Species Card of Copepod
Calanoida ( Order )
    Lucicutiidae ( Family )
        Lucicutia ( Genus )
Lucicutia macrocera  Sars, 1920   (F,M)
Syn.: Lucicutia magna : Wilson, 1932 a (p.130, fig.M, non F);
? Lucicutia pacifica Brodsky, 1950 (1967) (p.329, figs.F,M); Hülsemann, 1966 (p.733, fig.M); Minoda, 1971 (p.37); Morioka, 1972 a (p.314); Hattori, 1991 (tab.1, Appendix); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.830: tab.5); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p.110); Yamaguchi & al., 2002 (p.1007, tab.1); Hernandez-Trujillo & Esqueda-Escargera, 2002 (in Appendix); Boxshall & Halsey, 2004 (p.133: F; 135: M); Ikeda & al., 2006 (p.1791, Table 2); Homma & Yamaguchi, 2010 (p.965, Table 2); Homma & al., 2011 (p.29, Table 2, abundance, feeding pattern: suspension feeders); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013; M. Ohman, comm. pers.)
Ref.:
Sars, 1920 c (p.20, Rem.F); 1925 (p.213, figs.F,M); Rose, 1933 a (p.195, figs.F,M); Jespersen, 1934 (p.105); 1940 (p.52); Vervoort, 1957 (p.130, figs.F,M); Tanaka, 1963 (p.34, figs.F, Rem.); Hülsemann, 1966 (p.725, fig.M); Arashkevich, 1969 (p.703, figs.F); Bradford, 1971 b (p.24, fig.M); Heptner, 1971 (p.134, figs.F,M, Rem.); Séret, 1979 (p.142, figs.F); Razouls, 1994 (p.153, figs.F,M); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.883, 945, figs.F,M); Bradford-Grieve,1999 b (p.104, figs.F,M, Rem., figs.177, 191); Boxshall & Halsey, 2004 (p.133: F; p.135: M)
Species Lucicutia macrocera - Plate 1 of morphological figuresissued from : O. Tanaka in Publs Seto Mar. Biol. Lab., 1963, XI (1). [p.35, Fig.164].
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, urosome (left lateral side); c, A2; d, Mx1; e, P1; f, exopod of P2; g, P5.

Nota: The urosome segments and furca are in the proportional lengths as 30:10:12:16:32 = 100.


Species Lucicutia macrocera - Plate 2 of morphological figuresissued from : J.M. Bradford-Grieve in The Marine Fauna of New Zealand: Pelagic Calanoid Copepoda. National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA). NIWA Biodiversity Memoir, 111, 1999. [p.105, Fig.69].

Female (from 34°32.5'S, 157°31.5'E): habitus (lateral right side); B, P1; C, P5.
Nota: The single Southwest Pacific specimen has female P5 less slender than that figured by Sars (1924); exopod segment 3 is 2.1 times the length of the terminal spine.


Species Lucicutia macrocera - Plate 3 of morphological figuresIssued from : G.O. Sars in Résult. Camp. Scient. Prince Albert I, 69, pls.1-127 (1924). [Pl.LVII, figs.12-15].
Female (48°24'N, 18°18'W): 12, habitus (dorsal); 13, P1; 14, P5.

Male: 15, P5.


Species Lucicutia macrocera - Plate 4 of morphological figuresIssued from : K. Hülsemann in Bull. Mar. Sc., 1966, 16 (4). [p.728, Fig.106].
Male (after Vervoort, 1957): 106, P5.
L = left leg; R = right leg.


Species Lucicutia macrocera - Plate 5 of morphological figuresissued from : M.V. Heptner in Trudy. Inst. Okeanol., 1971, 92. [p.135, Fig., 1-6, 8-11].
Female (from Kuril-Kamchatka Trench. pbs I, spine-like on outer margin on basis of P1.

Male.


Species Lucicutia macrocera - Plate 6 of morphological figuresissued from : M.V. Heptner in Trudy. Inst. Okeanol., 1971, 92. [p.136, Fig.31].
Male. pbs V, basis of left P5 with acute process at the base and row of spinous processes around inner distal angle.


Species Lucicutia macrocera - Plate 7 of morphological figuresissued from : W. Vervoort in B.A.N.Z. Antarctic Reseach Expedition, Report-Ser. B, Vol. III, 1957 [Fig.118].
Female (from 64°55S, 54°35'E): a, right P1 (anterior); b-d, P2 to P4 (left legs, posterior).


