Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Pseudocyclopoidea ( Superfamily )
        Pseudocyclopidae ( Family )
            Pseudocyclops ( Genus )
Pseudocyclops faroensis  Brugnano, Celona & Zagami, 2010   (F)
Brugnano, Celona & Zagami, 2010 (p.2, Descr.F, figs.F, Rem.)
Species Pseudocyclops faroensis - Plate 1 of morphological figuresIssued from : C. Brugnano, A. Celona & G. Zagami in Vie et Milieu-Life and Environment, 2010, 60 (1). [p.3, Fig.2].
Female (from Faro Lake, Sicily): A, habitus (dorsal); B, urosome (ventral); C, A1.

Nota : Cephalosome/urosome length ratio 1.9.
Cephalosome and 1st pedigerous somite separate, 4th and 5th pedigerous somites separate.
Strong pointed rostrum, ventrally.
Urosome 4-segmented.
Genital double-somite slightly asymmetrical, characterized by annular narrowing on posterior part ; ornamented woth 1 row odf minute spinules on either side ; posterodorsal and ventral margins naked ; gonopores and copulatory pores paired, openingt in common semicircular slit.
2nd urosomite with distal margin naked.
3rd urosomite with dorsal and ventral distal margins finely serrate.
Anal somite short, partially telescoped into penultimate somite.
Caudal rami symmetrical, longer than wide, fusrnished with setules alongt inner( margin and armed with 6 setae (sta I lacking, seta II cuneiform, seta V longest, seta VII located dorsally at distomedial angle of ramus).
A1 16-segmented.

Species Pseudocyclops faroensis - Plate 2 of morphological figuresIssued from : C. Brugnano, A. Celona & G. Zagami in Vie et Milieu-Life and Environment, 2010, 60 (1). [p.4, Fig.3].
Female: A, A2; B, Md (gnathobase); C, Md (mandibular palp); D-E, Mx1; F, Mx2; G, Mxp.

Nota : A2 biramous ; coxa and basis clearly separate, each with seta at distomedial angle. Exopod 7-segmented. Endopode 3-segmented, 1st segment bearing 2 setae on inner medial margin, 2nd segment with 8 setae and 3 rd segment with 7 setae apically.
Md with 7 strong denticulate processes on cutting edge (ventralmost unicuspidate tooth largest, separated by large space from 2 adjacent teeth ; intermediate tooth tricuspidate ; dorsalmost tooth curved dorsally. Palp biramous ; basis with 2 setae on inner margin ; exopod indistinctly 4-segmented with setal formula 1, 1, 1, 3 ; endopod 2-segmented, bearing 4 setae on 1st segment and 10 setae on distal margin of 2nd segment.
Mx1 with praecoxal arthrite bearing 9 marginal strong spines plus 5 slender submarginal setae ; coxal epipodite with 6 setae ; coxal endite with 3 setae ; basis with short seta representing basal exite ; proximal basal endite with 4 setae ; distal basal endite indistinct, with 4 setae ; exopod bearing 11 marginal setae ; endopod with 16 setae.
Mx2 indistinctly 4-segmented, bearing 5 inner lobes. Praecoxa with proximal endite carrying 5 long marginal setaen and 1 submarginal rudimentary element ; distal precoxal and both coxal endites each bearing 3 setae ; basis and 1st endopodal segment fused (to form allobasis) with 7 setae ; endopod short, indistinctly segmented with 7 setae.
Mxp with syncoxa bearing 1, 2, 3 and 3 setae on 1st to 4th endites, respectively ; basis incorporating proximal endopodal segment, with 3 and 2 setae ; free endopod 5-segmented, carrying 4, 4, 3, 4, and 4 setae, respectively.

Species Pseudocyclops faroensis - Plate 3 of morphological figuresIssued from : C. Brugnano, A. Celona & G. Zagami in Vie et Milieu-Life and Environment, 2010, 60 (1). [p.5, Fig.4].
Female: A, P1 (anterior); B, P2 (anterior); C, P3 (anterior); D, P4 (anterior); E, P5 (anterior).

Nota : P5 symmetrical, with coxa bearing rows of minute spinules on outer and distal margins ; basis with pointed distal inner angle, ornamented with transverse and distal minute spinules, and short submedial seta ; exopod and endopod segments both bearing surface spinules ; 1st and 2nd exopod segments both with 1 outer spine ; 3rd segment with 1 outer and 2 terminal serrate spines, plus 1 inner pectinate spine ; 1st endopod segment with a trace of a transverse subdivision of the compound proximal endopod segment, bearing 2 outer pointed processes ; 2nd segment with medial long seta, 2 distal setae, and 4 distal processes.

Species Pseudocyclops faroensis - Plate 4 of morphological figuresIssued from : C. Brugnano, A. Celona & G. Zagami in Vie et Milieu-Life and Environment, 2010, 60 (1). [p.4].
Female: Spine (Roman numerals) and setal (Arabic numerals) formula of swimming legs P1 to P4.

Compl. Ref.:
Pansera & al., 2014 (p.221, Table 2, abundance); Belmonte, 2018 (p.273, Table I: Italian zones)
NZ: 1

Distribution map of Pseudocyclops faroensis by geographical zones
W Medit. (NE Sicily: Faro Lake)
N: 2
(1167) F: 0,54-0,56; {F: 0,54-0,56}
Rem.: The species is very similar to P. giussanii and P. mirus but can easily be distinguished .
Last update : 06/02/2020
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Razouls C., Desreumaux N., Kouwenberg J. and de Bovée F., 2005-2024. - Biodiversity of Marine Planktonic Copepods (morphology, geographical distribution and biological data). Sorbonne University, CNRS. Available at http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr/en [Accessed April 23, 2024]

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