Fiche d'espèce de Copépode
Harpacticoida ( Ordre )
    Ectinosomatidae ( Famille )
        Microsetella ( Genre )
Microsetella norvegica  (Boeck, 1864)   (F,M)
Syn.: Setella norvegica Boeck, 1864;
Microsetella atlantica Brady & Robertson, 1873 (p.130, figs.F); Giesbrecht, 1892 (p.550, 554, figs.F,M); Vanhöffen, 1897 a (p.281); Mrazek, 1902 (p.518); Chatton, 1920 (p.17); Rose, 1926 h (p.251); Mori, 1929 (p.200, figs.6-7); Halim, 1969 (tab. XXIV); Dorgham & al., 2012 (p.473, Table 3: abundance %);
Ectinosoma atlanticum Brady & Robertso, 1873 (p.11, Figs.F); Brady, 1880 (p.130, figs.F); 1883 (p.100, figs.F); Thompson & Scott, 1903 (p.237, 257); Wolfenden, 1911 (p.364); de Guerne, 1938 (p.14, figs.F,M);
Microsetella brevifida Giesbrecht, 1891
Ref.:
Sars, 1904 a (1911) (p.44, figs.F,M); A. Scott, 1909 (p.199, Rem.); Lysholm, 1913 (p.8); Pesta, 1920 (p.566); Sewell, 1924 (p.809); Früchtl, 1924 b (p.103); Farran, 1926 (p.299); 1929 (p.211, 297); Wilson, 1932 a (p.176, figs.F,M); Rose, 1933 a (p.287, figs.F,M); Sewell, 1933 (p.30); Farran, 1936 a (p.123); Mori, 1937 (1964) (p.116, figs.F); Jespersen, 1940 (p.73); Sewell, 1940 (p.140); Klie, 1943 a (n°4, p.3, figs.F, Rem.F,M); Lysholm & al., 1945 (p.44); Sewell, 1947 (p.289); Lang, 1948 a (p.230, figs.F,M); Davis, 1949 (p.70, figs.F); Carvalho, 1952 a (p.155, figs.F); Shen & Bai, 1956 (p.229, figs.F); Marques, 1958 a (p.143); Tanaka, 1960 (p.91); Gonzalez & Bowman, 1965 (p.265, figs.F); Owre & Foyo, 1967 (p.104, figs.F,M); Ramirez, 1969 (p.97, figs.F); Minoda, 1971 (p.48); Shih & al., 1971 (p.51,154, 210); Kos, 1972 (Vol.I, figs.F,M, Rem.); Razouls, 1972 (p.140); Chen & al., 1974 (p.67, figs.F,M); Boxshall, 1979 (p.207, figs.F,M); Dawson & Knatz, 1980 (p.10, figs.F,M); Gardner & Szabo, 1982 (p.76, figs.F,M); Chen & al., 1974 (p.67, figs.F,M); Shih & Laubitz, 1978 (p.50); Björnberg & al., 1981 (p.677, figs.F,M); Diaz & Evans, 1983 (p.113, figs.N, Juv., F,M, Rem.); Zheng Zhong & al., 1984 (1989) (p.268, figs.F,M); Kim & al., 1993 (p.271); Chihara & Murano, 1997 (p.955, Pl.207: F,M); Bradford-Grieve & al., 1999 (p.886, 969, figs.F,M); Conway & al., 2003 (p.213, figs.F,M, Rem.); Conway, 2006 (p.24, copepodides 1-6, Rem.); Avancini & al., 2006 (p.128, Pl. 96, figs.F,M, Rem.); Vives & Shmeleva, 2010 (p.102, figs.F,M, Rem.)
Espèce Microsetella norvegica - Planche 1 de figures morphologiquesissued from : F.C. Ramirez in Contr. Inst. Biol. mar., Buenos Aires, 1969, 98. [p.98, Lam. XX, figs. 172, 173].
Female (from off Mar del Plata): 172, habitus (lateral left side); 173, P5.
Scale bars in mm: 0.2 (172); 0.05 (173).


