Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Eucalanoidea ( Superfamily )
        Eucalanidae ( Family )
            Subeucalanus ( Genus )
Subeucalanus mucronatus  (Giesbrecht, 1888)   (F,M)
Syn.: Eucalanus mucronatus Giesbrecht, 1888; 1892 (p.132, 151, 772, figs.F); Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.21, Rem. F); Cleve, 1904 a (p.189); A. Scott, 1909 (p.20, Rem.); Wolfenden, 1911 (p.204); Sewell, 1914 a (p.201); Sars, 1925 (p.21); Farran, 1929 (p.207, 218); Sewell, 1929 (p.51); Mori, 1929, p.171, figs.F); Tanaka, 1935 (p.147, figs.F, juv.M); Farran, 1936 a (p.78); Wilson, 1942 a (p.184); Lysholm & al., 1945 (p.8); Vervoort, 1946 (p.104, Rem.); Sewell, 1947 (p.46); C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.209); Tanaka, 1956 (p.269); Vervoort, 1957 (p.33, Rem.); Chiba & al., 1957 (p.306); 1957 a (p.11); Yamazi, 1958 (p.147, Rem.); Tanaka, 1960 (p.21, Rem.: juv. III); Ganapati & Shanthakumari, 1962 (p.7, 15); Fagetti, 1962 (p.10); Grice, 1962 (p.180, figs. juv.F,M); De Decker, 1964 (p.15, 22, 28); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.12); Chen & Zhang, 1965 (p.36, figs.F,M); Owre & Foyo, 1967 (p.37, figs.F, non M, Rem.); Delalo, 1968 (p.137); Morris, 1970 (p.2300); Itoh, 1970 a (p.4= tab.1); Timonin, 1971 (p.281, trophic group); Björnberg, 1973 (p.299); Fleminger, 1973 (p.969, 978, 979, 999, figs.F); Greenwood, 1976 (p.12, figs.F); Tranter, 1977 (p.596); Carter, 1977 (1978) (p.35); Frontier, 1977 a (p.14); Goswami & Goswami, 1979 (p.103, figs.); Madhupratap & al., 1981 (p.262, Table 2: abundance vs. thermocline); Madhupratap & al., 1981 (p.266, fig.1c: abundance vs. geographic transect); Zheng & al., 1982 (p.17, figs.F); De Decker, 1984 (p.315, 347: chart); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); Kimmerer al., 1985 (p.428); Longhurst, 1985 (tab.2); Greze & al., 1985 (p.7); Michel & al., 1986 (p.35); Madhupratap & Haridas, 1986 (p.105, tab.1); Jimenez-Perez & Lara-Lara, 1988; Dessier, 1988 (tabl.1); Hirakawa & al., 1990 (tab.3); Othman & al., 1990 (p.561, 563, Table 1); Suarez & al., 1990 (tab.2); Arinardi, 1991 (p.295); Suarez & Gasca, 1991 (tab.2); Hattori, 1991 (tab.1, Appendix); Yoo, 1991 (tab.1); Suarez, 1992 (App.1); Kim & al., 1993 (p.269); Palomares Garcia & Vera, 1995 (tab.1); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.69); Kotani & al., 1996 (tab.2); Park & Choi, 1997 (Appendix); Padmavati & Goswami, 1996 a (p.85, fig.3, Table 4, vertical distribution); Padmavati & al., 1998 (p.349); Mauchline, 1998 (tab.8); Noda & al., 1998 (p.55, Table 3, occurrence); Lavaniegos & Gonzalez-Navarro, 1999 (p.239, Appx.1); Madhupratap & al., 2001 (p. 1345, vertical distribution vs. O2, figs.4, 5: clusters, Rem.: p.1353); Zuo & al., 2006 (p.162: tab.1); Morales-Ramirez & Suarez-Morales, 2008 (p.519); Fernandes, 2008 (p.465, Tabl.2); Medellin-Mora & Navas S., 2010 (p.265, Tab. 2); Jang M.-C & al., 2012 (p.37, abundance and seasonal distribution); Kobari & al., 2013 (p.78, Table 2, as macronatus); Lidvanov & al., 2013 (p.290, Table 2, % composition);
? no E. mucronatus : Mori, 1937 (1964) (p.25, figs.F,M); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.789, Pl.99,101: F,M); Osore & al., 2003 (p.69); Shimode & Shirayama, 2004 (tab.2)
Ref.:
Bradford-Grieve, 1994 (p.88, 90: F, ? no M, figs.F, ? no fig. M); Prusova, 2003 (p.62, figs.M); Conway & al., 2003 (p.166, figs.F,M, Rem.); Goetze, 2003 (p.2322 & suiv.); Mulyadi, 2004 (p.113, figs.F, Rem.); Vives & Shmeleva, 2007 (p.879, figs.F,M, Rem.); Goetze & Ohman, 2010 (p.2110, Table 1, 3, A1, Fig.3, molecular study, biogeography)
Species Subeucalanus mucronatus - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : A. Fleminger in Fishery Bull. natn. Ocean. Atmos. Adm., 1973, 71 (4). [p.985, Fig.9]. As Eucalanus mucronatus.
Female: d, habitus (dorsal), d', idem (lateral right side).
Dorsal and lateral pattern of integumental organs (black point = sites occuring at 100% frequency, o = 80-99% frequency, x = 10-79% frequency, triangle are sites which are also visible in lateral view but which are assigned to dorsal sets);


