Species Card of Copepod
Cyclopoida ( Order )
    Sapphirinidae ( Family )
        Sapphirina ( Genus )
Sapphirina gastrica  Giesbrecht, 1891   (F,M)
Ref.:
Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.620, 642, 775, figs.F); Thompson & Scott, 1903 (p.240, 286); A. Scott, 1909 (p.255, Rem.); Lehnhofer, 1929 (p.287, Rem., figs.M); Rose, 1929 (p.62, figs.F); 1933 a (p.312, figs.F,M); Mori, 1937 (1964) (p.129, figs.F,M); Dakin & Colefax, 1940 (p.107, figs.M); Sewell, 1948 (p.417, 462); Chiba & al., 1957 (p.310); 1957 a (p.12); Saraswathy, 1966 (1967) (p.103); Corral Estrada, 1970 (p.230); Björnberg & al., 1981 (p.672, figs.M); Zheng & al., 1982 (p.117, figs.F,M); Chae & Nishida, 1994 (p.205, 208, fig.M, integumental structure, pattern color); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.989, Pl.228: F,M); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.887, 972, figs.F,M); Conway & al., 2003 (p.235, figs.F,M, Rem.); Boxshall & Halsey, 2004 (p.655); Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.370, figs.F,M, Rem.)
Species Sapphirina gastrica - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : Z. Zheng, S. Li, S.J. Li & B. Chen in Marine planktonic copepods in Chinese waters. Shanghai Sc. Techn. Press, 1982 [p.118, Fig.72].
Female (from SE Korea): a, habitus (dorsal); b, caudal rami (dorsal); c, A2; d, P2; e, exopod of P2; f, P4.

Male: g, habitus (dorsal); h, caudal rami; i, A2; j, P2; k, exopod of P2; l, P4; m, endopod of P4.
Scale bar in mm.


Species Sapphirina gastrica - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : J. Chae & S. Nishida in Mar. Biol., 1994 (119). [p.208, Thable 2, B).
Specific color for the male observed with reflected and transmitted light.

Nota: Color observed with reflected (R ) and transmitted light (T): Metallic gold, strong reflexion (R); Gold at pigment sites, other part blue (T).


Species Sapphirina gastrica - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from : M. Rose in Result. Camp. Scient. Price Albert Ier, Monaco, 1929, 78. [Pl.IV, Figs.9].
Female (from 40°50'N, 59°45'W): D, habitus (dorsal); F, caudal ramus (dorsal); A1; A2; Md; Mx1 (as Mx); P1 to P5.


Species Sapphirina gastrica - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori in The Pelagic copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (1964). [Pl. 71, Figs.1, 3, 4, 5].
Female: 1, habitus (dorsal); 3, A1; 4, A2; 5, P4.


Species Sapphirina gastrica - Plate 5 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori in The Pelagic copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (1964). [Pl. 71, Figs.2, 6, 7].
Male: 2, habitus (dorsal); 6, endopodite of P2; 7, A2.


Species Sapphirina gastrica - Plate 6 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori in The Pelagic copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (1964). [Pl. 71, Figs.8-9].
Male: 8, P4; 9, A1.


Species Sapphirina gastrica - Plate 7 of morphological figuresissued from : C. Lehnhofer in Wiss. Ergebn. dt. Tiefsee-Exped. ''Valdivia'', 1929, 22 (5). [p.288, Fig.21].
Male: 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, caudal ramus (dorsal); 3, A2; 4, endopodite 2 and 3 of P2.
St = terminal seta; Se = outer setae; A = apical process.


Species Sapphirina gastrica - Plate 8 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.52, Fig.24].
Female: 24, habitus (dorsal).


Species Sapphirina gastrica - Plate 9 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.52, Fig.29].
Female: 29, caudal rami (dorsal).


Species Sapphirina gastrica - Plate 10 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.53, Fig.14].
Female: 14, A1.


Species Sapphirina gastrica - Plate 11 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.53, Figs.46, 49].
Female: 46, A2; 49, P4 (endopod).


Species Sapphirina gastrica - Plate 12 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.54, Fig.23].
Female: 23, P2 (endopodite 3).


Species Sapphirina gastrica - Plate 13 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.54, Fig.71].
Female: 71, Mx1.

Compl. Ref.:
Yamazi, 1958 (p.155,Rem.); Giron-Reguer, 1963 (p.60); De Decker, 1964 (p.16, 24, 27); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.13); El-Maghraby, 1965 (p.58, Appendix); Mazza, 1966 (p.73); Delalo, 1968 (p.139); Deevey, 1971 (p.224); Corral Estrada & Pereiro Muñoz, 1974 (tab.I); Tranter, 1977 (p.596, 599); Rajaram & Krishnaswamy, 1980 a (p.154); Vives, 1982 (p.296); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.86); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); M. Lefèvre, 1986 (p.33, 40); Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.61); Hernandez-Trujillo, 1989 a (tab.1); Cervantes-Duarte & Hernandez-Trujillo, 1989 (tab.3); Othman & al., 1990 (p.561, 564, Table 1); Hernandez-Trujillo, 1991 (1993) (tab.I); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.77); Chae & al., 1996 (p.20); Noda & al., 1998 (p.55, Table 3, occurrence); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p.113); Rezai & al., 2004 (p.490, tab.2); Lo & al., 2004 (p.89, tab.1); Lavaniegos & Jiménez-Pérez, 2006 (p.153, tab.2, Rem.); Jitlang & al., 2008 (p.65, Table 1); Ayon & al., 2008 (p.238, Table 4: Peruvian samples); Fazeli & al., 2010 (p.153, Table 1); Hsiao S.H. & al., 2011 (p.475, Appendix I); Maiphae & Sa-ardrit, 2011 (p.641, Table 2, 3, Rem.); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013; M. Ohman, comm. pers.); Zakaria & al., 2016 (p.1, Table 1); Palomares-Garcia & al., 2018 (p.178, Table 1: occurrence)
NZ: 15

Distribution map of Sapphirina gastrica by geographical zones
Species Sapphirina gastrica - Distribution map 3issued from : C. Lehnhofer in Wiss. Ergebn. dt. Tiefsee-Exped. ''Valdivia'', 1929, 22 (5). [p.320, Fig.67].
Zoogeographical distribution of S. gastrica.
Loc:
South Africa (E), G. of Guinea, off Mauritania, Canary Is., Brazil, off Bermuda, off SE Nova Scotia, Medit. (Alboran Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea, Egyptian coast), Red Sea, Gulf of Oman, Indian Ocean, Bay of Bengal, W Australia, Straits of Malacca, G. of Thailand, Indonesia-Malaysia, E Philippines, China Seas (East China Sea, South China Sea), Taiwan (E, N: Mienhua Canyon), Japan, Kuchinoerabu Is., Tanabe Bay, off SE Hawaii, W Baja California, La Paz, Pacif. (W equatorial), Australia (G. of Carpentaria, New South Wales), Moorea Is. (lagoon), Peru (inAbanto, 2001)
N: 51
Lg.:
(46) F: 2,4; (91) F: ± 2,35; M: ± 2,35; (104) M: 2,3; (530) F: 2,5; (648) F: 2,68-2,33; M: 2,65-2,2; (786) M: 1,85; (805) F: 2,59-1; M: 3,59-2; (866) F: 2,25-2,1; M: 2,68-1,95; (991) F: 2,33-2,68; M: 2,2-2,65; (1023) F: 2,56; M: 2,33; {F: 1,00-2,68; M: 1,85-3,59}
Rem.: epiplagic.
See in DVP Conway & al., 2003 (version 1)
Last update : 09/12/2020
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