Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Arietelloidea ( Superfamily )
        Augaptilidae ( Family )
            Haloptilus ( Genus )
Haloptilus ornatus  (Giesbrecht, 1892)   (F,M)
Syn.: Hemicalanus ornatus Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.384, 399, 773, figs.F,M); Fish, 1962 (p.21)
Ref.:
Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.120, Rem.F,M, fig.F); A. Scott, 1909 (p.141, Rem.); Wolfenden, 1911 (p.323); Sars, 1925 (p.247, figs.F); Sewell, 1932 (p.328); Rose, 1933 a (p.213, figs.F); Mori, 1937 (1964) (p.75, figs.F); Lysholm & al., 1945 (p.37); Sewell, 1947 (p.190, 194, fig.F); Chiba, 1956 (p.52, figs.M); Chiba & al., 1957 a (p.11); Grice, 1962 (p.223, figs.F); Tanaka, 1964 b (p.43, Rem.F); Vervoort, 1965 (p.126, Rem.); Owre & Foyo, 1967 (p.81, figs.F,M); Tanaka & Omori, 1971 (p.253, Rem.F); Matthews, 1972 (p.52); Björnberg & al., 1981 (p.653, 654, figs.F,M); Park, 1988 (p.14, Descr.F, figs.F, Rem.); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.728, Pl.58, 61: F,M); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.883, 941, figs.F,M); Bradford-Grieve,1999 b (p.63, figs.F,M, Rem., figs.172, 190); Vives & Shmeleva, 2007 (p.244, figs.F,M, Rem.)
Species Haloptilus ornatus - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : J.M. Bradford-Grieve in The Marine Fauna of New Zealand: Pelagic Calanoid Copepoda. National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA). NIWA Biodiversity Memoir, 111, 1999. [p.63, Fig.34].
Female: A, habitus (dorsal); B, forehead (lateral right side); C, Mx1; D, Mx2; E, P5.


Species Haloptilus ornatus - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Park in Antarct. Res. Ser. Washington, 1988, 47. [p.17, Fig.9].
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, forehead (lateral); c, idem (dorsal); d, urosome (dorsal); e, idem (lateral right side); f, genital segment (ventral); g, A2; h, Md; i, Md (cutting edge).


Species Haloptilus ornatus - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Park in Antarct. Res. Ser. Washington, 1988, 47. [p.18, Fig.10].
Female: a, Mx1; b, Mx2; c, Mxp; d, P1 (anterior).

Nota: A1 extending beyond distal end of caudal ramus by last 4 or 5 segments. Spermatheca more or less round when viewed laterally.


Species Haloptilus ornatus - Plate 4 of morphological figuresIssued from : G.O. Sars in Résult. Camp. Scient. Prince Albert I, 69, pls.1-127 (1924). [Pl.LXXIII, figs.1-5].
Female: 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, forehead (lateral); 3, Md; 4, Mx1; 5, Mx2.


Species Haloptilus ornatus - Plate 5 of morphological figuresissued from : R.B.S. Sewell in The John Murray Expedition, 1933-34, Scientific Reports, VIII (1), 1947. [p.195, Fig.50, H].
Female (from Arabian Sea): H, Mx2.


Species Haloptilus ornatus - Plate 6 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.27, Fig.38]. As Hemicalanus ornatus.
Male: 38, P5 (posterior view). Ps = left leg; Pd = right leg; Re = exopod; Ri = endopod; Se = outer spine; Si = inner spine; St = terminal spine.


Species Haloptilus ornatus - Plate 7 of morphological figuresissued from : T. Mori in The pelagic Copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (2nd edit., 1964). [Pl.39, Figs.5-8].
Female: 5, habitus (dorsal); 6, Mx2; 7, Md; 8, forehead (lateral).


Species Haloptilus ornatus - Plate 8 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.27, Figs.6, 7]. As Hemicalanus ornatus.
Female: 6, Mx1 (posterior view); 7, Mx2 (postrior view).


Species Haloptilus ornatus - Plate 9 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.27, Figs.14, 15, 21, 24]. As Hemicalanus ornatus.
Female: 14, Md (mandibular palp); 15, Md (mandibular blade); 21, exopod of P5; 24, endopod of P3.