Species Subeucalanus mucronatus - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : A. Fleminger in Fishery Bull. natn. Ocean. Atmos. Adm., 1973, 71 (4). [p.968, Fig.1, b (p.969)]. As Eucalanus mucronatus.
Female: b, genital segment (lateral right side).


Species Subeucalanus mucronatus - Plate 3 of morphological figuresissued from : J.G. Greenwood in Proc. R. Soc. Qd, 1976, 87. [p.13, Fig.4, d-e]. As Eucalanus mucronatus.
Female (from Moreton Bay, E Australia): d, forehead (lateral); e, habitus (dorsal).


Species Subeucalanus mucronatus - Plate 4 of morphological figuresissued from : I. Prusova in Vestnik zoologii, 2003, 37 (2). [p.64, Fig.2].
Male (from Arabian Sea): 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, idem (lateral right side); 3, Md (mandibular palp); 4, P5.
Scale bar: 0.1 mm.

Nota: The setation on the Md palp male is different that for S. subtenuis Md palp male.


Species Subeucalanus mucronatus - Plate 5 of morphological figuresissued from : Z. Zheng, S. Li, S.J. Li & B. Chen in Marine planktonic copepods in Chinese waers. Shanghai Sc. Techn. Press, 1982 [p.18, Fig.7]. As Eucalanus mucronatus.
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, forehead (lateral); c, idem (ventral); d, urosome (ventral); e, A2; f, Md (mandibular palp); g, endopod of the mandibular palp; h, Mx1; i, P1; j, basipod and enopod of P1; k, exopod of P2.


Species Subeucalanus mucronatus - Plate 6 of morphological figuresissued from : S. Ohtsuka & R. Huys in Hydrobiologia, 2001, 453/454. [p.452, Fig.7, C]. As Eucalanus mucronatus.
Male: C, terminal exopodal segment of left P5.


Species Subeucalanus mucronatus - Plate 7 of morphological figuresissued from T. Mori in Zool. Mag. Tokyo, 1929, 41 (486-487). [Pl. IV, Figs.10-11]. As Eucalanus mucronatus.
Female (from Chosen Strait, Korea-Japan): 10, forehead (dorsal); 11, A2.


Species Subeucalanus mucronatus - Plate 8 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 35, Figs.35, 38]. As Eucalanus mucronatus.
Female: 35, head (dorsal); 38, forehead (lateral).


