Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Arietelloidea ( Superfamily )
        Augaptilidae ( Family )
            Euaugaptilus ( Genus )
Euaugaptilus palumbii  (Giesbrecht, 1889)   (F,M)
Syn.: Augaptilus palumbii Giesbrecht,1889 (p.813); 1892 (p.400, 413, 770, figs.F);
Augaptilus palumboi : Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.122, Rem. F); I.C. Thompson, 1903 a (p.28, figs.juv.); Cleve, 1904 a (p.185); Farran, 1908 b (p.75); A. Scott, 1909 (p.137, Rem.); Wolfenden, 1911 (p.340); Farran, 1926 (p.288); Tanaka, 1937 (p.268, figs. juv.F,M); Brodsky, 1950 (1967) (p.374, figs.F,M);
Euaugaptilus palumboi : Sars, 1925 (p.302, figs.F); Farran, 1926 (p.288); Rose, 1933 a (p.232, figs.F); Farran, 1936 a (p.114, Rem.: juv.); Lysholm & al., 1945 (p.38); Sewell, 1948 (p.505, 519, 547, 550, 558, 559); C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.207); Grice, 1963 a (p.496); Tanaka, 1964 b (p.66, Descr.F,M, figs.M); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.12); Grice & Hulsemann, 1965 (p.224); 1967 (p.19); Furuhashi, 1966 a (p.295, vertical distribution in Kuroshio region, Table 9 ); Fleminger, 1967 a (tabl.1, p.47); Park, 1970 (p.478); Roe, 1972 (p.277, tabl.1, tabl.2); 1972 c (p.1034); Deevey & Brooks, 1977 (p.156, tab.2, Station "S"); Vives, 1982 (p.294); Roe, 1984 (p.358); Vives & Shmeleva, 2007 (p.207, figs.F,M, Rem.); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013; M. Ohman, comm. pers.)
Ref.:
Matthews, 1972 (p.39, Rem.); Tanaka & Omori, 1974 (p.245, figs.F); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.882, 940, figs.F,M); Bradford-Grieve,1999 b (p.57, figs.F,M, Rem., figs.172, 190); Matsuura & al., 2010 (p.2098, Table 4, fig.10: Mx2, Mxp)
Species Euaugaptilus palumbii - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : O. Tanaka in Publs Seto Mar. Biol. Lab., 1964, XII (1). [p.66, Fig.208]. As Euaugaptilus palumboi.
Male: a, urosome (dorsal); b, P5.
Nota: The urosome segments and furca are in the proportional lengths as 20:14:11:10:25:20 = 100. The grasping on left A1.


Species Euaugaptilus palumbii - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : J.M. Bradford-Grieve in The Marine Fauna of New Zealand: Pelagic Calanoid Copepoda. National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA). NIWA Biodiversity Memoir, 111, 1999. [p.58, Fig.29].
Female: A, habitus (dorsal); B, idem (lateral left side); C, Md (mandibular palp); D, Mx1; E, P1; F, P5.


Species Euaugaptilus palumbii - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from : O. Tanaka & M. Omori in Publs Seto Mar. Biol. Lab., 1974, XXI (3/4). [p.245, Fig.24].
Female: a, forehead (lateral); b, last thoracic segment and urosome (lateral left side); c, Md; d, Mx1.
Nota: Mx1 has 4 setae on the exopod, but 3 on Sars' (1925) specimen.


Species Euaugaptilus palumbii - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from : O. Tanaka & M. Omori in Publs Seto Mar. Biol. Lab., 1974, XXI (3/4). [p.200, Fig.3,h].
Female: h, mandibular teeth.


Species Euaugaptilus palumbii - Plate 5 of morphological figuresIssued from : G.O. Sars in Résult. Camp. Scient. Prince Albert I, 69, pls.1-127 (1924). [Pl.CV, figs.9-19]. As Euaugaptilus palumboi.
Female: 9, habitus (dorsal); 10, forehead (lateral); 11, A2; 12, Md; 13, Mx1; 14, Mx2; 15, Mxp; 16, P1; 17, P3; 18, P5; 19, distal part of anal segment and caudal rami (dorsal).