Species Haloptilus ornatus - Plate 10 of morphological figuresissued from : G.D. Grice in Fish. Bull. Fish and Wildl. Ser., 1962, 61. [p.224, Pl.25, Figs.12-16].
Female (from 01°10'S, 134°57'W): 12, A2; 13, Md (biting edge); 14, Mx1; 15, Mx2; 16, P5.


Species Haloptilus ornatus - Plate 11 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.42, Fig.1]. As Hemicalanus ornatus.
Female: 1, habitus (dorsal).


Species Haloptilus ornatus - Plate 12 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.42, Figs.17, 19, 22]. As Hemicalanus ornatus.
Female: 17, exopodal segment 3 of P2; 19, urosome ( ventral); 22, endopod of A2.


Species Haloptilus ornatus - Plate 13 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.42, Fig.9]. As Hemicalanus ornatus.
Male: 9, habitus (dorsal).


Species Haloptilus ornatus - Plate 14 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.42, Fig.24]. As Hemicalanus ornatus.
Male: 24, endopod of A2.


Species Haloptilus ornatus - Plate 15 of morphological figuresissued from : J.M. Bradford-Grieve, E.L. Markhaseva & C.E.F. Rocha & B. Abiahy in South Atlantic Zooplankton, Edit. D. Boltovskoy. 1999. Vol.2. Copepoda. [p.1043, Fig. 7.276].
Female: Mx1.

Nota: Endopodite of Mx1 with 2 setae; exopodite with 10 setae; outer lobe 1 with 9 setae.

Compl. Ref.:
Wilson, 1942 a (p.189); Massuti Alzamora, 1942 (p.111); Sewell, 1948 (p.329, 504, 509, 522, 530, 532, 548, 558, 567); C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.236); V.N. Greze, 1963 a (tabl.2); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.12); Grice & Hulsemann, 1965 (p.224); Furuhashi, 1966 a (p.295, vertical distribution in Kuroshio region, Table 9); Mazza, 1966 (p.72); Mullin, 1966 (p.546, Table I, III, diet); Furuhashi, 1966 a (p.295, vertical distribution in Oyashio/Kuroshio transitional area, Table 8); Fleminger, 1967 a (tabl.1); Delalo, 1968 (p.138, Rem.: ?); Morris, 1970 (p.2301); Park, 1970 (p.478); Deevey, 1971 (p.224); Bainbridge, 1972 (p.61, Appendix Table III: occurrence); Roe, 1972 (p.277, tabl.1, tabl.2); 1972 c (p.1032); Apostolopoulou, 1972 (p.328, 362); Deevey & Brooks, 1977 (p.156, tab.2, Station "S"); Carter, 1977 (1978) (p.36); Vives, 1982 (p.293); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.84); Cummings, 1984 (p.163, Table 2); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); Scotto di Carlo & al., 1984 (1044); Longhurst, 1985 (tab.2); Brenning, 1985 a (p.28, Table 2); 1986 (p.14, Rem.); Brinton & al., 1986 (p.228, Table 1); Chen Y.-Q., 1986 (p.205, Table 1: abundance %); Madhupratap & Haridas, 1986 (p.105, tab.1); Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.60); Cervantes-Duarte & Hernandez-Trujillo, 1989 (tab.3); Heinrich, 1990 (p.18); Suarez & al., 1990 (tab.2); Madhupratap & Haridas, 1990 (p.305, fig.3: vertical distribution night/day; fig.7: cluster); Scotto di Carlo & al., 1991 (p.270) ; Suarez & Gasca, 1991 (tab.2); Hernandez-Trujillo, 1991 (1993) (tab.I); Suarez, 1992 (App.1); Shih & Young,1995 (p.68); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.102); Alvarez-Cadena & al., 1998 (t.4); Padmavati & al., 1998 (p.347); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p108); Lopez-Salgado & al., 2000 (tab.1); Fernandez-Alamo & al., 2000 (p.1139, Appendix); Holmes, 2001 (p.13); Vukanic, 2003 (p.139, tab.1); Hsiao & al., 2004 (p.325, tab.1) Lo & al., 2004 (p.89, tab.1); Zuo & al., 2006 (p.162: tab.1); Lavaniegos & Jiménez-Pérez, 2006 (Tab.2, 4, Rem.); Dur & al., 2007 (p.197, Table IV); Morales-Ramirez & Suarez-Morales, 2008 (p.518); Ayon & al., 2008 (p.238, Table 4: Peruvian samples); Williamson & McGowan, 2010 (p.273, Table 3, Pacific central gyres: N and S); Schnack-Schiel & al., 2010 (p.2064, Table 2: E Atlantic subtropical/tropical); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.424); Hsiao S.H. & al., 2011 (p.475, Appendix I); Medellin-Mora & Navas S., 2010 (p.265, Tab. 2); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013; M. Ohman, comm. pers.); Lidvanov & al., 2013 (p.290, Table 2, % composition); Mazzocchi & al., 2014 (p.64, Table 5, abundance); Benedetti & al., 2016 (p.159, Table I, fig.1, functional characters); Benedetti & al., 2018 (p.1, Fig.2: ecological functional group); Belmonte, 2018 (p.273, Table I: Italian zones)
NZ: 15

