Fiche d'espèce de Copépode
Calanoida ( Ordre )
    Diaptomoidea ( Superfamille )
        Pontellidae ( Famille )
            Pontella ( Genre )
Pontella securifer  Brady, 1883   (F,M)
Syn.: Pontellina (Ivellina) securifer : Claus,1893;
Pontella spinipes (M) : Wolfenden, 1905 (1906) (p.1020, 1021, Rem.M);
Pontella meadi (M) : Chiba, 1956 (p.52, figs.M, Rem.);
Ref.:
Brady, 1883 (p.96, figs.F,M,); Thompson, 1888 d (p.143); Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.461, 477, 774, figs.F,M); 1895 c (p.260); Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.142, Rem. F,M); Thompson & Scott, 1903 (p.236, 252); Wolfenden, 1905 (1906) (p.1021); A. Scott, 1909 (p.160, Rem.); Wolfenden, 1911 (p.361); Sewell, 1912 (p.354, 372, Rem.M); 1914 a (p.238); Farran, 1929 (p.210, 277); Rose, 1929 (p.45); Sewell, 1932 (p.384); Wilson, 1932 a (p.151, figs.F,M); Farran, 1936 a (p.117); Dakin & Colefax, 1940 (p.99, figs.M); Sewell, 1947 (p.250); C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.297, figs.F,M); Chiba & al., 1957 (p.308); Grice, 1962 (p.239, figs.M); Voronina, 1962 a (p.68, fig.5); Kasturirangan, 1963 (p.55, 56, figs.F,M); Paiva, 1963 (p.70); Tanaka, 1964 c (p.259, figs.F,M, Rem.); Chen & Zhang, 1965 (p.102, figs.F,M); Vervoort, 1965 (p.186, Rem.); Saraswathy, 1966 (1967) (p.83); Weikert, 1975 (p.142); Silas & Pillai, 1973 (1976) (p.777, 822, figs.M, Rem.M); Pillai, 1975 (p.133, figs.M, Rem.); Björnberg & al., 1981 (p.660, figs.F,M); Zheng & al., 1982 (p.75, figs.F,M); Baessa-de-Aguiar, 1991 (1993) (p.95, figs.F,M); Ohtsuka & al., 1991 (p.214); Kim & al., 1993 (p.270); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.870, Pl.154,155: F,M); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.885, 960, figs.F,M); Bradford-Grieve, 1999 b (p.200, figs.F,M, Rem., figs.185, 194); Jeong & al., 2008 (p.92, figs.F,M, Rem.).
Espèce Pontella securifer - Planche 1 de figures morphologiquesissued from : O. Tanaka in Publs Seto Mar. Biol. Lab., 1964, XII (3). [p.260, Fig.234].
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, forehead (right lateral side); c,last thoracic segment and urosome right lateral side); d, P5.
Nota: A1reaches back to the 3rd thoracic segment.

Male: e, A1 (portion with clasping); f, P5. Nota: The urosome segments and furca are in the proportional lengths as 27:13:18:7:5:30 = 100.


Espèce Pontella securifer - Planche 2 de figures morphologiquesissued from: Q.-c Chen & S.-z. Zhang in Studia Marina Sinica, 1965, 7. [Pl.44, 1-9].
Female (from E China Sea): 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, forehead (lateral); 3, urosome (another specimen), dorsal: 4, idem (lateralleft side); 5, right P5 (posterior).

Male: 6, habitus (dorsal); 7, forehead (lateral); 8, distal part of right A1; 9, P5 (posterior).


Espèce Pontella securifer - Planche 3 de figures morphologiquesissued from : E.G. Silas & P.P. Pillai in J. mar. biol. Ass. India, 1973 (1976), 15 (2). [p.824, e].
Male (from Indian Ocean): e, right A1.
Scale as in Calanopia minor.


Espèce Pontella securifer - Planche 4 de figures morphologiquesissued from : E.G. Silas & P.P. Pillai in J. mar. biol. Ass. India, 1973 (1976), 15 (2). [p.823, Fig.21, i-j, n].
Male: i, habitus (dorsal); j, P5; n, forehead (lateral).
Scale as in Calanopia minor.


