Species Card of Copepod
Cyclopoida ( Order )
    Sapphirinidae ( Family )
        Sapphirina ( Genus )
Sapphirina auronitens  Claus, 1863   (F,M)
Syn.: Saphirina sinuicauda Brady, 1883 (p.129, figs.F,M) [See to the species];
Sapphirina vorax Giesbrecht,1891 [voir à cette espèce];
Sapphirina pyrosomatis Giesbrecht,1892 [See to the species].
Sapphirina auronitens-sinuicauda : Khelifi-Touhami & al., 2007 (p.327, Table 1)
Ref.:
Claus, 1863 (p.153, Descr.F,M); Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.619, 642, 774, figs.F,M); Thompson & Scott, 1903 (p.240); A. Scott, 1909 (p.254, Rem.); Pesta, 1920 (p.638, fig.F); Früchtl, 1924 b (p.102); Farran, 1929 (p.210, 289); Lehnhofer, 1929 (p.287, 289, figs.F,M); Rose, 1929 (p.60); Wilson, 1932 a (p.365, figs.F); Rose, 1933 a (p.315, figs.F,M); Farran, 1936 a (p.130, as ); Mori, 1937 (1964) (p.127, figs.M); Dakin & Colefax, 1940 (p.107, figs.F,M); Crisafi, 1966 (p.659, figs. Juv.); Crisafi & Mazza, 1966 (p.591, figs.F,M, Rem.); Corral Estrada, 1970 (p.230, Rem.); Marques,1973 (p.251); 1975 (p.51, fig.M); Zheng & al., 1982 (p.120, figs.F,M); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.989, Pl.228: F,M); Boxshall, 1998 (p.229); Conway & al., 2003 (p.232, figs.F,M, Rem.); Boxshall & Halsey, 2004 (p.653: Rem.; p.655); Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.366, figs.F,M, Rem.)
Species Sapphirina auronitens - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : P. Crisafi & J. Mazza in Atti Soc. pelorit. Sci. fis. mat. nat., 1966, XII (3/4). [p.593, Fig.16].
Female (from Strait of Messina): habitus (dorsal).


Species Sapphirina auronitens - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : P. Crisafi & J. Mazza in Atti Soc. pelorit. Sci. fis. mat. nat., 1966, XII (3/4). [p.593, Fig.17].
Male: A, habitus (dorsal); B, endopodite of P2.


Species Sapphirina auronitens - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from : Z. Zheng, S. Li, S.J. Li & B. Chen in Marine planktonic copepods in Chinese waters. Shanghai Sc. Techn. Press, 1982 [p.121, Fig.74].
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, caudal rami (dorsal); c, A2; d, P2; e, endopod of P2; f, P4; g, endopod of P4.

Scale bars in mm.


Species Sapphirina auronitens - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori in The Pelagic copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (1964). [Pl. 70, Figs.1-5].
Male: 1, A1; 2, habitus (dorsal); 3, endopodite of P2; 4, P4; 5, A2.


Species Sapphirina auronitens - Plate 5 of morphological figuresissued from : C. Lehnhofer in Wiss. Ergebn. dt. Tiefsee-Exped. ''Valdivia'', 1929, 22 (5). [p.294, Fig.28, 2b-3].
Male: 2b, endopodite 3 of P2; 3, P4.
Sth = pilose terminal seta; T = terminal spines.


Species Sapphirina auronitens - Plate 6 of morphological figuresissued from : C. Lehnhofer in Wiss. Ergebn. dt. Tiefsee-Exped. ''Valdivia'', 1929, 22 (5). [p.293, Fig.27, F].
F, caudal rami.


Species Sapphirina auronitens - Plate 7 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.52, Fig.57].
Female: 57, caudal ramus (dorsal).


Species Sapphirina auronitens - Plate 8 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.54, Fig.14].
Female: 14, P1 (endopodite 3).


Species Sapphirina auronitens - Plate 9 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.54, Fig.43].
Female: 43, Mx1.


Species Sapphirina auronitens - Plate 10 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.52, Figs.48, 50].
Male: 48, habitus (dorsal); 50, posterior body (ventral).


Species Sapphirina auronitens - Plate 11 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.53, Fig.5].
Male: 5, A1.


Species Sapphirina auronitens - Plate 12 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.53, Fig.40].
Male: 40, A2.


Species Sapphirina auronitens - Plate 13 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.53, Fig.52].
Male: 52, P4.


Species Sapphirina auronitens - Plate 14 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.54, Fig.4].
Male: 4, P2 (endopod).


Species Sapphirina auronitens - Plate 15 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.54, Figs.28, 44].
Male: 28, Mxp; 44, Mx1

