Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Arietelloidea ( Superfamily )
        Augaptilidae ( Family )
            Haloptilus ( Genus )
Haloptilus mucronatus  (Claus, 1863)   (F,M)
Syn.: Hemicalanus mucronatus Claus, 1863 (p.179, fig.F); Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.384, 398, 772, figs.F,M); T. Scott, 1894 b (p.33)
Ref.:
Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.119, Rem. F,M, fig.F); Sars, 1925 (p.249, figs.F); Rose, 1933 a (p.213, figs.F); Farran, 1936 a (p.113); Mori, 1937 (1964) (p.76, figs. juv.F); Sewell, 1947 (p.193); Owre & Foyo, 1967 (p.81, figs.F,M); Vinogradov, 1968 (1970) (p.268); Matthews, 1972 (p.51); Razouls, 1972 (p.95, Annexe: p.80); Björnberg, 1981 (p.654, figs.F); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.883, 942, figs.F,M); Bradford-Grieve,1999 b (p.62, figs.F,M, Rem., figs.172, 190); Conway & al., 2003 (p.85, figs.F,M, Rem.); Vives & Shmeleva, 2007 (p.243, figs.F,M, Rem.)
Species Haloptilus mucronatus - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : J.M. Bradford-Grieve in The Marine Fauna of New Zealand: Pelagic Calanoid Copepoda. National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA). NIWA Biodiversity Memoir, 111, 1999. [p.62, Fig.33].
Female: A, habitus (dorsal); B, Mx1.
Nota: The shape of the forehead differs slightly from the shape figured by Sars (1924, 1925).


Species Haloptilus mucronatus - Plate 2 of morphological figuresIssued from : G.O. Sars in Résult. Camp. Scient. Prince Albert I, 69, pls.1-127 (1924). [Pl.LXXIII, figs.11-15].
Female: 11, habitus (dorsal); 12, forehead (lateral); 13, Md; 14, Mx1;13, Mx2.


Species Haloptilus mucronatus - Plate 3 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.42, Fig.13]. As Hemicalanus mucronatus.
Female: 13, forehead (lateral).


Species Haloptilus mucronatus - Plate 4 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.42, Fig.4]. As Hemicalanus mucronatus.
Female: 4, urosome (ventral).


Species Haloptilus mucronatus - Plate 5 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.27, Fig.22]. As Hemicalanus mucronatus.
Female: 22, Md (mandibular blade).


Species Haloptilus mucronatus - Plate 6 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.27, Fig.19]. As Hemicalanus mucronatus.
Female: 19, Mx1 (paortion). B = basipod; Ri = endopod; Re = exopod; Li inner lobe.


Species Haloptilus mucronatus - Plate 7 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.27, Figs.11, 13]. As Hemicalanus mucronatus.
Female: 11, Mxp (posterior vue); 13, Mx2 (posterior view).


Species Haloptilus mucronatus - Plate 8 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.42, Fig.6]. As Hemicalanus mucronatus.
Male: 6, habitus (dorsal).


Species Haloptilus mucronatus - Plate 9 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.42, Fig.14]. As Hemicalanus mucronatus.
Male: 14, forehead (lateral).


Species Haloptilus mucronatus - Plate 10 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.27, Fig.39]. As Hemicalanus mucronatus.
Male: 39, P5 (anterior view). Ps = left leg; Pd = right leg; Re = exopod; St terminal spine; Se = outer spine.


Species Haloptilus mucronatus - Plate 11 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.27, Fig.37]. As Hemicalanus mucronatus.
Female: 37, exopodite 3 of P2.
St = terminal seta.


Species Haloptilus mucronatus - Plate 12 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.42, Fig.6]. As Hemicalanus mucronatus.
Male: 6, habitus (dorsal).


Species Haloptilus mucronatus - Plate 13 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.42, Fig.30]. As Hemicalanus mucronatus.
Female: 30, A2.
Re = exopod.


Species Haloptilus mucronatus - Plate 14 of morphological figuresissued from : J.M. Bradford-Grieve, E.L. Markhaseva & C.E.F. Rocha & B. Abiahy in South Atlantic Zooplankton, Edit. D. Boltovskoy. 1999. Vol.2. Copepoda. [p.1043, Fig. 7.274].
Female: Mx1.