Espèce Microsetella norvegica - Planche 2 de figures morphologiquesissued from : Q.-c Chen & S.-z. Zhang & C.-s. Zhu in Studia Marina Sinica, 1974, 9. [Pl.23, Figs.11-14].
Female (from China Seas): 11, habitus (lateral left side); 12, P5.

Male: 13, habitus (dorsal); 14, P5.


Espèce Microsetella norvegica - Planche 3 de figures morphologiquesissued from : C.-j. Shen & S.-o. Bai in Acta Zool. sin., 1956, 8 (2). [Pl.IX, Figs.70-73].
Female (from Chefoo): 70, habitus (dorsal); 71, A1; 72, A2; 73, P5.
Nota: The specimen is similar to the European form, except that the spine on the surface of the 2nd segment of P5 is relatively longer than that as illustrated by Sars (1904) and Mori (1937), but it agrees with the Giesbrecht's (1929) figure.


Espèce Microsetella norvegica - Planche 4 de figures morphologiquesissued from : G.A. Boxshall in Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Zool.), 1979, 35 (3). [p.208, Fig.2, A-J].
Female (from 18°N, 25°W): A-B, habitus (lateral and dorsal, respectively); C, A1; D, A2; E, Md; F, Mx1; G, Mx2; H, Mxp; I, P5.

Male: J, P5.

Scales 0.1 mm unless otherwise indicated.


Espèce Microsetella norvegica - Planche 5 de figures morphologiquesissued from : J. de Guerne in Res. Camp. Scient. Prince Albert Ier Movaco, 1938 (97). [Pl. II, Fig.1-6]. As Ectinosoma atlanticum.
Female (from 51°-53°N, 11°-15°W): 2, habitus (lateral); 3, anal segment and caudal rami (ventral); 4, left P3; 6, right P5.

Male: 1, habitus (lateral); 5, P5.


Espèce Microsetella norvegica - Planche 6 de figures morphologiquesissued from : T. Mori in Zool. Mag. Tokyo, 1929, 41 (486-487). [Pl. VIII, Figs. 6-7)]. As Microsetella atlantica.
Female (from Chosen Strait, Korea-Japan): 6, habitus (lateral); 7, P5.


Espèce Microsetella norvegica - Planche 7 de figures morphologiquesissued from : T. Mori in The Pelagic copepoda from the neighbouring waters of Japan, 1937 (1964). [Pl. 64, Figs.9-10].
Female: 9, P5; 10, habitus (lateral).


Espèce Microsetella norvegica - Planche 8 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.44, Fig.39]. As Microsetella atlantica var.
Female: 39, habitus (lateral).


Espèce Microsetella norvegica - Planche 9 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.44, Fig.40]. As Microsetella atlantica var.
Female: 40, P5.


Espèce Microsetella norvegica - Planche 10 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.44, Figs.44, 45]. As Microsetella atlantica.
Female: 44, P5; 45, anal segment and caudal rami (ventral).


Espèce Microsetella norvegica - Planche 11 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.44, Fig.34]. As Microsetella atlantica.
Female: 34, A2.


Espèce Microsetella norvegica - Planche 12 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.44, Fig.42]. As Microsetella atlantica.
Male: 42, habitus (lateral).


Espèce Microsetella norvegica - Planche 13 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.44, Fig.33]. As Microsetella atlantica.
Male: 33, A1.
Ae = aesthetasc.


Espèce Microsetella norvegica - Planche 14 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : W. Giesbrecht in Systematik und Faunistik der Pelagischen Copepoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. – Fauna Flora Golf. Neapel, 1892, 19 , Atlas von 54 Tafeln. [Taf.44, Fig.36]. As Microsetella atlantica.
Male: 36, P5.
St = terminal setae; Se = outer seta.


Espèce Microsetella norvegica - Planche 15 de figures morphologiquesIssued from : M.S. Kos in Field guide for plankton. Zool Institute USSR Acad., Vol. I, 1972. After G.O. Sars, 1911.
Female: 1, caudal ramus.

