Species Card of Copepod
Cyclopoida ( Order )
    Sapphirinidae ( Family )
        Sapphirina ( Genus )
Sapphirina ovatolanceolata  Dana, 1849   (F,M)
Syn.: Sapphirina Gegenbauri Haeckel, 1864 (p.102, figs.M); Claus, 1866 (p.17);
? Sapphirina gemma Dana,1849 [See to the species]; ? Mori, 1929, p.204, figs.M); 1937 (1964) (p.125, figs.F,M)
Ref.:
Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.618, 640, 775, figs.F,M); Thompson & Scott, 1903 (p.240, 286); A. Scott, 1909 (p.257, Rem.); Wolfenden, 1911 (p.361); Pesta, 1920 (p.642, fig.); Farran, 1929 (p.210, 287); Lehnhofer, 1929 (p.298); Wilson, 1932 a (p.369, figs.F, Rem.F,M); Rose, 1933 a (p.318, figs.F,M); Farran, 1936 a (p.131); Dakin & Colefax, 1940 (p.107, figs.F,M); Wilson, 1942 a (p.206, fig.F); Sewell, 1947 (p.265, fig.F); Carvalho, 1952 a (p.170, figs.F); Krishnaswamy, 1953 (p.73, Rem.); Fish, 1962 (p.25); Crisafi & Mazza, 1966 (p.566, 569, 574, figs.F,M, Rem.); Crisafi, 1966 (p.655, figs. Juv.); Saraswathy, 1966 (1967) (p.103); Owre & Foyo, 1967 (p.116, figs.F,M); Corral Estrada, 1970 (p.232); Razouls, 1972 (Annexe: p.122); Marques, 1973 (p.251, fig.F); Chen & al., 1974 (p.47, figs.F); Marques, 1975 (p.52); 1976 (p.1004); 1982 (p.773); Zheng & al., 1982 (p.126, figs.F,M); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.991, Pl.227: F,M); Boxshall, 1998 (p.230); Conway & al., 2003 (p.241, figs.F,M, Rem.); Boxshall & Halsey, 2004 (p.655); Avancini & al., 2006 ( Pl. 108, figs.F,M); Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.383, figs.F,M, Rem.)
Species Sapphirina ovatolanceolata - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : R.B.S. Sewell in The John Murray Expedition, 1933-34, Scientific Reports, VIII (1), 1947. [p.265, Fig.68, A].
Female (from Arabian Sea): A, habitus (dorsal).


Species Sapphirina ovatolanceolata - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : Q.-c Chen & S.-z. Zhang & C.-s. Zhu in Studia Marina Sinica, 1974, 9. [Pl.10, Figs.6-8].
Female (from China Seas): 6, habitus (dorsal); 7, A2; 8, P2.


Species Sapphirina ovatolanceolata - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from : P. Crisafi & J. Mazza in Atti Soc. pelorit. Sci. fis. mat. nat., 1966, XII (3/4). [p.576, Fig.3].
Female (from Strait of Messina): A-B, habitus (dorsal).


Species Sapphirina ovatolanceolata - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from : P. Crisafi & J. Mazza in Atti Soc. pelorit. Sci. fis. mat. nat., 1966, XII (3/4). [p.576, Fig.4].
Male: habitus (dorsal).


Species Sapphirina ovatolanceolata - Plate 5 of morphological figuresissued from : P. Crisafi & J. Mazza in Atti Soc. pelorit. Sci. fis. mat. nat., 1966, XII (3/4). [p.577, Fig.5].
Male: A, A2; B, Mxp (posterior); C, 3rd segment endopodite of P2.


Species Sapphirina ovatolanceolata - Plate 6 of morphological figuresissued from : P. Crisafi in Atti Soc. pelor. Sci. fif. mat. nat., 1966, XII (3/4). [p.656, Figs.6, 2].
Female: endopodite variability of P4.


Species Sapphirina ovatolanceolata - Plate 7 of morphological figuresissued from : Z. Zheng, S. Li, S.J. Li & B. Chen in Marine planktonic copepods in Chinese waters. Shanghai Sc. Techn. Press, 1982 [p.127, Fig.78].
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, caudal rami (dorsal); c, A1; d, A2; e, P2; f, exopod of P2; g, P4.

Male: h, habitus (dorsal); i, caudal rami (dorsal); j, A1; k, A2; l, P2; m, exopod of P2; n, P4.

Scale bars in mm.


Species Sapphirina ovatolanceolata - Plate 8 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori in Zool. Mag. Tokyo, 1929, 41 (486-487). [Pl. IX, Figs.4-5]. As Sapphirina gemma. With doubt.
Male (from Chosen Strait, Korea-Japan): 4, caudal rami (dorsal); 5, A2.


