Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Arietelloidea ( Superfamily )
        Augaptilidae ( Family )
            Haloptilus ( Genus )
Haloptilus fertilis  (Giesbrecht, 1892)   (M)
Syn.: Hemicalanus fertilis Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.384, 399, 772, Descr.M, figs.M)
Ref.:
Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.119, Rem. M); Rose, 1933 a (p.214, figs.M); Sewell, 1948 (p.504, 509); Marques, 1953 (p.119); Grice, 1962 (p.223, figs.M); Vervoort, 1965 (p.129, Rem.); Owre & Foyo, 1967 (p.81, figs.M); Park, 1968 (p.561, Redescr.M, figs.M); Matthews, 1972 (p.49); Björnberg & al., 1981 (p.655, figs.M); Park, 1988 (p.3, 14, Rem.); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.882, 942, figs.M); Vives & Shmeleva, 2007 (p.238, figs.M, Rem.)
Species Haloptilus fertilis - Plate 1 of morphological figuresIssued from : T.S. Park in Fishery Bull. Fish Wild. Serv. U.S., 1968, 66 (3). [p.562, Pl.11, Figs.7-20].
Male: 7, habitus (dorsal); 8, urosome (dorsal); 9, left A1; 10, A2; 11, Md (mandibular palp); 12, Md (masticatory edge); 13,Mx1; 14, Mx2; 15, Mxp; 16, P1; 17, P2; 18, P3; 19, P4; 20, P5 (posterior).

Nota: The figure by Giesbrecht (1892, plate 42, fig.5) shows the 2nd to 4th urosomal segments relatively longer than those of the present specimen.


Species Haloptilus fertilis - Plate 2 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.42, Fig.5]. As Hemicalanus fertilis.
Male: 5, habitus (dorsal).


Species Haloptilus fertilis - Plate 3 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.42, Fig.18]. As Hemicalanus fertilis.
Male: 18, exopodite 3 of P2. Se = outer spine.


Species Haloptilus fertilis - Plate 4 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.27, Fig.2]. As Hemicalanus fertilis.
Male: 2, A1 (middle portion).


Species Haloptilus fertilis - Plate 5 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.27, Fig.36]. As Hemicalanus fertilis.
Male: 36, P5 (anterior surface). Ps = left leg; Pd = right leg.; B = basipod; Ri = endopod; Re = exopod.


Species Haloptilus fertilis - Plate 6 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.42, Fig.26]. As Hemicalanus fertilis.
Male: 26, A2.


Species Haloptilus fertilis - Plate 7 of morphological figuresissued from : G.D. Grice in Fish. Bull. Fish and Wildl. Ser., 1962, 61. [p.224, Pl.25, Figs.9-11].
Male (from equatorial Pacific): 9, habitus (dorsal); 10, Md (biting edge); 11, P5.


Species Haloptilus fertilis - Plate 8 of morphological figuresissued from : H.B. Owre & M. Foyo in Fauna Caribaea, 1, Crustacea, 1: Copepoda. Copepods of the Florida Current. 1967. [p.80, Fig.527].
Male: 527, Md (gnathobase).


Species Haloptilus fertilis - Plate 9 of morphological figuresissued from : H.B. Owre & M. Foyo in Fauna Caribaea, 1, Crustacea, 1: Copepoda. Copepods of the Florida Current. 1967. [p.80, Fig.528].
Male: 528, Mx2.


Species Haloptilus fertilis - Plate 10 of morphological figuresIssued from : J.M. Bradford-Grieve, E.L. Markhaseva, C.E.F. Rocha & B. Abiahy in South Atlantic Zooplankton, edit. D. Boltovskoy. 1999, Vol. 2, Copepoda; [p.1042, Fig. 7.269: Haloptilus fertilis. r = right leg; l = left leg.
Male characters (from key, p.942):
- P5 left inner coxal projection pointed terminally; right exopodal segment 3 proximal spine equal in length to terminal spine.
- P5 right exopodal segment 3 terminal spine longer than its segment.
- P5 endopod extend beyond distal borders of exopodal segment 1 on one side at least.
- Coxa of P5 with inner triangular projection on left side.

Compl. Ref.:
Björnberg, 1963 (p.54, Rem.); V.N. Greze, 1963 a (tabl.2); Shmeleva, 1964 a (p.1068); Mazza, 1966 (p.72); Roe, 1972 (p.277, tabl.1, tabl.2); Carter, 1977 (1978) (p.36); Vives, 1982 (p.293); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.84); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); Longhurst, 1985 (tab.2); Madhupratap & Haridas, 1986 (p.105, tab.1); Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.60); Suarez & al., 1990 (tab.2); Suarez & Gasca, 1991 (tab.2); Suarez, 1992 (App.1); Shih & Young,1995 (p.68); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.102); Suarez-Morales, 1998 (p.345, Table 1); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p108); Fernandez-Alamo & al., 2000 (p.1139, Appendix); Lopez-Salgado & al., 2000 (tab.1); Vukanic, 2003 (p.139, tab.1); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.424); Tutasi & al., 2011 (p.791, Table 2, abundance distribution vs La Niña event); Belmonte, 2018 (p.273, Table I: Italian zones)
NZ: 9

Distribution map of Haloptilus fertilis by geographical zones
Loc:
South Africa (E) (off Durban, Natal), Angola, Canary Is., off Morocco-Mauritania, S Brazil, off Amazon, Caribbean Sea, Yucatan, G. of Mexico, Florida, Medit. (Algiers, Ligurian Sea, Napoli, Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea), G. of Tehuantepec, off W Guatemala, China Seas (East China Sea, South China Sea), Pacif. (W equatorial), Pacif. (equatorial), off NE Hawaii, Galapagos-Ecuador.
N: 31
Lg.:
(16) M: 2,9-2,85; (46) M: 3,2; (47) M: 3,2; (72) M: 3,16-2,89; (101) M: 2,47; (199) M: 2,96; (237) M: 3,0; {M: 2,47-3,20}
Rem.: epi-mesopelagic. Obtained at the surface and at a depth between 80 and 240 m (Matthews, 1972).
Concerning the males of H. fertilis and H. spiniceps see remarks in Park (1988, p.14).
Last update : 03/12/2020
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Razouls C., Desreumaux N., Kouwenberg J. and de Bovée F., 2005-2021. - Biodiversity of Marine Planktonic Copepods (morphology, geographical distribution and biological data). Sorbonne University, CNRS. Available at http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr/en [Accessed October 18, 2021]

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