Species Card of Copepod
Cyclopoida ( Order )
    Sapphirinidae ( Family )
        Sapphirina ( Genus )
Sapphirina stellata  Giesbrecht, 1891   (F,M)
Syn.: Saphirina ovalis : Brady, 1883 (p.123, figs.F,M);
Sapphirina setellata : Lan & al., 2004 (p.332, tab.1: lapsus calami)
Ref.:
Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.620, 643, 775, figs.F,M); A. Scott, 1909 (p.259, Rem.); Pesta, 1912 a (p.61, fig.M); Lehnhofer, 1929 (p.286, Rem., figs.F,M); Rose, 1929 (p.61); Farran, 1936 a (p.130); Mori, 1937 (1964) (p.127, figs.F,M); Dakin & Colefax, 1940 (p.109, figs.F,M); Sewell, 1947 (p.269); Chiba & al., 1957 (p.310); 1957 a (p.12); Saraswathy, 1966 (1967) (p.103); Owre & Foyo, 1967 (p.116, figs.F,M); Chen & al., 1974 (p.50, figs.F); Björnberg & al., 1981 (p.671, figs.F,M); Zheng & al., 1982 (p.123, figs.F,M); Baessa de Aguiar, 1986 (1989) (p.63, fig.F, Rem. F,M); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.991, Pl.227: F,M); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.887, 972, figs.F,M); Conway & al., 2003 (p.243, figs.F,M, Rem.); Boxshall & Halsey, 2004 (p.655); Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.391, figs.F,M, Rem.)
Species Sapphirina stellata - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : Q.-c Chen & S.-z. Zhang & C.-s. Zhu in Studia Marina Sinica, 1974, 9. [Pl.13, Figs.8-11].
Female (from China Seas): 8, habitus (dorsal); 9, A2; 10, P2; 11, P4.


Species Sapphirina stellata - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : Z. Zheng, S. Li, S.J. Li & B. Chen in Marine planktonic copepods in Chinese waters. Shanghai Sc. Techn. Press, 1982 [p.124, Fig.76].
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, caudal rami (dorsal); c, A2; d, P2; e, endopod of P2; f, P4; g, endopod of P4.

Male: h, habitus (dorsal); i, caudal rami (dorsal); j, A2; k, P2; l, endopod of P2; m, P4; n, endopod of P4.

Scale bars in mm.


Species Sapphirina stellata - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori in The Pelagic copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (1964). [Pl. 69, Figs.6, 8-10].
Female: 6, A2; 8, habitus (dorsal); 9, A1; 10, P4.


Species Sapphirina stellata - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori in The Pelagic copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (1964). [Pl. 69, Figs.7, 11].
Male: 7, A2; 11, habitus (dorsal).


Species Sapphirina stellata - Plate 5 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori in The Pelagic copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (1964). [Pl. 69, Fig.12].
Male: 12, endopodite of P2.


Species Sapphirina stellata - Plate 6 of morphological figuresissued from : C. Lehnhofer in Wiss. Ergebn. dt. Tiefsee-Exped. ''Valdivia'', 1929, 22 (5). [p.286, Fig.19].
Female: 2, A1; 3b, A2.

Male: 1, caudal ramus (dorsal); 3a, A2; 4, endopodite 3 of P2.
H = spines.


Species Sapphirina stellata - Plate 7 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.52, Fig.8 ].
Female: 8, habitus (dorsal).


Species Sapphirina stellata - Plate 8 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.52, Fig.9 ].
Female: 9, caudal rami.


Species Sapphirina stellata - Plate 9 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.52, Fig.7 ].
Male: 7, habitus (dorsal).


Species Sapphirina stellata - Plate 10 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.53, Fig.59 ].
Male: 59, P4 (basipodite and endopod).


Species Sapphirina stellata - Plate 11 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.54, Fig.22 ].
Male: 22, P2 (endopod).


Species Sapphirina stellata - Plate 12 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.54, Fig.27 ].
Male: 27, Mxp.


Species Sapphirina stellata - Plate 13 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.53, Fig.15 ].
Female: 15, A1.


Species Sapphirina stellata - Plate 14 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.53, Fig.35 ].
Female: 35, A2.


Species Sapphirina stellata - Plate 15 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 19, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.54, Fig.69 ].
Female: 69, Mx1.