Ref. compl.:
Sars, 1909 b (p.18); Rose, 1925 (p.152); Gurney, 1927 (p.167); Wilson, 1932 (p.38); Hardy & Gunther, 1935 (1936) (p.189, Rem.); Jespersen, 1939 (p.73, Rem.); Wilson, 1942 a (p.194); Massuti Alzamora, 1942 (p.108, Rem.); Sewell, 1948 (p.394, 488, 493, 506, 515); C.B. Wilson, 1950 (p.266); Fleury, 1950 (p.47, fig.2); Fish, 1955 (p.242); Østvedt, 1955 (p.15: Table 3, p.79); Deevey, 1956 (p.127, tab. IV); Yamazi, 1958 (p.154, Rem.); Minoda, 1958 (p.253, Table 1,2, abundance); Fagetti, 1962 (p.40); Grice & Hart, 1962 (p.287, 295: Rem.); Ganapati & Shanthakumari, 1962 (p.11, 16); Giron-Reguer, 1963 (p.56); V.N. Greze, 1963 a (tabl.2); Gaudy, 1963 (p.30, Rem.); Björnberg, 1963 (p.67); De Decker, 1964 (p.16, 22, 30); De Decker & Mombeck, 1964 (p.13); Martin, 1965 (p.188); Neto & Paiva, 1966 (p.35, Table III); Mazza, 1966 (p.73); Ehrhardt, 1967 (p.742, geographic distribution, Rem.); Delalo, 1968 (p.138); Vinogradov, 1968 (1970) (p.268); Dowidar & El-Maghraby, 1970 (p.268); Bainbridge, 1972 (p.61, Appendix Table I: vertical distribution vs day/night); Apostolopoulou, 1972 (p.329, 374); Björnberg, 1973 (p.370, 387); Arndt & Heidecke, 1973 (p.599, 603); Hirota, 1974 (p.1, Table 3, 4, fig.4, 5, 6); Corral Estrada & Pereiro Muñoz, 1974 (tab.I); Kolosova, 1975 (p.92, fig.3, Table 1); Anraku, 1975 (p.79, microdistribution); Hirota & Hara, 1975 (p.115, fig.5); Patel, 1975 (p.660); Vives & al., 1975 (p.54, tab.II, III, IV); Davis C.C., 1976 (p.37, fig.2, reproductive characteristics); Hanaoka, 1977 (p.267, 300, abundance); Madhu Pratap & al., 1977 (p.138, Table 3: abundance vs. stations); Evans & Diaz, 1978 (p.313, body size-temperature); Hirota, 1979 a (p.33, Table 2, fig.5); Chen Q-c, 1980 (p.795); Vaissière & Séguin, 1980 (p.23, tab.1); Sreekumaran Nair & al., 1981 (p.493), Hirota 1981 (p.19, Table 1, length-weight-CHN); Vives, 1982 (p.295); Kovalev & Shmeleva, 1982 (p.85); Turner & Dagg, 1983 (p.17, 22); Guangshan & Honglin, 1984 (p.118, tab.); De Decker, 1984 (p.317, 355: chart); Dugas & Koslow, 1984 (p.131); Scotto di Carlo & al., 1984 (p.1043); Tremblay & Anderson, 1984 (p.8, Rem.); Regner, 1985 (p.11, Rem.: p.40); Garcia-Rodriguez, 1985 (p.37); Diouf & Diallo, 1987 (p.260); Jimenez-Perez & Lara-Lara, 1988 (p.126); Lozano Soldevilla & al., 1988 (p.61); Krsinic & Vilicic, 1989 (p.12, tab.3); Citarella, 1989 (p.123, abundance); Kosobokova, 1989 (p.26); Coyle & al., 1990 (p.763); Hirakawa & al., 1990 (tab.3); Dai & al., 1991 (tab.1); Yoo, 1991 (tab.1); McKinnon, 1991 (p.471); Norrbin, 1992 (p.5, 6); Ayukai & Hattori, 1992 (p.163, Rem.: p.170, fecal pellets); Seguin & al., 1993 (p.23); Richter, 1994 (tab.4.1a); Vinogradov & al., 1994 (tab.1); Uye & Kaname, 1994 (p.43, length v.s. fecal pellet volume); Shih & Young, 1995 (p.75); Böttger-Schnack, 1995 (p.93); Santos & Ramirez, 1995 (p.133, fig.2); Webber & Roff, 1995 (tab.1); Krause & al., 1995 (p.81, Fig.24, abundance, Rem.: p.135); Kotani & al., 1996 (tab.2); Errhif & al., 1997 (p.422); Park & Choi, 1997 (Appendix); Noda & al., 1998 (p.55, Table 3, occurrence); Hure & Krsinic, 1998 (p.80, 103); Padmavati & al., 1998 (p.349); ? Hopcroft & al., 1998 (tab.2); Gilabert & Moreno, 