Species Lucicutia macrocera - Plate 8 of morphological figuresissued from : W. Vervoort in B.A.N.Z. Antarctic Reseach Expedition, Report-Ser. B, Vol. III, 1957 [Fig.119].
Male (from 65°08'S, 80°58'E): a, habitus (dorsal); b, posterior part cephalothorax and urosome (dorsal); c, idem (lateral); d, P5 (rt = right leg; lt = left leg); e, forehead (dorsal).


Species Lucicutia macrocera - Plate 9 of morphological figuresLucicutia macrocera female:
1 - Characters following not combined : Prosome about 3 times longer than urosome. Cephalosome with slightly projecting and rounded anterior corners and well developed lateral spinous projections; anal somite about as long as wide; caudal rami 11.7 times longer than wide and bowed outwards at base, leaving elliptical space between rami proximally.
2 - P1 with 2-segmented endopod.
3 - Cephalosome not with 2 pairs of lateral spinous projections, but with other forms.
4 - Distal 6 to 7 segments of A1 reaching beyond tip of caudal ramus.


Species Lucicutia macrocera - Plate 10 of morphological figuresLucicutia macrocera male:
1 - P1 with 2-segmented endopod;
2 - Caudal rami less than 10 times longer than wide.
3 - Inner distal corner of basis of P5 without strong spine.
4 - Inner proximal corner of basis of left P5 with 1 spine-like process; inner distal corner of basis with small teeth.


Species Lucicutia macrocera - Plate 11 of morphological figuresIssued from : K.A. Brodskii in Calanoida of the Far Eastern Seas and Polar Basin of the USSR. Opred. Fauna SSSR, 1950, 35 (Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem, 1967, p.330, Fig.228). As Lucicutia pacifica.
Female (from NW Pacific): habitus (dorsal and lateral left side); R, rostrum (frontal view); S1, P1; S5, P5; S5 E2and 3, exopodal segments 2 and 3 of P5 (enlarged).

Nota : Head very convex (lateral view) at the junction with thorax, latter site marked by depression, behind which follows an protuberance.
Rostrum with 2 short thick filaments, defined from the base.
A1 exceeding body length by 4 distal segments
Urosome one and three fourth times in length of cephalothorax.
Genital segment equal to combined length of 2nd and 3rd segments plus one half of anal segment.
Left caudal ramus slightly longer than the right ; rami very slightly longer than 2nd, 3rd and 4th segments combined ; right ramus 5.5 times, left one 7 times longer than wide.
P5 with 2-segmented endopodite ; 2nd segment of exopodite bearing slightly curved, terminally pinnate inner bristle.


Species Lucicutia macrocera - Plate 12 of morphological figuresIssued from : K.A. Brodskii in Calanoida of the Far Eastern Seas and Polar Basin of the USSR. Opred. Fauna SSSR, 1950, 35 (Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem, 1967, p.330, Fig.228). As Lucicutia pacifica.
Male (from NW Pacific): S5, P5. Le = left side; Ri = right side.

Nota : Left A1 geniculate, exceeding body length by 1.5 distal segments.
Left P5 with inner distal margin of coxa bearing large spine, inner protuberance of basis armed with bundle of 5 curved spines.


Species Lucicutia macrocera - Plate 13 of morphological figuresIssued from : J.M. Bradford in N.Z. Oceanogr. Inst., 1971, 206, Part 8, No 59. [p.24, Fig.89]
Male (from 75°09'S, 171°00'W): 89, P5.


Species Lucicutia macrocera - Plate 14 of morphological figuresIssued from : C. Séret in Thesis 3ème Cycle, UPMC, Paris 6. 1979 [Pl.XXXVII, Figs.241, 242].
Female (from 56°S, 70°E): 241, habitus (dorsal); 242, same (lateral).

Nota: Caudal rami 6 times longer than wide.
Endopodite of P1 with 2 segments.
A1 exceeding caudal rami by 7 segments


Species Lucicutia macrocera - Plate 15 of morphological figuresIssued from : C. Razouls in Ann. Inst. océanogr., Paris, 1994, 70 (1). [p.153]. Caractéristiques morphologiques de Lucicutia macrocera femelle et mâle adultes.
Terminologie et abbréviations: voir à Calanus propinquus.