Compl. Ref.:
Wilson, 1942 a (p.206); Sewell, 1948 (p.394, 462); C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.324); Yamazi, 1958 (p.156, Rem.); Björnberg, 1963 (p.88, Rem.); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.14); Boxshall, 1977 b (p.559); Tranter, 1977 (p.596, 600); Chen Q-c, 1980 (p.795); Rajaram & Krishnaswamy, 1980 a (p.154); Vives, 1982 (p.296: Rem. ?); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.61); Cervantes-Duarte & Hernandez-Trujillo, 1989 (tab.3); Othman & al., 1990 (p.561, 564, Table 1); Yoo, 1991 (tab.1); Baessa De Aguiar, 1991 (1993) (p.108); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.77); Webber & Roff, 1995 (tab.1); Noda & al., 1998 (p.55, Table 3, occurrence); Suarez-Morales, 1998 (p.345, Table 1); Hwang & al., 2003 (p.193, tab.2); Lo & al.*, 2004 (p.218, fig.6); Lo & al., 2004 (p.89, tab.1); Lavaniegos & Jiménez-Pérez, 2006 (p.154, tab.2, Rem.); Jitlang & al., 2008 (p.65, Table 1); Ayon & al., 2008 (p.238, Table 4: Peruvian samples); C.-Y. Lee & al., 2009 (p.151, Tab.2); Medellin-Mora & Navas S., 2010 (p.265, Tab. 2); Hsiao S.H. & al., 2011 (p.475, Appendix I); Hsiao & al., 2011 (p.317, Table 2, indicator of seasonal change); Maiphae & Sa-ardrit, 2011 (p.641, Table 2, 3, Rem.); Tutasi & al., 2011 (p.791, Table 2, abundance distribution vs La Niña event); Jang M.-C & al., 2012 (p.37, abundance and seasonal distribution); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013; M. Ohman, comm. pers.); Zakaria & al., 2016 (p.1, Table 1, Rem.)
NZ: 17

Distribution map of Sapphirina stellata by geographical zones
Species Sapphirina stellata - Distribution map 3
Chart of 1996
Species Sapphirina stellata - Distribution map 4issued from : C. Lehnhofer in Wiss. Ergebn. dt. Tiefsee-Exped. ''Valdivia'', 1929, 22 (5). [p.328, Fig.59].
Zoogeographical distribution of S. stellata.
Loc:
South Africa (E), off N Angola, G. of Guinea, off S Cape Verde Is., Canary Is., off Madeira, Brazil, Barbados Is., Caribbean Sea, Jamaica, Caribbean Colombia (San Andrés y Providencia), Yucatan, G. of Mexico, Florida, E Sargasso Sea, off Cape Cod, off SW Ireland, off W Scotland, Medit. (Malta, W Egyptian coast), Red Sea, Arabian Sea, Indian, Nicobar Is. (Nankauri Harbour), Bay of Bengal, Australia (W, G. of Carpentaria), G. of Thailand, Thailand, Indonesia-Malaysia, Philippines, Hong Kong, China Seas (Yellow Sea, East China Sea, South China Sea), Taiwan Strait, Taiwan (E, SW, NW, N: Mienhua Canyon), Korea Strait, Japan, Kuchinoerabu Is., Tanabe Bay, Pacif. (W equatorial), Australia (Great Barrier, New South Wales), Fiji Is., Bikini Is., off Hawaii (E & NE), W Baja California, Galapagos-Ecuador, Peru
N: 69
Lg.:
(34) M: 2,1-1,75; (46) F: 2,35-2; M: 2,6; (91) F: 3,5-1,9; M: 3,5-2; (104) F: 4,5; (458) F: 2,18; M: 2,27; (530) F: 2; (648) F: 2,75-2,03; M: 2,68-1,97; (805) F: 2,79-1,2; M: 2,79-1,6; (866) F: 2,35-2,08; M: 2,53-2; (991) F: 1,2-3,5; M: 1,6-3,5; (1023) F: 2,0-2,43; M: 2,36-2,53; {F: 1,20-4,50; M: 1,60-3,50}
Rem.: epiplagic. Oceanic warm water.
Zakaria & al. (2016) confirm the occurrence of this species in the East Mediterranean Sea.;

See in DVP Conway & al., 2003 (version 1)
Last update : 16/01/2018
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Razouls C., de Bovée F., Kouwenberg J. et Desreumaux N., 2005-2018. - Diversity and Geographic Distribution of Marine Planktonic Copepods. Sorbonne Université, CNRS. Available at http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr/en [Accessed July 16, 2018]

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