Distribution map of Haloptilus ornatus by geographical zones
Species Haloptilus ornatus - Distribution map 3Issued from : M. Madhupratap & P. Haridas in J. Plankton Res., 12 (2). [p.310, Fig.3].
Vertical distribution of calanoid copepod (mean +1 SE), abundance No/100 m3. 7- Haloptilus ornatus.
Night: shaded, day: unshaded.
Samples collected from 6 stations located off Cochin (India), SE Arabian Sea, November 1983, with a Multiple Closing Plankton Net (mesh aperture 300 µm), in vertical hauls at 4 depth intervalls (0-200, 200-400, 400-600, 600-1000 m).
Loc:
South Africa (E), SE Atlantic, G. of Guinea, off Lagos, off SW Ascension Is., off Trindade Is., off St . Paul Is. (SE & E), off Morocco-Mauritania, S Brazil, off Amazon, Barbada Is., Canary Is., Madeira, off Portugal, Azores, Caribbean Sea, Caribbean Colombia, Yucatan, Jamaica, G. of Mexico, Florida, Sargasso Sea, off Bermuda (Station "S"), off W Ireland, Medit. (Alboran Sea, NW Basin, Ligurian Sea, Napoli, Strait of Messina, Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea, Aegean Sea, Lebanon Basin), G. of Akaba, Red Sea, Arabian Sea, Laccadive Is., off La Réunion Is., Natal, Indian (equatorial central & South), Indonesia-Malaysia, Philippines, China Seas (East China Sea, South China Sea), off Taiwan, Taiwan (SW, E, N: Mienhua Canyon), Japan (Izu), Bikini Is., California, W Baja California, Gulf of California, G. de Tehuantepec, off W Guatemala, W Costa Rica, Pacif. (tropical), off N Hawaii, W Costa Rica, SW Galapagos, off Peru, Pacif. (SE tropical), Pacific (central gyres: N and S), off Chile (33°S), Pacif. (W equatorial), off SW Australia, New Zealand (SW and SE North Island, N Tasman Sea)
N: 98
Lg.:
(1) F: 5; (11) F: 4,5-4,4; (16) F: 4,8-4,3; (46) F: 4,8-4,6; M: 3,05-2,75; (69) F: 4,54; (90) F: 4,94-2,88; (91) F: 5-3; (101) F: 4,56; (199) F: 5,09-4,1; M: 3,04-2,96; (785) F: 4; (866) F: 3-5,33; (909) F: 4,75; 4,95; (1108) F: 4,94; 5,17; {F: 2,88-5,33; M: 2,75-3,05}
Rem.: epi-mesopelagic. Known to occur from the surface to below 150 m (Matthews, 1972). Sargasso Sea: 0-1000 m (Deevey & Brooks, 1977, Station "S"). 815-1340 m at Station S 2 in S Bösö (E middle Japan).
After Benedetti & al. (2018, p.1, Fig.2) this species belonging to the functional group 1 corresponding to large sac-spawning carnivorous.
Last update : 07/12/2020
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