Species Card of Copepod
Cyclopoida ( Order )
    Sapphirinidae ( Family )
        Vettoria ( Genus )
Vettoria granulosa  (Giesbrecht, 1891)   (F,M)
Syn.: Corina granulosa Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.645, 771, Descr.F, figs.F); Thompson, 1903 a (p.34); Farran, 1908 b (p.97); Rose, 1925 a (p.8); Farran, 1926 (p.298); Rose, 1924 (p.10); 1929 (p.131); Farran, 1936 a (p.131: Rem.); Rose, 1933 a (p.319, figs.F); Rose & Vaissière, 1952 (1953) (p.15, Descr.M, figs.F, M, Rem.); Giron-Reguer, 1963 (p.60); V.N. Greze, 1963 a (tabl.2); Shmeleva, 1964 a (p.1068); M. Bernard, 1965 (p.45, Descr.M, figs.M,F); Mazza, 1966 (p.74); Pavlova, 1966 (p.45); Björnberg, 1973 (p.370); Chen & al., 1974 (p.51, figs.F); Vaissière & Séguin, 1980 (p.23, tab.1); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.77); Seridji & Hafferssas, 2000 (tab.1)
Coryna granulosa : Pansera & al., 2014 (p.221, Table 2, abundance)
Ref.:
Wilson, 1942 a (p.210); Johnson, 1942 b (p.434, figs.M); Sewell, 1948 (p.394, 406); C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.351); Fagetti, 1962 (p.51); Owre & Foyo, 1967 (p.116, figs.F,M); Hure & Scotto di Carlo, 1967 (p.290, figs.F,M); Gamulin, 1971 (p.382, tab.3); Razouls, 1972 (p.95, Annexe: p.124, figs.F); Vives, 1976 (p.104); Björnberg & al., 1981 (p.671, figs.F,M); Boxshall, 1998 (p.231); Boxshall & Halsey, 2004 (p.653); Avancini & al., 2006 (p.141, Pl. 109, figs.F,M, Rem.); Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.393, figs.F,M, Rem.)
Species Vettoria granulosa - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : J. Hure & B. Scotto di Carlo in Pubbl. staz. zool. Napoli, 1967, 35. [p.291, Pl.III].
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, urosome (dorsal); c, A1; d, A1 (neotenic form); e, A2; f, Md; g, Mx1; h, Mx2; i, Mxp; j, P1; k, P3; l, P4.


Species Vettoria granulosa - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : J. Hure & B. Scotto di Carlo in Pubbl. staz. zool. Napoli, 1967, 35. [p.293, Pl.IV].
Male: a, habitus (dorsal); b, urosome (dorsal); c, Mxp.


Species Vettoria granulosa - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from : M. Bernard in Pelagos, 1965, 2 (4). [p.2, PI; p.4, Pl.II]. As Corina granulosa.
Male: a, habitus (dorsal); b, last thoracic segment (P5 omitted)) and urosome (lateral right side); c, idem (ventral); d, A1; e, A2; f, P4.


Species Vettoria granulosa - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from : Q.-c Chen & S.-z. Zhang & C.-s. Zhu in Studia Marina Sinica, 1974, 9. [Pl.14, Figs.1-3]. As Corina granulosa.
Female (from China Seas): 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, urosome (dorsal); 3, P4.


Species Vettoria granulosa - Plate 5 of morphological figuresissued from : M. Rose & R. Vaissière in Annls Sci.nat., Zool., (1952) 1953, 11ème ser., 14. [p.16, Pl.I, Figs.3, 5]. As Corina granulosa.
Female (from Bay of Alger): 3, habitus (dorsal); 5, urosome.


Species Vettoria granulosa - Plate 6 of morphological figuresissued from : M. Rose & R. Vaissière in Annls Sci.nat., Zool., (1952) 1953, 11ème ser., 14. [p.16, Pl.I, Figs.1, 2, 4]. As Corina granulosa.
Male: 1-2, habitus (dorsal and lateral, respectively); 4, urosome.


Species Vettoria granulosa - Plate 7 of morphological figuresissued from : M. Rose & R. Vaissière in Annls Sci.nat., Zool., (1952) 1953, 11ème ser., 14. [p.18, Pl.II, Figs.6-15]. As Corina granulosa.
Male: 6, A1; 7, A2; 8, Md; 8 bis, buccal region (ventral view); 9, Mx1; 10, Mx2; 11, Mxp; 12-15, P1 to P4.
c, c': knife-like spine; ep: spine above the masticatory blade; lm: masticatory blade; end: endopod; exo: exopod.


Species Vettoria granulosa - Plate 8 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.50, Figs.53, 54]. As Corina granulosa.
Female: 53, urosome; 54, habitus (dorsal).


Species Vettoria granulosa - Plate 9 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.49, Figs.39-43]. As Corina granulosa.
Female: 39, Mx2; 40, Mx1; 41, A1; 42, Mxp; 43, A2.