Species Sapphirina ovatolanceolata - Plate 9 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori in The Pelagic copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (1964). [Pl. 68, Figs.6-8]. As Sapphirina gemma
Female: 6, habitus (dorsal); 7, A1; 8, A2.


Species Sapphirina ovatolanceolata - Plate 10 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori in The Pelagic copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (1964). [Pl. 68, Figs.9-11]. As Sapphirina gemma.
Male: 9,endopodite of P2; 10, P4; 11, habitus (dorsal).


Species Sapphirina ovatolanceolata - Plate 11 of morphological figuresissued from : C. Lehnhofer in Wiss. Ergebn. dt. Tiefsee-Exped. ''Valdivia'', 1929, 22 (5). [p.298, Fig.33].
Female: 1, caudal ramus; 2, A2.

Male: 3, A2; 4a, endopodite 3 of P2.


Species Sapphirina ovatolanceolata - Plate 12 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.52, Fig.26 ].
Female: 26, posterior body (dorsal).


Species Sapphirina ovatolanceolata - Plate 13 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.52, Figs.65, 67 ].
Female: 65, Mx2; 67, Mxp.


Species Sapphirina ovatolanceolata - Plate 14 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.52, Fig.21 ].
Female: habitus (dorsal).


Species Sapphirina ovatolanceolata - Plate 15 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.53, Figs.2, 20 ].
Female: 2, A1; 20, Md (posterior vieew).


Species Sapphirina ovatolanceolata - Plate 16 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.53, Fig.25 ].
Female: 25, A2.


Species Sapphirina ovatolanceolata - Plate 17 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.53, Fig.58 ].
Female: 58, P4.


Species Sapphirina ovatolanceolata - Plate 18 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.54, Fig.42 ].
Female: 42, Mx1.


Species Sapphirina ovatolanceolata - Plate 19 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.52, Fig.25 ].
Male: 25, posterior part of abdomen (ventral).


Species Sapphirina ovatolanceolata - Plate 20 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.52, Figs.47, 56 ].
Male: 47, Mxp; 56, Mx2.


Species Sapphirina ovatolanceolata - Plate 21 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.53, Figs.18, 28 ].
Male: 18, Md; 28, A2.


Species Sapphirina ovatolanceolata - Plate 22 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.54, Figs.1, 18 ].
Male: 1, P1; 18, P2 (endopod).


Species Sapphirina ovatolanceolata - Plate 23 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.54, Fig.45 ].
Male: 45, Mx1.

Compl. Ref.:
Massuti Alzamora, 1942 (p.104, Rem.); Oliveira, 1945 (p.191); Sewell, 1948 (p.346); C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.323); Ganapati & Shanthakumari, 1962 (p.10, 16); Unterüberbacher, 1964 (p.35); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.14); Evans, 1968 (p.14); Dowidar & El-Maghraby, 1970 (p.269); Bainbridge, 1972 (p.61, Appendix Table I: vertical distribution vs day/night); Corral Estrada & Pereiro Muñoz, 1974 (tab.I); Palet, 1975 (p.660); Deevey & Brooks, 1977 (p.156, tab.2, Station "S"); Tranter, 1977 (p.596, 600); Dessier, 1979 (p.208); Rajaram & Krishnaswamy, 1980 a (p.154); Vives, 1982 (p.296); Dessier, 1983 (p.89, Tableau 1, Rem., %); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); Tremblay & Anderson, 1984 (p.8, Rem.); Regner, 1985 (p.11, Rem.:p.42); Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.61); Othman & al., 1990 (p.561, 564, Table 1); Lozano, 1991 (p.173); Seguin & al., 1993 (p.23); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.77); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1997 (p.1525); Noda & al., 1998 (p.55, Table 3, occurrence); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.104); Alvarez-Cadena & al., 1998 (t.1,3,4); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p.113); Lavaniegos & Gonzalez-Navarro, 1999 (p.239, Appx.1); Lopez-Salgado & al., 2000 (tab.1); Vukanic, 2003 (p.139, tab.1); Hsieh & al., 2004 (p.398, tab.1); Lo & al., 2004 (p.89, tab.1); Morales-Ramirez & Suarez-Morales, 2008 (p.525); Ayon & al., 2008 (p.238, Table 4: Peruvian samples); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.429); Medellin-Mora & Navas S., 2010 (p.265, Tab. 2); W.-B. Chang & al., 2010 (p.735, Table 2, abundance); Hsiao S.H. & al., 2011 (p.475, Appendix I); Maiphae & Sa-ardrit, 2011 (p.641, Table 2, 3, Rem.); Uysal & Shmeleva, 2012 (p.909, Table I); Jagadeesan & al., 2013 (p.27, Table 3, seasonal abundance); Benedetti & al., 2016 (p.159, Table I, fig.1, functional characters); Palomares-Garcia & al., 2018 (p.178, Table 1: occurrence)
NZ: 17 + 1 doubtful

