Species Card of Copepod
Cyclopoida ( Order )
    Sapphirinidae ( Family )
        Copilia ( Genus )
Copilia vitrea  (Haeckel, 1864)   (F,M)
Syn.: Hyalophyllum vitreum Haeckel, 1864 (p.63, figs.M); Claus, 1866 (p.17);
Copilia brucii Thompson, 1888 d (p.147, figs.F);
Copilia fultoni T. Scott, 1894 b (p.114, figs.F)
Ref.:
Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.647, 657, 771, figs.F,M); A. Scott, 1909 (p.261, Rem.); Wolfenden, 1911 (p.358); Lehnhofer, 1926 (p.123,133, figs.F,M); Farran, 1929 (p.210, 290); Rose, 1933 a (p.321, figs.F,M); Farran, 1936 a (p.132); Dakin & Colefax, 1940 (p.109, figs.F,M)); Lysholm & al., 1945 (p.44); Sewell, 1947 (p.272); Krishnaswamy, 1953 (p.74, Rem.F); Owre & Foyo, 1967 (p.119, figs.F,M); Vinogradov, 1968 (1970) (p.268); Marques, 1968 a (p.397); Corral Estrada, 1970 (p.234, Rem.); Björnberg & al., 1981 (p.673, figs.F,M); Zheng & al., 1982 (p.130, figs.F); Baessa de Aguiar, 1988 (1990) (p.187, figs.F, Rem.F); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.992, Pl.231, 232: F,M); Boxshall, 1998 (p.229); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.887, 972, figs.F,M); Conway & al., 2003 (p.228, figs.F,M, Rem.); Boxshall & Halsey, 2004 (p.653); Avancini & al., 2006 (p.142, Pl. 110, figs.F,M, Rem.); Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.362, figs.F,M, Rem.)
Species Copilia vitrea - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : Z. Zheng, S. Li, S.J. Li & B. Chen in Marine planktonic copepods in Chinese waters. Shanghai Sc. Techn. Press, 1982 [p.130, Fig.80].
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, urosome (dorsal); c, urosome (ventral); d, distal margin of anal segment (dorsal); e, distal margin of anal segment (ventral); f, A2; g, P4.
Scale bar in mm.


Species Copilia vitrea - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : C. Lehnhofer in Wiss. Ergebn. dt. Tiefsee-Exped. ''Valdivia'', 1926, 23 (1). [p.134, Textfig.12].
Female: 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, urosome (dorsal); 3, posterior margin of anal segment (a = dorsal; b = ventral); 4, A2 (segment 3); 5, P1; 6, P2; 7, P3; 8, P4; 9, P5.
Ce = cephalosome; Ri = endopodite; Re = exopodite; B2 = basipodite.


Species Copilia vitrea - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from : C. Lehnhofer in Wiss. Ergebn. dt. Tiefsee-Exped. ''Valdivia'', 1926, 23 (1). [p.124, Textfig.2].
Male: 1, A2; 2, distal portion of segment 3 of A2; 3, distal portion of segment 4 of A2; 4, Mxp.


Species Copilia vitrea - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from : P.E. Lapernat & C. Razouls in Vie Milieu, 2002, 52 (1). [p.27, Pl. V, fig.4 a, b].
Female (from off Malta, Mediterraneazn Sea): 4a, Mx1; 4b, Mx2)

