Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Arietelloidea ( Superfamily )
        Arietellidae ( Family )
            Paramisophria ( Genus )
Paramisophria koreana  Lim & Min, 2014   (F,M)
Ref.:
Lim & Min, 2014 (p.531, Descr. F, M, figs.F, M, Rem.)
Species Paramisophria koreana - Plate 1 of morphological figuresIssued from : B.-J. Lim & G.-S. Min in J. Nat. Hist., 2014, 48 (9-10). [p.533, Fig.6].
Male (from 34°43'N, 128°37'E): A-B, habitus (dorsal and lateral, respectively).
Scale bar = 0.25 mm.

Nota : Rostrum with a pair of filaments.
Cephalosome and 1st pedigerous somite separate, 4th and 5th pedigerous somites fused and bearing dorsolateral processes.
Urosome 5-segmented.
Caudal rami symmetrical, with 7 setae and setules on outer margin.


Species Paramisophria koreana - Plate 2 of morphological figuresIssued from : B.-J. Lim & G.-S. Min in J. Nat. Hist., 2014, 48 (9-10). [p.534, Fig.7].
Male: A, right A1 (posterior view); B, left A1 (posterior view).
Scale bar = 0.1 mm.

Nota :
A1 asymmetrical. Left A1 18-segmented, longer than right. Segment 1 (I-IV) ; segments 2 to 6 (V-VII) ; segment 7 (VIII-X) ; segment 8 (XI) ; segments 9 to 11 (XII-XIV) ; segments 12 to 15 (XV-XVIII) ; segments 16 (XIX) and 17 (XX) ; segment 18 (XXI-XXVIII). Right A1 21-segmented ; segment 1 (ancestral segments I-III) ; segments 2 to 19 (ancestral segments IV-XXI) ; segment 21 (XXIII-XXVIII) with 2 plate-like spiniform processes, 14 +2 aesthetascs.


Species Paramisophria koreana - Plate 3 of morphological figuresIssued from : B.-J. Lim & G.-S. Min in J. Nat. Hist., 2014, 48 (9-10). [p.535, Fig.8].
Male: A, A2; B, endopod of A2; C, Md; D, Mx1; E, Mx2; F, Mxp.
Scale bars: 0.1 mm (A, C-F); 0.05 mm (B).

Nota : A2 : with unarmed coxa. Basis with 1 seta. Endopod elongated, 2-segmented, 1st segment with subdistal seta and fine spinules distally on the surface, 2nd segment with 3 medial and 6 distal setae. Exopod 7-segmented indistinctly, 1st to 3rd segments unarmed, 4th to 6th segments bearing 1, 2 and 1 seta0, respectively, distal segment with 1 medial and 2 terminal setae.
Md with 4 teeth plus rounded process between 2nd and 3rd teeth, and 2 rows of spinules on gnathobase. Basis with short setae along outer margin. Endopod reduced, with 2 unequal setae. Exopod 5-segmented, each segment having 1, 1, 1 and 2 setae.
Mx1 : praecoxal arthrite with 1 short and 4 long spines. Coxal epipodite with row of 8 outer setae. Basis wiyjout endites and with setae along outer margin. Endopod with 2 unequal setae distally. Exopod ovoid, with 3 distal setae.
Mx2 stout. Praecoxa and coxa completely separated ; 1st and 2nd endites of praecoxa with 1 and 2 setae, respectively. Each coxal endite with 2 setae. Basis with 1 stout naked spine on medial margin. Endopod with 4 stout and 4 short pectinate setae.
Mxp developed. Praecoxa and coxa fused to form syncoxa, with 1 medial and 2 subdistal setae. Basis and 1stendopod partially fused to form allobasis, with 2 medial and 1 distal setae, and patch of spinules on medial margin. Endopod 5-segmented, each segment having 4, 4, 3, 3, and 4 setae.


Species Paramisophria koreana - Plate 4 of morphological figuresIssued from : B.-J. Lim & G.-S. Min in J. Nat. Hist., 2014, 48 (9-10). [p.536, Fig.9].
Male: A-D, P1 to P4 (left legs, posterior views); E, 3rd segment of right P4 (posterior view).
Scale bar = 0.1 mm.


Species Paramisophria koreana - Plate 5 of morphological figuresIssued from : B.-J. Lim & G.-S. Min in J. Nat. Hist., 2014, 48 (9-10). [p.537, Fig.10].
Male: A, P5 (holotype), posterior view; B-D, 2nd and 3rd segments of right P5 ( paratypes from different localities).
Scale bar = 0.1 mm.

Nota : P5 asymmetrical. Left leg without endopod ; basis bearing 1 plumose outer seta. Exopod 3-segmented. Right leg uniramous, with basis having 1 simple seta on posterior surface ; exopod 3-segmented indistinctly, and with 2nd and 3rd segments incompletely fused, 1st segment with 1 outer seta, 2nd segment swollen, with 1 seta on outer margin, dense patch of setules covering one small bulge, and soft pointed process subdistally on inner margin, 3rd segment with 3 setae of unequal lengths.


Species Paramisophria koreana - Plate 6 of morphological figuresIssued from : B.-J. Lim & G.-S. Min in J. Nat. Hist., 2014, 48 (9-10). [p.538, Fig.11].
Female (paratype): A-B, habitus (dorsal and lateral, respectively); C, right A1 (posterior view; D, genital and 1st abdominal somites (ventral view; arrow indicate copulatory pore); E, left P5.
Scale bars: 0.25 mm (A, B); 0.1 mm (C-E).

Nota : Rostrum with a pair of filaments.
Urosome 4-segmented.
Genital double-somite with a pair of ventrolateral gonopores ; single copulatory pore ventrolaterally on right side.
Caudal rami symmetrical, with 7 setae and setules on outer margin.
Right A1 21-segmented ;
P5 symmetrical. Basis and endopod completely fused with 1 seta posterolaterally ; endopod produced into acute process, with 1 plumose seta and rounded process ; exopod 1-segmented with 3 short spines along outer margin, 1 distal, and 1 short subdistal spine ; length of distal spine about 2.5 times as long as thazt of subdistal spine. Exopodal segment produced into acute process distally, positioned between distal spine and subdistal spine.


Species Paramisophria koreana - Plate 7 of morphological figuresIssued from : B.-J. Lim & G.-S. Min in J. Nat. Hist., 2014, 48 (9-10). [p.532, Table 3].
Morphological characteristics.

Nota: Compare within Paramisophia species of northeastern Asia: See P. itoi, P. platysoma, P. japonica, P. sinica, P. sinjinensis.

NZ: 1

Distribution map of Paramisophria koreana by geographical zones
Loc:
China Seas (Korea Strait: Geojedo Is., Geomundo Is., Cheongsando Is., South Korea).

Type locality: 34°43'N, 128°37'E.
N: 1
Lg.:
(1159) F: 1,63; M: 1,45; 1,49; {F: 1,63; M: 1,45-1,49}
Rem.: For Lim & Min (2014, p.539) this species resembles P. cluthae and clustered with P. ammophila, P. cluthae, P. variabilis, P. reducta and P. mediterranea in a fourth group (issued from cladograms by the cladistic analysis of Paramisophria species).
Last update : 27/01/2015
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Razouls C., Desreumaux N., Kouwenberg J. and de Bovée F., 2005-2021. - Biodiversity of Marine Planktonic Copepods (morphology, geographical distribution and biological data). Sorbonne University, CNRS. Available at http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr/en [Accessed September 24, 2021]

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