1998 (tab.1, 2); Schnack-Schiel & al., 1998 (p.173, abundance, sea ice); Kosobokova & al., 1998 (tab.2); Suarez-Morales & Gasca, 1998 a (p.113); Abramova, 1999 (p.161, Table 2); Neumann-Leitao & al., 1999 (p.153, tab.2); Siokou-Frangou, 1999 (p.478); Harvey & al., 1999 (p.1, 49: Appendix 5, in ballast water vessel); Razouls & al., 2000 (p.343, Appendix); El-Sherif & Aboul Ezz, 2000 (p.61, Table 3: occurrence); Ueda & al., 2000 (tab.1); Fernandez-Alamo & al., 2000 (p.1139, Appendix); Suarez-Morales & al., 2000 (p.751, tab.1); d'Elbée, 2001 (tabl.1); Kosobokova & Hirche, 2000 (p.2029, tab.2); Musaeva & Gagarin, 2000 (p.534, tab.1); Musaeva & Suntsov, 2001 (p.511); Uysal & al. (comm. pers. 2001); Richard & Jamet, 2001 (p.959); Fransz & Gonzalez, 2001 (p.255, tab.1); El-Serehy & al., 2001 (p.116, Table 1: abundance vs transect in Suez Canal); Hidalgo & Escribano, 2001 (p.159, tab.2); Hidalgo & Escribano, 2001 (p.157, fig.4); Sameoto & al., 2002 (p.13); Zerouali & Melhaoui, 2002 (p.91, Tableau I); Kosobokova & al., 2003 (p.697, tab.2); Vukanic, 2003 (p.139, tab.1); Rezai & al., 2004 (p.486, tab.2, 3, abundance, Rem., p.495, tab.8); Daly Yahia & al., 2004 (p.366, fig.4); Lan & al., 2004 (p.332, tab.1); Gislason & Astthorsson, 2004 (p.472, tab.1); Gallienne & al., 2004 (p.5, tab.3); Kazmi, 2004 (p.230); Hopcroft & al., 2005 (p.198, table 2); Choi & al., 2005 (p.710: Tab.III); Manning & Bucklin, 2005 (p.233, Table 1)); Obuid Allah & al., 2005 (p.123, occurrence % vs metal contamination); Zuo & al., 2006 (p.164: tab.1); Blachowiak-Samolyk & al., 2006 (p.101, tab.1); Durbin & Casas, 2006 (p.2537, Table 2a, 2b); Mageed, 2006 (p.171, Table 4); Hop & al., 2006 (p.182, Table 4); Sterza & Fernades, 2006 (p.95, Table 1, occurrence); Deibel & Daly; 2007 (p.271, Table 4, Rem.: Arctic polynyas); Ferrari & Dahms, 2007 (p.64, Rem.); Blachowiak-Samolyk & al., 2007 (p.2716, Table 2); Koski & al., 2007 (p.641, nutrition); Zakaria & al., 2007 (p.52, Table 1, vs Salinity); Khelifi-Touhami & al., 2007 (p.327, Table 1); Cabal & al., 2008 (289, Table 1); Humphrey, 2008 (p.85: Appendix A); Neumann-Leitao & al., 2008 (p.799: Tab.II, fig.6); Gaard & al., 2008 (p.59, Table1, N Atlantic Mid-Ridge); Rakhesh & al., 2008 (p.154, abundance vs stations); Blachowiak-Samolyk & al., 2008 (p.2210, Table 3, 5, biomass, composition vs climatic regimes); Ohtsuka & al., 2008 (p.115, Table 4, 5, Rem.: in Japan Harbors); Tseng L.-C. & al., 2008 (p.153, fig.5, Table 2, occurrence vs geographic distribution, indicator species); Galbraith, 2009 (pers. comm.); Miyashita & al., 2009 (p.815, Tabl.II); Norrbin & al., 2009 (p.1945, Table 4, 5, abundance); Dvoretsky & Dvoretsky, 2009 a (p.11, Table 2, abundance); C.E. Morales & al., 2010 (p.158, Table 1); Drira & al., 2010 (p.145, Tanl.2); Kosobokova & Hopcroft, 2010 (p.96, Table 1); Hernandez-Trujillo & al., 2010 (p.913, Table 2); Hidalgo & al., 2010 (p.2089, , fig.4, Table 2, cluster analysis); Thompson G.A. & al., 2011 (Table 2, 3, fig. 5); Hopcroft & al., 2010 (p.27, Table 1, 2, fig.9); Dias & al., 2010 (p.230, Table 1); Mazzocchi & Di Capua, 2010 (p.430); Medellin-Mora & Navas S., 2010 (p.265, Tab. 2); Dvoretsky & Dvoretsky, 2010 (p.991, Table 2); 2011 a (p.1231, Table 2; abundance, biomass); Kosobokova & al., 2011 (p.29, Table 2, fig.4, Rem.: Arctic Basins); Hirche & Kosobokova, 2011 (p.2359, Table 3, abundance, biomass %); Hsiao S.H. & al., 2011 (p.475, Appendix I); Arendt, 2011 (p.1, Rem. p.21, Fig.9: composition & biomass %); Arendt & al., 2011 (p.70, annual abundance & biomass); Hsiao & al., 2011 (p.317, Table 2, indicator of seasonal change); Tseng L.