Species Card of Copepod
Siphonostomatoida ( Order )
    Rataniidae ( Family )
        Ratania ( Genus )
Ratania flava  Giesbrecht, 1892   (F,M)
Ref.:
Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.616, 774, Descr.F, figs.F); 1899 (p.22, Descr.F, figs.F); Farran, 1926 (p.296: Rem.); Rose, 1933 a (p.285, figs.F); Saraswathy, 1961 (p.142, figs.F,M, Rem.); 1966 (1967) (p.89); Owre & Foyo, 1967 (p.109, figs.F); Boxshall, 1979 (p.238, figs.F,M); Lapernat, 1999 (p.39, fig.: Md, Rem.); Boxshall & Halsey, 2004 (p.815, p.816: figs.F,M); Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.408, figs.F,M, Rem.)
Species Ratania flava - Plate 1 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.48, Fig.46].
Female: 46, A1.


Species Ratania flava - Plate 2 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.48, Figs.40, 41].
Female: 40, A2; 41, Mx1.


Species Ratania flava - Plate 3 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.48, Figs.43, 45].
Female: 43, Mxp; 45, Mx2.


Species Ratania flava - Plate 4 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.48, Figs.48, 49].
Female: 48, left caudal ramus (dorsal); 49, Md.


Species Ratania flava - Plate 5 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.48, Figs.42, 47].
Female: 42, P4; 47, P1.


Species Ratania flava - Plate 6 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.48, Fig.44].
Female: 44, P5.


Species Ratania flava - Plate 7 of morphological figuresissued from : G.A. Boxshall in Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Zool.), 1979, 35 (3). [p.239, Fig.17, E-K];
Female (from 18°N, 15°W): E, urosome (ventral); F, A1; G, A2; H, Md; I, Mx1.

Male: J, habitus (dorsal).
Scales 0.1 mm unless otherwise indicated.


Species Ratania flava - Plate 8 of morphological figuresissued from : M. Saraswathy in Bull. centr. Res. Inst. Univ. Kerala, 1961, (C)8. [p.144, Fig.1].
Female (from Trivandrum coast, SW India): 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, A1; 3, A2; 4, Md; 5, Mx1; 6, Mx2; 7, Mxp; 8, Mx1, Mx2 and Mxp in situ; 9, ventral view of anterior end; 10-13, P1 to P4; 14, urosomal segment 1 with P5.

Male: 15, habitus (dorsal); 16, A1; 17, urosomal segment 1 with P5.
Nota: Giesbrecht has illustrated an elongated Md with a distinct strongly dentate gnathobase. In the present specimen Md is quite different from that of Giesbrecht, but is in complete agreement with the Md of other siphonostomes.. According to Giesbrecht, the 3rd segment of the endopod of P3 and P4 possesses only 2 setae, but in the present specimens the corresponding segment of P3 has 3 setae and for P4 only 2.


Species Ratania flava - Plate 9 of morphological figuresissued from : M. Saraswathy in Bull. centr. Res. Inst. Univ. Kerala, 1961, (C)8. [p.143, Table].
Number of setae (Arabic numerals) and spines (Roman numerals) for the swimming legs P1 to P4.
Si, Se, St: inner, outer and terminal seta of segments, respectively


Species Ratania flava - Plate 10 of morphological figuresissued from : H.B. Owre & M. Foyo in Fauna Caribaea, 1, Crustacea, 1: Copepoda. Copepods of the Florida Current. 1967. [p.109, Fig.795]. After Giesbrecht (1892).
Female: 795, habitus (dorsal).


Species Ratania flava - Plate 11 of morphological figuresissued from : H.B. Owre & M. Foyo in Fauna Caribaea, 1, Crustacea, 1: Copepoda. Copepods of the Florida Current. 1967. [p.109, Fig.796].
Female: P5.

Nota: Owre & Foyo point to numerous immature forms from 100-160 m at middday; 30-60 m and 156 m at midnight..


Species Ratania flava - Plate 12 of morphological figuresissued from : P.E. Lapernat & C. Razouls in Vie Milieu, 2002, 52 (1). [p.23, Pl. III, fig.5].
Md (from off Malta, Mediterranean Sea).

Compl. Ref.:
Sewell, 1948 (p.472, 506); C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.318, Rem.); V.N. Greze, 1963 a (tabl.2); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.13); Shmeleva, 1964 a (p.1068); Mazza, 1966 (p.73); Pavlova, 1966 (p.45); Apostolopoulou, 1972 (p.329, 374); Björnberg, 1973 (p.356, 388); Deevey & Brooks, 1977 (p.156, tab.2, Station "S"); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.85); Saraswathy, 1982 (p.638, Rem., chart); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab., Rem.: p.165); Scotto di Carlo & al., 1984 (p.1044); Greze & al., 1985 (p.8); Scotto di Carlo & al., 1991 (p.271); Seguin & al., 1993 (p.23); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.75); Böttger-Schnack, 1995 (p.93) 1996 (p.1089); Lopez Salgado & Suarez Morales, 1996 (p.944); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.80, 103); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p.114); Lopez-Salgado & al., 2000 (tab.1); Lapernat & Razouls, 2001 (tab.1); Vukanic, 2003 (p.139, tab.1); Lan & al., 2004 (p.332, tab.1); Lo & al., 2004 (p.89, tab.1); Raybaud & al., 2008 (p.1765, Table A1); Licandro & Icardi, 2009 (p.17, Table 4); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.430); Hsiao S.H. & al., 2011 (p.475, Appendix I) ; Zakaria & al., 2016 (p.1, Table 1, Rem.)
NZ: 9

Distribution map of Ratania flava by geographical zones
Species Ratania flava - Distribution map 3issued from : M. Saraswathy in J. Plankton Res., 1982, 4 (3). [p.635, Fig.2].
Distribution of P. abyssicola in the Indian Ocean.
Nota: Samples obtained from the upper 200m water colum at different season.
Loc:
South Africa (E), Cape Verde Is., Barbados Is., G. of Mexico, Florida, off Bermuda (Station "S"), Sargasso Sea, ? W Ireland, Ibero-moroccan Bay, Medit. (Alboran Sea, Algiers, G. of Lion, Ligurian Sea, Napoli, Strait of Messina, off Malta, S Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea, Aegean Sea, W Egyptian coast, Lebanon Basin), Red Sea, Arabian Sea, SW India, Indian, Bay of Bengal, Philippines, China Seas (East China Sea), Taiwan (E, N, Mienhua Canyon), Pacif. (W equatorial), N Chile
N: 36
Lg.:
(46) F: 1,2; (138) F: 1,2-1; M: 1,2-1; (340) F: 1,4; M: 1,2; (530) F: 1,1; M: 1; (716) F: 1,2; (718) F: 1,1; M: 1; {F: 1,00-1,40; M: 1,00-1,20}
Rem.: Meso-bathypelagic. Sargasso Sea: 0-500 m (Deevey & Brooks, 1977,, Station "S");
For Saraswathy (1961, p.146) the specimens show that the segmentation of A1 5-segmented, is not clear because some of the segments with indistinct subdivisions.
Boxshall (1979, p.240) points to: Saraswathy (1961) reported that many of the segments of the 5-segmented A1 in female showed subdivisions. No significant subdivisions were observed in the Boxshall's material.
Saraswathy (1982, p.638) notes that this species was present only 15 stations out of the 340 samples examined; Salinity at the positive stations ranged from 36.01 to 32.78 p.1000.
Last update : 09/12/2020
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