Species Card of Copepod
Cyclopoida ( Order )
    Sapphirinidae ( Family )
        Sapphirina ( Genus )
Sapphirina bicuspidata  Giesbrecht, 1891   (F,M)
Ref.:
Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.619, 642, 775, figs.F,M); Thompson & Scott, 1903 (p.240); A. Scott, 1909 (p.254, Rem.); Farran, 1929 (p.210, 289); Lehnhofer, 1929 (p.274, Rem., figs.F,M); Rose, 1933 a (p.308, figs.F,M); Farran, 1936 a (p.130); Sewell, 1947 (p.266); Pucher, 1952 (p.103); Crisafi & Mazza, 1966 (p.586, figs.F, Rem.); Saraswathy, 1966 (1967) (p.103); Shuvalov, 1976 (in Kos, 1976, Vol. II, figs.F, M, Rem.); Zheng & al., 1982 (p.113, figs.F); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.104); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.887, 972, figs.F,M); Conway & al., 2003 (p.233, figs.F,M, Rem.); Boxshall & Halsey, 2004 (p.653); Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.368, figs.F,M, Rem.)
Species Sapphirina bicuspidata - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : P. Crisafi & J. Mazza in Atti Soc. pelorit. Sci. fis. mat. nat., 1966, XII (3/4). [p.588, Fig.13].
Female (from Strait of Messina): A, habitus (dorsal); B, caudal rami.


Species Sapphirina bicuspidata - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : Z. Zheng, S. Li, S.J. Li & B. Chen in Marine planktonic copepods in Chinese waters. Shanghai Sc. Techn. Press, 1982 [p.113, Fig.68].
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, anal segment and caudal rami (dorsal); c, A2; d, P2; e, endopod of P2; f, P4; g, endopod of P4.
Scale bar in mm.


Species Sapphirina bicuspidata - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from : M. Rose in Faune de France, 26 Copépodes pélagisues, 1933. [p.308, Fig.398].
Female and Male. F, caudal ramus (dorsal); Ri, endopod


Species Sapphirina bicuspidata - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from : K. Lehnhofer in wiss. Ergebn. dt. Tiefsee-Exped. ''Valdivia'', 22 (5). [p.275, Fig.2].
Female: 1, caudal ramus (dorsal); 2, A2.

Male: Male: 3, P2 (endopodite 3); 3b, same after Giesbrecht, 1892
A = apical point; Se = outer seta; Si = inner seta; St = terminal seta.


Species Sapphirina bicuspidata - Plate 5 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.52, Figs.39, 40 ].
Female: 39, caudal rami (dorsal); 40, habitus (dorsal).


Species Sapphirina bicuspidata - Plate 6 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.52, Fig.41 ].
Male: 41, habitus (dorsal).


Species Sapphirina bicuspidata - Plate 7 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.53, Fig.9 ].
Male: 9, A1.


Species Sapphirina bicuspidata - Plate 8 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.53, Figs.37, 54 ].
Male: 37, A2; 54, P4 (endopod).


Species Sapphirina bicuspidata - Plate 9 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.54, Fig.5 ].
Male: 5, P2 (endopod).


Species Sapphirina bicuspidata - Plate 10 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.54, Fig.66 ].
Male: 66, Mx1.


Species Sapphirina bicuspidata - Plate 11 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.54, Fig.30 ].
Male: Mxp.


Species Sapphirina bicuspidata - Plate 12 of morphological figuresIssued from : M.S. Kos in Field guide for plankton. Zool Institute USSR Acad., Vol. II, 1976. Compiled by V.S. Shuvalov, After Giesbrecht, 1892 (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 10) and Lehnhofer, 1929 (6, 8, 9, 11).
Male: 1, habitu!s (dorsal); 2, A1; r, Mx2; 3, P2 (endopod); 4, 11, 3rd endopodal segment of P2; 6, furca (dorsal); 7, Mxp .

Female: 5, P4 (endopod); 8, habitus (dorsal); 9, A2; 10, furca (dorsal)

Compl. Ref.:
Sewell, 1948 (p.393, 462); C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.320); V.N. Greze, 1963 a (tabl.2); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.13); Mazza, 1966 (p.73); Rajaram & Krishnaswamy, 1980 a (p.154); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.86); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); Seguin & al., 1993 (p.23); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.77); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p.113); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.429)
NZ: 12

Distribution map of Sapphirina bicuspidata by geographical zones
Species Sapphirina bicuspidata - Distribution map 3
Chart of 1996
Species Sapphirina bicuspidata - Distribution map 4issued from : C. Lehnhofer in Wiss. Ergebn. dt. Tiefsee-Exped. ''Valdivia'', 1929, 22 (5). [p.318, Fig.49].
Zoogeographical distribution of S. bicuspidata.
Loc:
South Africa (E), S Brazil, off S Cape Verde, Canary Is., Medit. (Alboran Sea, Bay of Algiers, W Basin, Ligurian Sea, Napoli, Strait of Messina, N & S Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea, Lebanon Basin), Red Sea, Arabian Sea, Laccadive Is., G. de Mannar, Indian, Nicobar Is. (Nankaurie Harbour), Indonesia-Malaysia, Philippines, China Seas (East China Sea, South China Sea), Japan (Honshu), Pacif. (W equatorial), Australia (Great Barrier), off E Hawaii, G. de Panama
N: 24
Lg.:
(34) M: 2,9; (35) M: 2,07; (46) F: 2,7; M: 3; (530) F: 1,8; (648) F: 3-2,26; M: 3,42-2,58; (705) F: ± 2,9; (805) F: 2,59-1,4; M: 2,5-2,45; (991) F: 2,26-3; M: 2,58-3,42; (1023) F: 2,50; {F: 1,40-3,00; M: 2,07-3,42}
Rem.: epipelagic.
The species reported from the Gulf of Mexico in Suarez-Morales & Gasca (1998 a) is to be confirmed.
See in DVP Conway & al., 2003 (version 1)
Last update : 09/12/2020
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Razouls C., Desreumaux N., Kouwenberg J. and de Bovée F., 2005-2021. - Biodiversity of Marine Planktonic Copepods (morphology, geographical distribution and biological data). Sorbonne University, CNRS. Available at http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr/en [Accessed March 02, 2021]

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