-C. & al., 2011 (p.47, Table 2, occurrences vs mesh sizes); Pepin & al., 2011 (p.273, Table 2, seasonal abundance); Ward & al., 2012 (p.78, Table A1, B1); Maiphae & Sa-ardrit, 2011 (p.641, Table 2, 3, Rem.); Saitoh & al., 2011 (p.85, Table 4, 5); Turner & al., 2011 (p.1066, Table II, abundance 1998-2008); S.C. Marques & al., 2011 (p.59, Table 1); Chew & Chong, 2011 (p.127, Table 3, abundance vs location); El-Sherbiny & al., 2011 (p.837, seasonal abundance), Beltrao & al., 2011 (p.47, Table 1, 2, 3, fig.3, density vs time); Uysal & Shmeleva, 2012 (p.909, Table I); Thompson G.A. & al., 2012 (p.127, Table 2, 3, fig.5); Thompson G. & al., 2012 (p.367, Rem.: p.377); DiBacco & al., 2012 (p.483, Table S1, ballast water transport); Salah S. & al., 2012 (p.155, Tableau 1); Johan & al., 2012 (2013) (p.1, Table 1); Ward & al., 2012 (p.78, Table A1, B1, abundance, weight); Dvoretsky & Dvoretsky, 2012 (p.1321, Table 2, 3, 4, 5, abundance, biomass, production); Jean & al., 2012 (p.12, Table 3, protein vs environmental metal stress); Johan & al., 2012 (p.647, Table 1, 2, fig.2, salinity range); Rekik & al., 2012 (p.336, Table 1, abundabce); Jose & al., 2012 (p.20, fig.3 a, b, c: % vs monsoon); Krsinic & Grbec, 2012 (p.57, 64: abundance); Aguirre & al., 2012 (p.341, Table I: abundance vs season); Hidalgo & al., 2012 (p.134, Table 2); Palomares-Garcia & al., 2013 (p.1009, Table I, abundance vs environmental factors); in CalCOFI regional list (MDO, Nov. 2013; M. Ohman, comm. pers.); Tachibana & al., 2013 (p.545, Table 1, seasonal change); Jagadeesan & al., 2013 (p.27, Table 3, seasonal variation); Tseng & al., 2013 a (p.1, Table 3, 5, abundance); LEl-Serehy & al., 2013 (p.2099, Rem.: p.2101); idvanov & al., 2013 (p.290, Table 2, % composition); Dvoretsky & Dvoretsky, 2013 a (p.205, Table 2, % abundance); Arendt & al., 2013 (p.105, fig.3, 7, abundance 2006-2010); Hwang & al., 2014 (p.43, Appendix A: seasonal abundance); Fierro Gonzalvez, 2014 (p.1, Tab. 3, 4, 5, occurrence, abundance); Zaafa & al., 2014 (p.67, Table I, occurrence); Antacli & al., 2014 (p.17, occurrence vs community structure); Nakajima & al., 2015 (p.19, Table 3: abundance); Zakaria & al., 2016 (p.1, Table 1, 3, 4) ; Benedetti & al., 2016 (p.159, Table I, fig.1, functional characters); Ben Ltaief & al., 2017 (p.1, Table III, Summer relative abundance); Marques-Rojas & Zoppi de Roa, 2017 (p.495, Table 1); Ohtsuka & Nishida, 2017 (p.565, Table 22.1, 578, Fig.22.3: outermost station in Japanese waters); Abo-Taleb & Gharib, 2018 (p.139, Table 5, p.146, occurrence %); Benedetti & al., 2018 (p.1, Fig.2: ecological functional group); Palomares-Garcia & al., 2018 (p.178, Table 1: occurrence); Acha & al., 2020 (p.1, Table 3: occurrence % vs ecoregions).
NZ: 25

