Fiche d'espèce de Copépode
Calanoida ( Ordre )
    Clausocalanoidea ( Superfamille )
        Aetideidae ( Famille )
            Chiridius ( Genre )
Chiridius poppei  Giesbrecht, 1892   (F,M)
Ref.:
Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.224, 771, figs.F); Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898 (p.33, Rem.); A. Scott, 1909 (p.41, figs.F, Rem.); Wolfenden, 1911 (p.212, Rem.); Pesta, 1920 (p.509); Sars, 1925 (p.45, figs.F); Farran, 1926 (p.247); 1929 (p.208, 229, Rem.F); Rose, 1933 a (p.93, figs.F); Jespersen, 1934 (p.55); Rose, 1937 (p.163, Descr.M, figs.M); Tanaka, 1937 (p.254, figs.F); Lysholm & al., 1945 (p.13); Brodsky, 1950 (1967) (p.153, figs.F,M); Vervoort, 1952 c (n°44, p.3, figs.F); 1957 (p.55, Rem.F); Tanaka, 1957 a (p.50, figs.M, Rem.F,M); Grice, 1962 (p.192, figs.F); Vervoort, 1963 b (p.124, Rem.); Gaudy, 1963 (p.22); Chen & Zhang, 1965 (p.51, figs.F); Mazza, 1965 a (p.308, figs. juv.5); 1967 (p.114, 138, figs.juv., F,M); Owre & Foyo, 1967 (p.43, figs.F,M); Vives, 1967 (p.551, fig.M); Mazza, 1968 (p.531, figs.); Tanaka & Omori, 1970 (p.118); Razouls, 1972 (p.94, Annexe: p.42, figs.F,M); Park, 1975 b (p.280, figs.F,M); Bradford & Jillett, 1980 (p.24, figs.F,M, fig.73, distribution chart); Björnberg & al., 1981 (p.604, 632, figs.F); Chahsavar-Archad & Razouls, 1982 (p.28, fig.F); Markhaseva, 1996 (p.123, figs.F,M); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.684, Pl.34: F,M); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.879, 920, figs.F,M); Vives & Shmeleva, 2007 (p.554, figs.F,M, Rem.)
Espèce Chiridius poppei - Planche 1 de figures morphologiquesissued from : T. Park in Bull. Mar. Sci., 1975, 25 (2). [p.281, Fig.5].
Female (from Gulf of Mexico): a, b, habitus (dorsal, lateral, respectively); c, posterior part of metasome and urosome (right side); d, urosome (dorsal); e, P1; f, P2; g, lateral portion of third exopodal segment of second leg (anterior). P1-2: legs (anterior).


Espèce Chiridius poppei - Planche 2 de figures morphologiquesissued from : T. Park in Bull. Mar. Sci., 1975, 25 (2). [p.282, Fig.6]
Male (from Gulf of Mexico): a, b, habitus (dorsal, lateral, respectively); c, A2; d, mandibular palp; e, Mx1; f, Mxp; g, P1; h, P2; i, third exopodal segment of second leg (anterior); j, P5. P1-2: legs (anterior), P5: fifth pair of legs (posterior).


Espèce Chiridius poppei - Planche 3 de figures morphologiquesissued from : J.M. Bradford & J.B. Jillett in Mem. N.Z. Oceanogr. Inst., 86, 1980. [p.26, Fig.14].
Female: A, habitus (dorsal); B, idem (lateral right side); C, P2.


Espèce Chiridius poppei - Planche 4 de figures morphologiquesissued from : O. Tanaka in Publ. Seto Mar. Biol. Lab., 1957, VI (1). [p.51, Fig.31].
Male: a, habitus (dorsal); b, forehead (lateral); c, rostrum (anterior view); d, last thoracic segment (lateral); e, P1; f, P5.
Nota: head and 1st thoracic segment fused, 4th and 5th fused. Rostrum short and one-pointed, rounded at the apex. No trace of median crest. Proportional lengths of urosomites and furca 20:26:20:18:2:14 = 100. Anal segment concealed beneath the foregoing. A1 (23-segmented) reaches back to distal and 2nd urosomal segment. Mx1 with 7 setae on outer lobe, 9 setae on exopod, 9 setae on endopod.


Espèce Chiridius poppei - Planche 5 de figures morphologiquesissued from: Q.-c Chen & S.-z. Zhang in Studia Marina Sinica, 1965, 7. [Pl.13, 8-12].
Female (from E China Sea): 8, habitus (dorsal); 9, forehead (lateral); 10, postero-lateral angles of last thoracic segment (lateral right side); 11, P1 (anterior).


Espèce Chiridius poppei - Planche 6 de figures morphologiquesIssued from: G.O. Sars in Résult. Camp. Scient. Prince Albert I, 69, pls.1-127 (1924). [Pl.XV, figs. 16-18].
Female: 16, habitus (dorsal); 17, idem (lateral); 18, forehead (lateral).