Species Euaugaptilus palumbii - Plate 6 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.39, Fig.50]. As Augaptilus palumbii.
Female: 50, urosome (ventral).


Species Euaugaptilus palumbii - Plate 7 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.27, Fig.32]. As Augaptilus palumbii.
Female: 32, P5.


Species Euaugaptilus palumbii - Plate 8 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.28, Figs.3, 15, 17]. As Augaptilus palumbii.
Female: 3, A1 (distal segments); 15, Mx1 (anterior view); 17, Md.


Species Euaugaptilus palumbii - Plate 9 of morphological figuresissued from : H. Matsuura, S. Nishida & J. Nishikawa in Deep-Sea Res. II, 2010, 57. [p.2106, Fig.10, a-b].
From Sulu Sea: a, SEM image of button setae on Mx2 and Mxp; b, SEM image of mandible blade.
Nota: Mandible blade narrow, flattened with 3 pairs of cuspidate or spiniform teeth (Type-II).


Species Euaugaptilus palumbii - Plate 10 of morphological figuresissued from : J.M. Bradford-Grieve, E.L. Markhaseva & C.E.F. Rocha & B. Abiahy in South Atlantic Zooplankton, Edit. D. Boltovskoy. 1999. Vol.2. Copepoda. [p.1040, Fig. 7.260].
Female: Mx1.

Nota: Endopod of Mx1 absent.


Species Euaugaptilus palumbii - Plate 11 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.39, Fig.39]. As Augaptilus palumbii.
Female: 39, habitus (dorsal).

Compl. Ref.:
Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); Heinrich, 1990 (p.18); Hattori, 1991 (tab.1, Appendix); Shih & Young,1995 (p.68); Holmes, 2001 (p.12); Prusova & Smith, 2005 (p.75); Schnack-Schiel & al., 2010 (p.2064, Table 2: E Atlantic subtropical/tropical); Matsuura & al., 2010 (p.2098, Table 3, fig.7, 8, vertical distribution); Medellin-Mora & Navas S., 2010 (p.265, Tab. 2)
NZ: 14

Distribution map of Euaugaptilus palumbii by geographical zones
Species Euaugaptilus palumbii - Distribution map 2issued from : H. Matsuura, S. Nishida & J. Nishikawa in Deep-Sea Res. II, 2010, 57. [p.2104, Fig.7].
Vertical distribution of Euaugaptilus palumbii in the Sulu Sea, compared with those in the Celebes Sea.
Loc:
South Africa (E), SE Atlantic, Cape Verde Is., Morocco-Mauritania, Canary Is., SW Madeira, off W Cape Finisterre, off SW Azores, Brazil, Caribbean Colombia, Caribbean Sea, G. of Mexico, Sargasso Sea, off Bermuda (Station "S"), Bay of Biscay, off W Ireland, Arabian Sea, Indian (SW & W), Indonesia-Malaysia, China Seas (East China Sea, South China Sea), Japan (Izu, off Sanriku), Pacif. (tropical), Pacif. (W equatorial), Australia (Great Barrier), New Zealand (South Island NE, off North Island NW, NE), N Tasman Sea, California, E Tuamotu, SW Galapagos, off Peru, Pacif. (SE tropical), E Easter Is.
N: 32
Lg.:
(1) F: 2,2; (38) F: 2,3-2,04; M: 1,9; (47) F: 2,25; (46) F: 2,25; (68) F: 2,7-2,08; M: 1,96; (69) F: 2,24; M: 1,95; (199) F: 2,28-1,98; M: 1,98-1,82; (909) F: 1,9-2,1; {F: 1,90-2,70; M: 1,82-1,98}
Rem.: meso-bathypelagic. Known to occur between depths of less than 500 and more than 1000 m (Matthews, 1972). Sargasso Sea: 500-2000 m (Deevey & Brooks, 1977, Station "S"). 369-820 m at StationT-1 (E Tori Is, E middle Japan). from Furuhashi (1966 a).

In ''affinis"" Group after Matthews (1972, p.64) {See remarks in Euaugaptilus genus}
Last update : 18/08/2018
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