El Kala shelf, Castellon, Baleares, Banyuls, Ligurian Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea, NW Tunisia, N & S Adriatic Sea , Ionian Sea, E Basin, Aegean Sea, Lebanon Basin, Marmara Sea, Black Sea), SW Indian, Pacif. (in Wilson, 1942 a, p.198: G. of Panama, Galapagos, off W Easter Is., off W Juan Fernandez Is., off Tuamotu Is., off Is. Samoa Is., off Hawaii, off California, off Chile; Pacif. (E equatorial, in Dessier & Donguy, 1985, p.1131); New Caledonia - fiji Is. (in Dessier, 1988, tabl.1)
N: 48
(51) F: 0,66; M: 0,48; (139) F: 0,73; 0,71; (327) F: 0,66-0,59; M: 0,46; (373) F: 0,76-0,56; M: 0,53-0,44; {F: 0,56-0,76; M: 0,44-0,48}
Rem.: Mesopelagic (500-750 m).
Boxshall (1977 a) considers that: O. ovalis Shmeleva, 1966 (p.936); 1969 (p.11); O. latimana Gordeeva, 1975 (p.1397) et O. longiseta Shmeleva, 1968 (p.18) are synonyms of O. curta . Malt & al. (1989, p.960) object to this synonymy, judging the differences as sufficient.
After Benedetti & al. (2018, p.1, Fig.2) this species belonging to the functional group 5 corresponding to small sac-spawning detritivorous.
Last update : 07/12/2020
    to add or edit your remark
By Ruth Böttger-Schnack 2010-03-03 13:23:21    ( Citation of this remark )
I seriously doubt the synonymy between Oncaea curta Sars, 1916 and O. longiseta, Shmeleva 1968. There are clear morphological differences between Sars´original description of O. curta and the description of O. longiseta by Shmeleva. These differences include: (1) the proportional lengths of urosomites, with the anal somite being shorter than the caudal rami (furca) in O. curta, while both have the same length in O. longiseta; (2) significant differences between the two species in the proportional spine lengths on the distal endopod segments of swimming legs 2 to 4, and in the relative length of the distal spine on the exopod of swimming leg 1. Several recent taxonomic studies have shown that proportional characters are important tools for discriminating between species of Oncaeidae, which otherwise are very similar in morphology. Thus, I recommend excluding the figures of O. longiseta Shmeleva from this species site of O. curta, and including the original figures by Sars instead. I furthermore recommend retaining O. longiseta Shmeleva as a valid species, as long as no detailed revision of the species with fresh material has been accomplished to clarify its taxonomic status.

By Ruth Böttger-Schnack 2010-03-03 13:26:24    ( Citation of this remark )
As correctly stated above by the editors of this database, Oncaea curta sensu Boxshall, 1977 is not conspecific with O. curta. Malt (1983a) determined that Boxshall´s species is most similar to Oncaea illgi Heron, 1977, which belongs to the bowmani-group of oncaeids as defined by Böttger-Schnack & Huys (1998, their species group 5).

 Any use of this site for a publication will be mentioned with the following reference :

Razouls C., Desreumaux N., Kouwenberg J. and de Bovée F., 2005-2022. - Biodiversity of Marine Planktonic Copepods (morphology, geographical distribution and biological data). Sorbonne University, CNRS. Available at http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr/en [Accessed May 23, 2022]

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