Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Diaptomoidea ( Superfamily )
        Pontellidae ( Family )
            Pontella ( Genus )
Pontella papuaensis  Mulyadi, 2014   (F,M)
Mulyadi, 2014 (p.1631, Descr. F, M, figs.F, M, Rem.)
Species Pontella papuaensis - Plate 1 of morphological figuresIssued from : Mulyadi in Crustaceana, 2014, 87 (14). [p.1633, Fig.5]
Female (from Arguni Bay, Kaimana, W Papua): a, habitus (dorsal); b, pedigerous somite 5 and urosome (lateral); c, same (ventral); d, A1; e, rostrum (frontal view); f, P5 (L = left leg; R = right leg).

- Cephalosome and pedigerous somite 1 separated, 4th and 5th pedigerous somites separated.
- Cephalon with a pair of lateral hooks.
- Cephalon with pair of small lenses located anteriorly.- rostrum without lens, basal portion extended ventrally roughly to level of ventral rye and divided distally into 2 short spiniform processes
- Urosome with 2 somites.
- Genital double-somite much larger than anal somite, asymmetrical, right side more convex than left side, directed dorsocaudally and tapering into blunt tip reaching as far as 1/4 length of right caudal ramus. Genital operculum withot any processes.
- Anal somite wider than long, asymmetrical, right side longer than left.
- Caudal rami very asymmetrical, right ramus being longer and broader, inner margin of each ramus fringede with fine hairs; each ramus with 5 long plumose and 1 small setae.
- A1 22-segmented, symmetrical; posterior margin of segments 2-13 fringed with fine hairs.

Species Pontella papuaensis - Plate 2 of morphological figuresIssued from : Mulyadi in Crustaceana, 2014, 87 (14). [p.1634, Fig.6]
Female: a, A2; b, Md palp; c, Mx1; d, Md gnathobase; e, Mx2; f, Mxp.

- Md blade heavily chitinized, 7 teeth and spinulosa seta on cutting edge; both 3rd and 4th dorsalmost teeth bicuspidate; ''dagger like'' spines present at base of teeth 3-7; Md palpus with endopod 2-segmented, exopod 5-segmented.
- Mx1: gnathobase (arthrite) with 16 stout setae, minute spinules and fine hairs near base of stout setae; 2nd inner lobe with 3 setae of unequal length; 3rd inner lobe with 1 long and 3 short setae of sub-equal length; 1st outer lobe with 9 setae; 2nd outer lobe rudimentary with single seta; base with long hairs on inner basal half, 4 medial setae, 4 sub-apical setae, and 5 apical setae; endopod completely fused with basis; exopod with 10 setae and small setula.
- Mx2 with 6 inner lobes on basal segment; lobes 4-6 carrying 2, 1 and 1 strong setae, respectively, each with row of setulae arranged at right angles to its inner margin and distal end serrated; endopod 3-segmented, 1st segment with only single strong seta, 2nd with setula and stron seta, 3rd segment with 3 strong setae, 1 being serrate along inner margin.
Mxp reduced in size; coxa with 3 groups of setae, consisting of 2, 3 and 3 setae, respectively, distal part produced distally covering basal part od basis; anterior margin of basis fringed with row of small teeth and small setula subdistally and 2 plumose setae distally; endopod 5-segmented.

Species Pontella papuaensis - Plate 3 of morphological figuresIssued from : Mulyadi in Crustaceana, 2014, 87 (14). [p.1635, Fig.7]
Female: a-d, P1 to P4.

Species Pontella papuaensis - Plate 4 of morphological figuresIssued from : Mulyadi in Crustaceana, 2014, 87 (14). [p.1636, Table III]
Female & Male: Seta and spine of the four anterior pairs of legs in Pontella papuaensis.

Species Pontella papuaensis - Plate 5 of morphological figuresIssued from : Mulyadi in Crustaceana, 2014, 87 (14). [p.1637, Fig.8].
Male: a, habitus (dorsal); b, urosome (dorsal); c, right A1; d, rostrum (frontal view); e, P5 (anterior).

- Cephalosome and pedigerous somite 1 separated, 4th and 5th separated.
- Last thoracic segment produced into slightly asymmetrical, acuminate lobes, reaching posterior end of genital somite.
- Pair of cephalic hooks.
- Rostrum bulbous with bifid, short conical projections, anterior and posterior sides with 2 well-developed lenses (absent in female).
- Urosome of 5 somites.
- Genital somite somewhat asymmetrical, left side more swollen than right.
- Urosomite 3 longer than following 2 somites combined;
- Caudal rami symmetrical, rather elongated with 5 plumose and 1 small setae.
- Right A1 geniculate; segment 14 with stout, elongated spine and claw-like at apex; anterior margin from distal end of segment 16 to 0.7 length of segment 18 with toothed ridge of fine denticles; fused segments 19-21 provided with short spur distally and 2 toothed plates, proximal plate with acuminate teeth and distal one with lamelliform teeth; arrangement of setae and proportional length of segments as shown in fig. 8c. Left A1 as in female.
- P5 uniramous, asymmetrical; right exopodal segment 1 (chela) more or less rectangular, with bilobated thumb at proximal end of outer margin, both lobes unequal, proximal one stout and lo,g, straight, inner thumb short and spine-like; outer margin distal to thumb concave with 1 large digiting process arising perpendicular to concave surface, 1 plumose seta present at 1/3 length of chela from outer margin; finger of chela elongated, almost as long as left leg, curved outwards about 180° at middle point and ending in spatulate structure with 1 small spine at apex, 3 setae present along concave face, 1 near base of finger, 1 at middle point and 1 near distal end/ Left leg: basis short with 1 plumose seta on inner margin; exopodal segment 1 with 1 distolateral spine; exopodal segment 2 (terminal segment) bulb-shaped, apex with 3 unequal round-tipped spines and 1 long flagellar process, inner margin of exopodal segment 2 hirsute.

NZ: 1

Distribution map of Pontella papuaensis by geographical zones
Arguni Bay, kaiman, W Papua.

type locality: 03° S, 133°53'11'' E.
N: 1
(1218) F: 2,88-2,82; M: 2,86-2,84; {f: 2,82-2,88; M: 2,84-2,86}
Rem.: After Mulyadi (2014, p.1638) the female resembles that of P. danae Giesbrecht, 1889. The author establishes a 5th Pontella species-Group, consisting of a single species (P. papuaensis): P. papuaensis- Group.
Last update : 17/03/2018
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Razouls C., Desreumaux N., Kouwenberg J. and de Bovée F., 2005-2022. - Biodiversity of Marine Planktonic Copepods (morphology, geographical distribution and biological data). Sorbonne University, CNRS. Available at http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr/en [Accessed May 21, 2022]

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