Espèce Pontella securifer - Planche 5 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.40, Fig.6].
Female: 6, habitus (dorsal).


Espèce Pontella securifer - Planche 6 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.40, Figs.14, 21].
Female: 14, urosome (ventral); 21, idem (dorsal).


Espèce Pontella securifer - Planche 7 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.40, Fig.34].
Female: 34, forehead (lateral).


Espèce Pontella securifer - Planche 8 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.24, Fig.43].
Female: 43P5 (anterior view).


Espèce Pontella securifer - Planche 9 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.24, Fig.9].
Male: right A1 (distal part).


Espèce Pontella securifer - Planche 10 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.24, Figs.37, 41].
Male: 37, left P5 (distal part); 41, right P5 (posterior view).


Espèce Pontella securifer - Planche 11 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.40, Fig.32].
Male: 32, Th5 and urosome (dorsal).


Espèce Pontella securifer - Planche 12 de figures morphologiquesissued from : H.G. Jeong, H.-L. Suh, Y.H. Yoon, I.H. Choi & H.Y. Soh in Ocean Sc. J., 2008, 43 (2). [p.92, Fig.2].
Female Type I (from SE Korea): A, habitus (dorsal and lateral, respectively); C, A1; D, urosome (lateral, right side); E, urosome (ventral);


Espèce Pontella securifer - Planche 13 de figures morphologiquesissued from : H.G. Jeong, H.-L. Suh, Y.H. Yoon, I.H. Choi & H.Y. Soh in Ocean Sc. J., 2008, 43 (2). [p.94, Fig.3].
Female Type I: A, A2; B, Md (mandibular gnathobase); C, Md (mandibular palp); D, Mx1; E, Mx2; F, Mxp.


Espèce Pontella securifer - Planche 14 de figures morphologiquesissued from : H.G. Jeong, H.-L. Suh, Y.H. Yoon, I.H. Choi & H.Y. Soh in Ocean Sc. J., 2008, 43 (2). [p.95, Fig.4].
Female Type I: A-D, P1 to P4 (left legs).


Espèce Pontella securifer - Planche 15 de figures morphologiquesissued from : H.G. Jeong, H.-L. Suh, Y.H. Yoon, I.H. Choi & H.Y. Soh in Ocean Sc. J., 2008, 43 (2). [p.96, Fig.5].
Female Type II (from SE Korea): A, habitus (dorsal); B, forehead (lateral); C, Md (cutting edge); D, urosome (ventral); E, idem (lateral, left side); F, P5.


Espèce Pontella securifer - Planche 16 de figures morphologiquesissued from : H.G. Jeong, H.-L. Suh, Y.H. Yoon, I.H. Choi & H.Y. Soh in Ocean Sc. J., 2008, 43 (2). [p.97, Fig.6].
Male: A, habitus (dorsal); B, forehead (lateral); C, right A1; D, P5.


Espèce Pontella securifer - Planche 17 de figures morphologiquesissued from : Z. Zheng, S. Li, S.J. Li & B. Chen in Marine planktonic copepods in Chinese waters. Shanghai Sc. Techn. Press, 1982 [p.76, Fig.44-1].
Female: a, habitus (dorsal); b, forehead (lateral); c, urosome (lateral, right side); d, idem (dorsal, form A); e, idem (dorsal, form B); f, P5; g, P5 (form A).


Espèce Pontella securifer - Planche 18 de figures morphologiquesissued from : Z. Zheng, S. Li, S.J. Li & B. Chen in Marine planktonic copepods in Chinese waters. Shanghai Sc. Techn. Press, 1982 [p.77, Fig.44-2].
Female: h, habitus (dorsal); i, urosome (lateral, left side); j, P5.

Male: k, habitus (dorsal); l, forehead (lateral); m, A1; n, P5; o, distal segments of right P5.

Scale bars in mm.


Espèce Pontella securifer - Planche 19 de figures morphologiquesissued from : C.B. Wilson in Bull. U.S. natn Mus., 1950, 100, 14 (4). [Pl.17, Figs.207-214].
Female (from Pacific): 207-208, habitus (dorsal and lateral, respectively): 209,posterior prosome and urosome (dorsal); 210, urosome (ventral); 211, P5.