Compl. Ref.:
Rose, 1925 (p.152); Wilson, 1942 a (p.205); 1950 (p.319); Fagetti, 1962 (p.46); V.N. Greze, 1963 a (tabl.2); Duran, 1963 (p.26); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.13); Mazza, 1967 (p.367); Evans, 1968 (p.14); Deevey, 1971 (p.224); Corral Estrada & Pereiro Muñoz, 1974 (tab.I); Palet, 1975 (p.660); Deevey & Brooks, 1977 (p.156, tab.2, Station "S"); Boxshall, 1977 b (p.557); Tranter, 1977 (p.596, 599); Dessier, 1979 (p.208); Rajaram & Krishnaswamy, 1980 a (p.154); Vives, 1982 (p.296); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.86); Dessier, 1983 (p.89, Tableau 1, Rem., %); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); Scotto di Carlo & al., 1984 (p.1045) ; M. Lefèvre, 1986 (p.33, 40); Hirakawa & al., 1990 (tab.3); Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.61); Lozano, 1991 (p.173); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.77); Böttger-Schnack, 1997 (p.409); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1997 (p.1525); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.104); Alvarez-Cadena & al., 1998 (t.2,3,4); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p.113); Lavaniegos & Gonzalez-Navarro, 1999 (p.239, Appx.1); Neumann-Leitao & al., 1999 (p.153, tab.2); Fernandez-Alamo & al., 2000 (p.1139, Appendix); Lopez-Salgado & al., 2000 (tab.1); Vukanic, 2003 (p.139, tab.1); Lan & al., 2004 (p.332, tab.1); Lo & al., 2004 (p.89, tab.1); Fernandes, 2008 (p.465, Tabl.2); Ayon & al., 2008 (p.238, Table 4: Peruvian samples); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.429); Medellin-Mora & Navas S., 2010 (p.265, Tab. 2); Hsiao S.H. & al., 2011 (p.475, Appendix I); Jagadeesan & al., 2013 (p.27, Table 3, seasonal abundance); Zakaria & al., 2016 (p.1, Table 1); Benedetti & al., 2016 (p.159, Table I, fig.1, functional characters); Palomares-Garcia & al., 2018 (p.178, Table 1: occurrence);
NZ: 16

Distribution map of Sapphirina auronitens by geographical zones
Loc:
South Africa (E), Congo, G. of Guinea, Cape Verde Is., Canary Is., off Madeira, Azores, Brazil (S, off Natal), Barbados Is., Caribbean Colombia (San Andrés y Providencia), Yucatan, Venezuela, G. of Mexico, Cuba, Sargasso Sea, off Bermuda Station "S"), off Nantucket S, Georges Bank, Medit. (Alboran Sea, Algiers, Gulf of Annaba, G. of Lion, Ligurian Sea, Napoli, Messina, N & S Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea, W Egyptian coast, Lebanon Basin), off Minicoy Is., Madagascar (Nosy Bé), Indien, NW India (Saurashtra coast), G. of Mannar, Bay of Bengal, Indonesia-Malaysia, Philippines, China Seas (East China Sea, South China Sea), Taiwan (E, NW, N: Mienhua Canyon), Japan, Bering Sea, Aléoutiennes, Pacif. W (équatorial), Australie (Great Barrier, New South Wales), off New Zealand, Fiji Is., Is. Gilbert Is., Moorea Is. (lagoon), Bikini Is., Hawaii, G. of California, La Paz, W Mexico (G. of Tehuantepec), Galapagos, Peru, Chile
N: 74
Lg.:
(35?); (46) F: 2,1-1,8; M: 2,2-1,85; (91) M: 2,3-1,4; (104) F: 2,3; M: 2,2; (180) F: 1,4; M:? (34) F: 1,6; M: 2,04; (35) F: 2,82-1,92; M: 1,98; (45) F: 2,15-1,75; M: 2,25-1,2; (449) F: 2,1-1,8; M: 2,2-1,85; (651) F: 1,31; M: 1,3; (705) F: 2,432-2,018; 2,041-1,697; M: 2,357-2,112; 2,225-2,036; (794) M: 2,2; (805) F: 2,19-1; M: 2,39-1,4; (866) F: 2,03-1,58; M: 2,18-1,7; (991) F: 1-2,19; M: 1,35-2,39; (1023) F: 1,63-1,86; M: 1,63-1,80; {F: 1,00-2,82; M: 1,30-2,39}
Rem.: epipelagic.Sargasso Sea: 0-500 m (Deevey & Brooks, 1977, Station "S");
See following remarks:Sapphirina auronitens-sinuicauda Lehnhofer,1929 (F,M)
Syn.: ? Sapphirina pyrosomatis Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.619, 642, figs.F,M); ? S. vorax Giesbrecht, 1891; 1892 (p.619, 642, figs.F); ? Saphirina. sinuicauda Brady, 1883 (p.129, figs.F,M)
Ref.: Lehnhofer, 1929 (p.289, figs.F,M); Rose, 1933 a (p.314, figs.F,M), Rem.); Sewell, 1948 (p.393, 462); Pucher, 1952 (p.103); Björnberg, 1963 (p.88); 1981 (p.672, figs.F,M); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.887, 973, figs.F,M); Neumann-Leitao & al., 2008 (p.799: Tab.II, fig.6).
Ref. compl.: Massuti Alzamora, 1942 (p.104, Rem.); Mazza, 1966 (p.74); Deevey, 1971 (p.224); Neumann-Leitao & al., 2008 (p.799: Tab.II, fig.6).
Loc.: Canaries, Rio de Janeiro, off Bermuda, Médit. W
N: 10
Lg.: (648) F: 3,2-1,21; M: 3-1,21; {F: 1,21-3,20; M: 1,21-3,00}
Rem.: According to Lehnhofer (1929), followed by numerous authors for whom S. auronitens et S. sinuicauda would only be one species, showing different variations (of which S. pyrosomatis et S. vorax). This position is different from that of Giesbrecht (1892) and of certain authors. Boxshall & Halsey (2004, p.653) only hold the denomination Sapphirina auronitens.
See in DVP Conway & al., 2003 (version 1)
Last update : 09/12/2020
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