Espèce Chiridius poppei - Planche 7 de figures morphologiquesissued from : A. Scott in Siboga-Expedition, 1909, XIX a. [Plate XI, Figs.10-17].
Female (from Indonesia-Malaysia): 10, habitus (dorsal); 11, forehead (lateral; 12, last thoracic and genital segments (left side); 13, A1; 14, Mxp; 15, P1; 16, P2; 17, P4.


Espèce Chiridius poppei - Planche 8 de figures morphologiquesissued from : M. Rose in Annls Inst. océanogr., Monaco, n. ser., 1937, XVII, 2. [p.164, Fig.6].
Male (from Alger Bay, Algeria): habitus (dorsal); Abd, urosome (dorsal); A1, A2, Md; Mx1 (as Mx); Mx2 (as Mxp1); P1 to P5.
Nota: A1 21-segmented (but weakly separation between 8th-9th and 18th-19th segments. Rostrum absent.


Espèce Chiridius poppei - Planche 9 de figures morphologiquesissued from : C. Razouls in Th. Doc. Etat Fac. Sc. Paris VI, 1972, Annexe. [Fig.42].
Female (from Banyuls, G. of Lion): B, forehead (lateral); C, urosome (dorsal); D, P1; E, P4; F, last metasomal segment and urosome (lateral).

Male: A, P5.


Espèce Chiridius poppei - Planche 10 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 14 , Figs.14-18 ].
Female: 14, distal segments of A1 (ventral view); 15, Mxp (B1: posterior view, rest: posterior view, setae from Ri1 and 2 missing); 16, Mx2 (anterior view); 17, Md (anterior view); 18, basipods of P3 (posterior view).
Ri = endopod; Re = exopod; L = lobe


Espèce Chiridius poppei - Planche 11 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. - Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892. Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf. 36 , Figs.10-12].
Female: 10, head (lateral); 11, last thoracic segment and urosome (lateral, left side); 12, urosome (ventral).


Espèce Chiridius poppei - Planche 12 de figures morphologiquesChiridius poppei Female:
1 - Exopod of Mx1 with 8 setae. Points of last thoracic segment reaching the midlength of the genital segment.
2 - Exopodal segment 3 of P2 without bulge and excavation between 2nd and 3rd external spines. Endopodal segment 2 of Md commonly with 9 setae.
3 - Exopodal segments 1 and 2 of P1 with external spines not reaching the base of next spine. Endopod of P2 1-segmented, exceeding exopodal segments 2-3 border.


Espèce Chiridius poppei - Planche 13 de figures morphologiquesChiridius poppei male:
1 - Points of last thoracic segment not longer than genital segment.
2 - Right P5 nearly as long as left. Endopodal segments 1 and 2 with external spines very short, not reaching the middle of the next segment.


Espèce Chiridius poppei - Planche 14 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : O. Tanaka in Japanese J. Zool., 1937, VII, 13. [p.255, Fig.5].
Female (from coast of Heda, Japan): a, habitus (dorsal); b, abdomen (lateral); c, P2.

Nota: Distal margin of the genital segment furnished with fine spinules; distal margin of the 2nd and 3rd abdominal segments with small serrated plates.
Terminal spine of the exopod of P3 with 23 and P4 wiyj 22 teeth.

Ref. compl.:
Cleve, 1904 a (p.187); Pearson, 1906 (p.4: Rem.); Wilson, 1942 a (p.178); Massuti Alzamora, 1942 (p.110); Sewell, 1948 (p.347); Fagetti, 1962 (p.17); Gaudy, 1962 (p.93, Rem.: p.106); Giron-Reguer, 1963 (p.29); V.N. Greze, 1963 a (tabl.2); Gaudy, 1963 (p.22, Rem.); Unterüberbacher, 1964 (p.21); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.12); Pavlova, 1966 (p.43); Mazza, 1966 (p.70); 1967 (p.367); Furuhashi, 1966 a (p.295, vertical distribution in Kuroshio region, Table 9, 10); Grice & Hulsemann, 1967 (p.14); Dowidar & El-Maghraby, 1970 (p.267); Morris, 1970 (p.2300); Park, 1970 (p.475); Roe, 1972 (p.277, tabl.1, tabl.2); 1972 a (p.334); Apostolopoulou, 1972 (p.327, 346); Bainbridge, 1972 (p.61, Appendix Table III, occurrence); Björnberg, 1973 (p.323, 385); Vives & al., 1975 (p.42, tab.II, III); Vives, 1976 (p.104); Deevey & Brooks, 1977 (p.256, tab.2, Station "S"); Carter, 1977 (1978) (p.35); Dessier, 1979 (p.204); Vaissière & Séguin, 1980 (p.23, tab.2); Vives, 1982 (p.291); Kovalev & Schmeleva, 1982 (p.83); Brenning, 1983 (p.3, Rem.); Cummings, 1984 (p.163, Table 2); Roe, 1984 (p.356); Scotto di Carlo & al., 1984 (p.1043); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); Kinzer & Schulz, 1985 (tab.4); Brenning, 1985 a (p.28, Table 2); Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.58); Cervantes-Duarte & Hernandez-Trujillo, 1989 (tab.3); Scotto di Carlo & al., 1991 (p.271); Hernandez-Trujillo, 1991 (1993) (tab.I); Seguin & al., 1993 (p.23); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.66); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.101); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p107); Moraitou-Apostolopoulou & al., 2000 (tab.I); Vukanic, 2003 (139, tab.1); Bradford-Grieve, 2003 (p.96, tab.1); Wang & Zuo, 2004 (p.1, Table 2, dominance, origin); Zuo & al., 2006 (p.162: tab.1); Isari & al., 2006 (p.241, tab.II); Gaard & al., 2008 (p.59, Table 1, N Mid-Atlantic Ridge); Raybaud & al., 2008 (p.1765, Table A1); Lan Y.C. & al., 2008 (p.61, Table 1, % vs stations); Licandro & Icardi, 2009 (p.17, Table 4); Williamson & McGowan, 2010 (p.273, Table 3, Pacific central gyres: N and S); Hernandez-Trujillo & al., 2010 (p.913, Table 2); Schnack-Schiel & al., 2010 (p.2064, Table 2: E Atlantic subtropical/tropical); Hidalgo & al., 2010 (p.2089, Table 2); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.423); Medellin-Mora & Navas S., 2010 (p.265, Tab. 2); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013; M. Ohman, pers. comm.); Siokou & al., 2013 (p.1313, fig.4, 8, biomass, vertical distribution); Mazzocchi & al., 2014 (p.64, Table 5, abundance); Benedetti & al., 2016 (p.159, Table I, fig.1, functional characters); Benedetti & al., 2018 (p.1, Fig.2: ecological functional group) ; Belmonte, 2018 (p.273, Table I: Italian zones); Chaouadi & Hafferssas, 2018 (p.913, Table II: occurrence).
NZ: 17