Carte de distribution de Microsetella norvegica par zones géographiques
Espèce Microsetella norvegica - Carte de distribution 4issued from : P. Jespersen, 1939 in Meddr Grønland, 1939, 119 (9). [p.74, Fig. 32].
The occurrence of Microsetella norvegica at the ''Dana'' stations 1932-1933.
black circles: positive occurrence, vry abundant; white circle: rare or very rare; x: negative occurrence.
Espèce Microsetella norvegica - Carte de distribution 5Issued from : M. Anraku in Mar. Biol., 1975, 30. [p.82, Figs. 1, 2].
Distribution of hydrological factors and abundance of Microsetella norvegica in Oshoro Bay (west Hokkaido, Japan), 30 August 1958, along vertical section from stations 1 to 5 (distance 650 m).

Nota: The plankton samples were collected by means of a plankton pump during the morning hours at the same time as the hydrological observations. Copepodids and adults were counted ans expressed as number of individuals per 20 l.
The distribution of copepods in a limited area seems to be related to the pattern of oceanographic conditions to some extent, but a pattern of contagious distribution is also apparent. See Barnes & Marshall (1951) ; Cassie (1959) ; Boyd (1973).
Espèce Microsetella norvegica - Carte de distribution 6Issued from : M. Anraku in Mar. Biol., 1975, 30. [p.84, Fig.5].
Microdistribution of Microsetella norvegica in Oshoro Bay (west Hokkaido, Japan), 28 August 1958, ascertained by pump along vertical section from station 3.
Espèce Microsetella norvegica - Carte de distribution 7Issued from : M. Krause, J.W. Dippner & J. Beil in Prog. Oceanog., 1995, 35. [p.111, Fig.24].
Horizontal distribution pattern of Microsetella norvegica (individuals per m2) in the winter North Sea.
Collected by WP2-net. Numbers (ind/m3) depth-integrated, extrapoled to the bottom (but at a maximum to a depth of 500 m) and expressed as ind per m2 of water surface.
Espèce Microsetella norvegica - Carte de distribution 8Issued from : K.E. Arendt, T. Juul-Pedersen, Mortensen J., M.E. Blicher & S. Rysgaard in J. Plankton Res., 2013, 35 (1). [p.115, Fig.7, E].
Abundance (ind. m3) ± standard deviation of the copepodite stage I-VI of Microsetella norvegica from 2005 to 2010 in SW Greenland near Nuuk.