Compl. Ref.:
Rose, 1933 (p.357, gregarine infestation); Wilson, 1942 a (p.179); 1950 (p.192); Hoenigman, 1955 (p.49); Fagetti, 1962 (p.49); Grice & Hart, 1962 (p.287, table 3); Ganapati & Shanthakumari, 1962 (p.10, 16); Duran, 1963 (p.26); Björnberg, 1963 (p.90, Rem.); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.13); Furuhashi, 1966 a (p.295, vertical distribution in Kuroshio region, Table 9);Mazza, 1966 (p.74); Dowidar & El-Maghraby, 1970 (p.267); Deevey, 1971 (p.224); Apostolopoulou, 1972 (p.329, 381); Corral Estrada & Pereiro Muñoz, 1974 (tab.I); Deevey & Brooks, 1977 (p.156, tab.2, Station "S"); Boxshall, 1977 b (p.557); Tranter, 1977 (p.596, 599); Vaissière & Séguin, 1980 (p.23, tab.2); Vives, 1982 (p.296); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.86); Scotto di Carlo & al., 1984 (p.1044); Dessier, 1983 (p.89, Tableau 1, Rem., %); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); Longhurst, 1985 (tab.2); Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.61); Lozano, 1991 (p.174); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.77); Gouda & Panigrahy, 1995 (p.206); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.104); Gilabert & Moreno, 1998 (tab.1, 2); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p.112); Lapernat, 1999 (p.37); Lapernat & Razouls, 2001 (tab.1); Fernandez-Alamo & al., 2000 (p.1139, Appendix); Lopez-Salgado & al., 2000 (tab.1); Vukanic, 2003 (p.139, tab.1); Lo & al., 2004 (p.89, tab.1); Khelifi-Touhami & al., 2007 (p.327, Table 1); Jitlang & al., 2008 (p.65, Table 1); Morales-Ramirez & Suarez-Morales, 2008 (p.525); Williamson & McGowan, 2010 (p.273, Table 3, Pacific central gyres: N and S); Hernandez-Trujillo & al., 2010 (p.913, Table 2); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.429); Medellin-Mora & Navas S., 2010 (p.265, Tab. 2); Shanthi & Ramanibai, 2011 (p.132, Table 1); Hsiao S.H. & al., 2011 (p.475, Appendix I); Maiphae & Sa-ardrit, 2011 (p.641, Table 2, 3, Rem.); Tutasi & al., 2011 (p.791, Table 2, abundance distribution vs La Niña event); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013; M. Ohman, pers. comm.); Jagadeesan & al., 2013 (p.27, Table 3, seasonal abundance); Benedetti & al., 2016 (p.159, Table I, fig.1, functional characters); Abo-Taleb & Gharib, 2018 (p.139, Table 5, occurrence %).
NZ: 16

Distribution map of Copilia vitrea by geographical zones
Species Copilia vitrea - Distribution map 3issued from : C. Lehnhofer in Wiss. Ergebn. dt. Tiefsee-Exped. ''Valdivia'', 1926, 23 (1). [p.156, Textfig.22].
Zoogeographical distribution of C. vitrea.
Loc:
South Africa (E), off St. Helena Is., G. of Guinea, Cape Verde Is., off Mauritania, Canary is., off Madeira, Portugal, Brazil, off Amazon, Barbada Is., Venezuela, Caribbean Colombia, Yucatan, G. of Mexico, Florida, Sargasso Sea, off Bermuda (Station "S"), off W Azores, Medit. (Alboran Sea, Algiers Bay, El Kala shelf, G. of Lion, Ligurian Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea, Messina, off Malta, Ionian Sea, N & S Adriatic Sea, Mljet Is., Aegean Sea, Lebanon Basin, Alexandria, Red Sea (Hurghada), Arabian Sea, S Indian, Madagascar, India (G. of Mannar, Lawson's Bay, Rushikulya estuary), Bay of Bengal, W Australia, G. of Thailand, Indonesia-Malaysia, Philippines, China Seas (East China Sea, South China Sea), Taiwan (E: Kuroshio Current, N: Mienhua Canyon), Japan, Is. Gilbert, Pacif. (W equatorial), Pacific (central gyres: N and S), Australia (Great Barrier, New South Wales), New Zealand, Pacif. (tropical), W Baja California (Bahia Magdalena), G. of Tehuantepec, off W Guatemala, W Costa Rica, Galapagos-Ecuador, off Chile
N: 93
Lg.:
(46) F: 5; M: 7,9-7,65; (104) F: 4,5; M: 8,5; (237) M: 8,01; (340) F: 4,7; (391) F: 2,95-2,68; (531) F: 4,5; (703) F: 5,4-3,2; M: 9-5,5; (794) F: 4,5-3; M: 3,5; (866) M: 8,9; (991) F: 3,2-5,4; M: 5,5-5,9; (1023) F: 2,5-2,7; 3,6-3,96; {F: 2,50-5,40; M: 3,20-9,00}
Rem.: epi-mesopelagic, (off Malta: 3000 m). Overall Depth Range in Sargasso Sea: 0-1000 m (Deevey & Brooks, 1977, Station "S"). 582-1236 m at Station T-1 (E Tori Is., E middle Japan) from Furuhashi (1966 a).
After Björnberg (1963, p.90) this species is rare, taken between Rio de Janeiro and Santos in tropical water of the Brazil Current.

See in DVP Conway & al., 2003 (version 1)
Last update : 04/12/2020
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Razouls C., Desreumaux N., Kouwenberg J. and de Bovée F., 2005-2021. - Biodiversity of Marine Planktonic Copepods (morphology, geographical distribution and biological data). Sorbonne University, CNRS. Available at http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr/en [Accessed June 12, 2021]

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