Nota: Exopodite of Mx1 with 11 setae.

Compl. Ref.:
Massuti Alzamora, 1942 (p.111); Lysholm & al., 1945 (p.37); Sewell, 1948 (p.329, 504, 509, 516, 522, 532, 547); C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.236); Hoenigman, 1955 (p.49); Yamazi, 1958 (p.150, Rem.); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.12); Shmeleva, 1964 a (p.1068); Furuhashi, 1966 a (p.295, vertical distribution in Kuroshio region, Table 9); Mazza, 1966 (p.72); Fleminger, 1967 a (tabl.1); Deevey, 1971 (p.224); Deevey & Brooks, 1977 (p.156, tab.2, Station "S"); Carter, 1977 (1978) (p.36); Dessier, 1979 (p.206); Vives, 1982 (p.293); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.84); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); Greze & al., 1985 (p.8); Longhurst, 1985 (tab.2); Madhupratap Haridas, 1986 (p.105, tab.1); Hernandez-Trujillo, 1989 a (tab.1); Cervantes-Duarte & Hernandez-Trujillo, 1989 (tab.3); Suarez & al., 1990 (tab.2); Suarez & Gasca, 1991 (tab.2); Hernandez-Trujillo, 1991 (1993) (tab.I); Suarez, 1992 (App.1); Shih & Young,1995 (p.68); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p108); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.102); Lopez-Salgado & al., 2000 (tab.1); Pakhomov & al., 2000 (p.1663, Table 2, transect Cape Town-SANAE antarctic base); Vukanic, 2003 (p.139, tab.1); Dur & al., 2007 (p.197, Table IV); Jitlang & al., 2008 (p.65, Table 1); Morales-Ramirez & Suarez-Morales, 2008 (p.517); Fernandes, 2008 (p.465, Tabl.2); Lan Y.-C. & al., 2009 (p.1, Table 2, % vs hydrogaphic conditions); Williamson & McGowan, 2010 (p.273, Table 3, Pacific (central gyres: N and S); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.424); Medellin-Mora & Navas S., 2010 (p.265, Tab. 2); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013; M. Ohman, comm. pers.) ; Lidvanov & al., 2013 (p.290, Table 2, % composition); Benedetti & al., 2016 (p.159, Table I, fig.1, functional characters); Belmonte, 2018 (p.273, Table I: Italian zones)
NZ: 13

Distribution map of Haloptilus mucronatus by geographical zones
Loc:
South Africa (E), Congo, G. of Guinea, off Morocco-Mauritania, Canary Is., Brazil, off Amazon, off Portugal, Azores, Caribbean Colombia, Caribbean Sea, Jamaica, G of Mexico, Florida, Sargasso Sea, off Bermuda (Station "S"), Medit. (Alboran Sea, Banyuls, Ligurian Sea, Napoli, Messina, Adriatic Sea, Mljet Is., Ionian Sea), Arabian Sea, SW Indian, Natal, Madagascar, Bay of Bengal, Philippines, China Seas (East China Sea, South China Sea), Taiwan Strait, Taiwan, S Japan, Pacif. (W equatorial), Pacific (central gyres: N and S), Australia (Great Barrier), New Zealand (NW North Island, Tasman Sea), Pacif. (tropical), California, W Baja California, off W Guatemala, W Costa Rica, Galapagos
N: 62
Lg.:
(1) F: 3,6; (35) F: 3,36-3,15; (46) F: 3,2-3,1; M: 2,28-2,17; (909) F: 3,5; (991) F: 3-3,6: M: 2,17-2,28; {F: 3,00-3,60; M: 2,17-2,28}
Rem.: epi- bathypelagic. Known at depths from 200 m to the surface, but extend down to below 1000 m (Matthews, 1972). Sargasso Sea: 0-500 m (Deevey & Brooks, 1977, Station "S");

See in DVP Conway & al., 2003 (version 1)
Last update : 07/12/2020
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Razouls C., Desreumaux N., Kouwenberg J. and de Bovée F., 2005-2021. - Biodiversity of Marine Planktonic Copepods (morphology, geographical distribution and biological data). Sorbonne University, CNRS. Available at http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr/en [Accessed October 24, 2021]

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