Distribution map of Sapphirina ovatolanceolata by geographical zones
Loc:
South Africa (E), ? Namibia, Congo, off Trindade Is., off S Ascension Is., off N St. Helena, G. of Guinea, Dakar, Cape Verde Is., off Mauritania, Canary Is., Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Barbados Is., Caribbean Sea , Caribbean Colombia (San Andrés y Providencia), Yucatan, G. of Mexico, Cuba, Florida, off Bermuda (Station "S"), Sargasso Sea, off S Marthas Vineyard, Flemish Cape, Medit. (Alboran Sea, NW Basin, Castellon, Banyuls, Marseille, Ligurian Sea, Napoli, Messina, Malta, N & S Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea, Lebanon Basin), Red Sea, Indian, Seychelles, India (G. of Mannar, Saurashtra coast, Lawson's Bay), W Australia, G. of Thailand, Indonesia-Malaysia, Philippines, Viet-Nam, China Seas (East China Sea, South China Sea), Taiwan (S, E, W, N: Mienhua Canyon), S Japan (Kuchinoerabu Is.), Japan, Pacif. (W equatorial), Australia (G. of Carpentaria, Great Barrier, New South Wales), N New Zealand, Hawaii, G. of California, La Paz (Mexico), W Costa Rica, Peru, Chile (in Björnberg, 1973, p.369, 389, as S.ovatolanceola-gemma)
N: 101
Lg.:
(34) F: 2,64; M: 3,24-2,52; (35) F: 2,82; M: 3,6-3,42; (45) F: 2,85-2,4; M: 3,8-3,5; (46) F: 2,85-2,4; M: 3,8-3,5; (91) F: 3,15-1,85; M: 3,2-2,1; (104) F: 2,3; M: 4,1; (109) F: 2,4-2,2; (180) F: 2,74; 2,7; M: 3,3; 3,21; (332) F: 2,82-2,39; (333) F: 1,73; (336) F: 2,6; ?! (432) M: 7,9-7; (449) F: 2,85-2,4; M: 3,8-3,5; (530) ? F: 2,5; (531) F: 2,6; M: 3,5; (651) F: 2,09-1,71; (705) F: 3,243-1,886; M: 4,281-3,241; (785) F: 2,34; M: 4,74-3,18; (794) F: 3,1-2,2; (805) F: 2,59-1,4; M: 1,7; (866) F: 2,85-2,13; M: 3,71; (991) F: 2,13-3,65; M: 2,33-4,52; (1023) F: 2,16-2,6; M: 3,33-3,66; {F: 1,40-3,65; M: 1,70-4,74}
Les dimensions des mâles indiquées par Unterüberbacher (1964) : 7,00-7,90 mm ne semblent pas correspondre à cette espèce ou une erreur typographique.
Rem.: Overall Depth Range in Sargasso Sea: 0-1000 m (Deevey & Brooks, 1977, Station "S");
Sapphirina ovatolanceolata-gemma Lehnhofer,1929 (F,M)
Ref.: Lehnhofer, 1929 (p.298, Rem., figs.F,M); Rose, 1933 a (p.318, figs.F,M); Sewell, 1947 (p.268, fig.F); 1948 (p.462); Pucher, 1952 (p.103); Giron-Reguer, 1963 (p.60); Razouls, 1972 (p.95, Annex: p.123); Björnberg, 1981 (p.672, figs.F,M); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.887, 973, figs.F,M); Ref. compl.: V.N. Greze, 1963 a (tabl.2); De Decker, 1964 (p.16, 24, 28); Mazza, 1966 (p.74); Pavlova, 1966 (p.45); Deevey, 1971 (p.225); Binet & al., 1972 (p.71); Björnberg, 1973 (p.369, 389); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.86); Böttger-Schnack, 1995 (p.93)
Loc.: Afr. S (SE), Ivorian shelf, Brazil, off Bermuda, Médit. (W & E), Bab al Mandab, Arabian Sea, Chili
N: 12
Lg.: (11) F: 2,767-2,4; M: 3,583-3,283; (786) F: 2,22; M: 3,86; {F: 2,22-2,77; M: 3,28-3,86}
.
Lehnhofer (1929) considers Sapphirina ovatolanceolata and Sapphirina gemma varieties of the same species. Position followed by Boxshall & Halsey (2004, p.653) who retain only Sapphirina ovatolanceolata.
See in DVP Conway & al., 2003 (version 1)
Last update : 09/12/2020
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