Nota: Algorithm used to convert body length to body carbon: Equation (Carbon): Ln (µg C) = 1.7843 In (L µm) + In 11.14.
L= prosome length.
During summer, the increase in total copepod biomass was due to higher biomass in M. norvegica. The copepod biomass peaked in August at 71 ± 49 mg C m3; 59% of this was due to M. norvegica
Loc:
Cosmopolite. Also: Antarctic (Drake Passage, Scotia Sea, SW Atlant., Indian, SW & SE Pacif.), Beagle Channel, South Georgia, sub-Antarct. (Kerguelen Is.SW Pacif.), Arctic (Alaska : Auke Bay, Fram Strait, Spitsbergen, Kongsfjorden, Kara Sea, White Sea, Chupa Inlet, Barents Sea, Pechora Sea, Franz Josef Land, Nansen Basin, Amundsen Basin, Makarov Basin, Chukchi Sea, Canada Basin, Bering Sea, St. Lawrence Island, Nuuk, Greenland, Anadyr Strait, Newfoundland, Norway (Tromsø fjords), North Sea, Indian, Japan ( Kyushu: Shijiki Bay, Kuchinoerabu Is., Tokyo Bay, Yatsushiro-kai, Ariake Bay, Honshu: Maizuru Bay), W Hokkaido, Seto Inland Sea, China Seas (Bohai Sea, Yellow Sea, East China Sea, South China Sea), Perai River estuary (Penang), Straits of Malacca (Sangga estuary: mainly lower and nearshore, offshore) Malaysia (Sarawak: Bintulu coas, Tioman Is.t), Taiwan Strait, off SW Taiwan, Taiwan, G. of Thailand, Palau Is., Gulf of California, Chile (N-S, off Santiago), Caribbean Colombia (Darién), Suez Canal (Timsah Lake, Kabret, Km. 152), Sharm El-Sheikh, Hurghada, Safâga, Port Taufiq, Red Sea, Laccadives: Kavaratti & Agatti Is (offside & lagoon)
N: 325
Lg.:
(34) F: 0,5; M: 0,51; (35) [Atlant.N] F: 0,48; [N-Z] F: 0,4-0,36; (38) F: 0,57; (45) F: 0,5-0,4; M: 0,4-0,3; (46) F: 0,53-0,35; M: 0,42-0,33; (59) F: 0,57-0,35; M: 0,51-0,33; (66) F: 0,61-0,5; (109) F: 0,7-0,5; M: 0,66-0,5; (135) F: 0,53; (138) F: 0,57-0,35; M: 0,42-0,33; (208) F: 0,76; (246) F: 0,49; (449) F: 0,53-0,35; M: 0,42-0,33; (618) F: 0,57; (719) F: 0,53-0,35; M: 0,42-0,33; (786) F: 0,56-0,4; (991) F: 0,35-0,53; M: 0,33-0,42; {F: 0,35-0,76; M: 0,30-0,66}
Rem.: épi-bathypélagique;
Sampling depth (Antarct., sub-Antarct.) : 0-600 m.
Parfois en eau saumâtre (Chilka Lake in Sewell, 1924; Casamance estuary).
Evans & Diaz (1978, p.313) soulignent la relation directe entre la taille et la température en Mer du Nord.
Cette forme est bien représentée tout au long du Canal de Suez.
Observé dans les ballasts des navires à San Francisco.
La furca est presque aussi longue que large et porte 4 soies terminales ; la plus longue est 1,2 fois plus longue que la longueur totale.
Voir aussi les remarques en anglais
Dernière mise à jour : 13/11/2020

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Razouls C., Desreumaux N., Kouwenberg J. et de Bovée F., 2005-2020. - Biodiversité des Copépodes planctoniques marins (morphologie, répartition géographique et données biologiques). Sorbonne Université, CNRS. Disponible sur http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr [Accédé le 02 décembre 2020]

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Copépodes planctoniques marins

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