Carte de distribution de Chiridius poppei par zones géographiques
Espèce Chiridius poppei - Carte de distribution 3Issued from : J.M. Bradford & J.B. Jillett in New Zealand Ocean. Inst. Memoir, 86, 1980. [p.90-91, Fig.71].
Distribution of several species of Chiridius in the Tasman Sea and around New Zealand.
Nota: Chiridius subgracilis ( = Chiridius molestus).
Loc:
South Africa (E), Namibia, Congo, G. of Guinea (off Lagos), Atlant. (central equatorial), Cape Verde Is., Mauritania, off Morocco-Mauritania, Canary Is., SW Atlant., off Amazon, Caribbean Sea, Caribbean Colombia, G. of Mexico, Florida, Sargasso Sea, off Bermuda: Station "S" (32°10'N, 64°30'W), Azores, off Portugal, off W Cape Finisterre, Bay of Biscay, off W Scotland, S Strait of Davis (in Jespersen, 1934), Baie Ibéro-marocaine, Medit. (Alboran Sea, Habibas Is., Sidi fredj coast, Banyuls, G. of Lion, Marseille, Ligurian Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea, Strait of Messina, Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea, Aegean Sea, Lebanon Basin, Alexandria), Natal, Indian, Indonesia-Malaysia, China Seas (Yellow Sea, East China Sea, South China Sea), Taiwan (N: Mienhua Canyon), Japan, off Hokkaido SE, Suruga Bay, Mariannes Trench, Pacif. (central subtropical), Pacific (central gyres: N and S), W Baja California (Bahia Magdalena), Pacif. (W equatorial), off New Zeland, SE North Island, Chile (N-S).

Type locality: Mediterranean Sea.
N: 107
Lg.:
(1) F: 2 ; (5) F: 1,8; (10) F: 1,9; (14) F: 2,2; (22) F: 2,04-1,8; (35) F: 2-1,92; (37) F: 2,2-1,59; M: 1,58-1,5; (38) F: 1,92; (39) F: 1,87-1,83; M: 1,52; (46) F: 1,8; (101) F: 1,83-1,59; (113) F: 2,26-1,76; M: 2,13-1,65; (128) F: 1,87-1,83; (197) F: 1,84-1,76; M: 1,58-1,5; (199) F: 2,36-1,75; M: 1,9-1,75; (201) F: 1,6-1,9; (207) F: 2,12-1,84; M: 1,68-1,60; (228) M: 1,7; (244) F: 1,9; (260) F: 1,96-1,84; (290) F: 1,87; (432) F: 2,45-2; (449) F: 1,8; (866) F: 1,59-2,26; M: 1,52-2,13; (1109) F: 1,82-1,92; {F: 1,59-2,45; M: 1,50-2,13}

The mean female size is 1.913 mm (n = 39; SD = 2029), and the mean male size is 1.696 mm (n = 14; SD = 0.2146). The size ratio (male : female) is approximately 0.88.
Rem.: épi-bathypélagique.
Voir aussi les remarques en anglais
Dernière mise à jour : 02/04/2020

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Razouls C., de Bovée F., Kouwenberg J. et Desreumaux N., 2005-2020. - Diversité et répartition géographique chez les Copépodes planctoniques marins. Sorbonne Université, CNRS. Disponible sur http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr [Accédé le 27 septembre 2020]

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