Compl. Ref.:
Sewell, 1948 (p.503); C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.256); Björnberg, 1973 (p.343, 387); Deevey & Brooks, 1977 (p.256, tab.2, Station "S"); Hopkins, 1985 (p.197, Table 1, gut contents); Hopkins & Torres, 1988 (tab.1); Voronina & Kolosova, 1999 (p.71); Razouls & al., 2000 (p.343, tab. 5, Appendix); Schnack-Schiel & al., 2008 (p.1045: Tab.2); Gaard & al., 2008 (p.59, Table 1, N Mid-Atlantic Ridge); Park & Ferrari, 2009 (p.143, Table 4, Appendix 1, biogeography)
NZ: 13 + 1 doubtful

Distribution map of Lucicutia macrocera by geographical zones
Species Lucicutia macrocera - Distribution map 3issued from : W. Vervoort in B.A.N.Z. Antarctic Reseach Expedition, Reports - Ser. B, Vol. III, 1957 [Fig.120]
Chart showing the geographical distribution (white circle) in the seas surrounding the Antarctic continent.
Nota: In this chart the area frequented by whaling vessels has been hatched. The Antarctic circle (66°.5 S) has been drawn as a broken line. The numbers I to VI refer to the sectors into which the Antarctic seas are divided according to Mackintosh (1942) (after Vervoort, 1951).
Species Lucicutia macrocera - Distribution map 4Issued from : C. Séret in Thesis 3ème Cycle, UPMC, Paris 6. 1979, Annexe. [p.46].
Geographical occurrences of Lucicutia macrocera in the Indian Ocean and Antarctic zone. [after publications from: Brady, 1883, 1918; Thompson, 1900; Wolfenden, 1908, 1911; With , 1915; Rosendorn, 1917; Farran, 1929; Sewell, 1929, 1947; Brady & Gunther, 1935; Steuer, 1929, 1392, 1933; Ommaney, 1936; Vervoort, 1957; Tanaka, 1960; Brodsky, 1964; Seno, 1966; Andrews, 1966; Grice & Hulsemann, 1967; Seno, 1966; Frost & Fleminger, 1968; Voronina, 1970; Zverva, 1972].

Nota: C. Séret notes the occurrence at the station 56°S, 70°E.
Loc:
Antarct. (Peninsula, Weddell Sea, Indian, Pacif. (SW), sub-Antarct. (S Tasmania, S Kerguelen Is.), Namibia, W Bretagne, off Bermuda (Station "S"), Sargasso Sea, Woods Hole, S Strait of Davis, S Iceland, Indian, Philippines, Japan (Sagami Bay, off Sanriku), off SE Hokkaido, Station Knot, W Pacif., Kuril-Kamchatka, Okhotsk Sea, Bering Sea (S Aleutian Basin), ? W Baja California, N Chile (in Björnberg, 1973), Tasman Sea
N: 27
Lg.:
(1) F: 3,3; (22) F: 5-4,9; M: 4; (23) F: 5,37-4,7; M: 5,2-4,84; (25) F: 4,05-3,69; M: 4,28-3,78; (26) F: 3,34; (45) M: 3,54; (102) M: 3,8; (208) M: 4,4; (246) F: 3,61; (909) F: 3,4; {F: 3,30-5,37; M: 3,54-5,20}.

Body size: F: 3,3 - 4,05 (Sars, 1925; Vervoort, 1957; Tanaka, 1963; Wilson, 1932a; Séret, 1966; Bradford-Grieve, 1999b)

Body size: F: 4,70 - 5,00 (Brodsky, 1950; Heptner, 1969)
Rem.: meso & bathypelagic (500-7100 m).
Sampling depth (Antarct., sub-Antarct.) : 500-1000 m. Sargasso Sea: 500-2000 m (Deevey & Brooks, 1977, Station "S");
A doubt subsists on the synonymy with Lucicutia pacifica. All authors are not in accordance on the synonymy between L. macrocera and L. pacifica Brodsky, 1950; for this latter the species differs from the closely related L. macrocera Sars in its greater size and shorter antennules, as well as in the structure of P5 male. After Boxshall & Halsey (2004, p.133): Distal 4 to 7 segments of A1 female reaching beyond tip of caudal ramus, whereas in L. pacifica, distal 4 to 5 segments of A1 female reaching beyond tip of caudal ramus. In the male of L. macrocera, the inner distal corner of basis without strong spine, whereas in L. pacifica male the inner distal corner of basis with 1 strong spine. The body lengths are also different, smaller in L. macrocera than L. pacifica. Nevertheless a doubt subsists because the sizes are not a good character as the length of antennules in relation to environmental factors.
For Hülsemann (1966, p.727) the P5 male figured and ascribed to L. magna by Wilson (1932) is that of L. macrocera.
Last update : 29/01/2017
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