Male: 212, habitus (dorsal); 213, right A1; 214, P5.


Espèce Pontella securifer - Planche 20 de figures morphologiquesissued from : C.B. Wilson in Bull. U.S. natn Mus., 1950, 100, 14 (4). [Pl.28, Figs.421-425].
Female: 421, posterior prosome and urosome (dorsal); 422, idem (dorsal; another specimen); 423, idem (dorsal; another specimen); 424, P5.


Espèce Pontella securifer - Planche 21 de figures morphologiquesissued from : G.D. Grice in Fish. Bull. Fish and Wildl. Ser., 1962, 61. [p.238, Pl.34, Fig.1-3].
Male (from equatorial Pacific): 1, forehead (lateral); 2, distal end of right A1; 3, P5.

Remarks: Both sexes have a large lens situated at the base of the rostrum.


Espèce Pontella securifer - Planche 22 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : G.S. Brady in Rep. Scient. Results Voy. Challenger, Zool., 1883, 8 (23). [Pl. XLV, Figs.1-9].


Espèce Pontella securifer - Planche 23 de figures morphologiquesissued from : P.P. Pillai in J. mar. biol. Ass. India, 1975, 17 (2). [p.132, Fig.1, J-L].
Male (from Indian Ocean): J, cephalon (lateral); K, right A1; L, P5.

Scale bar : 0.3 mm.


Espèce Pontella securifer - Planche 24 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : J.M. Bradford-Grieve, E.L. Markhaseva, C.E.F. Rocha & B. Abiahy in South Atlantic Zooplankton, edit. D. Boltovskoy. 1999, Vol. 2, Copepoda; [p.1071, Fig. 7.396: Pontella securifer]. Ur = urosome; B = basis; r = right leg; l = left leg.
Female characters (from key, p.959):
- Genital segment left side with small dorsolateral projection at midlength and posterodorsal, narrow, hooked projection covering part of left caudal ramus; right side with small dorsal projection just posterior to midlength.
- Genital segment is not covered in irregulag ridges bur has specific processes; left corner of prosome does not extend to posterior border of geni-tal segment.
- Caudal rami unequal, enlarged on right side.

Male characters (from key, p.960):
- chelate right P5 exopodal segment1-2 with 2 large projections besides 'thumb', one long and triangular, the other a smaller rounded lobe.

Ref. compl.:
Cleve, 1904 a (p.195); Wilson, 1942 a (p.203); Oliveira, 1945 (p.191); Sewell, 1948 (p.323, 451, 465); Krishnaswamy, 1953 (p.136); Kott, 1957 (p.6); Sherman, 1963 (p.216: fig.2, p.220: fig.9, p.223: fig.13, p.224: fig.14); Heinrich, 1964 (p.86: fig.4); Fleminger, 1967 a (tabl.1); Heinrich, 1974 (p.44, fig.2); Patel, 1975 (p.660); Weikert, 1975 (p.142, carte); Carter, 1977 (1978) (p.36); Ganapati & Shanthakumari, 1962 (p.9, 16); Sherman & Schaner, 1968 (p.583, fig.1); Brodsky, 1972 (p.256); Bainbridge, 1972 (p.61, Appendix Table I: vertical distribution vs day/night); Grice & Gibson, 1978 (p.23, tab.8); Dessier, 1979 (p.206, as securifrons); Turner & al., 1979 (p.289, Tab.3); Chen Q-c, 1980 (p.795); Vives, 1982 (p.295); De Decker, 1984 (p.317); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); Brenning, 1985 a (p.28, Table 2); Madhupratap & Haridas, 1986 (p.105, tab.1); Brenning, 1987 (p.30, Rem.); Diouf & Diallo, 1987 (p.260); Hernandez-Trujillo, 1989 (tab.1); 1989 a (tab.1); Mizushima, 1990 (fig.2, 3, tab.2); Othman & al., 1990 (p.561, 564, Table 1); Baessa De Aguiar, 1991 (1993) (p.107); Suarez & Gasca, 1991 (tab.2); Suarez, 1992 (App.1); Tiwari & Nair, 1993 (p.67); Hernandez-Trujillo, 1994 (tab.1); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.72); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1997 (p.1525); Alvarez-Cadena & al., 1998 (tab.2,4); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p.110); Lopez-Salgado & al., 2000 (tab.1); Kazmi, 2004 (p.229); Rakhesh & al., 2006 (p.93, Table 2, spatial distribution); Dur & al., 2007 (p.197, Table IV); Medellin-Mora & Navas S., 2010 (p.265, Tab. 2); Pillai H.U.K. & al., 2011 (p.239, Table 3, vertical distribution); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013; M. Ohman, comm. pers.); Jagadeesan & al., 2013 (p.27, Table 3, seasonal distribution)
NZ: 15