Species Subeucalanus mucronatus - Plate 9 of morphological figuresIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 35, Fig.15]. As Eucalanus mucronatus.
Female: 15, urosome (ventral).


Species Subeucalanus mucronatus - Plate 10 of morphological figuresissued from : H.B. Owre & M. Foyo in Fauna Caribaea, 1967, 1, Crustacea, 1: Copepoda. [p.37, Fig.192]. As Eucalanus mucronatus.
Female (from Florida Current): 192, habitus (dorsal).


Species Subeucalanus mucronatus - Plate 11 of morphological figuresissued from : Mulyadi in Published by Res. Center Biol., Indonesia Inst. Sci. Bogor, 2004. [p.113, Fig.64].
Female (from Indonesian Seas): a, habitus (dorsal); b, cephalon (lateral); c, last thoracic segment and urosome (lateral right side); d, A2; e, Md (palp); f, P1; g, P2.
Nota: Urosomal segment 1 with swelling medially. Basis of Md with 3 setae on 1/3 proximal length of segment; endopod segment 1 with 2 short setae; endopod segment 2 with 4 setae, distal end of endopod segment 2 not reaching base of exopod segment 1. Basis of Mx1 with 4 setae on inner margin.

Compl. Ref.:
Madhupratap & Haridas, 1990 (p.305, fig.6: vertical distribution night/day; fig.7: cluster); Alvarez-Cadena & al., 1998 (tab.3,4); Suarez-Morales, 1998 (p.345, Table 1); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p.109); Razouls & al., 2000 (p.343, Appendix); Suarez-Morales & al., 2000 (p.751, tab.1); Hsiao & al., 2004 (p.326, tab.1); Hsieh & al. 2004 (p.397, tab. 1, p.399, tab.2); Lan & al., 2004 (p.332, tab.1, tab.2); Gallienne & al., 2004 (p.5, tab.3); Lo & al., 2004 (p.89, tab.1); Kazmi, 2004 (p.229); Dur & al., 2007 (p.196, Table IV); McKinnon & al., 2008 (p.844: Tab.I, p.848: Tab. IV); Ayon & al., 2008 (p.238, Table 4: Peruvian samples); Lan Y.C. & al., 2008 (p.61, Table 1, % vs stations); C.-Y. Lee & al., 2009 (p.151, Tab.2); C.-Y. Lee & al., 2009 (p.151, Tab.2); Lan Y.-C. & al., 2009 (p.1, Table 2, % vs hydrogaphic conditions); Hernandez-Trujillo & al., 2010 (p.913, Table 2); Cornils & al., 2010 (p.2076, Table 3); Schnack-Schiel & al., 2010 (p.2064, Table 2: E Atlantic subtropical/tropical); Medellin-Mora & Navas S., 2010 (p.265, Tab. 2); Hsiao S.H. & al., 2011 (p.475, Appendix I); Hsiao & al., 2011 (p.317, Table 2, indicator of seasonal change); Mulyadi & Rumengan, 2012 (p.202, Rem.: p.204); Palomares-Garcia & al., 2013 (p.1009, Table I, abundance vs environmental factors); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013; M. Ohman, comm. pers.); Mendoza Portillo, 2013 (p.37: Fig.7, seasonal dominance, p.42: fig.10, biomass); Palomares-Garcia & al., 2018 (p.178, fig.3: relative frequency, Table 1);
NZ: 16