Species Vettoria granulosa - Plate 10 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.49, Figs.44, 45]. As Corina granulosa.
Female: 44, P2; 45, P4.


Species Vettoria granulosa - Plate 11 of morphological figuresissued from : M.W. Johnson in Trans. Am. microsc. Soc., 1942, 61. [p.433, Pl.II].
Male (from 27°50'N-26°13'N, 135°25'W-142°02'W): 6, habitus (dorsal); 7, urosome (lateral); 8, A1; 9, Md (enlarged scale); 10, Mx1 (enlarged scale); 11, A2; 12, Mx2 (enlarged scale); 13, Mxp; 14, P1; 15, P2; 16, P3; 17, P4.


Species Vettoria granulosa - Plate 12 of morphological figuresissued from : C. Razouls in Th. Doc. Etat Fac. Sc. Paris VI, 1972, Annexe. [Fig.84].
Female (from Banyuls, G. of Lion): A, P4; B, P3; C, P2; D, P1.

Compl. Ref.:
C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.351); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.12); Shmeleva, 1965 b (p.1350, lengths-volume -weight relation); Deevey, 1971 (p.225); Apostolopoulou, 1972 (p.329, 380); Vives & al., 1975 (p.57, tab.II, III, IV, XII); Deevey & Brooks, 1977 (p.156, tab.2, Station "S"); Vives, 1982 (p.296); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.86); Scotto di Carlo & al., 1984 (p.1043); Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.61); Böttger-Schnack, 1995 (p.93); 1997 (p.409); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.105); Siokou-Frangou, 1999 (p.479); Vukanic, 2003 (p.139, tab.1); Fernandez & al., 2004 (p.501, tab.5); Khelifi-Touhami & al., 2007 (p.327, Table 1); Raybaud & al., 2008 (p.1765, Table A1); Hidalgo & al., 2010 (p.2089, Table 2); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.429); Medellin-Mora & Navas S., 2010 (p.265, Tab. 2); Uysal & Shmeleva, 2012 (p.909, Table I); Hidalgo & al., 2012 (p.134, Table 2) ; Belmonte & al., 2013 (p.222, Table 2, abundance vs stations); Benedetti & al., 2016 (p.159, Table I, fig.1, functional characters)
NZ: 14

Distribution map of Vettoria granulosa by geographical zones
Species Vettoria granulosa - Distribution map 3issued from : A.A. Shmeleva in Bull. Inst. Oceanogr., Monaco, 1965, 65 (n°1351). [Table 6: 46]. As Corina granulosa (from South Adriatic).
Dimensions, volume and Weight wet. Means for 50-60 specimens. Volume and weight calculated by geometrical method. Assumed that the specific gravity of the Copepod body is equal to 1, then the volume will correspond to the weight.
Loc:
South Africa, off Mauritania, Canary Is., off Madeira, Brazil, Barbados Is., Caribbean Colombia (Tayrona), Sargasso Sea, off Bermuda (Station "S"), off NE Bermuda, off W Ireland, Bay of Biscay, Baie Ibero-moroccan Bay, Medit. (Alboran Sea, Gulf of Annaba, Banyuls, Thau Lagoon, Marseille, Monaco, Ligurian Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea, Lake Faro (Sicily), Gulf of Taranto, Taranto Harbour, Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea, Aegean Sea, Lebanon Basin), Red Sea, Bab al Mandab, SW Indian, Philippines, China Seas (South China Sea), S Japan, Pacif. (tropical central), off Galapagos, Peru, Chile (N-S, off Santiago)
N: 43
Lg.:
(24) F: 0,85; (38) F: 0,8-0,68; (46) F: 0,68; (109) F: 0,7; (707) M: 0,6-0,58; (708) M: ± 0,70; (709): F: 0,75-0,69; (977) F: 0,68; M: 0,71; {F: 0,68-0,85; M: 0,58-0,71}
Rem.: epi-mesopelagic. Overall Depth Range in Sargasso Sea: 0-1000 m (Deevey & Brooks, 1977, Station "S");
According to Hure & Scotto di Carlo (1967, p.292) some forms show a neoteny explaining the differences in the number of abdominal segments females (2 or 3 segments) and on A1 (5 or 6 segments).
Rose & vaissière ((1952) 1953, p.19) observe that certain females have a number of abdominal segments corresponding to the specimen of Giesbrecht (1892, Taf.50, figs.53, 54), but that others have an additional segment between the genital segment and anal segment. A1 presents 5 segments in Giesbrecht and more numerous setae while for the individuals from the Bay of Alger the number of segments is 6 and the setae less numerous.
Last update : 20/02/2018
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Razouls C., Desreumaux N., Kouwenberg J. and de Bovée F., 2005-2021. - Biodiversity of Marine Planktonic Copepods (morphology, geographical distribution and biological data). Sorbonne University, CNRS. Available at http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr/en [Accessed October 25, 2021]

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