Carte de distribution de Pontella securifer par zones géographiques
Espèce Pontella securifer - Carte de distribution 3Issued from : A.K. Heinrich inTrudy Inst. Okeanol., 1974, 98 [p.44, Fig.2].
Distibution of four species of Pontellidae from SW Atlantic (Cruise of the R/V 'Akademik Kurchatov' 1971 and 1972).
Points = stations; square= Pontella atlantica ; asterisk= Pontella marplatensis ; triangle= Pontella securifer; circle = Pontellopsis perspicax.
Espèce Pontella securifer - Carte de distribution 4issued from : H.G. Jeong, H-L. Suh, Y.H. Yoon, I.H. Choi & H.Y. Soh in Ocean Sc. J., 2008, 43 (2). [p.99, Fig.8].
Distribution of Pontella securifer based on previous records and on the present study.
Espèce Pontella securifer - Carte de distribution 5issued from : P. Pillai in J. mar. biol. Ass. India, 1975, 17 (2). [p.140, Fig.5].
Occurrence of Pontella diagonalis and Pontella securifer collected from 54 stations in the Indian Ocean (See in: Hand Book to the International Zooplankton Collections, volume I, 1969).
Loc:
South Africa (E & W), off Angola, G. of Guinea, off NE St. Paul Is., Roxo Cape, Casamance, Dakar, off Cape Verde Is., off Mauritania, off W Azores, ? Patagonia, off N Brazil, off Amazon, Caribbean Sea, Caribbean Colombia, Yucatan, Yucatan (Ascension Bay), G. of Mexico, Florida, Woods Hole, Georges Bank, ? off SE Nova Scotia, Medit. (off Malta Is.), G. of Aden, G. of Oman, Arabian Gulf, Arabian Sea, Laccadive Is., Maldive Is., Sri Lanka, Natal, Indian, India (Saurashtra coast, Bombay, Madras, Gulf of Mannar, Palk Bay, Lawson's Bay), Bay of Bengal, Nicobar Is., Barren Island, Indonesia-Malaysia, Philippines, Gulf of Tonkin, Hong Kong, China Seas (East China Sea, South China Sea), Taiwan (SW), S Korea, Japan (Bungo Channel), Pacif. (W equatorial), Australia (G. of Carpentaria, SE, Great Barrier, New South Wales), off Hawaii, ? Puget Sound, W Baja California, G. of California, W Colombia, off Peru, S Galapagos
N: 97
Lg.:
(16) F: 4,55-3,8; M: 4,2-3,65; (34) F: 4,14; (35) F: 4,2-4,02; M: 4,08-3,6; (45) F: 4,5-4,25; M: 4,1-3,85; (46) F: 4,4; M: 4,1; (73) M: 4,1; (101) F: 4,46; 4,4; M: 4,4; (104) M: 4,3; (120) F: 4,38-4,07; M: 4-3,62; (137) F: 4,5-4,25; M: 4,1; (256) M: 4,02-3,62; (290) F: 3,9-4; M: 3,4-3,65; (530) F: 3,6; M: 3,4; (807) F: 4,3-3,87; M: 4-3,7; (1021) F: 3,73-4,07; 3,61-3,67; M: 3,2-3,51; (1023) F: 3,89-4,26; M: 4,04-4,63; (1110) M: 4,64; (1115) M: 3,7-4,45; {F: 3,60-4,55; M: 3,20-4,64}
Rem.: épipélagique.
Voir aussi les remarques en anglais
Dernière mise à jour : 30/06/2016

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