Distribution map of Subeucalanus mucronatus by geographical zones
Species Subeucalanus mucronatus - Distribution map 4Issued from : E. Goetze & M.D. Ohman in Deep-Sea Res. II, 2010, 57. [p.2115, Fig.3].
Biogeographic distribution of Subeucalanus mucronatus, an Indo-West Pacific species.
Solid circles mark sampling locations of specimens whose species identity was verified by DNA sequencing of 165 rRNA.
Note: The 'positive' records plotted from Lang (1965) are a subset of her original material.
Species Subeucalanus mucronatus - Distribution map 5Issued from : M. Madhupratap & P. Haridas in J. Plankton Res., 12 (2). [p.313, Fig.6].
Vertical distribution of calanoid copepod (mean +1 SE), abundance No/100 m3. 60- Subeucalanus mucronatus.
Night: shaded, day: unshaded.
Samples collected from 6 stations located off Cochin (India), SE Arabian Sea, November 1983, with a Multiple Closing Plankton Net (mesh aperture 300 µm), in vertical hauls at 4 depth intervalls (0-200, 200-400, 400-600, 600-1000 m).
Loc:
sub-Antarct. (Indian), South Africa (off Cape of Good Hope, E & W), off E St. Paul Is., Cape Verde Is., Morocco-Mauritania, Barbados Is., Caribbean Colombia, Caribbean Sea (Yucatan), G. of Mexico, Cuba, Florida, Bermuda, Azores, W Medit. (Alboran Sea), Red Sea, G. of Aden, G. of Oman, Arabian Sea, Maldive Is., Natal, Madagascar (Nosy Bé), Rodrigues Is. - Seychelles, Mascarene Basin, Sri Lanka, India (Goa - Gujarat, Lawson's Bay), Bay of Bengal, Nicobar Is., Andaman Is., Indian, Australia (North West Cape), Indonesia-Malaysia, Flores Sea, S Celebes Sea: Manado Bay, Philippines, China Sea (Yellow Sea, East China Sea, South China Sea), Taiwan Strait, Taiwan (SW, E, W, NW, N, Mienhua Canyon), S Korea, Korea Strait, Japan (Kuchinoerabu Is., Tanabe Bay), Kuroshio region, off NE Japan, Bikini Is., Okhotsk Sea, Bering Sea, Aleutian Is., British Columbia, Pacif. (W equatorial), Australia (G. of Carpentaria, Great Barrier, Moreton, Shark Bay), S Tasmania, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Hawaii, Pacif. (equatorial, subtropical), off California, W Baja California (Bahia Magdalena), G. of California, La Paz, W Mexico, off W Guatemala, America (W central), W Costa Rica, S Galapagos, off Peru, NE Easter Is.
N: 127 ?
Lg.:
(28) F: 3,3-2,8; M: 3,25-2,5; (35) F: 3,1; (47) F: 3,2; (82) M: 3,3; (125) F: 3,49-3,13; (290) F: 3,1-3,2; M: 2,85-2,95; (786) F: 3,13; (896) M: 2,54-2,76; (991) F: 2,8-3,3; M: 2,7-2,9; (1023) F: 3,08-3,14; (1122) F: 3,3; {F: 2,80-3,49; M: 2,50-3,30}
Rem.: epi & mesopelagic.
Sampling depth (sub-Antarct.) : 100 m.
Bradfod-Grieve (1994) does not follow Fukase (1957, p.20) who considers the form described by Mori (1937) as a synonym of Eucalanus subtenuis japonica.
The adult male of this species seems not to have been described (the figures 193 and 195, given by Owre & Foyo seem to be taken from Mori).
According to Fleminger (1973, p.969) two questionable records from tropical Atlantic: Florida current (Owre & Foyo, 19867) and Gulf of Mexico (Fleminger, unpublished data). The forehead is pointed but the basal segment of Md has 2 setae.
For Itoh (1970 a, fig.2, from co-ordonates) the Itoh's index value of the mandibular gnathobase = 105.
Timonin (1971, p.282) considers the trophic interrelations in the equatorial and tropical Indian Ocean, and divides the plankters into 6 trophic groups from the litterature and the results of studies of mouth-parts structure and intestine content. This species is acoarse-filter feeder.

See in DVP Conway & al., 2003 (version 1)
Last update : 12/11/2020
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